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  • Zipf’s Law and Canadian urban growth
  • Canada ; Spatial analysis ; Spatial autocorrelation ; Spatial dependence ; Spatial structure ; Urban growth ; Urban hierarchy ; Urban system
  • This article examines Zipf’s Law and Canadian urban growth. It appears that the dynamics of growth follow a deterministic process related to existing urban size, previous growth and spatial structure. Splitting the Canadian urban system into two
  • —east and west— permits the identification of differences that were not observable when studying the country as a whole. While size and previous growth are still important explanatory variables of growth patterns, these two systems may be distinguished
  • one from the other from the point of view of spatial patterns of distribution of growth rates.
  • 2014
  • Urbanization and economic growth in Indonesia : good news, bad news and (possible) local government mitigation
  • Economic development ; Economic growth ; Gross domestic product ; Indonesia ; Infrastructure ; Population growth ; Public expenditure ; Role of the State ; Urban population ; Urbanization
  • Time-series analysis for Indonesia over the period 1960–2009 suggests that the level of urbanization is positively associated with economic growth but that the rate of change of urbanization is nega-tively correlated with growth of economic output
  • . A sub-national dynamic panel investigation provides additional evidence of the positive and negative level and rate effects, respectively. The panel analysis also implies that the harmful impact of urban population growth is linked to insufficient local
  • public infrastructure spending. Local governments that invest more heavily in infrastructure are better able to cope with the apparent detrimental effects of rapid urbanization on economic growth.
  • 2014
  • Simulating the urban growth dimensions and scenario prediction through sleuth model : a case study of Rasht County, Guilan, Iran
  • Forecast ; Gilan ; Growth model ; Iran ; Model ; Simulation ; Urban dynamics ; Urban growth ; Urban sprawl ; Urbanization
  • In this study, the SLEUTH UGM has been calibrated through a sequential multistage automated method to derive the pattern of urban growth in Rasht County from 1975 up to year 2011. According to the results, successive improvement of the model
  • parameters during the calibration mode indicates applicability of the model for forecasting of future urban growth mechanism until the year 2050. Accordingly, two growth scenarios were developed mainly with the aim of investigating the coefficients’ role
  • in controlling the nature of urban dynamics. Comparison between two forecasted scenarios indicates insignificant difference in total amount of the urban area, which denotes there is a threshold to urbanization and the current trend of urban growth could
  • 2014
  • The creative industries and urban economic growth in the UK
  • Creative class ; Creative industry ; Economic growth ; Economic sector ; Employment ; Industry ; Manpower ; Professional qualification ; United Kingdom ; Urban economy ; Wage
  • . However, when only urban areas are considered the creative industries drive wage growth but do not increase employment. These findings are consistent with the idea that the creative industries help other sectors grow, but may squeeze out declining
  • This paper tests the link between the creative industries and wage and employment growth in a panel of travel-to-work areas from 2003 to 2008. The results suggest the creative industries drive both wage and employment growth in other sectors
  • industries from urban areas.
  • 2014
  • Urban growth and climate adaptation in Australia : divergent discourses and implications for policy-making
  • Adaptation ; Australia ; Climate ; Climatic change ; Discourse ; Governance ; Private sector ; Public sector ; Queensland ; Urban growth ; Urban policy
  • This paper considers how debates around urban adaptation and growth management are structured in the discourses of local government, private developers and other actors in Queensland, Australia. The analysis highlights the discursive strategies
  • employed by different actors and the way their arguments have been consolidated in the practices of urban policy-making. It suggests a divergence of growth and adaptation storylines, contributing to maintaining the gap between these policy agendas. Progress
  • 2014
  • The spaces that smart growth makes : sustainability, segregation, and residential change across Greater Seattle
  • Housing ; Housing policy ; Metropolitan area ; Real estate development ; Residential segregation ; Seattle ; United States of America ; Urban growth ; Urban policy ; Washington State
  • This article examines the spaces that smart growth makes through sustainability, segregation, and residential change across Greater Seattle. . Using residential permit data in the 1990s and 2000s, the analysis highlights the heterogeneous nature
  • of the emergent landscapes of smart growth. In the new morphology of smart growth landscapes, density, (de)segregation, class, race, land recycling, regional-scale compactness, and other key dynamics appear to be combining in complex and at times surprising ways.
  • 2014
  • [b1] Urban Studies Program, Univ. of Washington, Tacoma, Etats-Unis
  • Competing interests and the political market for smart growth policy
  • Land policy ; Land use ; Massachusetts ; United States of America ; Urban policy ; Zoning
  • Based on the political market framework, this study specifically examines the influence of pro-growth and smart-growth interest groups on smart growth policies adopted by local governments in the state of Massachusetts, USA. The results suggest both
  • 2014
  • China’s landed urbanization : neoliberalizing politics, land commodification, and municipal finance in the growth of metropolises
  • Beijing ; China ; Guangdong ; Guangzhou ; Land ; Land policy ; Neo liberalism ; Northern China ; Taxation system ; Urban development ; Urban growth ; Urbanization
  • This article examines the neoliberalizing politics, land commodification, and municipal finance in the growth of metropolises (Guangzhou and Beijing). It demonstrates thatState and market do not function as two diametrically opposing and self
  • -contained entities but are characterized by their diverse and conflictual internal dynamics. And that local states are found to have embraced and manipulated market forces for their political agenda Theorization of global urbanism needs to go beyond the Euro
  • 2014
  • Population distribution and urban growth in Southern Italy, 1871–2011 : emergent polycentrism or path-dependent monocentricity?
  • Eighteenth Century ; Italy ; Periurban development ; Population ; Population density ; Population dynamics ; Population growth ; Settlement ; Southern Italy ; Twenty-first century ; Urban growth ; Urban hierarchy
  • This article analyses the population distribution and urban growth in Southern Italy between 1871and 2011. While urban growth in the years preceding the 1980s reinforced the polarization in rich and poor areas along the urban-to-rural gradient
  • , since the early 1990s both urban and rural areas showed population dynamics that consolidated low-density settlements scattered around the largest cities. This path, however, does not reflect the evolution towards a more spatially balanced urban
  • development, as observed in other European regions. Causes and consequences of the persistence of a fragmented urban hierarchy with dense settlements and sprawl concentrated around the main cities are finally discussed.
  • 2014
  • Metropolitan growth and the mobility and immobility of skilled and creative couples across the life course
  • Creative class ; Economic growth ; Mobility ; Professional qualification ; Social geography ; Urban economy ; Urban growth
  • This article examines the metropolitan growth and the mobility and immobility of skilled and creative couples across the life course. This analysis finds a strong empirical link between concentrations of skilled couples, but not creative class
  • couples, and economic growth. Public policies designed to increase the size of the skilled population should be directed at retaining younger cohorts long enough for them to develop the local networks upon which spillover effects rely.
  • 2014
  • Monaco with bananas, a tropical Manhattan, or a Singapore for Central America? Explaining rapid urban growth in Panama City, Panama
  • Demand ; Housing ; Housing market ; Housing policy ; Panama ; Periurban development ; Real estate market ; Supply ; Urban change ; Urban growth ; Urbanization
  • localized, suggesting that the interface between the global and the local is a fundamental catalyst of changes in the urban landscape.
  • 2014
  • Land use change and economic growth in urban China: a structural equation analysis
  • China ; Development ; Direct investment ; Economic growth ; Foreign investment ; Land policy ; Land rights ; Land use
  • to attract foreign investments and to sustain infrastructure investments, indirectly trig-gering economic growth. The findings suggest that land is not a simple factor of production but a strategic tool for eco-nomic development in urban China.
  • Based on official land use change data from 2004 to 2008, this study founds substantial land use changes in China, with considerable cultivated land conversion into urban, industrial and transportation purposes. Correlation analysis shows a strong
  • association between land use change and absolute GDP expansion. Structural equation analysis indicates that economic growth drives land use change. Industrial land expansion directly stimulates economic growth. Land has been successfully used as a tool
  • 2014
  • [b1] College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking Univ., Beijing, Chine
  • Competition over high-income workers : job growth and access to labour in Atlanta
  • This paper examines whether labour pooling and labour availability of workers with different incomes account for local job growth in the Atlanta metropolitan area between 2000 and 2006. It is found that the availability of high-income workers
  • is the only positive significant factor for job growth and the spatial size of the effect is larger than the traffic analysis zone. In contrast, no labour pooling indicators show a positive association with job growth.
  • 2014
  • [b1] School of Urban and Regional Planning, Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, Etats-Unis
  • Smart cities and green growth : outsourcing democratic and environmental resilience to the global technology sector
  • Citizenship ; Climatic change ; England ; Infrastructure ; Outsourcing ; Participation ; Smart city ; Technology ; Telecommunications ; United Kingdom ; Urban area
  • This article examines smart cities and green growth though outsourcing democratic and environmental resilience to the global technology sector. Based on evidence from the cities of Manchester, Birmingham, and Glasgow, it is argued
  • that the strategies is to expand the market for new technology products and services to support ‘green growth’ with disregard for their wider impacts. It also explains that city systems become a digital marketplace where citizen-consumers’ participation
  • 2014
  • [b1] Centre for Urban Policy Studies, School of Environment and Development, Univ., Manchester, Royaume-Uni
  • Growing buildings in corn fields : urban expansion and the persistence of maize in the Toluca Metropolitan Area, Mexico
  • Agriculture ; Farmer ; Household ; Livelihood ; Maize ; Metropolitan area ; Mexico ; Periurban development ; Urban growth ; Urbanization
  • This paper discusses a study of household land-use and livelihood strategies in the Toluca Metropolitan Area, west of Mexico City, a traditional maize-growing region that has experienced rapid urban growth. It shows that maize is being abandoned
  • to some extent as producers age and non-farm income sources surge. At the same time, some maize still persists for tradition and security as non-farm income is often volatile. The results reflect a persistence of maize in peri-urban areas of central Mexico
  • 2014
  • Explaining smart growth applications : lessons learned from the US capital region
  • Agricultural land use ; County ; Land use ; Maryland ; United States of America ; Urban growth ; Urban planning ; Urban sprawl ; Virginia ; Washington D.C. ; Zoning
  • The counties of the US Capital Region (Maryland and Virginia) represent unique case studies of urban areas that face tremendous de-velopment pressures resulting from their proximity to Washington, DC. This unique location raises two questions: do
  • statewide smart growth programmes lead counties to adopt smart growth policies? ; and what are the local factors contributing to county decisions to apply these policies? The analysis indicates that state mandates shape county land use planning. While
  • 2014
  • Paving (through) Amazonia : neoliberal urbanism and the reperipheralization of Roraima
  • Amazon Basin ; Brazil ; Connectivity ; Development ; Economic growth ; Mobility ; Neo liberalism ; Road infrastructure ; Roraima ; Urbanism ; Urbanization
  • growth, albeit in geographically uneven conditions led by market forces. It concludes that the urban system has undergone a process of reperipheralization in the wake of neoliberal approaches to infrastructure provision—these have been biased
  • 2014
  • Sequential city growth : Theory and evidence from the US
  • Convergence ; Discontinuity ; Model ; Sequential occupance ; Spatial economy ; Town ; United States of America ; Urban dynamics ; Urban growth
  • grow in a sequential pattern. Cities with the best economic conditions are the first to grow fastest until they reach a critical size, then their growth rates slow down and the smaller cities farther down in the urban hierarchy become the fastest
  • -growing ones in sequence. This paper also reveals 3 related features of urban system : 1), The city size distribution evolves from low-level balanced to primate and finally high-level balanced pattern in an inverted U-shaped path; 2), There exist
  • 2014
  • Attractiveness ; Creative class ; Demographic decline ; Gentrification ; Household ; Population ; Producer services ; United States of America ; Urban policy ; Urban population
  • This article focuses on cities where population decline turned back into population growth and made a distinction based on the magnitude of this growth. Cities where new growth exceeds previous peaks were termed growth-interrupted cities, whereas
  • U.S. household size, changing immigration patterns, undervalued urban neighborhoods, and growing preferences for city living. It lastly considers some racial, class, gender, and sexual identity consequences of resurgence and gentrification.
  • 2014
  • Distance travelled ; Europe ; Household ; Internal migration ; Journey to work ; Labour market ; Residential choice ; Social geography ; United States of America ; Urban economy ; Urban growth ; Urban sprawl
  • ; 5-The nature of urban growth and the commuting transition : endless sprawl or a growth wave? ; 6-Applying the European spatial development perspective in low-density regions : a methodology based on mobility and labour market structure ; 7-Describing
  • 2014