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  • Late Quaternary (stage 2 and 3) meltwater and Heinrich events, Northwest Labrador Sea
  • Atlantic Ocean ; Core sampling ; Glaciation ; Isotope analysis ; Meltwater ; North-West Atlantic Ocean ; Oxygen 18 ; Palaeogeography ; Quaternary
  • Two major meltwater events are documented in cores from the NW Labrador Sea. These meltwater events coincide with Heinrich (H) layers 1 and 2 from North Atlantic sediments. The AA. hypothesize that δ18O records from these sites close to the former
  • ice margin should indicate the largest depletion due to meltwater of all North Atlantic sites.
  • Effect of vegetation on lateral migration of anostomosed channels of a glacier meltwater river
  • The effect of groundfrost on erosion by meltwater in Geographical essays in Hungary.
  • The factors influencing surface denudation by meltwater are bedrock and soils| weather| relief/slope conditions, exposure| anthropogenic activity. Landforms are linked to the combination of geomorphic processes. (DLO).
  • Dissolved oxygen variations in Alpine glacial meltwaters
  • Chemical erosion ; Geochemistry ; Glacial features ; Glacier ; Meltwater ; Mountain ; Oxygen ; Switzerland ; Valais
  • Recent models of chemical weathering in alpine glacial meltwaters suggest that sulphide oxidation is a major source of solute in the distributed component of the subglacial hydrological system. The O2 content of glacial meltwaters depends
  • Meltwater discharge to the Skagerrak-Kattegat from the Baltic Ice Lake during the Younger Dryas interval
  • Atlantic Ocean ; Baltic Sea ; C 14 dating ; Deglaciation ; Diatom ; Meltwater ; Oceanology ; Palaeo-ecology ; Palaeo-environment ; Salinity
  • The AA. discuss the results of diatom analyses of 4 cores located in different marine settings of the Skagerrat-Kattegat. The AA. focus on how meltwater from the Baltic Ice Lake influenced the oceanography of the Skagerrak-Kattegat. The meltwater
  • Meltwater features that suggest Miocene ice-sheet overriding of the Transantarctic Mountains in Victoria Land, Antarctica
  • Antarctica ; Glacial surge ; Glacier ; Ice sheet ; Meltwater ; Miocene ; Palaeogeography
  • The aim of this paper is to illustrate and describe the meltwater features associated with this expanded Antarctic Ice Sheet that overrode the Transantarctic Mountains. The AA. start by outlining the pattern and process of the long-term landscape
  • evolution of the mountain blocks in southern Victoria Land. They then turn to the meltwater features indicative of overriding.
  • Isotopic composition of ice cores and meltwater from Upper Fremont Glacier and Galena Creek rock glacier, Wyoming
  • Geochemistry ; Glacial ablation ; Glacier ; Isotope analysis ; Meltwater ; Rock glacier ; Spatial variation ; United States of America ; Wyoming
  • A 9.4 m ice core and meltwater were collected in 1995 and 1996 at the glacigenic Galena Creek rock glacier in Wyoming's Absaroka Mountains. The results of the analyses are compared to those from the ice core and meltwater at the Upper Fremont
  • Glacier to better determine the origin and relative age of the Galena Creek meltwater and ice core. The meltwater from the Galena Creek rock glacier is composed primarily of melted surface snow and rain water rather than melted glacier ice, supporting
  • Scales of variation of suspended sediment concentration and turbidity in a glacial meltwater stream
  • Glacial features ; Glacier ; Meltwater ; Mountain ; Seasonal variability ; Stream ; Suspended load ; Switzerland ; Turbidity ; Valais
  • A wide range of temporal scales of variability exists in suspended sediment and turbidity records from proglacial meltwater streams. These variations and their causes are illustrated in this paper using data from the stream draining the Haut Glacier
  • Meltwater deposits in north-west Germany in Glacial deposits in north-west Europe.
  • Channel change in relation to meltwater flooding, Bas Glacier d'Arolla, Switzerland
  • Channel geometry ; Flood ; Fluvial processes ; Fluvioglacial features ; Glacier ; Meltwater ; Mountain ; River bed ; Sandur ; Switzerland ; Valais
  • Meltwater flooding in the valley train of the Bas Glacier d'Arolla, (1986 and 1987) produced significant changes in channel form. The general channel response involved switching from a single thread, low sinuosity stream to a wider channel
  • with zones of braiding. During floods spatial variations in channel adjustment were considerable and contrasts in channel change during different floods were very marked. Meltwater floods cause periodic sediment flushing events which are not necessarily
  • Suspended sediment transport in glacial meltwater during the initial quiescent phase after a major surge event at Kuannersuit Glacier, Greenland
  • Cold area ; Glacier ; Greenland ; Ice breakup ; Meltwater ; Sediment transport ; Suspended load
  • This paper describes a rough estimate of the suspended sediment transport in the bulk meltwater evacuated from Kuannersuit Glacier during the summers of 2000 and 2001, where the drainage system is probably still developing after a major surge event
  • , which occurred in 1995-98. The focus will be upon relations between sediment transport and meltwater discharge and a comparison of the sediment evacuation from other glaciers of Greenland and High Arctic regions.
  • Basal sediment evacuation by subglacial meltwater : suspended sediment transport form Haut Glacier d'Arolla, Switzerland
  • Alps (The) ; Discharge ; Glacial erosion ; Glacier ; Meltwater ; Regression analysis ; Seasonal variation ; Sediment budget ; Sediment transport ; Suspended load ; Switzerland
  • Proglacial suspended sediment transport was monitored at Haut Glacier d'Arolla, during the 1998 melt season to investigate the mechanisms of basal sediment evacuation by subglacial meltwater. The AA. use regression analyses to rigorously constrain
  • evacuation by subglacial meltwater. The wider geomorphic implications of these mechanisms are also discussed.
  • Ice-sheet dynamics and subglacial meltwater regime inferred from form and sedimentology of glaciofluvial systems: Victoria Island, District of Franklin, Northwest Territories
  • Canada ; Drainage ; Esker ; Fluvioglacial features ; Glacial features ; Meltwater ; Northwest Territories ; Palaeogeography ; Victoria Island
  • Energy balance ; Meltwater ; Meteorology ; Model ; Precipitation ; Rill wash ; Snow ; Spatial variation ; Temperature
  • This article reviews the nature of meltwater runoff models and the variety of ways in which key functional tasks necessary in any such model have been implemented by different modellers. Modelling issues and alternative solutions are exemplified
  • with reference to 2 widely used but contrasting models (HBV and SRM). This review therefore attempts not just to describe meltwater models but also to show how their variety reflects wider debates in environmental modelling. The emphasis is on seasonal snowmelt
  • Erosion of bedrock by subglacial meltwater, Soya coast, East Antarctica
  • Antarctica ; Basement ; Coastal environment ; Cold area ; Glacial erosion ; Glacial features ; Glacial striation ; Meltwater ; Roche moutonnée
  • Arctic Region ; Atlantic Ocean ; C 14 dating ; Climatic variation ; Cold area ; Ice sheet ; Meltwater ; North Atlantic Ocean ; Quaternary
  • climate in the North Atlantic region by controlling variable fluxes of icebergs and meltwater, as well as meltwater routing.
  • lakes receiving glacial meltwater is discussed. Sediments from four lakes receiving glacial meltwater are discussed, and then compared with sediments from a lake not receiving glacial meltwater. Characteristic differences were observed in the inorganic
  • Deriving lapse rates of slope air temperature for meltwater runoff modeling in subtropical mountains : an example from the Punjab Himalaya, Pakistan
  • Air temperature ; Himalaya ; Meltwater ; Modelling ; Mountain ; Pakistan ; Runoff ; Snow cover ; Subtropical zone ; Temperature ; Temperature gradient
  • Lapse rates are used for modeling meltwater production. Report on the lapse rates calculated from slope air temperatures measured over two snowmelt seasons at high-elevation stations in Punjab Himalaya, Pakistan. The calculated lapse rates
  • Deglacial meltwater drainage and glaciodynamics : inferences from Laurentide eskers, Canada
  • Canada ; Drainage ; Esker ; Fluvioglacial features ; Glacial features ; Hydrology ; Meltwater ; Ontario ; Quaternary ; Spatial distribution ; Typology
  • -channel systems, the role of supraglacial meltwater input and proglacial water bodies, the controls on esker pattern, and the glaciodynamic condition of the ice sheet at the time of esker formation are discussed. A morphologic classification of eskers
  • Applied hydrology ; Catastrophe ; Flood ; Glacial lake ; Meltwater ; Mountain ; Natural hazards ; Nepal
  • Since the 1950s, a lake filled from meltwaters of the Imja Glacier in the Himalaya of Nepal has grown so large and deep that it poses a major flood threat if its waters break away. - (DWG)