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  • Concept ; Inter-disciplinary approach ; Social structure ; Urban area ; Urban morphology ; Urban settlement ; Urban structure
  • of the interdisciplinary study of spatial (natural and social) structure. The article reproduces morphology as a subject area of the disciplines for which the study of forms are common. Urban morphology as an art of urban forms is also discussed. – (BJ)
  • The purpose of this interdisciplinary article is to present a structural unit of urban space termed the morphomark, as a concept adopted from urban morphology. The article compiles concepts of space, as these reflect morphological processes
  • and are located in the studied environment. The latter is analysed as a human habitat, while geographical area is treated as a place to locate investigated objects. The geographical research and morpho-functional structure is the equivalent
  • 2011
  • Quality of life in urban-classified and rural-classified English local authority areas
  • Indicator ; Local government unit ; Policy ; Quality of life ; Rural area ; Sustainable development ; United Kingdom ; Urban area
  • The demarcation of the urban and rural is contextualised by reference to the transformational politics of the Labour government and its establishment of the sustainable communities initiative. Urban-classified English local authorities register
  • a lower quality of life than their rural counterparts. Community and economy-related indicators serve to distinguish the reported quality-of-life conditions of rural and urban localities most.
  • 2011
  • Conceptions of an urban agglomeration and a metropolitan area in Poland
  • Concept ; Delimitation ; Metropolitan area ; Network ; Poland ; Urban agglomeration ; Urban function ; Urban geography
  • Aglomeración urbana ; Concepto ; Delimitación ; Función urbana ; Geografía urbana ; Polonia ; Red ; Área metropolitana
  • 2011
  • Wall ecology : a frontier for urban biodiversity and ecological engineering
  • Applied ecology ; Biodiversity ; Ecosystem ; Habitat ; Urban area ; Urban environment ; Vegetation ; Wall
  • that are found on walls and the broader role of walls within urban biodiversity, before discussing the potential for ecological engineering of walls. Some progress has recently been made in the latter area with the installation of living walls and the physical
  • engineering of wall materials, but much more needs to be done to effectively increase their physical complexity and habitat quality. Walls therefore represent a substantial potential (as well as existing) habitat within urban areas.
  • 2011
  • Rural-urban migration and unemployment : theory and policy implications
  • Economic equilibrium ; Employment ; Job creation ; Living standard ; Regional economy ; Regional model ; Rural outmigration ; Unemployment ; Urban immigration
  • A regional model is developed where, in the city, unemployment prevails because of too high (efficiency) wages, while, in the rural area, workers are paid at their marginal productivity. The steady-state equilibrium is characterized and it is shown
  • that it is unique. Two policies are considered : decreasing urban unemployment benefits and subsidizing urban employment. Decreasing the unemployment benefit in the city creates urban jobs and reduces rural–urban migration since new migrants have to spend some time
  • unemployed before they can find a job in the city. Raising employment subsidies increases urban employment but may also increase urban unemployment because it triggers more rural–urban migration.
  • 2011
  • A Wildland-Urban Interface Typology for Forest Fire Risk Management in Mediterranean Areas
  • Environmental management ; Forest ; Forest fire ; GIS ; Geographical information system ; Landscape ; Landscape analysis ; Mediterranean area ; Preventive measure ; Risk ; Sierra Calderona ; Urban fringe ; Vulnerability ; fire risk ; landscape
  • character ; spatial planning ; wildland-urban interface
  • The transitional areas that lie between wildlands and urbanized spaces, generally defined as wildland-urban interfaces (WUI), represent an increasing risk factor in Mediterranean areas; these define a new scenario in forest fire fighting
  • approaches which are based on local scale characterization of WUI, we propose a progressive multi-scale approach. In order to reach an operative classification of the WUI the methodology was developed in three stages: a regional urban development model
  • , a landscape character assessment and finally, a WUI typology. The last WUI typology has been based on the identification of different urban morphologies and their context within the type of landscape in which they occur.
  • 2011
  • Agriculture ; Family farm ; Family income ; Living standard ; Pluriactivity ; Rural geography ; Rural-urban relations ; Slovenia ; Social structure ; Urbanization
  • For the greater percentage of Slovenian family farms the agriculture is not the main activity and also not the main source of income. The proximity of employments and economic diversification in rural areas and near urban centers allow better access
  • to the non-agricultural income sources. With this article we wanted to verify the hypothesis that the share of income from agriculture is lower in urbanized areas and higher in less urbanized areas. - (IKR)
  • 2011
  • California ; Form of transport ; Land use ; Los Angeles ; Mobility ; Neighbourhood ; Residential environment ; Spatial behaviour ; United States of America ; Urban area ; Urban migration
  • The paper reports results from a detailed travel diary survey in the South Bay area of Los Angeles County. Study areas were divided into four centres, typical of compact development or smart growth, and four linear, auto-oriented corridors. Results
  • show substantial variation in the amount of walking across study areas. Pedestrian-oriented neighbourhoods necessarily import shopping trips, and driving trips, from larger surrounding catchment areas. The results suggest both land use and mobility
  • 2011
  • A fractal approach to identifying urban boundaries
  • Belgium ; Built up area ; Fractals ; France ; Methodology ; Urban area ; Urban morphology ; Urban theory
  • 2011
  • Amsterdam ; Children ; Netherlands (The) ; Play spaces ; Public space ; Recreation area ; Urban area ; Urban history ; children ; public space ; urban history
  • Espacio público ; Espacio urbano ; Historia urbana ; Niños ; Países Bajos ; Área de ocio
  • , this situation started to change after the Second World War. Between 1947 and 1970, the Amsterdam Urban Planning Department created over 700 public play spaces. These spaces were little niches in the urban public domain, specifically designed and constructed
  • detailed age specific approach and the fruitful collaboration between powerful urban planners and politically dominant socialist politicians.
  • 2011
  • [b1] Eindhoven University of Technology, Urban Design and Management Systems, The Netherlands
  • [b2] University of Amsterdam, AISSR/Urban Geographies, The Netherlands
  • Urban built form grows critical
  • Centrality ; Indicator ; Modelling ; Self-organizing behaviour ; Simulation ; Spatial differentiation ; Urban area ; Urban development ; Urban dynamics ; Urban growth ; Urban structure
  • 2011
  • Scale and the construction of urban space : temporary re-scaling in Lahti, Finland, during the European Union meeting of 2006
  • Concept ; Congress ; Event ; Finland ; Scale ; Urban area
  • temporary re-scalings are materialized and embodied in urban spaces. This is illustrated with material related to a European Union meeting that took place in the city of Lahti in 2006.
  • 2011
  • Neighbourhoods in urban economics : incorporating cognitively perceived urban space in economic models
  • Belo Horizonte ; Brazil ; Distance from city centre ; Economic activity ; Household ; Minas Gerais ; Neighbourhood ; Real estate market ; Social class ; Urban area ; Urban economy
  • 2011
  • The political economy of place at the post-socialist urban periphery : governing growth on the edge of Moscow
  • Economic transition ; Edge city ; European part of Russia ; Moscow ; Outer conurbation area ; Post-communism ; Urban growth ; Urban planning ; Urban region ; Urbanization
  • 2011
  • Sustainable cities - response to urban environmental problems
  • Auckland ; Environmental conservation ; New Zealand ; Quality of life ; Sustainable city ; Sustainable development ; Urban ecology ; Urban geography ; Urbanization ; Waitakere City
  • Urban areas have considerable impact on the environment, which is reflected on the global level, but at the same time face many environmental problems. Sustainable cities proceed from the need to improve the quality of city life and incorporate all
  • 2011
  • Learning from Brussels. An irreductive approach to architectural and urban problématiques ?
  • Urban studies in Belgium
  • Architecture ; Belgium ; Brussels ; Right to the city ; Urban area ; Urban planning
  • Au travers de l'exposition intitulée Building for Brussels, Architecture and Urban Transformation in Europe qui s'est tenue à Bruxelles, l'A. propose une approche relationnelle de la ville, à savoir le besoin de raconter les objets de manière encore
  • 2011
  • Urban sprawl and productivity : evidence from US metropolitan areas
  • Agglomeration ; Labour productivity ; Measurement ; Model ; Town ; United States of America ; Urban growth ; Urban sprawl
  • 2011
  • An analysis of local spatial temperature patterns in the Delhi metropolitan area
  • Climatic variability ; Delhi ; Heat island ; India ; Seasonal variability ; Space time ; Surface temperature ; Temperature ; Urban climate ; Urban growth
  • This study focuses on spatial patterns of urban heat island (UHI) development within the rapidly changing urban landscape of the Delhi Metropolitan Region (DMR). To determine the role of local environmental factors in the shaping of microclimatic
  • 2011
  • Spatial limitations on farms in urban outskirts
  • Agriculture ; Farm ; Regional planning ; Rural area ; Settlement system ; Slovenia ; Urbanization of the countryside
  • Farms face spatial pressures, disagreements with the non-farming population, and accessibility restrictions especially on urban outskirts. Such a situation is the result of unsuitable spatial planning of settlements, in which farmland was included
  • within areas zoned for development. This article focuses on spatial limitations on farms in the settlement of Moste in the Municipality of Komenda. These were determined by using officially available spatial data and records and by using geographical
  • 2011
  • The provision of urban parks : an empirical test of spatial spillovers in an urban area using geographic information systems
  • Angers ; Econometry ; France ; Green space ; Local government unit ; Model ; Outer conurbation area ; Pays de la Loire ; Spatial autocorrelation ; Urban area
  • 2011