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  • Urban land area and population growth : a new scaling relationship for metropolitan expansion
  • City size ; United States of America ; Urban area ; Urban density ; Urban growth ; Urban population
  • 2007
  • Spatial-temporal changes of Tianjin urban spatial morphology from 1978 to 2004
  • China ; Fractals ; Population growth ; Tianjin ; Town ; Urban development ; Urban growth ; Urban morphology
  • Taken fractal dimension, compact ratio, urban centroid and urban principal axis as the urban spatial characteristic indices, Tianjin city's urban area is investigated in the last 26 years in a quantitative perspective, and its traits and changes
  • 2007
  • Chinese urbanism in question : state, society, and the reproduction of urban spaces
  • Comparative urbanism. Special issue
  • China ; Neo liberalism ; Political economy ; State control ; Urban area ; Urban society ; Urbanism ; Urbanization
  • 2007
  • Financing Urban Development : what is the role of European Investment Bank ?
  • Bank ; Europe ; Finland ; Germany ; Hungary ; Investment ; Italy ; United Kingdom ; Urban area ; Urban development
  • The article assesses the role of the European Investment Bank (EIB) in European capital markets for urban development. Following the introduction of a basic concept for the functioning of capital markets, and based on rsearch in Germany, Finland
  • , Hungary, Italy and the U.K., the article explores the investment needs in cities, the demand for urban finance, the supply of urban finance and the functioning of capital markets for urban finance. - (IfL)
  • 2007
  • Slovenia ; Spatial organization ; Sustainable development ; Urban development ; Urban geography
  • and aims of Slovene spatial policy regarding urban development are presented. Characteristics and processes of recent urban development of Ljubljana are presented in five themes : inner urban development, derelict urban areas, areas of dispersed
  • urbanisation, functional transformation and mixed urban land use and residential areas. - (IKR)
  • The main goal of the paper is to identify, analyse and evaluate the basic processus in spatial development in Ljubljana. In the first part of the paper the main theoretical and planning concepts of sustainable urban development as well as goals
  • 2007
  • Upgrading the Physical Environment in Deprived Urban Areas : Lessons from Integrated Policies
  • Economic restructuring ; Europe ; European integration ; International cooperation ; Peripheral region ; Urban area ; Urban development ; Urban policy
  • The article gives an overview of determinants of success of urban restructuring policies in European cities, with a specific focus on the organization of these kinds of policies. On the basis of an inventory of 50 practices in 25 European countries
  • , it concludes that organizational issues may be key to sucess of urban restructuring processes. Because collaborations, or partnerships, are seen as necessary to reach goals within the process of urban restructuring, the process of working together has
  • 2007
  • The Post-Socialist city : urban form and space transformations in central and eastern Europe after Socialism
  • Central-East Europe ; Economic restructuring ; Europe ; Post-communism ; Public policy ; Town ; Urban area ; Urban change ; Urban development ; Urban environment ; Urban morphology
  • This book on spatial transformations in the most dynamically evolving areas of post-socialist central and eastern Europe, linking the restructuring of the urban environment with underlying processes and forces of socio-economic reform. Chapters
  • are organized under six headings regional development trends ; non-residential development ; residential development ; the evolution of public space ; public policy and urban development ; planning the post-socialist city. (HC)
  • 2007
  • A multi-scale analysis of urban form and commuting change in a small metropolitan area (1990-2000)
  • Commuting ; Florida ; Land use ; Model ; Town ; United States of America ; Urban area ; Urban change ; Urban morphology ; Urban transport
  • 2007
  • Decayed neighbourhood ; Economy ; Europe ; European Union ; Local economy ; Poverty ; Unemployment ; Urban area ; Urban district
  • Even in economically prospering cities there are disadvantaged urban neighbourhoods. Irrespective of their location in structurally weak inner cities, in the neighbourhood of derelict industrial spaces or in suburban areas that are further removed
  • from the inner city, these areas are characterized by a weak economic development, an above average level of unemployment and poverty and socio-spatial segregation. - (IfL)
  • 2007
  • Accessibility ; Ethnic community ; Gabon ; Urban area ; Urban development ; Urban infrastructure ; Urban migration ; Urban structure ; Urbanization
  • 2007
  • Europe ; Residential segregation ; Sustainable development ; Transport ; Urban area ; Urban district
  • and region, special for disadvantaged urban areas. For this purpose, the social, economic and ecological dimensions of sustainable traffic development in cities were considered. The article is a summary of a study which served as a specific background
  • The article presents the results of a good practice collection, which shows how the mobility in urban neighbourhoods can be improved with an integrated planning approach without impeding a sustainable development of traffic in the entire city
  • 2007
  • Measuring urban sprawl in Beijing with geo-spatial indices
  • Beijing ; Cartography ; China ; Geographical information system ; Index ; Spatial analysis ; Urban sprawl ; Urbanization
  • expansion at urban fringe, strip development along or between highways, scattered development of industrial land, leapfrog development of urban residence and industrial area.
  • In order to calculate the indices, different sources data are selected, including land use maps, former land use planning, land price and floor-area-ratio samples, digitized map of the highways and city centers, population and GDP statistical data
  • , etc. Various GIS spatial analysis methods are used to spatialize these indices into 100m x 100m cells. Besides, an integrated urban sprawl index is calculated by weight sum of these 13 indices. Four sprawling patterns are identified : randomly
  • 2007
  • JESSICA : Developping New European Instruments for Sustainable Urban Development
  • Europe ; Investment ; Sustainable development ; Urban area ; Urban development ; Urban planning
  • Developing and implementing global, coordinated and integrated strategies for sustainable urban development requires multi-sector and ambitious investment programmes and multi-level action. The new initiative JESSICA (Joint European Support
  • for Sustainable Investment in City Areas) adresses these challenges. It is being developed by the European Commission, in close cooperation with the EIB and CEB, aiming at bringing them and Member States together with the European banking and financial sector
  • , for more and better investment in sustainable and integrated urban plans and projects. JESSICA offers new possibilities and great flexibility to member states and managing authorities of structural funds operational programmes. - (IfL)
  • 2007
  • Europe ; European Union ; Marginality ; Residential segregation ; Town ; Urban area ; Urban development ; Urban district ; Urban policy ; Urban segregation
  • Integrated urban development policy for disadvantaged neighbourhoods is distributed differently in the EU. In Western Europe, national programmes or comprehensive approaches for individual regions and cities dominate but in Central and Eastern
  • Europe, integrated urban development is rather related to individual projects and measures. In most states of Western Europe such approaches include social and local economic questions in addition to urban development aspects, while the graetest part
  • of the Central and Eastern European states concentrates more strongly on urban development measures. - (IfL)
  • 2007
  • The impact of job and household decentralization on commuting distances and travel modes. Experiences from the Copenhagen region and other Nordic urban areas
  • Commuting ; Decentralization ; Educational level ; Employment ; Europe ; Form of transport ; Northern Europe ; Residential location ; Urban geography
  • Studies in several cities show longer commuting distances among residents of peripheral parts of urban areas than among inner-city dwellers. Inhabitants of the outer parts of the urban regions also have a higher propensity of commuting by car than
  • 2007
  • The spatial structure of land use from 1970-2000 in the Phoenix, Arizona, metropolitan area
  • Arizona ; Land use ; Methodology ; Plant cover ; United States of America ; Urban area ; Urban geography ; Urban morphology ; Urban structure ; Urbanization
  • 2007
  • Spatial distribution of high-rise buildings within urban areas : the case of the Tel-Aviv metropolitan region
  • Israel ; Location ; Model ; Spatial distribution ; Tel Aviv ; Urban area ; Urban development ; Urban structure
  • 2007
  • Bogotá ; Collective transport ; Colombia ; Urban area ; Urban development ; Urban policy ; Urban practice ; Urban transport
  • 2007
  • Gabon ; Industrialization ; Regional integration ; Town ; Urban administration ; Urban area ; Urban infrastructure ; Urban structure ; Urbanization
  • 2007
  • The spatial targeting of urban policy initiatives : a geodemographic assessment tool
  • England ; Social development ; United Kingdom ; Urban area ; Urban district ; Urban policy
  • 2007