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  • Urban local government finance in Nigeria : the case of Lagos municipal area
  • City;Town ; Lagos ; Local finance ; Nigeria ; Urbanization
  • A detailed study of Lagos illustrates a general discussion of urban problems.―(EMS)
  • Green space ; Pedestrian area ; Quality of life ; Road traffic ; Space ; Switzerland ; Urban area ; Urban development ; Urban traffic
  • On the basis of a Swiss research paper, this contribution demonstrates how and to what extent traffic areas can be minimised and the intensity of utilisation reduced. It is above all in urban areas where there is potential for savings and reductions
  • in favour of pedestrian, recreational and green areas, and thus for the benefit of the quality of urban development. - (L'A.).
  • Urban Metabolism and the Surface of the City
  • Demographic structure ; Land use ; Location ; Theory ; Urban area ; Urban structure
  • This paper focuses on the urban fabric, “the hardware” of an urban system. It discusses how to examine the urban fabric in terms of form, age and typical structures, technical and non-technical surface, land use, spatial location, material
  • composition, and consumption of resources. The article describes some challenges and the key issues of urban analyses. - (IfL)
  • Between process and individuation : translating metaphors and narratives of urban space
  • Daily life ; Theory ; Urban area ; Urban life ; Urban sociology
  • The A. wants to explore more closely Lefebvre's injunction for a careful examination of the relationship between space, language and politics. He wants to examine the metaphors used by scholars theorizing urban space and everyday urban life
  • . Conceptual and political problems are associated with the adoption of various metaphors about urban space.
  • The present aspect of urbanization and structural change of urban systems in Japan
  • Counterurbanization ; Japan ; Urban growth ; Urban system ; Urbanization ; Working population
  • The purpose of this paper is to clarify the present aspect and recent structural change of Japanese urban systems. To analyse this point, the A. used the sales and service workers of 1985. He classified municipalities with more than 3,000
  • of these workers into four types and extracted 356 daily city regions by the analysis of commuting areas. He indicated 5 conclusions.―(KA)
  • Affective dimensions of urban crime areas : towards the psycho-geography of urban problem areas
  • Urban violence : a challenge for geographers ?
  • Behaviour ; Criminality ; Social exclusion ; Social group ; Social psychology ; Social segregation ; Social structure ; Urban geography ; Violence
  • The concept of functional urban area. Findings of the ESPON project 1.1.1
  • Europe ; Regional policy ; Urban function ; Urban network
  • Functional Urban Areas (FUA's) rate as building stocks of polycentric regions as well as for development policies strengthening a polycentric urban structure. They are seen as arenas for supra-regional functions and as nodes for national
  • of urban regions in the regional, national or international socio-economic networks as well as of the preconditions for their future development in the globalizing world. - (IFL)
  • Delimitation ; Metropolitan area ; Poland ; Settlement system ; Urban agglomeration ; Urban function ; Urban geography ; Urban morphology ; Urban structure
  • Aglomeración urbana ; Delimitación ; Estructura urbana ; Función urbana ; Geografía urbana ; Morfología urbana ; Sistema de poblamiento ; Área metropolitana
  • This article has sought to elucidate the difference between the urban agglomeration and the metropolitan area, in the light of the output of Polish urban geography. Special attention is paid to the relationship between the ways of conceiving
  • the above entities in respect of the morphological and functional aspects to a large city’s structure. An overview of cognitive and planning achievements in the field of the delimitation of urban agglomerations and metropolitan areas in Poland is also
  • offered, the primary conclusion from the work being that the metropolis and its metropolitan area, as a concentration of high-order functions and international-scale links, represents a more advanced stage in the development of the large-city settlement
  • system than does the urban agglomeration. - (BJ)
  • Social segregation in urban Scotland
  • Housing occupancy ; Scotland ; Segregation ; Social class ; Social group ; Social segregation ; United Kingdom ; Urban area
  • Small area statistics from the 1981 census are used as the data base and the degree of segregation in 262 urban areas is measured using Morgan's index of residential differentiation. It is hypothesised that the degree of segregation in each
  • Review of studies on the urban retailing system
  • Classification ; Land use ; Research ; Retail trade ; Town ; Urban area ; Urban planning
  • The purpose of this study is to review studies on the urban retailing system. - (KA)
  • Restucturing urban space and local communities in Tokyo : on the applicability of the theories of Castells and Harvey
  • Honshu ; Japan ; Tokyo ; Urban area ; Urban structure ; Urban theory
  • This paper attempts to review the theoretical framework of the urban restructuring process proposed by M. Castelles and D. Harvey, and to examine the effectiveness of their western theories through field survey of restructuring urban space and local
  • Mexico City : the production and reproduction of an urban environment
  • Architecture ; Large city ; Mexico ; Social inequality ; Town planning ; Urban environment ; Urban geography ; Urban policy ; Urbanism
  • An urban geography of the world's largest metropolitan area, emphasizing its growth, land use, social inequality and physical planning and architecture. Empowerment of both the municipal government and the inhabitants are seen as crucial in Mexico
  • Use of land for urban purposes in Norway
  • Two main causes are stated to explain the rapid growth of urban areas: the urbanization process and the growing standard of living. The article deals with the problem of what is really meant by urban land and compares how fast urban land is growing
  • in Norway in relation to other countries. The article also points out the great variations in the use of land for urban purposes, some of which are discussed. (JH).
  • Area of attraction ; Exurban settlement ; Labour market ; Rural area ; Rural-urban relations ; South Carolina ; Town ; United States of America ; Urban fringe ; Urban region
  • The AA. extend the Carlino, Mills and Boarnet models of local development to test for the presence and direction of rural area linkages to urban areas in Functional Economic Areas. In a sample (South Carolina), they detect a mix of spillover
  • and backwash effects from urban core and fringe areas to their rural hinterlands. Rural-area population and employment both grew faster than average between 1980 and 1990 if in an FEA with a pattern of urban decentralization.
  • Impact of land use change on soil resources in the peri-urban area of Suzhou city
  • Anhui ; China ; Delta ; Geographical information system ; LANDSAT ; Land use ; Outer conurbation area ; Remote sensing ; Soil properties ; Urbanization
  • The extent of the developed land in the studied area, Suzhou city at the center of the Yangtze delta, and the impact of development on soil resources at 1:100,000 scale are estimated and the soil types impacted most by urbanization development
  • are determined through overlaying the soil map on the satellite images (Landsat-7) of the studied area at different times (1984, 1995, 2000 and 2003). A GIS combines these data with established soil databases to present the fast expanding trend of urbanization
  • in the Yangtze delta area, the urban spread, the soils occupied by the urbanization process and their quality.
  • Office development in Dublin and the tax incentive areas
  • Business cycle ; Dublin ; Finance ; Ireland ; Location choice ; Offices ; Tertiary sector ; Urban area ; Urban development ; Urban renewal
  • The urban Renewal Act and Finance Act of 1986 established tax incentives for property development and refurbishment in designated areas of certain Irish cities. During the third office development boom in Dublin, such areas proved to be a major
  • High technology location and the urban areas of Great Britain : developments in the 1980s
  • Economic restructuring ; Employment ; Great Britain ; High-tech industry ; Regional disparities ; Specialization ; Technology ; United Kingdom ; Urban economy
  • New towns appear more successful than other urban areas in attracting high technology, and this continued to be the case during the 1980s. There is evidence of a relative increase of high technology activity in smaller urban areas since 1981
  • Funzioni economiche e area di gravitazione di Lanciano
  • Abruzzi ; Area of attraction ; Commuting ; Italy ; Specialization ; Town ; Urban economy ; Urban function
  • specialized urban centers in the river Sangro valley have emerged : Lanciano plays a cultural and administrative role. The various elements which make up the urban frame of the area are connected and identified through the analysis of the commuters.
  • The analysis of its urban functions is associated with a thorough observation of the demographic evolution occurred in the town in the last decades, of the industrialization level and of the tertiary sector in its surroundings. Functionally
  • Co-managing the boundaries between urban and natural areas : a case study of Scarborough (Cape Peninsula)
  • Boundary ; Cape Province ; Environment ; Environmental management ; Nature conservation ; Nature reserve ; South Africa ; Urban fringe
  • The characteristics of protected areas that adjoin urban areas are analyzed, focusing primarily on the problems and opportunities presented by co-managing these areas through buffer zones. A set of criteria are drawn from the case study that could
  • be used to determine whether an area in the urban fringe should be included in a buffer zone around a protected area. It is shown that reserve boundaries do not offer sufficient protection for protected areas and that the buffer model is an effective
  • Houses and residential neighbourhoods as work places in urban areas : the case of selected low income residential areas in Greater Accra Metropolitan Area (GAMA), Ghana
  • Enquiry ; Enterprise ; Environmental degradation ; Ghana ; Health ; Land use ; Residential area ; Urban area ; Urban economy ; Urban settlement