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  • Characteristics and processes of urbanization in the Caribbean
  • Caribbean ; City size ; Demographic change ; Housing ; Urban morphology ; Urban population ; Urbanization ; West Indies ; World
  • Synthesis of recent urbanization in the Caribbean, focusing on demographic growth, urban primacy, internal morphology, employment, housing, urban crime and perception.―(DWG)
  • 1992
  • A place for politics in urban theory : the organization and strategies of urban coalitions
  • Division of labour ; Local economy ; Local policy ; Locality ; Urban conflict ; Urban policy ; Urban theory
  • The A. concludes that urban coalitions are necessarily related to changing wider divisions of labor and modes of regulation. The urban political economy recognizes that processes acting at various scales produce unique forms of urban politics
  • 1992
  • Urban concept of Prague
  • Czechoslovakia ; Housing ; Industry ; Prague ; Transport ; Urban development ; Urban geography
  • An urban geographical review about the historical development, urban patterns, housing, industry, transport management and future of the capital of Czech Republic. - (MS)
  • 1992
  • Latin American urban development : review of the 1980s and prospects for the 1990s
  • City;Town ; Latin America ; Research ; Urban crisis ; Urban development ; Urban life
  • During the 1980s the weight of Latin Americanist urban research shifted from the theoretical back to the empirical. Publications fit into four broad categories : cities in cris; urban form; reproduction; and production. The problems of living
  • 1992
  • Retail and urban conservation
  • Retailing, public policy and urban retail planning. Proceedings of the international symposium
  • Inner city ; Lisbon ; Portugal ; Retail trade ; Urban life
  • Recently there has been a growing concern about urban environment and the quality of urban way of life. Usually, the revitalisation of urban activities is considered as one of the most important urban activities. The A. argues that retail can play
  • a major role in urban development of Lisbon.
  • 1992
  • Urban networks research program
  • Economic integration ; Large city;Metropolis ; Local government ; Netherlands (The) ; Randstad ; Urban development ; Urban function ; Urban network ; Urban region
  • 1992
  • Housing ; Switzerland ; Town planning ; Urban agglomeration ; Urban economy ; Urban infrastructure ; Urban policy ; Urban transport ; Urbanism
  • 1992
  • Recent advances in urban morphology
  • Architecture ; Computing ; Research ; Urban environment ; Urban landscape ; Urban morphology ; Urban settlement
  • 1992
  • Africa ; Collective facilities ; Drainage;Sanitation improvement ; Drinking water ; Housing ; Public service ; Urban administration ; Urban planning ; Urban policy ; Urban transport ; Urbanization
  • Over the past two decades, commentators and policy-makers have been enjoined to change their approach, but there are still many who have yet to adopt new attitudes. It is argued that concepts related to urban sanitation, water supply, urban
  • agriculture, urban transport and aspects of housing supply need to be redefined to reflect local circumstances.
  • 1992
  • Romania ; Typology ; Urban geography ; Urban network ; Urban system
  • Description and socio-demographic classification of the urban network in Hargita county (Rumania) in a historical perspective. - (JS)
  • 1992
  • Villa Nova de Gaia : an urban landscape
  • City;Town ; Harbour ; Porto ; Portugal ; Trade;Commerce ; Urban history ; Urban landscape ; Wine
  • 1992
  • Urban popular attitudes towards the economic recovery programme and the PNDC Government in Ghana
  • Attitude ; Economic growth ; Economic policy ; Ghana ; Urban population
  • A slight majority of the urban population believes that a hand-over of power by the PNDC would reverse the current economic progress and waste the sacrifices of the years since 1983.―(EMS)
  • 1992
  • Urban local government finance in Nigeria : the case of Lagos municipal area
  • City;Town ; Lagos ; Local finance ; Nigeria ; Urbanization
  • A detailed study of Lagos illustrates a general discussion of urban problems.―(EMS)
  • 1992
  • Urban local government finance in Nigeria : the case of Onitsha local government
  • City;Town ; Local finance ; Nigeria ; Urbanization
  • A study of Onitsha illustrates problems of urbanization.―(EMS)
  • 1992
  • Urban revitalization and the labour market paradox in the Randstad
  • Urban networks research program
  • Employment ; Labour market ; Netherlands (The) ; Randstad ; Spatial differentiation ; Unemployment ; Urban planning ; Urban policy ; Urban renewal
  • Firstly, this article analyzes theoretically the relation between the revitalization policies and the labour market paradox with the help of the concept of hysteresis. Secondly, the spatial pattern of the urban labour market is analyzed
  • 1992
  • Special issue : Problems of urban agglomeration, 1961-91 (Essays in honour of Benjamin Chinitz)
  • Agglomeration ; Entrepreneurship ; External economies ; Female labour ; United States ; Urban economy ; Urban structure
  • This paper emphasises the diseconomies, which become predominant as urban scale increases and account for many of the deep-seated social problems with which urban economics is concerned. The failure of urban models to incorporate agglomeration
  • limits their usefulness and is partially accountable for the decline of interest in urban economics.
  • 1992
  • Citizenship, partnership, and the popular restructuring of U.K. urban space
  • Citizenship ; Ideology ; Liberalism ; Local development ; Local government ; Partnership ; Political power ; Standard of living ; United Kingdom ; Urban area ; Urban policy ; Urban society
  • The pursuit of market-dominated urban policies has marginalized large sections of the population who have remained untouched by the benefits of national economic growth. The concepts of citizenship and partnership are central to the doctrine
  • of Thatcherism. The A. examines the nature of these concepts in the context of contemporary urban development.
  • 1992
  • Cultural facilities as an instrument of urban development programmes in an international comparison
  • Cultural studies ; Europe ; Quality of life ; Urban environment ; Urban policy ; Urbanism
  • Experiences from six countries (France, Great Britain, Italy, Austria, USA, Germany) made available for a research project show that cultural facilities are more and more used as an instrument of urban development programmes. They are among others
  • used to enhance the quality of life and of the urban environment, to set signs for the development or restructuring of urban areas, to re-use redundant buildings or to promote private investments. - (L'A.).
  • 1992
  • African urban research since the late 1980s : responses to poverty and urban growth
  • Africa ; Collective equipment ; Informal sector ; Living standard ; Poverty ; Research ; Urban administration ; Urban development ; Urban growth ; Urban population ; Urban society ; Urbanization
  • 1992
  • The final phase of urban apartheid zoning in South Africa 1990/91
  • Apartheid ; Ethnic group ; Political reform ; Segregation ; South Africa ; Urban area ; Urban policy ; Zoning
  • Urban apartheid zonings in South Africa continued until the repeal of discriminary legislation. The apartheid city was thus virtually intact until June 1991. - (AJC)
  • 1992