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  • The need for a lexicon of scale terms in integrating remote sensing data with Geographic Information Systems
  • Geographical information system ; Multidimensional scaling ; Remote sensing ; Scale ; Space time ; Terminology
  • The A. elaborates some terminologies of accepted scaling terms that include : characteristic scale, scale dependance, multiple scale, image spatial resolution, effective resolution element, absolute scale and relative scale. - (DWG)
  • Scale and the construction of urban space : temporary re-scaling in Lahti, Finland, during the European Union meeting of 2006
  • Concept ; Congress ; Event ; Finland ; Scale ; Urban area
  • Drawing on the debates on scale framings and the processual ideas of scale, the article focuses on the temporary framings of scale related to occasional events. The interest is in the discursive framings of scale, and also in the ways in which
  • temporary re-scalings are materialized and embodied in urban spaces. This is illustrated with material related to a European Union meeting that took place in the city of Lahti in 2006.
  • Ikke metrisk multidimensional scaling et studium af teori og metode Non-metric multidimensional scaling a study on theory and method
  • Analyse multivariée ; Généralités sur la géographie ; Multidimensional Scaling ; Méthodologie ; Taxonomie
  • Complex confining layers. A stochastic analysis of hydraulic properties at various scales
  • Groundwater ; Hydrology ; Netherlands (The) ; Scale ; Stochastic model
  • This volume presents a study of the problem of characterizing the hydraulic properties, i.e. hydraulic conductivity and effective porosity, and ground water flow of complex confining layers at various scales. The study has shown that it is possible
  • to derive representative hydraulic properties at the scale of model blocks, from hydraulic properties measured at the score scale. - (AGD)
  • Hierarchies and spatial scale in process geomorphology : a review
  • Earth surface processes ; Geomorphology ; Geosystem ; Model ; Scale ; Spatial scale
  • The objective of this study is to review field evidence from the geomorphological literature relevant to the spatial scale problem, and to generalize the findings by developing a series of propositions. This paper presents these propositions
  • , synthesized into a coherent framework to form the philosophical foundation for dealing with the spatial scale problem in process geomorphology.
  • The performativity of scale : the social construction of scale effects in Narva, Estonia
  • Epistemology ; Estonia ; Policy ; Scale ; Site of memory ; Social theory
  • The AA. develop a poststructural reframing using performativity, as an approach that explores the reitative and citational practices through which scale effects are socially produced and deployed as discursive devices that create timespace
  • An integrated approach to scaling issues in environmental change study
  • Ecology ; Geographical information system ; Global change ; Landscape ecology ; Remote sensing ; Scale ; Space time
  • The paper reviews the status of scaling issues and tries to find how to extrapolate the observations and findings at site scale up to regional scale and to provide ecological information and interpretations at the regional scale. An integrated
  • approach to scaling up from site to region is proposed combining hierarchical theory, landscape ecology, remote sensing and GIS.
  • Scale, causality, complexity and emergence : rethinking scale's ontological significance
  • Concept ; Ontology ; Poultry farming ; Research ; Scale ; Theory
  • Scale remains a pivotal and contentious concept in geography. The A. surveys the discussions engaged in by critical geographers regarding the theoretical status of scale. Drawing from complex systems theory, the A. argues that scale should
  • The limits to scale ? Methodological reflections on scalar structuration
  • The outpouring of research on scale production and on rescaling processes has been accompanied by a blunting of the concept of geographical scale as it has been blended into concepts such as place, locality, territory and space. The paper explores
  • The aggregate spatial patterns of maritime transport at world scale : a macro-scale approach in transport geography in Geography of transport.
  • Scaling techniques in the analysis of environmental cognition data
  • Distance perçue ; Donnée ; Environnement ; Espace perçu ; Géographie humaine ; Multidimensional scaling ; Méthodologie ; Perception ; Recherche ; Technique de recherche
  • L'utilité des techniques non métriques du multidimensional scaling est démontrée à partir de données sur la perception de l'environnement.
  • Cognition and shopping choice: a multidimensional scaling approach
  • Centre commercial ; Choix ; Comportement spatial ; Espace perçu ; Géographie humaine ; Multidimensional scaling ; Méthodologie ; Perception
  • Présentation d'un programme de multidimensional scaling, PREFMAP, apte à faire des comparaisons entre les perceptions individuelles. Application à la perception des caractéristiques des centres commerciaux.
  • Biogeomorphology and landscape evolution: the problem of scale
  • Biogeography ; Coastal environment ; Ecosystem ; Floodplain ; Landscape ; North Carolina ; Quaternary ; Scale ; Soil erosion ; United States of America ; Vegetation
  • This paper examines the scale linkage problem with respect to biogeomorphology at time scales intermediate between the evolutionary and the process-response, i.e., at time scale appropriate to landscape evolution. First, the A. presents several
  • theoretical perspectives on scale linkage between geomorphic and ecological (principally vegetation) processes and responses. Then, he will apply them to problems on the coastal plain of the southeastern United States.
  • Re-scaling, scale fragmentation and the regulation of antagonistic relationships
  • Capitalism ; Governance ; Netherlands (The) ; Post-Fordism ; Power ; Regulation theory ; Scale ; Social relations
  • Recent years have seen the emergence of a re-scaling literature. The A. combines this literature with insights from regulation theory in order to identify the ways in which antagonistic relationships are regulated in the after-Fordist period. Re
  • -scaling not only affects (anti)-regulatory forces by manipulating the power distribution among different agents but also manipulates the ways in which agents perceive their own positionality. The propositions are illustrated with evidence from
  • A world in a grain of sand: towards a reconceptualisation of geographical scale
  • Australia ; Community ; Economic restructuring ; Policy ; Scale ; Social change ; Social group ; Societal relations
  • This paper argues that inadequate conceptualisations of geographical scale restrict the relevance of much research to the agenda of an applied people's geography. A framework which conceptualises geographical scale as dialectically and internally
  • Scale, direction, and pattern in riparian vegetation. Environment relationships
  • Biogeography ; California ; Environment ; Human impact ; Scale ; Statistics ; United States of America ; Valley ; Vegetation
  • This paper suggests that a non-hierarchical approach to scalar comparisons may afford a clearer view of environmental relationships operating at different scales. The paper then evaluates the effects of these non-hierarchical, multi-scale
  • An experimental study on the effects of greenery in the assessments of residential street scenes using scale-models
  • The effect of greenery on residential street scenes, using scale-models. The importance of visual greenery and the difference of the results between the scale-models and the real street scenes. Feasibility of simulation by the scale-models. - (SGA)
  • Recent locational trends of large-scale retail stores in the Tokyo metropolitan region
  • This paper analyzes the difference in the distribution patterns of large-scale retail stores by scales and management types in the Tokyo metropolitan Region. Analysis has been made for the years 1975-1981, during which period a peak of large-scale
  • The role of scale in research on the Himalaya-Brahmaputra interaction
  • Applied hydrology ; Asia ; Bangladesh ; Discharge ; Fluvial hydrology ; Himalaya ; Inundation ; Mass movement ; Natural resources ; Rill wash ; Scale ; Sediment load ; Stream
  • Analysis of 52 published studies to determine the importance of scale in the debate over the causes of flooding in Bangladesh. Local studies have scales that are explicitly defined and focus on physical variables, whereas regional and continental
  • studies have implicitely defined scales that focus on natural resource topics. - (DWG)
  • A stochastic cumulative scaling method applied to measuring wealth in Indonesian villages
  • Family income ; Indonesia ; Measurement ; Methodology ; Scale ; Standard of living ; Village ; Welfare;Well-being
  • Stochastic cumulative scaling (Mokken scaling) is a technique for converting several dichotomous variables into a single ordinal or interval measure of some latent trait. After a brief review of scaling approaches developed by Guttman and Mokken