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  • The article concerns itself with the non-agricultural economic functions present in rural areas of Poland post 1989. The basic objective has been to identify and assess the directions to changes in the functional structure of gminas (local authority
  • , areas), as well as to characterise selected factors underpinning these transformations. Successive chapters discuss the present functional structure of rural areas, the changes there in the years 1988-1999, the spatial distribution of non-agricultural
  • business entities and the factors behind the development of new rural functions. - (BJ)
  • This article is devoted to possibility of development of alternative functions in rural areas. The last ten-year period brought a strengthening of the agricultural function in central and eastern Poland, while the west and parts of the south
  • witnessed an increase in the significance of non-agricultural functions. The latter were the result of the development of new economic activities, including farms engaging in the processing of agricultural products and the rendering of different kinds
  • of services. In areas with a prevailing agricultural function, there has in general been a decline in the significance of productive market-related agriculture, and an increase in its role in the supply of rural inhabitants. - (BJ)
  • Changing functions of rural areas in the Baltic Sea Region
  • functional structure of rural areas, the areas in which non-agricultural business are concentrated, the development of new functions in the countryside and factors favouring this development. The summary notes that Poland's period of transformation brought
  • been done on the detailed and more general scales, the latter taking in a review of the literature and available statistical material, the former a study of 23 communes scattered across the country and considered representative of the functional types
  • of rural area (i.e. areas with a prevalence of intensive, commercial agriculture ; areas with a prevalence of traditional, low-intensity agriculture ; forest area ; suburban areas of mixed functions and areas of importance to tourism and recreation. - (BJ)
  • its agricultural function. They are associated with disturbing demographic phenomena like the depopulation of villages, migration and the ageing of the owners of farms. Other unfavourable processes are the extensification of output, the laying fallow
  • The main aim of the work described here has thus been to gain an acquaintanceship with the changes in the spatial and functional structure of Poland's rural areas that accrued in the determining trends and dynamics to future changes, as well
  • for the transformation than the city. Nevertheless, the last decade of the 20th century did bring many new and favourable elements to socioeconomic life in the rural areas. Certain economic functions have grown in strength, while the quality of life in the countryside