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PORTAIL D'INFORMATION GÉOGRAPHIQUE

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  • Cosmos ; Earth's globe ; Epistemology ; Geomorphology ; Landscape science ; Planetology
  • Cosmos ; Epistémologie ; Globe terrestre ; Géomorphologie ; Planétologie ; Science du paysage
  • If it is to be a complete science of landforms and landscapes , geomorphology is not appropriately limited geographically to the terrestrial portions of Earth's surface. Various systems of landforms and their generative processes are best understood
  • in a full planetary context. Geomorphological inquiry is not appropriately limited in its philosophical presumptions to the reductionist views that have so successfully guided much of physics. Holistic thinking, exemplified by some aspects of evolutionary
  • [b2] Dept. of Planetary Sciences, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, Etats-Unis
  • [b1] Dept. of Hydrology and Water Resources, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, Etats-Unis
  • Science, systems and geomorphologies : why LESS may be more
  • Concept ; Earth sciences ; Epistemology ; Geography ; Geomorphology ; Geosystem ; Scale
  • Concept ; Echelle ; Epistémologie ; Géographie ; Géomorphologie ; Géosystème ; Sciences de la Terre
  • This paper has been stimulated by a debate triggered by the then British Geomorphological Research Group (now the British Society for Geomorphology) about the connections between geomorphology and Earth system science (ESS). The AA. begin
  • by considering the sociology of science, scientific knowledge and technology, before moving to a consideration of the historical relationship amongst geomorphology, geology and physical geography; and to some perspectives this might offer for the current debate
  • . Epistemological issues, arising both from the use of systems theory over multiple spatial and temporal scales, and from the demands of contemporary environmental science, are then introduced, and these lead to a conclusion that geomorphology might more
  • [b1] Dept. of Geography, Univ., Cambridge, Royaume-Uni
  • [b2] School of Geography, Univ., Nottingham, Royaume-Uni
  • Globalization : a Physical Geography perspective
  • Concept ; Earth sciences ; Environmental conservation ; Globalization ; Nineteenth Century ; Physical geography ; Political ecology ; Society-environment relationship ; Sustainable development ; Twentieth Century
  • Concept ; Développement durable ; Ecologie politique ; Géographie physique ; Mondialisation ; Protection de l'environnement ; Relation société-environnement ; Sciences de la Terre ; Siècle 19 ; Siècle 20
  • Although globalization is a term usually restricted to economics and the social sciences, there are aspects of the phenomenon that are intimately linked to the practice and purpose of the physical and environmental sciences and exemplified through
  • may be seen historically in the global export of western science, including Physical Geography, that underpinned colonial resource exploitation, and which subsequently laid to the foundations for the worldwide conservation movement. Globalization
  • is also at work in setting contemporary scientific agendas that are focused on larger-scale issues of environment and development and environmental change, particularly in an emergent Earth System Science, and also in Sustainability Science. These global
  • Physical Geography. At a fundamental level, Physical Geography has always sought to describe and understand the multiple subsystems of the environment and their connections with human activity : it is global and globalizing at its very roots. Globalization
  • agendas are not simply shared with but also co-produced by the public, politicians and commercial interests, providing both opportunities and challenges for traditional diciplines and traditional disciplinary practices such as Physical Geography.
  • [b1] School of Geography, Univ., Nottingham, Royaume-Uni
  • The place of geography in the studies on the Man and the Earth system
  • The system Man and the Earth is investigated by various disciplines starting from the earth and biological sciences upto physics, chemistry, economic, social, agricultural and technical sciences. The geographical sciences should try to keep
  • Geography and the Paris Academy of Sciences : politics and patronage in early 18th-century France
  • Académie des Sciences ; Cartographie ; Discipline scientifique ; France ; Géographie historique ; Géographie physique ; Histoire de la géographie ; Ile-de-France ; Paris ; Patronage ; Siècle 18
  • Cartography ; Eighteenth Century ; France ; Historical geography ; History of geography ; Ile-de-France ; Paris ; Physical geography
  • This essay examines how the Paris Academy of Sciences, came to recognise geography as an independent science in 1730. It demonstrates that the rise of Newtonian mathematics and the associated controversy about the shape of the earth challenged
  • and distinctively modern science was ultimately facilitated by traditional networks of patronage within the French Royal Court.
  • [b1] School of Geography, Univ., Nottingham, Royaume-Uni
  • Soil science reference books
  • Bibliography ; Soil ; Soil classification ; Soil properties ; Soil science ; Textbook
  • of Soil Science (2008), and Soil Science — Reference collection (2009). These soils science reference books contain 1920 articles authored by some 2000 authors. The Handbook of Soil Science covers the basic subdisciplines (physics, chemistry, biology
  • This paper focuses on the 7 major soil reference books that were published between 2000 and 2012 : Handbook of Soil Science (2000 and 2012), Encyclopedia of Soil Science (2002 and 2006), Encyclopedia of Soils in the Environment (2005), Encyclopedia
  • , pedology) most extensively whereas the encyclopedia have more applied entries/articles. Overall, these intradisciplinary reference works show that the soil science discipline is vibrant and has a rapidly expanding knowledge base.
  • [b1] Univ. of Wisconsin, Dep. of Soil Science, Madison, Etats-Unis
  • European efforts in Earth Science and climate change education
  • Climate ; Climatic change ; Didactics ; Earth sciences ; Education ; Environment ; Europe ; Impact ; Mass media ; Primary education ; Project
  • Changement climatique ; Climat ; Communication de masse ; Didactique ; Education ; Enseignement primaire ; Environnement ; Europe ; Impact ; Projet ; Sciences de la Terre
  • In this paper, the AA. summarize opinions of teachers who judge in their majority the information presented to the pupils still as scattered and not comprehensive. The AA. present an overview of primarily science-driven European projects in Earth
  • science and climate change education, and they analyze the approaches and methodologies of these projects in the context of European curricula and experiences from former studies in the field. Although the availability of high-quality and impartial
  • [b2] Univ., Inst. of Geography, Berne, Suisse
  • [a1] Dep. of Geography, Univ. of Vermont, Burlington, Etats-Unis
  • Aeolian features ; Aeolian transport ; Barchan ; Dune ; Earth surface processes ; Experimentation ; Model ; Sand
  • [b5] Dep. of Earth Sciences, Univ., Kanazawa, Japon
  • [b6] Dep. of Earth and Space Sciences, Osaka Univ., Toyonaka, Japon
  • [b1] College of Science and Technology, Nihon Univ., Japon
  • [b2] Dep. of Physics, Osaka Univ., Toyonaka, Japon
  • [b4] Dep. of Mathematical and Life Sciences, Univ., Hiroshima, Japon
  • [b3] Cybermedia Center, Osaka Univ., Toyonaka, Japon
  • Proceedings of the meeting « Earth science in Antarctica », Siena, 27-28 September 1988
  • Antarctica ; Congress ; Environment ; Geology ; Glaciology ; Physical geography
  • [b3] Dep. of Geographical and Earth Sciences, Univ., Glasgow, Royaume-Uni
  • [b1] Dep. of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, Univ., Stockholm, Suede
  • [b2] Dep. of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Norwegian Univ. of Life Sciences, Ås, Norvege
  • [b4] SUERC-AMS, Scottish Univ. Environmental Research Centre, Kilbride, Royaume-Uni
  • The cycles of revolution : how Wegener and Milanković changed the earth sciences
  • Climatology ; Continental drift ; Earth sciences ; Epistemology ; Geophysics ; Land atmosphere interaction ; Meteorology
  • Climatologie ; Date 1912 ; Dérive des continents ; Epistémologie ; Géophysique ; Interaction terre-atmosphère ; MILANKOVIĆ (M.) ; Météorologie ; Sciences de la Terre ; WEGENER (A.)
  • . Their contributions simultaneously did for the Earth sciences what the theory of evolution did for biology and what the theory of relativity did for physics. This paper follows the strange synchronicity in their life and work cycles. - (IKR)
  • The year 1912 is annus mirabilis for Earth sciences. In two crucial papers Alfred Wegener and Milutin Milanković independently set up revolutionary theories based on far-reaching visions of continental drift and climate orbital forcing
  • Science studies in physical geography : An idea whose time has come?
  • Bibliography ; Biobibliography ; Concept ; Epistemology ; Fluvial processes ; Geographical imagination ; History of sciences ; Physical geography ; Sciences ; Stream ; Twentieth Century
  • Bibliographie ; Biobibliographie ; Concept ; Cours d'eau ; Epistémologie ; Fluviatile ; Géographie physique ; Histoire des sciences ; Imagination géographique ; LEOPOLD (L.) ; Sciences ; Siècle 20
  • The A. begins with an overview of work that argues for science studies in human geography, physical geography and the history of geology. He then discusses a series of science studies approaches that address different questions about the social
  • imagination – where history and biography are entwined. In conclusion, the A. encourages to use science studies in research on the making and shaping of physical geography.
  • worlds of science, the emerging of new scientific disciplines, the shaping of the practice of science by laboratory culture, the distinction between science and non-science, and the impact of scientific biographies on the spirit of the age. Drawing
  • on a biographical science studies approach, he examines key aspects of the life and work of the river scientist Luna Leopold (1915–2006). This then leads to a discussion of the geographical imagination, and particularly how this is grounded in the sociological
  • [b1] Brunel Univ., Royaume-Uni
  • Concept ; Earth crust ; Earth sciences ; Fault ; Geology ; Geomorphic cycle ; Glaciation ; Global tectonics ; Model ; Physical geography
  • Concept ; Croûte terrestre ; Cycle géomorphologique ; Faille ; Glaciation ; Géographie physique ; Géologie ; Modèle ; Sciences de la Terre ; Tectonique globale
  • This paper describes a unifying concept of rupturology proceeding from the essential role of geotectonics and morphotectonics with regard to the evolution of the Earth and its crust.
  • History of the Earth sciences during the scientific and industrial revolutions with special emphasis on the physical geosciences
  • Développement ; Géographie historique ; Histoire de la géographie ; Révolution industrielle ; Sciences de la terre ; Siècle XV-XIX
  • Rôle des sciences de la terre dans le développement de la science et de la société. L'A. a surtout étudié les périodes 1450-1700, révolution scientifique et 1760-1830, révolution industrielle. Il montre que les courbes de croissance sont aussi
  • importantes pour les sciences de la terre que pour la science en général. Ce livre veut essayer de mettre en lumière l'interaction des sciences de la terre et du développement de la société.
  • The Earth sciences. An annotated bibliography.
  • Bibliographie ; Généralités sur la géographie ; Géologie ; Histoire des sciences ; Sciences de la Terre ; Siècle XVIII-XX
  • Bibliographie classée de 808 références. Courte analyse qui situe et l'article et l'ouvrage dans l'histoire des sciences. Index auteurs.
  • [b1] United Nations University - ITC School for Disaster Geo-Information Management. International Inst. for Geo-information Science and Earth Observation, Enschede, Pays-Bas
  • [b2] Center for Earth Science Studies, Kerala, Inde
  • [b3] Dept. of Physical Geography, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Pays-Bas
  • La distribution spatiale des candidats pour les études en géographie et en sciences de la Terre à l'Université de Szeged
  • Earth sciences ; Employment ; Human geography ; Hungary ; Space time ; Spatial distribution ; Students ; Szeged ; Teaching of geography ; University
  • Distribution spatiale ; Emploi ; Enseignement de la géographie ; Espace-temps ; Etudiants ; Géographie humaine ; Hongrie ; Sciences de la Terre ; Szeged ; Université
  • to the courses offered by the Institution of Geography and Earth Sciences at the University of Szeged. The results of the research can readily contribute to attract the necessary number of students to geography and earth sciences and to develop sound fundaments
  • Biography ; Hydrology ; Physical geography ; Research ; Twentieth Century
  • and geomorphology, and on water and environmental planning appeared in the 1960s and 1970s. His career embraced a wide variety of research institutes and universities, including his chair of earth and planetary science and landscape architecture at the University
  • Luna B. Leopold was one of the great geologists and physical geographers of the twentieth century, who is famous for his contributions to hydrology, fluvial geomorphology, and environmental policy. His seminal books on fluvial processes
  • Index to maps in earth science publications, 1963-1983.
  • Bibliographie ; Carte incluse ; Cartographie thématique ; Généralités sur la géographie ; Monde ; Sciences de la Terre
  • Citations to forty-nine hundred maps which are included in earth science publications are arranged by geographical region of the world and indexed by author. Citations were selected from earth sciences journals (1981-1983) and monographic titles
  • Concept ; Espace ; Géographie humaine ; Région ; Sciences sociales
  • Concept ; Human geography ; Region ; Social sciences ; Space
  • approaches to space in geography. It highlights some sciences and limits, factors that constrain, structure, and connect space. The paper then offers a moderate relationism by discussing the notion of phase space.
  • [b1] Institute of Geography and Earth Sciences, Univ., Aberystwyth, Royaume-Uni