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  • Spatial correlations between urbanization and river water pollution in the heavily polluted area of Taihu Lake Basin, China
  • Anhui ; China ; Lake ; Population growth ; River ; Urban development ; Urban growth ; Urbanization ; Water pollution ; Water quality ; Watershed
  • This article analyses the spatial correlations between urbanization and river water pollution in the heavily polluted area of Taihu Lake Basin, China. The results show that the urban township units have the highest level of urbanization and highest
  • pollution, but the best water quality; meanwhile the suburban units have lower level of urbanization, but higher pollution and worse water quality. However, the rural units have the lowest level of urbanization and lowest pollution, mainly affected
  • by upstream pollution, but worst water quality. Lastly, urban and rural planning committees should gradually resolve the issue of pollution control lagging behind urban life and urban development, giving priority to construction of centralized sewage treatment
  • facilities and associated pipeline network coverage in the rural areas and suburban areas.
  • 2013
  • Urban soil organic carbon and its spatial heterogeneity in comparison with natural and agricultural areas in the Moscow region
  • Carbon ; Comparative study ; Cultivated land ; European part of Russia ; Human impact ; Land use ; Moscow ; Natural region ; Soil ; Soil properties ; Urban area
  • This study aims to improve our understanding of urban soil organic carbon (SOC) in comparison with agricultural and natural areas for the Moscow region (Russia). SOC content was studied in different land use types, soils, and urban zones through
  • stratified random sampling. SOC contents were significantly higher in urban areas compared with non-urban areas. Further analyses proved that the difference can be explained by the so-called cultural layer, which is the result of human residential activity
  • and settlement history. SOC contents in the urban environment presented a very high spatial heterogeneity with standard deviations of urban SOC considerably higher than those for agricultural and natural areas. It is concluded that urban SOC should not be ignored
  • 2013
  • Marginalia : aesthetics, ecology, and urban wastelands
  • Applied ecology ; Biodiversity ; Ecosystem ; Esthetics ; Marginal area ; Urban ecology ; Vegetation ; Wasteland ; Wilderness
  • This article considers wastelands or anomalous spaces of urban nature as an interdisciplinary terrain that extends from renewed interest in urban biodiversity to alternative conceptions of landscape authenticity. It is suggested that a more
  • theoretically nuanced and historically grounded conception of the intersections between critical cultural discourses and recent advances in urban ecology might provide a useful counterpoint to narrowly utilitarian approaches to urban nature.
  • 2013
  • Getting off the ground : on the politics of urban verticality
  • Critical geography ; Monitoring ; Semi-subterranean dwelling ; Town ; Urban fragmentation ; Urban policy ; Urban settlement
  • The article contends that critical urban research is characterized by horizontalism. It argues that the swathe of recent urban writings have neglected the vertical qualities of contemporary urbanization. The paper then elucidates three areas where
  • vertically oriented research is emerging. These encompass : the links between Google Earth and urbanism ; the connections between social secession and ascension through buildings, walkways and personalized air travel ; and the links between verticalized
  • surveillance and urban burrowing.
  • 2013
  • Cities within the city : do-it-yourself urbanism and the right to the city
  • Activism ; Appropriation of land ; Australia ; Citizenship ; Creativity ; Local policy ; Right to the city ; Sydney ; Urban area ; Urban policy ; Urbanism
  • The article asks to what extent such practices constitute a new form of urban politics that might give birth to a more just and democratic city. In answering this question, it considers these so-called ‘do-it-yourself urbanisms’ from the perspective
  • of the ‘right to the city’. After critically assessing that concept, it argues that in order for do-it-yourself urbanist practices to generate a wider politics of the city through the appropriation of urban space, they also need to assert new forms of authority
  • in the city based on the equality of urban inhabitants. This claim is illustrated through an analysis of the do-it-yourself practices of Sydney-based activist collective BUGA UP and the New York and Madrid Street Advertising Takeovers.
  • 2013
  • Green space ; Ljubljana ; Management ; Quality of life ; Slovenia ; Town ; Urban geography ; Urban planning
  • In cities the importance of nature is reflected in green areas. Planned management of public green areas began properly developing in the first half of the nineteenth century. Repeatedly new urban planning concepts increasingly highlighted
  • the important role of green areas. In Slovenian towns, green areas were not recognized as a special value for a long time. However, in Ljubljana one can trace the development of the importance of public, semi-public, and private green areas. - (IKR)
  • 2013
  • Congo DR ; Demographic change ; Employment ; Kinshasa ; Living conditions ; Road system ; Urban administration ; Urban area ; Urban crisis ; Urban economy ; Urban geography ; Urban growth ; Urban settlement ; Urban supply ; Viability ; Waste
  • 2013
  • Technifying public space and publicizing infrastructures : exploring new urban political ecologies through the square of General Vara del Rey
  • Architecture ; Infrastructure ; Madrid ; Political ecology ; Public space ; Spain ; Technology ; Urban area ; Urban planning
  • The article explores new ways of integrating technology, nature and infrastructures into urban public spaces. It is done through a case study, the design of this square of Madrid, which is offered here as a model to explore a novel urban political
  • ecology. Through the double movement of ‘the technification of public space’ and ‘the publicization of infrastructures’, the square aims to rethink the political ecology of urban public spaces. The transformation of infrastructures into fully visible
  • , public and political agents provides a useful model to address the growing proliferation of infrastructural and technological elements onto contemporary urban surfaces and to open up the possibility of new forms of civic participation and engagement.
  • 2013
  • Watering our cities : The capacity for Water Sensitive Urban Design to support urban cooling and improve human thermal comfort in the Australian context
  • Australia ; Climatic change ; Comfort ; Evapotranspiration ; Green infrastructure ; Heat island ; Impact ; Infiltration ; Town ; Urban climate ; Urban cooling ; Urban ecology ; Vegetation ; Water resources
  • This paper draws on existing literature to demonstrate the potential of Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) to help improve outdoor human thermal comfort in urban areas and support Climate Sensitive Urban Design (CSUD) objectives within
  • the Australian context. WSUD provides a mechanism for retaining water in the urban landscape through stormwater harvesting and reuse while also reducing urban temperatures through enhanced evapotranspiration and surface cooling. Research suggests that WSUD
  • Australian urban environments for landscape irrigation and soil moisture replenishment to maximize the urban climatic benefits of existing vegetation and green spaces.
  • 2013
  • Social areas in Ljubljana
  • Data ; Ethnic segregation ; Ljubljana ; Slovenia ; Social geography ; Social inequality ; Socio-economic indicators ; Spatial differentiation ; Urban geography
  • One of the research topics in social urban geography is spatial patterning and measuring of social difference and inequality. The A. analyses the characteristics of social spatial segregation in Ljubljana on the base of data from the 2011 population
  • census. The basic method was an analysis of the socio-economic, ethnic and family segregation of population in the Ljubljana Urban Municipality based on a comparison of the share of selected population groups in the former local communities. - (IKR)
  • 2013
  • Spatial distribution and risk assessment of phosphorus loss potential in urban–suburban soil of Lishui, China
  • China ; Geographical information system ; Phosphorus ; Pollution ; Soil ; Soil pollution ; Spatial distribution ; Urban area ; Zhejiang
  • Urban and suburban soil phosphorus (P) pools have a great impact on environmental quality. A total of 126 surface soil samples were collected from urban and suburban areas of a typical developing city (Lishui, in the southwest Zhejiang Province
  • showed that the region of high P loss risk was mainly distributed in the old and central urban region and northeast edge of the studied area. A phosphorus loss indicator combined with GIS would be helpful for the city government to best predict and manage
  • ). The different P extraction solutions were used to predict P loss potential from the soil. The area of P loss risk index was mapped using the geographic information system (GIS) based on the risk classification. The spatial distribution map obtained clearly
  • P loss in the course of urban sprawl.
  • 2013
  • Coal-tar pavement sealant use and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon contamination in urban stream sediments
  • Fluvial deposit ; Hydrocarbon ; Lacustrine sediment ; Missouri ; Pollution ; Regression analysis ; Rill wash ; Spatial analysis ; Tracer ; United States of America ; Urban area ; Urban infrastructure ; Watershed
  • This study evaluates the spatial distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in urban stream and pond sediments in Galloway Creek in Springfield, Missouri by focusing specifically on parking lots with and without coal-tar sealants
  • as contamination source areas. Multiple-linear regression analysis is used to evaluate the spatial connectivity of contaminated sediment to potential source areas and compare the relative influence of watershed source factors and reach sediment variability
  • on sediment PAH levels. Sediments from coal-tar sealed parking lots and the streams that drain them are enriched in PAHs at concentrations considered toxic to aquatic life. Metal and nutrient contaminants are poorly correlated with sealed lot area indicating
  • a wider range of urban source inputs. Finally, parking lots with coal-tar coatings contribute >80% of the total PAH concentration in urban stream and pond sediments in Galloway Creek.
  • 2013
  • Digitizing the dragon head, geo-coding the urban landscape. GIS and the transformation of China’s urban governance
  • China ; Geographical information system ; Governance ; Guangdong ; Knowledge ; Shenzhen ; Urban area ; Urban change ; Urban landscape
  • Through an in-depth case study of Shenzhen, this article analyzes how urban GIS has been transformed from a practice involving internal organizational workflow automation, into a more active dimension of the governance of urban spaces-reflected
  • in the expanding practice of “geo-coding” the urban landscape. It demonstrates that GIS practices constitute a particular form of geographic rationality that seeks to govern at a distance while simultaneously regulating the urban environment, intersecting
  • with the broader transformations of China’s urban governance. It concludes that these developments have been largely government-centric rather than citizencentric, yet they provide possibilities for new forms of spatial knowledge production for citizen
  • participation in urban governance.
  • 2013
  • A note on the average density function in urban analysis
  • Distance from city centre ; Population density ; Spatial structure ; Urban area
  • It is argued that the density function, commonly used in the study of urban spatial structure, is more appropriately described as the ‘marginal density function’. From such a marginal density function, it is possible to derive two types of average
  • of the urban context. The two types of average density function are examined for different underlying forms of the marginal density function. Of the two types, the second has a greater applicability than the first in the analysis of urban spatial structure.
  • 2013
  • [b2] School of Social and Political Sciences: Urban Studies, Univ., Glasgow, Royaume-Uni
  • Primerjava poletne onesnaženosti zraka z dušikovim dioksidom v Ljubljani med letoma 2005 in 2013
  • Comparaison de la pollution estivale de l'air par le dioxyde d'azote à Ljubljana entre 2005 et 2013
  • Atmospheric pollution ; Ljubljana ; Nitrogen dioxide ; Pollution ; Slovenia ; The 2000's ; Urban area ; Urban ecology ; Urban transport
  • the results of NO2 measuring campaigns in Ljubljana during the summers of 2005 and 2013 and seek to explain the differences in the pollution of diverse urban space types and for the significant decrease of concentrations in all types of urban space. - (IKR)
  • In Ljubljana, the air pollution by NO2 is mainly caused by transportation. The AA. focus on traffic-related air pollution in three different types of urban space: urban background, open space near the roads, and street canyon. They compare
  • 2013
  • Delimitation ; Poland ; Polarization ; Population density ; Regional development ; Socio-economic indicators ; Socio-economic system ; Urban area ; Urban attraction ; Urban function ; Urban morphology ; Urban region
  • Presentation of the assumptions, methodology and results associated with a process seeking to delimit Functional Urban Areas (FUA) around the capitals of Poland’s voivodships with a view to implementing provisions of the National Spatial Development
  • Concept 2030. The seven delimitation indicators established concerning functional relations, socio-economic characteristics and morphology entailed : commutes to work in FUA core areas (an indicator first used in delimitation in the case of post-1990 data
  • density (excluding areas of forest and water); housing completed in relation to population. The result is a delimitation involving 299 municipalities, of which 33 may be regarded as core and the remaining 266 peripheral. – (BJ).
  • 2013
  • Urban centrality : a simple index
  • Agglomeration ; Centrality ; Comparative study ; Concept ; Density gradient ; Employment ; Index ; Los Angeles ; Measurement ; Paris ; Polycentrism ; Spatial concentration ; São Paulo ; Urban area ; Urban structure
  • is applied to the urban structure of four metropolitan areas: Pittsburgh, Los Angeles, São Paulo and Paris. It is compared with other traditional spatial agglomeration measures, such as global and local Moran's I, and density gradient estimations.
  • A new measure of urban centrality is introduced. The proposed index constitutes an extension to the spatial separation index. Urban structure should be more accurately analyzed when considering a centrality scale than when considering a binary
  • variable. The proposed index controls for differences in size and shape of the geographic areas for which data are available, and can be calculated using different variables such as employment and population densities, or trip generation rates. The index
  • 2013
  • Blacks ; Community ; Gentrification ; Inner city ; Residential segregation ; Seattle ; Social geography ; Social segregation ; Twentieth Century ; Twenty-first century ; United States of America ; Urban area ; Urban policy ; Washington State
  • This article analyses the Seattle Central District over eighty years from 1930 through 2010. Relevant theory about social and economic discrimination and urban development is presented first. It first presents a brief history of this area as a black
  • community followed by its changing distribution, from an unexpected origin and development in a relatively desirable area east of downtown Seattle to its gradual displacement far southward, as central Seattle experienced gentrification. This spatial change
  • 2013
  • Commuting patterns of secondary school students in the functional urban region of Budapest
  • Budapest ; Commuting ; Education ; Household behaviour ; Hungary ; Secondary education ; Urban infrastructure ; Urban region
  • and household data from a household survey in the functional urban area of Budapest. - (AM)
  • The objective of the study is to explore the potential imbalance between demand for secondary education and the supply of schools within the social activity space of education in the functional urban region of Budapest and analyse the regional
  • 2013
  • Heritage in the dynamic city : the politics and practice of urban conservation on the Swahili coast
  • Africa ; Architectural legacy ; Kenya ; Site preservation ; Urban area ; Urban landscape ; Urban policy ; Zanzibar
  • 2013
  • [b1] Dept. of urban Studies, The New School, New York, Etats-Unis