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  • Does unemployment affect the number of establishments ? A regional analysis for US states
  • Enterprise creation ; Impact ; Model ; Regional analysis ; Retail trade ; Service ; Unemployment ; United States of America
  • Empirical tests of the unemployment push hypothesis that unemployed workers start up new enterprises to a greater extent that employed workers to escape unemployment have produced contradictory results. Using data of US establishments in retail
  • and service industries with low entry barriers, the A. finds little or no evidence for that hypothesis. US regions with relatively high unemployment rates do not show relatively strong subsequent increases in the number of establishments across a broad range
  • 2002
  • The convergence of the Italian regions and unemployment : theory and evidence
  • Convergence ; Italy ; Labour market ; Model ; Regional analysis ; Regional economy ; Unemployment
  • 2002
  • New geographies and forms of work and unemployment and public policy innovation in Europe
  • Europe ; Innovation ; Labour ; Labour market ; Public policy ; Social exclusion ; Unemployment
  • 2002
  • Unemployment, selective employment measures and inter-regional mobility of labour
  • Employment ; Employment policy ; Finland ; Impact ; Internal migration ; Interregional migration ; Labour ; Labour mobility ; Local labour market ; Unemployment
  • 2002
  • Correlation ; Migration ; Poland ; Pomerania ; Rural area ; Rural population ; Spatial distribution ; Unemployment ; Years 1990-99
  • The aim of the study was to present the changes of unemployment among rural population in the years 1996-2000, in the areas of two former provinces - Szczecin and Koszalin Province, labeled as West Pomerania. Directions and intensity of migration
  • processes and their relation to unemployment scale of the population of analysed area were investigated as well. Finally there was obtained averaged and spatial distribution of unemployment intensity among rural community of West Pomarania
  • 2002
  • Labour market ; Poland ; Rural area ; Spatial differentiation ; Unemployment
  • reflection also in the rural areas of the Kujawsko-Pomorskie voivodship, where the unemployment level was higher than the average for the whole country. In all of the districts in the Province (except the Aleksandów district) an increase in the unemployment
  • was observed in comparison to the value in 2000 in rural areas. The analysis of unemployment in the country, examined from the point of view of the period of service showed that 26% of people out of work have no professional experience at all. - (BJ)
  • 2002
  • Determinants of regional unemployment : some evidence from Austria
  • Austria ; Labour ; Local labour market ; Regional analysis ; Regional disparities ; Spatial autocorrelation ; Transaction cost ; Unemployment
  • 2002
  • Hidden unemployment among men : a case study
  • Cumbria ; Disease ; England ; Enquiry ; Labour ; Labour market ; Unemployment ; United Kingdom
  • 2002
  • The relationship between regional and national unemployment
  • Australia ; Economic behaviour ; Regional analysis ; Regional disparities ; Regression analysis ; Simulation ; Unemployment
  • 2002
  • Labour ; Poland ; Rural area ; Unemployment ; Wage
  • Unemployment has become a very serious problem for the fledgling market economy in Poland, and the situation in rural areas is especially difficult. In 1999, Świętokrzyskie voivodship had about 107 500 unemployed (or 4,6% of the national total
  • ). The average unemployment rate is 15% but the rate is at present very high in the north of the province, while being below average in the south. The share of unemployed people living in the countryside is 63%. As unemployed people usually have elementary
  • 2002
  • Educational level ; Elderly people ; Health ; Medical services ; Poland ; Poverty ; Rural area ; Rural population ; Social organization ; Unemployment
  • The papers are devoted to the social problems of Polish rural and agricultural space. There are discussed the most important social problems such as : unemployment, poverty, level of education, level of medical services and state of health of rural
  • 2002
  • Correlation ; Education ; Educational level ; Poland ; Pomerania ; Rural population ; Unemployment
  • , and the relationship between education and the rate of unemployment is also presented. Finally, a last section speaks of the possibilities of rural levels of education in this part of the country being increased. - (BJ)
  • 2002
  • Agriculture ; Economy ; Educational level ; Medical services ; Poland ; Poverty ; Rural area ; Society ; Unemployment
  • The paper is devoted to the socio-economic problems of Polish rural and agricultural space. Discussed here - against the background of a short characterisation of rural areas in Poland - are the most important social problems such as : unemployment
  • 2002
  • Agriculture ; Estate farm ; Farmer ; Management ; Poland ; Unemployment ; Years 1990-99
  • This paper seeks to assess the impact of the former State Farms and the forms of large-scale management once engaged in on them to the level of unemployment to be found in the agriculture of parts of the Kujawsko-Pomorskie voivodship. The analysis
  • 2002
  • Estate farm ; Labour market ; Poland ; Rural area ; Socio-economic indicators ; Unemployment ; Years 1990-99
  • of the coefficient of economic activity, employment index, unemployment rate and level of monthly earnings. Analysis shows that the last six years have seen rural labor markets both nationally and in Warmia and Mazury dominated by a supply element
  • unemployment has resulted from the liquidation of the State Farms. - (BJ)
  • 2002
  • Croatie 2001-2002. Contraintes internationales et malaise social
  • Bibliography ; Croatia ; Economic indicators ; Economy ; Election ; International trade ; Policy ; Political party ; Tourism ; Unemployment
  • chômage; ouvertures commerciales, mais risques monétaires. Chronologie des années 2001 et 2002. Principales formations politiques, résultats des dernières élections et composition du gouvernement (juillet 2002). Sélection bibliographique.
  • 2002
  • this is not the case for the socioeconomic profile. The districts with unemployment and absenteism in schools are now confronted with the negative effects of such situations. The problems remain the most urgent in the parts of the city that have traditionally been
  • 2002
  • Age group ; Gender ; Poland ; Population ; Social geography ; Typology ; Unemployment
  • 2002
  • Macédoine 2001-2002. Une stabilisation fragile
  • Bibliography ; Economic indicators ; Economy ; Election ; External trade ; International aid ; Macedonia ; Policy ; Political party ; Poverty ; Privatisation ; Unemployment
  • commerce extérieur structurellement déficitaire; des privatisations difficiles; le chômage, la pauvreté et la corruption. Chronologie des années 2001 et 2002. Résultats des dernières élections et principales formations politiques.
  • 2002
  • Agribusiness ; Development ; Economic development ; Globalization ; Industry ; Liberalisation ; Mauritius ; Poverty ; Textile industry ; Unemployment
  • 2002