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  • From urban structure to urban landscape
  • Villa Nova de Gaia : an urban landscape
  • City;Town ; Harbour ; Porto ; Portugal ; Trade;Commerce ; Urban history ; Urban landscape ; Wine
  • Real places: an unconventional guide to America's generic landscapes
  • Cultural landscape ; Cultural studies ; Perception ; Place ; Rural landscape ; United States of America ; Urban landscape
  • Terse, incisive vignettes on the gamut of permanent and ephemeral phenomena found in the rural and urban landscapes of the USA at a variety of scales. Among the 120 entries are: airspace, bioregion, boondocks, disaster area, no smoking area, porno
  • Ten tenets and six questions for landscape urbanism
  • Discourse ; Environmental conservation ; Heritage-scape ; Landscape ; Landscape Urbanism ; Participation ; Urban landscape ; Urban planning ; Urbanism ; ecological urbanism ; landscape architecture theory
  • The paper offers an interpretation of Landscape Urbanism. It attempts to decode the prolix language in which L U is presented and to identify a number of ‘tenets’ which most of its adherents would hold. The second part of the paper questions some
  • of these tenets, asking whether L U’s attack on the urban–rural binary is well conceived and whether it is a helpful contribution to the problems raised by worldwide urbanisation. It concludes that there are a number of inconsistencies and lacunae which landscape
  • Frontier urbanization in the Brazilian Amazon : a theoretical framework for urban transition
  • Amazonas ; Boundary ; Brazil ; Historical geography ; Urban geography ; Urban growth ; Urban landscape ; Urbanization
  • A five-stage evolutionary model of landscape change is proposed that is tied in with the growth of towns and cities in this vast region of rapid change. - (DWG)
  • Restructuring of the agrarian landscape in Poland from 1700 to 1914
  • The transformation of the European rural landscape : methodological issues and agrarian change 1770-1914
  • Industrialization ; Poland ; Rural change ; Rural landscape ; Urbanization
  • In the studies of the transformations of the agricultural landscape of Poland from the early 18th century to World War II the A. has distinguished the three following aspects : establishment of new settlements ; transformations of the layouts
  • of the former settlements ; urbanization and industrialization processes.
  • Amenities and disamenities : a hedonic analysis of the heterogeneous landscape in Shenzhen (China)
  • China ; Garden ; Guangdong ; Hedonistic model ; Housing cost ; Landscape ; Local amenities ; Price fixing ; Shenzhen ; Urban geography ; Urban landscape ; Urban park
  • The paper presents a hedonic analysis of the amenity and disamenity effects arising from the heterogeneous urban landscape in a Chinese city. The study focuses on the central built-up area of the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone. A three-dimensional
  • model is applied to estimate the effects of these urban landscape features. Residential gardens were the most attractive landscape and urban villages had disamenity effects. The visibility of landscape was more valued than the accessibility.
  • From Soviet to Post-Soviet with transformation of the fragmented urban landscape : the case of garage areas in Estonia
  • Estonia ; Garage area ; Landscape ; Landscape dynamics ; Post-communism ; Town ; Urban landscape
  • not been demolished and are still in use. The A. analyzes the dynamics of urban landscape. Garage areas are used as a case study in the transformation of Estonian society.
  • In addition to the elements that have been formed under the forces of the current era, the landscape also contains elements from previous eras. Functions of some of these landscapes have changed. With the fall of the Soviet system, garage areas have
  • [b1] Center for Landscape and Culture, Tallinn University, Tallinn, Estonie
  • Planning Rural-Urban Landscapes: Railways and Countryside Urbanisation in South-West Flanders, Belgium (1830–1930)
  • Belgium ; Flanders ; Land use ; Landscape ; Nineteenth Century ; Planning ; Public works ; Railway network ; Rural landscape ; Transport network ; Twentieth Century ; Urban landscape ; Urbanization ; infrastructure planning ; landscape history
  • ; mobility ; rural-urban landscapes ; urbanisation
  • -urban landscapes in south-west Flanders qualifies and substantiates this assertion by analysing pre-war keystone processes of infrastructure planning in relation to land-use patterns and landscape transformations. The research reveals that not only
  • the development of rural-urban landscapes reaches back far beyond the welfare state, fuelled by railways prior to highways, but also shows that the supposedly chaotic hybrid landscape has its roots in drawn-out landscape ideologies inscribed in public works policy
  • . The analysis—which crosses the divides between disciplines (landscape and infrastructure planning), concepts (rural-urban, modern-traditional), and geographical scales (national, regional, local)—reveals consistently planned mechanisms of public works policy
  • In the international literature on today’s urban condition, Flanders is presented as prime example of urban sprawl, generally described as unplanned incremental development induced by the quantum leap of private car ownership. The research on rural
  • and landscape change underlying both the diffuse regional urbanisation patterns and local landscape transformations, which are generally perceived as spontaneous or vernacular developments. Infrastructure planning facilitated a spatial organisation
  • within the landscape.
  • [b1] Department of Architecture, Urbanism and Planning, University of Leuven
  • Hace cincuenta años : repeat photography and landscape change in the Sierra Purépecha of Michoacán, México
  • Forest ; Landscape ; Landscape dynamics ; Mexico ; Michoacán ; Mountain ; Photography ; Plant canopy ; Urbanization
  • to the region, serve as a baseline for documenting landscape change over the last 50 years. AA. find that there has been significant urbanization, but also forest regrowth, especially of urban forests that are wither shrubby or selectively cut. - (SLD)
  • Robert West's cultural geography of the Modern Tarascan Area, 1948, documented the cultural and physical geography of the Sierra Tarasa (Purépecha). A selection of landscape photographs from this work, and from some of his subsequent trips
  • Contested Landscapes of Urban Sprawl: Landscape Protection and Regional Planning in Scania, Sweden, 1932–1947
  • Conflict ; Landscape ; Periurban development ; Regional planning authority ; Scania ; Sweden ; Twentieth Century ; Urban planning ; Urban sprawl ; Urbanization ; environmental planning ; peri-urban development ; planning history ; urban fringe
  • Studies in landscape and planning history are used here in order to critically examine the debate on urban sprawl and to reveal embedded conflicts within spatial planning aiming to curb sprawl. The paper aims to illustrate this with an examination
  • of one of the earliest attempts to control peri-urban development at a regional level in Sweden. The discourse on sprawl is first introduced and the fruitfulness of landscape studies in capturing inherent and conflicting aims within planning is examined
  • . Subsequent analysis of the seemingly scattered and weak spatial planning of the 1930s and 1940s in Scania, Sweden, reveals an ad hoc regional plan, developed primarily in order to curb scattered development. The importance of the landscape discourse
  • for the development of the plan, as well as the contradictory treatment of urban sprawl (on a local and regional level), is demonstrated. The final part discusses the importance of this historiography for the ability to deal with the current planning situation
  • . The conclusion is that urban sprawl is not necessarily the result of weak or absent planning, but rather of embedded contradictions within planning; therefore stronger planning will never be sufficient as long as the inherent conflicts within the plans
  • (and in the landscape they help create) remain unresolved.
  • [b1] Department of Landscape Architecture, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
  • Creating and recreating an ideal : the role of historic landscapes in a rapidly changing urban area
  • Gentrification ; Landscape esthetics ; Oregon ; Town ; United States of America ; Urban district ; Urban renewal
  • Changes in the urban environment and urban landscape in Germany
  • Environment ; Germany ; Suburbanization ; Sustainable development ; Urban geography ; Urban landscape
  • In Germany it reveals a general trend which assigns a higher importance to the environment and landscape in the development of cities. Even so the development towards a scattered urban landscape based on extensive individual mass mobility could
  • detrimental. This reveals an inability to steer the landscape development process as a whole. Concepts of regional environmental quality, sustainable land use concepts, economic steering instruments and ecological scenarios develop slowly as principles
  • The Mexican border cities : landscape anatomy and place personality
  • Cultural studies ; Frontier ; Mexico ; Town ; Urban area ; Urban landscape ; Urban morphology ; Urban structure
  • An excellent cultural geography of the border city phenomenon dominated by such large urban centers as Matamoros, Reynosa, Nuevo Laredo, Ciudad Juárez, Mexicali and Tijuana. Discussion of central plazas, housetypes, red-light districts, commercial
  • areas and industrial zones. These cities have a hybrid landscape that combines characteristics of both Mexico and the United States. - (DWG)
  • On the superabundance of signs in our landscape : selections from a slide lecture
  • Cultural geography ; Landscape ; Semiology ; Semiotics of space ; United States ; Urban landscape ; Western Europe
  • Using Western Europe by way of contrast, the A. discourses on the proliferation of non-essential signs that pepper much of the U.S. landscape. Commercial signs dominate, but there are also signs that welcome, celebrate holidays and « express
  • The use of remote sensing and landscape metrics to describe structures and changes in urban land uses
  • California ; Image analysis ; Land use ; United States of America ; Urban area ; Urban density ; Urban environment ; Urban landscape
  • . Several important structural land-cover features are identified. For two test areas in the region, changes in the urban spatial land-use structure can be described and quantified with landscape metrics.
  • The study introduces a methodology using information on image spatial form to describe urban land-use structures and land-cover changes that result from urban growth. The analysis is based on spatial analysis of land-cover structures mapped from
  • digitally classified of aerial photographs of the urban region Santa Barbara, California. The results show a useful separation and characterization of three urban land-use types : commercial development, high-density residential, and low-density residential
  • Some environmental issues related to sub-urbanization process in Bucharest Metropolitan Area
  • Bucharest ; Landscape ; Metropolitan area ; Romania ; Suburbanization ; Urban dynamics ; Urban landscape ; Urban sprawl ; Years 1990-99 ; Years 2000-2009
  • The paper analyzes the effect of urban sprawl within Bucharest Metropolitan Area as well as the most important environmental issues related to sub-urbanization process (land fragmentation, land market dynamics, uncontrolled waste deposits, water
  • supply system, sewage system, gas supply system) with negative impact on metropolitan landscape. - (BJ).
  • Czech Republic ; Landscape ; Typology
  • is the target of many urban residents searching it in rural landscape. - (EN)
  • Landscape acoustics is nothing new for zoologists - their research is well known. However, other landscape specialists, including geographers, prefer to visualize landscape both in material and spiritual concepts. At the same time, landscape
  • is a source and a consumer of sound and environmentalists emphasize the role of noise in it from the point of environmental pollution. Landscape acoustics could be intended on diffraction, refraction, reflection, interference and absorption of sound
  • in landscape produced by various agents. Landscape acts as modulator, music body in the style of hard/art/punk rock bands of geo/bio physical anthropogenous origin from a quiet landscape via natural beauty echo to silence in landscape. Maybe silence
  • From little Britain to little Italy : an urban ethnic landscape study in Toronto
  • Canada ; Cultural identity ; Ethnic community ; Historical geography ; Italians ; Ontario ; Residential location ; Toronto ; Twentieth Century ; Urban landscape
  • After World War II, heavy Italian immigration diversified the city of Toronto. Immigrants settled around St Clair where the identity of Little Britain gave way to Little Italy. The study documents and interprets landscape change on St Clair since
  • the war. The changing landscape, like the social process of ethnicity, involved both pride and tensions.
  • The greening of the squares of London : transformation of urban landscapes and ideals
  • Cultural geography ; Eighteenth Century ; England ; Garden ; Green space ; Historical geography ; Landscape esthetics ; London ; Perception of the urban environment ; Semiotics of space ; United Kingdom ; Urban landscape ; Urban morphology ; Urban
  • park ; Urban planning
  • The residential squares of London developed in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries into a unique urban landscape. This study takes the viewpoint of cultural geography to look at the gardens in the squares as symbolic statements expressing