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  • The politics of unemployment in Ghana
  • A social anthropologist examines unemployment in Ghana, suggesting that the concept cannot be applied to the Ghanaian situation. (EMS).
  • Factors influencing unemployment duration with a special emphasis on migration: an investigation using SIPP data and event history methods
  • Economic behaviour ; Economic theory ; Employment ; Human capital ; Labour market ; Multivariate analysis ; Probability ; Unemployment ; United States
  • The A. empirically investigates the factors that cause unemployment to be of a longer or shorter duration. They are identified within a micro-economic framework drawn from human capital and job search theories. Event history methods and panel data
  • are used to model unemployment duration. Evidence suggests that migration, temporary layoff and income during unemployment combine with individual characteristics to influence the duration of unemployment spells.
  • The inequality of unemployment experience in a local labour market
  • Aberdeen ; Local labour market ; Scotland ; Social inequity;Social disparity ; Statistics ; Unemployment ; United Kingdom ; Work ; Working population
  • This study applies a recently developed methodology in order to estimate the extent of the inequality of unemployment experience in Aberdeen. The findings show that the unemployment burden is indeed unequally shared and that this inequality exhibits
  • The relationship between regional and national unemployment trends in Slovakia, 1991-1994
  • Model ; Regional disparities ; Slovak Republic ; Unemployment
  • In this paper author makes an attempt to analyse the relationship between national and regional unemployment in Slovakia over the 1991-1994 period. Using an elementary statistical model based on a regressional framework involving a set of time
  • regression, different aspects of regional unemployment patterns are examined. - (Zoltán Kovács).
  • Does unemployment affect the number of establishments ? A regional analysis for US states
  • Enterprise creation ; Impact ; Model ; Regional analysis ; Retail trade ; Service ; Unemployment ; United States of America
  • Empirical tests of the unemployment push hypothesis that unemployed workers start up new enterprises to a greater extent that employed workers to escape unemployment have produced contradictory results. Using data of US establishments in retail
  • and service industries with low entry barriers, the A. finds little or no evidence for that hypothesis. US regions with relatively high unemployment rates do not show relatively strong subsequent increases in the number of establishments across a broad range
  • Regional policies in an era of slow population growth and higher unemployment
  • Unemployment trends in current recession
  • Czech Republic ; Regional disparities ; Spatial economy ; Unemployment
  • A low rate of unemployment is the remarquable aspect of the general transformation in the country. The regional disparities and changing patterns of male-female, of young people, long-term unemployment and unemployment by educational level
  • Urban unemployment and the backward incidence of pollution control
  • Employment ; Equilibrium model ; Industry ; Pollution ; Pollution control ; Production function ; Unemployment
  • . However, more restrictive pollution controls cause the urban rate of unemployment to fall unambiguously.
  • Budapest ; Capital city ; Employment ; Hungary ; Spatial analysis ; Town ; Unemployment ; Urban geography
  • The paper provides an overview about the structural and spatial features of unemployment in Budapest. The A. explains the most important characteristics of the spatial differences in unemployment in the Hungarian capital, which stands out
  • with an exceptionally low rate of unemployment among the Hungarian cities. - (JS)
  • The impact of unemployment insurance benefits on the probability of migration of the unemployed
  • The results suggest that federal discretionary unemployment-compensation programs, which are implemented during recessionary periods, likely serve to retard out-migration of those who are involuntarily unemployed.
  • Regional disparities in the unemployment rate : the role of the wage-setting mechanism in Spain, 1987-92
  • Enquiry ; Labour productivity ; Regional disparities ; Spain ; Unemployment ; Wage
  • Long term unemployment, hysteresis and the unemployment-vacancy relationship : a regional analysis
  • Employment ; Estimation ; Labour market ; Regional disparities ; Unemployment ; United Kingdom ; Vacancy
  • Okun’s law and urban spillovers in US unemployment
  • Employment ; Labour market ; Scale ; Spatial dependence ; Spillover ; Unemployment ; United States of America
  • to capture a different source of spatial dependence on unemployment. The main finding is that MSA-specific growth has a small effect on MSA unemployment rate, implying that in a well-integrated labor market like the USA, unemployment at an urban level
  • is highly dependent on neighboring and national labor market conditions. Ther results also show that the driving forces behind the behavior of unemployment for MSAs are different than those for states.
  • Rural-urban migration and unemployment : theory and policy implications
  • Economic equilibrium ; Employment ; Job creation ; Living standard ; Regional economy ; Regional model ; Rural outmigration ; Unemployment ; Urban immigration
  • A regional model is developed where, in the city, unemployment prevails because of too high (efficiency) wages, while, in the rural area, workers are paid at their marginal productivity. The steady-state equilibrium is characterized and it is shown
  • that it is unique. Two policies are considered : decreasing urban unemployment benefits and subsidizing urban employment. Decreasing the unemployment benefit in the city creates urban jobs and reduces rural–urban migration since new migrants have to spend some time
  • unemployed before they can find a job in the city. Raising employment subsidies increases urban employment but may also increase urban unemployment because it triggers more rural–urban migration.
  • Sectoral change and unemployment during the Great Recession, in historical perspective
  • Economic activity ; Economic geography ; Economic recession ; Employment ; Industrial sector ; Labour market ; Regional analysis ; Unemployment ; United States of America
  • This article examines the effect of sectoral change on U.S. state unemployment during the Great Recession. Of the 4.1 percentage point increase in mean state unemployment between 2007 and 2009, increased structural change explains 0.6–1.18
  • of structural change had returned to normal levels after the Great Recession, their effects persisted, raising mean state unemployment by 0.9–2.3 percentage points in 2011.
  • On unemployment inflow and outflow in urban China
  • China ; Economic reform ; Flow ; Model ; Region ; Regression analysis ; Unemployment ; Urban area ; Years 1990-99
  • Ethnic and regional determinants of unemployment in the Israeli labour market : a multilevel model
  • Ethnicity ; Israel ; Labour market ; Regional analysis ; Unemployment
  • The convergence of the Italian regions and unemployment : theory and evidence
  • Convergence ; Italy ; Labour market ; Model ; Regional analysis ; Regional economy ; Unemployment
  • Developed countries ; Employment ; Europe ; Poland ; Unemployment
  • The study reviews some aspects of the contemporary research on unemployment that has been carried on in the highly-developed countries since the first oil crisis in 1970s., namely: 1) definitions and measures of the unemployed population, 2
  • ) recognition of the main features of contemporary unemployment, 3) explanation of the unemployment. Reference is also made to results obtained in Poland which is here considered to represent those european countries which are transforming their economies from