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  • Development of Pudong and optimization of structure of urban area of Shanghai
  • China ; Economic policy ; Economic structure ; Industrial firm ; Optimization ; Shanghai ; Urban density ; Urban development ; Urban economy ; Urban policy ; Urban population ; Urban structure
  • Based on detailed analysis of the present situation and problems of the structure of urban area of Shanghai, the inner mechanisms that caused the problems are explored and development of Pudong as the strategic breakthrough of the optimization
  • of the structure of urban area is determined. Various restrictive factors must be considered and corresponding policies and measures must be drawn up.
  • The convolution of urban planning with tradition in Lesotho, 1928-91
  • Ideology ; Land ; Land use ; Legislation ; Lesotho ; Spatial allocation ; Urban area ; Urban landscape ; Urban planning ; Urban structure ; Urbanism
  • During the period under review, legislation was the predominant planning instrument. Spatial urban planning appears to have been effective during the colonial period because of the existence of a clear colonial ideology, a small and economically
  • empowered urban population to plan for, and relatively skilled workers. During the period of political independence, urban planning was marked by contradictions within the value system of the elite, by efforts to implement legislation and by lack
  • Urban Governance and Urban Development in Tunisia and Morocco today
  • Governance ; Morocco ; Town planning ; Tunisia ; Urban area ; Urban development
  • Urban development in Tunisia showcase Tunis and the mega-project Lac de Tunis, urban crisis and urban governance in Morocco, reorganization urban planning in Morocco, large scale projects in Marrakech and Rabat (siehe MEYER (F.).Geographische
  • Mexico City : the production and reproduction of an urban environment
  • Architecture ; Large city ; Mexico ; Social inequality ; Town planning ; Urban environment ; Urban geography ; Urban policy ; Urbanism
  • An urban geography of the world's largest metropolitan area, emphasizing its growth, land use, social inequality and physical planning and architecture. Empowerment of both the municipal government and the inhabitants are seen as crucial in Mexico
  • Comparative analysis of urban and industrial hierarchies of Romanian towns in 1990
  • Industrial concentration ; Industrial employment ; Industrialization ; Rank-size distribution ; Romania ; Urban growth ; Urban hierarchy ; Urbanization
  • Urban and industrial hierarchies can be constructed as synthetic indicators of urbanisation and industrialisation at a particular moment in time. The paper examines the relations between the urban and industrial hierarchies at all levels
  • City;Town ; Housing ; Large town ; Urban administration ; Urban economy ; Urban geography ; Urban infrastructure ; Urban policy ; Urban settlement ; Urban society
  • Latin American urban development : review of the 1980s and prospects for the 1990s
  • City;Town ; Latin America ; Research ; Urban crisis ; Urban development ; Urban life
  • During the 1980s the weight of Latin Americanist urban research shifted from the theoretical back to the empirical. Publications fit into four broad categories : cities in cris; urban form; reproduction; and production. The problems of living
  • Restucturing urban space and local communities in Tokyo : on the applicability of the theories of Castells and Harvey
  • Honshu ; Japan ; Tokyo ; Urban area ; Urban structure ; Urban theory
  • This paper attempts to review the theoretical framework of the urban restructuring process proposed by M. Castelles and D. Harvey, and to examine the effectiveness of their western theories through field survey of restructuring urban space and local
  • Portugal ; Town ; Urban dynamics ; Urban geography ; Urban growth ; Urban hierarchy ; Urban history ; Urban network ; Urban system
  • Microclimatic variations attributable to urban-canyon asymmetry and orientation
  • The energetic response of urban canyons to variable urban geometry is investigated using the URBAN3 numerical model. Significant inter-urban canyon energy total differences are found which are closely linked to patterns of net solar radiation
  • . Implications of the study with respect to the magnitude of synoptic vs. geometric sources of urban energetic variation, and microscale and mesoscale urban modelling applications are discussed.
  • Use of land for urban purposes in Norway
  • Two main causes are stated to explain the rapid growth of urban areas: the urbanization process and the growing standard of living. The article deals with the problem of what is really meant by urban land and compares how fast urban land is growing
  • in Norway in relation to other countries. The article also points out the great variations in the use of land for urban purposes, some of which are discussed. (JH).
  • Urban performance and the control of urban size in China
  • China ; City size ; Economic efficiency ; Town ; Urban policy ; Urban population ; Urbanization
  • Moving cities : rethinking the materialities of urban geographies
  • Car ; Mobility ; Urban geography ; Urban life ; Urban practice ; Urban sociology ; Urbanity
  • Development ; Modernism ; Post-colonialism ; Urban geography ; Urban theory ; Urbanism
  • The paper suggests that one possibility for transforming current parochial conceptualisations of modernity and urbanism, might exist in revisiting the dialectical clash which urban anthropology has begun to stage between the west's self-definition
  • of urban modernity, and the diversity of urbanisms which characterise cities around the world. - (AJC)
  • Urban networks in Europe: policies, practices, outcomes
  • Europe ; European Union ; Network ; Territoriality ; Town ; Urban development ; Urban function ; Urban geography ; Urban network ; Urban policy
  • Over the past twenty years urban “networking” has become a rule of behaviour in the European Union. This article concerns the development of urban networks within the European urban geography. Urban networks have an important role in disseminating
  • a development model for urban areas by bringing together a diverse range of cities around common problems in order to create common understandings of how to address these problems—the new ‘conventional wisdom’. These networks have also developed a range
  • of different methods “to be active” in order to achieve different territorial outcomes. In that sense, which are the outcomes of those cities that have shown a strong “ aptitude in urban networking ” ? - (BJ)
  • Retail and urban conservation
  • Retailing, public policy and urban retail planning. Proceedings of the international symposium
  • Inner city ; Lisbon ; Portugal ; Retail trade ; Urban life
  • Recently there has been a growing concern about urban environment and the quality of urban way of life. Usually, the revitalisation of urban activities is considered as one of the most important urban activities. The A. argues that retail can play
  • a major role in urban development of Lisbon.
  • Amsterdam ; Belgium ; Brussels ; Netherlands (The) ; Property right ; Urban area ; Urban development ; Urban dynamics ; Urban growth ; Urban region
  • The central aim of this study is to understand the long-term urban trajectories of the Brussels and Amsterdam urban regions in terms of different spatial organizations of property rights. After a consideration of international comparative urban
  • research, the authors analyse the trajectories of the urban regions of Brussels and Amsterdam systematically during one and a half century. - (AGD)
  • Urban land use transformation and determinants of urban land use size in China
  • China ; Economic reform ; Land ; Land rent ; Land use ; Spatial allocation ; Town ; Urban development
  • An overview of the problems in urban land use and the impacts of economic reforms and planning policies on rapid urban land expansion and structural transformation is outlined. Statistical analyses reveal determinants of urban land size. This use
  • has been improved, and the size is related to urban reforms, land use adjustment, as well as to population growth and economic development.
  • The urban development of Lisbon
  • Fifth European intensive course on applied geomorphology. Mediterranean and urban areas
  • Lisbon ; Portugal ; Town ; Trade ; Urban development ; Urban function ; Urban growth ; Urban history ; Urban morphology ; Urban structure
  • Going up the country: internationalization and urbanization on Frankfurt's northern fringe
  • Core-periphery ; Frankfurt am Main ; Germany ; Hessen ; Urban area ; Urban development ; Urban economy ; Urban fringe ; Urban growth ; Urban landscape ; Urban structure