inscription
PORTAIL D'INFORMATION GÉOGRAPHIQUE

Résultats de la recherche (550 résultats)

Affinez votre recherche

Par Collection Par Auteur Par Date Par Sujet Par Titre Par ville ? Par pays ? Par continent ?
  • Public targets, private choices : urban climate governance in the Pacific Northwest
  • Climate policy ; Climatic change ; Ecological footprint ; Governance ; Greenhouse effect ; Private sector ; Public sector ; Transport policy ; United States of America ; Urban climate ; Urban policy
  • Changement climatique ; Climat urbain ; Effet de serre ; Empreinte écologique ; Etats-Unis ; Gouvernance ; Northwest Pacific ; Politique climatique ; Politique des transports ; Politique urbaine ; Secteur privé ; Secteur public
  • This article explores two interrelated research objectives. First, it seeks to understand how local governments regulate climate change. Second, it examines the motivations for participation in urban climate change programs. Results show
  • a preference for policies that rely on changes in individual behavior, economic incentives, and federal inaction on local government justification for climate-related policies. It concludes with a discussion of urban climate governance as part of a wider sys
  • 2014
  • Return to the road of capitalism : recapitulating the post-socialist urban transition
  • Capitalism ; Comparative study ; Economic transition ; Post-communism ; Socialism ; Urban change ; Urban development ; Urban geography ; Urban structure ; Urbanization
  • Capitalisme ; Changement urbain ; Développement urbain ; Etude comparée ; Géographie urbaine ; Post-communisme ; Socialisme ; Structure urbaine ; Transition économique ; Urbanisation
  • Over the course of history, relatively slow and gradual processes of urbanisation are occasionally interrupted by periods of turbulent restructuring. The post-socialist transition is definitely one of the most outstanding examples of these changes
  • by the brief summary of the post-socialist transition's general characteristics. Subsequently, the specificities of the urban structure of socialist and post-socialist cities are subsumed, and finally, different scenarios and development perspectives for post
  • 2014
  • Adaptations aux changements environnementaux et territoires
  • Aquitaine ; Bordeaux ; France ; Governance ; Sustainable development ; Urban area ; Urban change
  • Aquitaine ; Bordeaux ; Changement urbain ; Développement durable ; Eco-quartier ; Espace urbain ; France ; Gouvernance
  • 2014
  • Megapolitan political ecology and urban metabolism in Southern Appalachia
  • Appalachian Mountains ; Climatic change ; Ecology ; Governance ; Megalopolis ; Political ecology ; United States of America ; Urban dynamics ; Urban growth ; Urban metabolism ; Urbanization
  • Appalachian Mountains ; Changement climatique ; Changement écologique ; Croissance urbaine ; Dynamique urbaine ; Ecologie ; Ecologie politique ; Etats-Unis ; Gouvernance ; Mégalopole ; Métabolisme urbain ; Urbanisation
  • changes to patterns of metabolism. The conclusion suggests that changing urban metabolisms indicated by Coweeta LTER data, ranging from flows of people to flows of wa-ter, pose a complicated problem for regional governance and vitality in the future.
  • This article examines the Piedmont megapolitan political ecology and urban metabolism in Southern Appalachia. First, it considers the central role urban metabolic connections play in the region's pressing social and environmental crises. Second
  • , it illuminates these human and nonhuman urban metabolisms across the Piedmont megapolitan region using data from the Coweeta Long-Term Eco-logical Research (LTER) program, especially highlighting a growing “ring of asphalt” that epito-mizes several developing
  • 2014
  • Urban restructuring in post-war contexts : the case of Sarajevo
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina ; Economic restructuring ; Political power ; Post-communism ; Spatial structure ; Urban area ; Urban change ; Urban geography
  • Bosnie-Herzégovine ; Changement urbain ; Espace urbain ; Géographie urbaine ; Post-communisme ; Pouvoir politique ; Restructuration économique ; Sarajevo ; Structure spatiale
  • The case study of Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, is helpful to understand how the urban transformation is performed in post-war contexts, an arena neglected in the current literature on post-socialist cities. The first two sections
  • focus on the urban restructuring processes of post-socialist cities also in post-war contexts, in which the nature of the internationally-led reconstruction and peace-building is analysed as differential processes. Finally, both processes are considered
  • in the case of Sarajevo in relation to the transformation of its urban structure. - (AM)
  • 2014
  • The impact of climate change on urban transport resilience in a changing world
  • Climatic change ; England ; Impact ; Infrastructure ; Resilience ; Road accident ; Scenario ; Transport ; Transport network ; United Kingdom ; Urban climate ; Urban traffic ; Vulnerability ; Weather type
  • Accident de la route ; Changement climatique ; Climat urbain ; England ; Impact ; Infrastructure ; Royaume-Uni ; Réseau de transports ; Résilience ; Scénario ; Trafic urbain ; Transport ; Type de temps ; Vulnérabilité
  • This paper investigates the current state of the art for assessments on urban surface transport, where rising populations and increasing dependence on efficient and reliable mobility have increased the importance placed on resilience to weather
  • . The standard structure of climate change impact assessment (CIA) requires understanding in 3 important areas : how weather currently affects infrastructure and operations; how climate change may alter the frequency and magnitude of these impacts; and how
  • concurrent technological and socio-economic development may shape the transport network of the future, either ameliorating or exacerbating the effects of climate change. This paper traces a number of developments in the extrapolation of physical
  • and behavioural relationships on to future climates, including a broad move away from previous deterministic methods and towards probabilistic projections which make use of a much broader range of climate change model output, giving a better representation
  • 2014
  • Monaco with bananas, a tropical Manhattan, or a Singapore for Central America? Explaining rapid urban growth in Panama City, Panama
  • Demand ; Housing ; Housing market ; Housing policy ; Panama ; Periurban development ; Real estate market ; Supply ; Urban change ; Urban growth ; Urbanization
  • Changement urbain ; Croissance urbaine ; Demande ; Logement ; Marché du logement ; Marché immobilier ; Offre ; Panama ; Panama City ; Politique du logement ; Périurbanisation ; Urbanisation
  • localized, suggesting that the interface between the global and the local is a fundamental catalyst of changes in the urban landscape.
  • 2014
  • Evolution and changes in the morphologies of Sudanese cities
  • Architecture ; Cultural heritage ; Settlement ; Sixth Century ; Sudan ; Twenty-first century ; Urban area ; Urban change ; Urban fringe ; Urban morphology ; Urban planning ; Urbanization
  • Architecture ; Changement urbain ; Espace urbain ; Frange urbaine ; Héritage culturel ; Morphologie urbaine ; Peuplement ; Planification urbaine ; Siècle 21 ; Siècle 6 ; Soudan ; Urbanisation
  • , and European style (colonial). The ongoing, rapid urbanization of African cities in general and Sudanese cities in particular points to a need to understand the structure of this urbanization. The morphology of cities includes not only physical structure
  • , but the cultural heritage, economic, and historical values on which it is based. Therefore, preservation, redevelopment, and urban policy underlying future urban expansion must be based on the nature of cities’ morphologies and development.
  • 2014
  • Repositioning urban governments? Energy efficiency and Australia’s changing climate and energy governance regimes
  • Australia ; Climate ; Climate policy ; Climatic change ; Energy ; Energy policy ; New South Wales ; Urban policy
  • Australie ; Changement climatique ; Climat ; Efficacité énergétique ; Energie ; Gouvernement local ; New South Wales ; Politique climatique ; Politique urbaine ; Politique énergétique
  • This review traces the changing nexus of Australia’s climate policy, energy policy and energy efficiency imperatives and its reposi-tioning of urban local governments. Focusing on New South Wales, it characterizes the ways urban local governments
  • ’ capacities and capabilities are being mobilised in light of a changing multi-level political opportunity structure around energy efficiency. The shifts it observes not only extend local governments’ role in implementing climate change responses but also
  • engage them as partners in conceiving and operationalising new measures, suggesting new ground is being opened in the urban politics of climate governance.
  • 2014
  • Urban energy transitions : places, processes and politics of socio-technical change
  • Afrique du Sud ; Allemagne ; Amman ; Autriche ; Baden-Württemberg ; Cape Town ; Changement socio-technique ; Climat urbain ; Energie ; Espace urbain ; Freiburg im Breisgau ; Graz ; Hannover ; Jordanie ; Politique climatique ; Politique énergétique
  • Austria ; Baden-Württemberg ; Cape Town ; Climate policy ; Energy ; Energy policy ; Fribourg ; Germany ; Hanover ; Jordan ; Saxony ; South Africa ; Stockholm ; Styria ; Sweden ; Urban area ; Urban climate ; Urbanization ; Western Cape
  • , Sweden) ; 2-Urban energy policies and the governance of multilevel issues in Cape Town ; 3-The interplay of urban energy policy and socio-technical transitions : the eco-cities of Graz and Freiburg in retrospect ; 4-Socio-technical change and the politics
  • of urban infrastructure : managing energy in Berlin between dictatorship and democracy ; 5-The vicissitudes of energy and climate policy in Stockholm : politics, materiality and transition ; 6-Low-carbon transitions and the reconfiguration of urban
  • 2014
  • City-region ; Employment ; Housing ; Land use ; United States of America ; Urban change ; Urban density ; Urban policy ; Urban population ; Urban sprawl ; Urbanization
  • Changement urbain ; Densité urbaine ; Emploi ; Etalement urbain ; Etats-Unis ; Logement ; Politique urbaine ; Population urbaine ; Région métropolitaine ; Urbanisation ; Utilisation du sol
  • This article investigates changes in residential and nonresidential land use for United States metropolitan areas in 1990 and 200. By far, the largest changes occurred in the realm of employment, which became more prevalent per unit of geographic
  • area, but less spatially concentrated and farther from the historical urban core, on average. It also reveals that four factors summarize land use patterns in both years, and remained relatively stable across the two years : intensity, compactness
  • , mixing, and core-dominance. Improved measurement of metropolitan land use patterns can facilitate policy and planning decisions intended to minimize the most egregious aspects of urban sprawl.
  • 2014
  • [b2] Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning, Wayne State Univ., Detroit, Etats-Unis
  • Unique or universal ? Mechanisms and processes of social change in post-socialist Warsaw
  • Budapest ; Comparative study ; Czech Republic ; Eastern Europe ; Europe ; Hungary ; Poland ; Post-communism ; Prague ; Residential neighbourhood ; Social change ; Spatial differentiation ; Spatial dynamics ; Urban area ; Urban geography ; Warsaw
  • Budapest ; Changement social ; Différenciation spatiale ; Dynamique spatiale ; Espace urbain ; Etude comparée ; Europe ; Europe de l'Est ; Géographie urbaine ; Hongrie ; Pologne ; Post-communisme ; Praha ; Quartier résidentiel ; Tchèque république
  • The paper aims at providing new knowledge about the processes and dynamics of socio-spatial changes in post-socialist cities through the example of Warsaw. As reference cities for comparison author uses two other post-socialist capital cities
  • , Budapest and Prague. Dynamics in urban space are investigated through the socio-spatial differentiation of neighbourhoods; the regeneration of old housing stock in the inner-city, as well as differentiation of actors contributing to new housing construction
  • 2014
  • Urbanization and economic growth in Indonesia : good news, bad news and (possible) local government mitigation
  • Economic development ; Economic growth ; Gross domestic product ; Indonesia ; Infrastructure ; Population growth ; Public expenditure ; Role of the State ; Urban population ; Urbanization
  • Time-series analysis for Indonesia over the period 1960–2009 suggests that the level of urbanization is positively associated with economic growth but that the rate of change of urbanization is nega-tively correlated with growth of economic output
  • . A sub-national dynamic panel investigation provides additional evidence of the positive and negative level and rate effects, respectively. The panel analysis also implies that the harmful impact of urban population growth is linked to insufficient local
  • public infrastructure spending. Local governments that invest more heavily in infrastructure are better able to cope with the apparent detrimental effects of rapid urbanization on economic growth.
  • 2014
  • Urban growth and climate adaptation in Australia : divergent discourses and implications for policy-making
  • Adaptation ; Australia ; Climate ; Climatic change ; Discourse ; Governance ; Private sector ; Public sector ; Queensland ; Urban growth ; Urban policy
  • Adaptation ; Australie ; Changement climatique ; Climat ; Croissance urbaine ; Discours ; Gouvernance ; Politique urbaine ; Queensland ; Rationalité ; Secteur privé ; Secteur public
  • This paper considers how debates around urban adaptation and growth management are structured in the discourses of local government, private developers and other actors in Queensland, Australia. The analysis highlights the discursive strategies
  • employed by different actors and the way their arguments have been consolidated in the practices of urban policy-making. It suggests a divergence of growth and adaptation storylines, contributing to maintaining the gap between these policy agendas. Progress
  • 2014
  • Land use change and economic growth in urban China: a structural equation analysis
  • Based on official land use change data from 2004 to 2008, this study founds substantial land use changes in China, with considerable cultivated land conversion into urban, industrial and transportation purposes. Correlation analysis shows a strong
  • association between land use change and absolute GDP expansion. Structural equation analysis indicates that economic growth drives land use change. Industrial land expansion directly stimulates economic growth. Land has been successfully used as a tool
  • to attract foreign investments and to sustain infrastructure investments, indirectly trig-gering economic growth. The findings suggest that land is not a simple factor of production but a strategic tool for eco-nomic development in urban China.
  • 2014
  • [b1] College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking Univ., Beijing, Chine
  • India’s urban revolution: geographies of displacement beyond gentrification
  • Delhi ; India ; Land policy ; Right to the city ; Slum ; Social class ; Social geography ; Urban development ; Urbanism
  • This article examines geographies of displacement beyond gentrification in the context of India’s urban revolution. It shows that gentrification theory operates on four implicit presumptions, which fail to characterize the primary dynamics of urban
  • change in India. These include: (1) the presumption that lower-class displacement is driven by a reinvestment of capital into disinvested spaces; (2) a property centrism; (3) an agnosticism on the question of extraeco-nomic force; and (4) the presumption
  • that land from which lower classes are displaced finds a ‘higher and better use’. This paper suggests that ‘urban revolution’, ‘enclosures’, and ‘accumulation by dispossession’, while equally abstract terms, more clearly allow for the comparative analysis
  • 2014
  • Tracing processes in poverty dynamics : a tale of peri-urban small-scale farmers in Mexico City
  • Farmer ; Household ; Income ; Livelihood ; Mexico ; Mexico City ; Periurban development ; Poverty ; Social geography ; Urban development ; Urbanization ; Village
  • This paper traces the vicious and enabling processes by which peri-urban small farmers in the periphery of Mexico City change their poverty status over time. The findings support the importance of multidisciplinary explanatory frameworks
  • for understanding poverty dynamics in peri-urban areas. Micro-level process-based analysis may help to support more appropriate and inclusive social and poverty reduction policies in (peri-)urban areas in developing regions.
  • 2014
  • Are we there yet? NSW local governments’ progress on climate change
  • Adaptation ; Australie ; Changement climatique ; Climat ; Gas à effet de serre ; Gouvernement local ; New South Wales ; Réduction des émissions
  • Adaptation ; Australia ; Climate ; Climatic change ; Green house effect ; New South Wales
  • This article examines New South Wales local governments’ progress on climate change. It is found that councils are responding to any potential impacts of climate change and that they are abating significant quantities of emissions. Adaptation
  • is progressing through the development of risk-based climate change adaptation plans. Councils are addressing particular areas of management, such as water management, assisted by guidelines which incorporate consideration for climate change as part of best
  • practice. While overall responses to this threat are progressing, a distinct urban bias in action has been observed, due to biases in policy and funding arrangements.
  • 2014
  • Radiative forcing over China due to albedo change caused by land cover change during 1990–2010
  • Albedo ; China ; Climatic warming ; Cultivated land ; Forest ; Grassland ; Human impact ; Land use ; Land utilisation ; Radiation ; Urbanization
  • reclamation, grassland desertification and urbanization in past 20 years, which were almost induced by anthropogenic activities. The mean radiative forcing caused by land cover changes during 1990–2010 in China indicates a warming climate effect.
  • In this paper, high spatial and temporal resolution satellite products were used to analyze the driving mechanism for surface albedo change caused by land cover change during 1990–2010. In addition, the annual-scale radiative forcing caused
  • by surface albedo changes in China's 50 ecological regions were calculated to reveal the biophysical mechanisms of land cover change affecting climate change at regional scale. The results showed that the national land cover changes were mainly caused by land
  • 2014
  • Effects of urbanization on daily temperature extremes in North China
  • China ; Climate extreme ; Human impact ; Northern China ; Rural area ; Seasonal variability ; Surface temperature ; Temperature ; Urban area ; Urban climate ; Urbanization
  • This article examines the regional changes of daily temperature extremes in North China caused by urbanization during two time periods of 1961–2010 and 1951–2010. For urbanization effect, the results show a decrease in annual and winter diurnal
  • temperature range and increases in the lowest minimum temperature by comparison of urban and rural observations. On the other hand, they indicate that urbanization contributes to an increase in the number of annual warm nights. It concludes that urbanization
  • progress at rural areas in North China would be prominent in the next few years relative to urban areas to some extent from model estimates.
  • 2014
  • [b2] Institute of Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, Chine