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  • The interlocking network model for studying urban networks
  • Producer services ; Research ; Theory ; Urban hierarchy ; Urban network ; World city
  • Dans ce numéro spécial consacré à l'étude des réseaux urbains mondiaux, on trouvera les articles suivants :1-Introduction: The interlocking network model for studying urban networks: out-line, potential, critiques, and ways forward ; 2-A research
  • odyssey: from interlocking network model to extraordinary cities ; 3-Network or hierarchical relations? A plea for redirecting attention to the control functions of global cities4-World city network research at a theoretical impasse: On the need to re
  • -establish qualitative approaches to understanding agency in world city networks , 5-Validity in world city network measurements ; 6- Multiple perspectives on functional coherence: Heterogeneity and multiplexity in the Randstad ; 7-Cities as networks within
  • networks of cities: The evolution of the city/firm-duality in the world city network, 2000–2010.
  • Urban networks in Europe: policies, practices, outcomes
  • Europe ; European Union ; Network ; Territoriality ; Town ; Urban development ; Urban function ; Urban geography ; Urban network ; Urban policy
  • Over the past twenty years urbannetworking” has become a rule of behaviour in the European Union. This article concerns the development of urban networks within the European urban geography. Urban networks have an important role in disseminating
  • a development model for urban areas by bringing together a diverse range of cities around common problems in order to create common understandings of how to address these problems—the new ‘conventional wisdom’. These networks have also developed a range
  • of different methods “to be active” in order to achieve different territorial outcomes. In that sense, which are the outcomes of those cities that have shown a strong “ aptitude in urban networking ” ? - (BJ)
  • Urban networks
  • Concept ; Flow ; Italy ; Methodology ; Network ; Urban function ; Urban hierarchy ; Urban network ; Urban system
  • Networking the urban policy arena. Local governance and the regionalisation of territorial policy-making in Northrhine-Westphalia
  • Germany ; Local policy ; Network ; North Rhine Westfalia ; Regional development ; Regionalization ; Urban network ; Urban policy
  • The contribution deals with the following subjects : 1)Policy innovation as context management : 1) Regionalisation in Northrhine-Westphalia. 2) Local responses to regionalisation : Duisburg and its region. 3) Networking the urban policy arena : new
  • forms of governance in Duisburg. 4) Local and regional networking : potentials and contradictions for innovative governance. 5) Challenges to networking : bridging the local-regional mismatch. - (MT)
  • Spatial analysis of urban network of Wrocław
  • Poland ; Silesia ; Spatial analysis ; Urban change ; Urban development ; Urban growth ; Urban network ; Wrocław
  • The paper aims to understand the morphological transformation of the urban network of Wrocław caused by the rapid development and urban growth impacts. In an attempt to investigate the reason for morphological transformation of Wrocław urban network
  • Calibration of cellular automata by using neural networks for the simulation of complex urban systems
  • Calibration ; Geographical information system ; Neural network ; Probability ; Simulation ; Spatial dynamics ; Urban development ; Urban network ; Urban system
  • Germany ; Inter-community cooperation ; Regional policy ; Urban construction ; Urban development ; Urban network ; Urbanism
  • The paper explains why and in which way urban networks are examined: they are able to improve locational advantages in Germany (poly-central structures), and the instrument for developing spatial and functional networks (inter-urban co-operation
  • ) needs to be examined in practice. This explanation is based on the regional policy objective of extending and developing urban networks. It is exemplary description of current urban interdependences and inter-urban co-operation. - (MT)
  • Urban networks research program
  • Economic integration ; Large city;Metropolis ; Local government ; Netherlands (The) ; Randstad ; Urban development ; Urban function ; Urban network ; Urban region
  • The evolution of approaches to create urban habitat networks. The case of Berlin
  • Urban ecology
  • Berlin ; Ecology ; Geographical information system ; Germany ; Network ; Remote sensing ; Town planning ; Urban ecology ; Urban landscape
  • Network cities: creative urban agglomerations for the 21st century
  • Central places ; Centrality ; Japan ; Netherlands (The) ; Randstad ; Rank-size distribution ; Urban dynamics ; Urban hierarchy ; Urban network ; Urban theory
  • The global economy is nurturing an innovative class of polycentric urban configurations. A network city evolves when two or more previously independent cities, potentially complementary in function, strive to cooperate and achieve significant scope
  • Urban form, road network type, and mode choice for frequently conducted activities : a multilevel analysis using quasi-experimental design data
  • Mode choice ; Netherlands (The) ; Transport network ; Urban district ; Urban migration ; Urban morphology ; Urban transport
  • In this study, the AA. adopt the principles of quasi-experimental design to collect the data, which are examined with a multilevel model in the cities of Ranstad Holland. The results indicate that urban form and network type have only a modest
  • Business networks outside an industrial district
  • Economic environment ; Enterprise ; Innovation ; Network ; New Zealand ; Partnership ; Small firm ; Urban economy
  • This paper reports New Zealand evidence from a survey of small-firm network behaviour and the impact of an intermediary agency in seeking to assist network development. Small businesses engage in various types of networking including information
  • sharing, resource sharing and subcontracting. There is little evidence of deliberate strategy about networking. Network promotion is isentified as a way of assisting small-firm development.
  • Specification of the world city network
  • Centrality ; Competition ; International economy ; Network ; Producer services ; Quaternary sector ; Service ; Urban function
  • In this paper, the world city network is identified as an unusual form of network with three levels of structure : cities as the nodes, the world economy as the supranodal network level, and advanced producer service firms operating through cities
  • who are the prime actors in world city network formation. This process is formally specified in terms of four international relational matrices. Through this specification it becomes possible to apply standard techniques of network analysis to world
  • Regional structure of economic linkages between Japanese cities based on the analysis of bank branch networks
  • Banking network ; Economic flow ; Japan ; Regional economy ; Urban economy ; Urban network
  • While administrative organizations genrally consist of a hierarchical structure, branch networks of large companies do not perfectly correspond to a hierarchical urban structure but can also include partially horizontal linkages between neighboring
  • cities of the same order, as shown in Pred's model. The aim of this paper is to clarify economic linkages between Japanese cities by analyzing bank branch networks of each of 145 commercial banks in Japan and the location of new branches established
  • Romania ; Typology ; Urban geography ; Urban network ; Urban system
  • Description and socio-demographic classification of the urban network in Hargita county (Rumania) in a historical perspective. - (JS)
  • Thessaloniki : 2300 years of continuous urban life in The Mediterranean - I and II : Urban networks at the regional, the national and the local scale.
  • Measurement of the world city network
  • Centrality ; Enterprise ; Globalization ; Network ; Producer services ; Tertiary sector ; Urban geography ; World city
  • Building on a specification of the world city network as an interlocking network in which business service firms play the crucial role in network formation, information is gathered from global service firms about the size of their presence in a city
  • and about any extra-territorial functions of their offices. This information is converted into data which are used to measure the global network connectivity of cities.
  • A bi-level programming model for the land use - network design problem
  • Decision ; Facilities ; Land use ; Model ; Multi-purpose programming ; Network ; Transport network ; Urban planning
  • The sketch layout model was developed in 1999 to improve the efficiency and quality of layout tasks. This model is a nonlinear and multi-objective programming, for analysing the integrated layouts of land uses, transport network and public
  • facilities. The method integrates the combined trip distribution/assignment model to generate a hierarchical network. This model can analyse travel demands, and then decide the link type of the network.
  • The concept of functional urban area. Findings of the ESPON project 1.1.1
  • Europe ; Regional policy ; Urban function ; Urban network
  • of urban regions in the regional, national or international socio-economic networks as well as of the preconditions for their future development in the globalizing world. - (IFL)
  • Functional Urban Areas (FUA's) rate as building stocks of polycentric regions as well as for development policies strengthening a polycentric urban structure. They are seen as arenas for supra-regional functions and as nodes for national
  • and international networks. The article presents the findings of EPSON 1.1.1 about the application of the concept of FUA in 29 European countries which actually differs very much. There is a great need for further analysis. This must take care of the varying role
  • The urban public space networks as a planning concept in New trends in urban planning. Studies in housing, urban design and planning.
  • Concept ; Environnement ; Espace public ; Géographie humaine ; Image de la ville ; Perception de l'environnement ; Public space network ; Urbanisme