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  • River ice as a taphonomic agent: an alternative hypothesis for bone artifacts
  • An intuitive taphonomic model is developed to explain how river ice of temperate and high-latitude rivers may affect bones, and to predict the modifications expected. Partial testing of the model by experiments designed to simulate river breakup
  • produced bone modifications such as fractures, flakes, facets, striations, isolated cuts, and polish. The taphonomic effects of river ice must be discounted prior to the interpretation of such features as human in origin.
  • 1984
  • Context and environment in taphonomic analysis: examples from Alaska's Porcupine River caves
  • Alaska ; Analyse taphonomique ; Archéologie ; Arctique ; Etats-Unis ; Grotte ; Géographie historique ; Histoire de la géographie ; Méthodologie ; Paléofaune ; Peuplement ; Pléistocène supérieur ; Porcupine River ; Préhistoire ; Quaternaire zones
  • 1984
  • on the basis of differential staining and fresh breakage are suspect. Physical processes, such as the violent forces of river ice breakups in the north, and bone crushing by mammalian scavengers produce similar pseudo-artifacts. Additionally, the middle
  • 1984