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  • Hegyalja varosi jellegü települései kozponti funkcioinak vizsgalata. (Examination of central functions of the settlements with urban characteristics in Hegyalja)
  • The A. reveals the development of central functions of settlements with urban character of Hegyala. He outlines the transformation and present structure of these functions and the sphere of influence of the individual function groups. (CK).
  • Et Bydelssenters regionale funksjon The regional function of an urban center
  • The concept of functional urban area. Findings of the ESPON project 1.1.1
  • Europe ; Regional policy ; Urban function ; Urban network
  • Functional Urban Areas (FUA's) rate as building stocks of polycentric regions as well as for development policies strengthening a polycentric urban structure. They are seen as arenas for supra-regional functions and as nodes for national
  • of urban regions in the regional, national or international socio-economic networks as well as of the preconditions for their future development in the globalizing world. - (IFL)
  • The industrial functional structure of the urban system in China
  • China ; City;Town ; Classification ; Economic efficiency ; Industrial branch ; Industrial structure ; Specialization ; Urban economy ; Urban function
  • 18 sub-categories and 43 functional groups under 4 major categories are identified for 295 cities in China. Typical features of these cities are studied and highlighted.
  • A note on the average density function in urban analysis
  • Distance from city centre ; Population density ; Spatial structure ; Urban area
  • It is argued that the density function, commonly used in the study of urban spatial structure, is more appropriately described as the ‘marginal density function’. From such a marginal density function, it is possible to derive two types of average
  • of the urban context. The two types of average density function are examined for different underlying forms of the marginal density function. Of the two types, the second has a greater applicability than the first in the analysis of urban spatial structure.
  • density function, each being concerned with a particular aspect of the spatial structure of population. The first type is consistent with the standard approach to the ‘average’in economic analysis, while the second more completely takes account
  • [b2] School of Social and Political Sciences: Urban Studies, Univ., Glasgow, Royaume-Uni
  • Research on metropolitan functions : identification and definitions according to the ESPON and alternative approaches
  • Concept ; Europe ; European Union ; Polycentrism ; Theory ; Urban area
  • ’ and are the variables described as ‘metropolitan functions’ composed a priori or a posteriori. In the light of these ideas, the Author explores the findings of the two ESPON projects - 1.1.1, on polycentricism of the European urban space, and 1.4.3, which directly
  • concerned urban functions, has slightly modified the indicators of FUA and MEGA typology, which was proceeded by a thorough analysis of the assessment criteria of the classification. - (BJ)
  • On the basis of some classic and newer identifications and definitions of metropolitan functions, the present paper raises the questions, whether and how empirical studies change theoretical concepts. Is the term ‘metropolitan functions
  • Location of central management function and classification of main cities in Korea under Japanese colonial rule
  • Asia ; Korea ; Location ; Urban function ; Urban hierarchy ; Urban history
  • This paper aims to analyze the situation of central management function of Korean major cities historically. It examines the classification of Korean major cities in prewar Korea. - (KA)
  • Location of central managerial function in main cities in Korea after the 1960s
  • Enterprise ; Head office ; Location ; South Korea ; Tertiary sector ; Urban function
  • This article investigates the location of central managerial function in main cities in Korea after the 1960s, taking account of the changes in accumulation and territory of economic and administrative central managerial functions.- (KA)
  • Rozwoj funkcji us ugowych a hierarchia administracyjna miast w Polsce. (Development of tertiary functions and the administrative hierarchy of urban places in Poland)
  • The article deals with hierarchical components of the settlement system in Poland. It contains distribution analysis of tertiary functions against the background of the hierarchies of urban places. Distribution of several coefficients
  • , that characterize tertiary functions scale in complete set of urban places in Poland over the 1960-1973 has been presented. (d'après l'A.).
  • Planning doctrine and post-industrial urban development: the Amsterdam experience
  • Urban systems and the diversity of urban development
  • Amsterdam ; Centrality ; Netherlands (The) ; Urban district ; Urban function ; Urban planning ; Urban population ; Urban structure
  • The planners of the Amsterdam General Extension Plan (1935) developed a doctrine that covers three levels of functions and activities (a regional centre, a monocentric urban form, homogeneous neighbourhood communities around a centre). Since
  • the early 1970s Amsterdam has become an international centre, has developed into a polycentric urban region and has been acquiring ethnically mixed quarters. So in Amsterdam the planning doctrine was not particularly successful.
  • Spatial and functional changes in recent urban development of Zagreb
  • Business district ; Croatia ; Housing ; Hypermarket ; Shopping centre ; Transport ; Urban development ; Urban geography ; Zagreb
  • This article discusses the urban development of Zagreb in the transition period. It analyses four processes which have caused spatial and functional changes in the city's development within its administrative limits. These are : the process of a new
  • and more complex. In this connection the city has started to have more influence on the urban region's development. - (IKR)
  • Art and culture as central place functions
  • Special issue : Problems of urban agglomeration, 1961-91 (Essays in honour of Benjamin Chinitz)
  • Agglomeration ; Art ; Central places ; Centrality ; Cultural geography ; United States ; Urban function
  • Data on artists by location in 1970 an 1980, and on the non-profit theatre sector in the USA (1988-89), indicate that art and culture are pre-eminently central place functions. The concentration of performing artists into large metropolitan areas
  • increased from 1970 to 1980. Other studies support Chinitz's emphasis on the importance of supply-side factors in urban studies.
  • The dimensionality of the urban functional system
  • This paper suggests that the formulation and testing of hypotheses relating the functional role of cities in a society to other urban structures and process variables might be facilitated by substituting a continuous variable approach
  • to the functional system for the prevailing discrete typologies. Using variables indexing the scope of economic activites in U.S. communities at two points in time, we elaborate a technique for identifying the dimensions underlying an existing typology, and the 56
  • Hungary ; Settlement ; Town ; Urban ecology ; Urban model ; Urban morphology
  • A. discusses of the classical urban model of Tibor Mendöl, who investigated the physical (morphological) structure of the cities on the Great Hungarian Plain. His main motive was to find out the internal functional pattern of these rather peculiar
  • settlements. Mendöl named this famous and often debated method functional-morphology. In this system small scale functional elements were classified and amalgamated into functional groupes, which constitued the different urban zones within cities. Linking
  • urban morphology and functional pattern with the paradigm of human ecology was a revolutionary step forward in settlement geography. - (JS)
  • Urban system of West Germany from the standpoint of economic management function
  • Stuwende en verzorgende betekenis van het tertiair apparaat Basic and non-basic function of the urban tertiary sector
  • A comparison of urban population density functions in developed and developing countries
  • Abruzzi ; Area of attraction ; Commuting ; Italy ; Specialization ; Town ; Urban economy ; Urban function
  • The analysis of its urban functions is associated with a thorough observation of the demographic evolution occurred in the town in the last decades, of the industrialization level and of the tertiary sector in its surroundings. Functionally
  • specialized urban centers in the river Sangro valley have emerged : Lanciano plays a cultural and administrative role. The various elements which make up the urban frame of the area are connected and identified through the analysis of the commuters.
  • Urban niche dynamics of Kaifeng city
  • Applied ecology ; China ; Ecological niche ; Economic development ; Environmental conservation ; Environmental management ; Henan ; Town ; Urban ecology
  • This paper describes a study concerning different functional modules of Kaifeng city urban ecosystem. Niche theory and techniques were used to analyze the changes of these functional modules in the period 1994-2003. This study may contribute
  • to macroscopic planning of urban functional modules, economic development, and environmental protection.
  • Office location and the urban functional mosaic. A comparative study of five cities in the Netherlands
  • The office profile of specific urban districts is investigated from the points of view of certain aspects of functional structure of offices and face-to-face contacts by office employees. A comparative study is made of five cities in the Netherlands
  • . Offices in three zones (urban core, ring or subcentres, residential areas) are analyzed for aspects of functional structure, such as industrial category, organizational position, type and orientation of activities, and labour profile. Face-to-face contacts
  • have been differentiated by degree of involvement of the organization as well as that of employees, functional and spatial contact-fields. The range of locational tolerance for offices on the urban level is broader than hypothesized, the influence