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  • Trading blocs or trading blows? The macroeconomic geography of US and Japanese trade policies
  • Comparative study ; Economic environment ; Economic theory ; International trade ; Japan ; State control ; Trade policy ; United States
  • Us and Japanese trade policies are examined from an institutional perspective. An attempt is made to bridge international and domestic politics by positioning state institutions at the center of analysis. The institutional framework is situated
  • Trading strategies for New Zealand: the GATT, CER and trade liberalisation
  • Economic strategy ; Export ; Importation ; International trade ; Liberalisation ; Market ; New Zealand ; Trade policy
  • New Zealand's position outside major trading blocks is problematic at a time of declining terms of trade for agro-commodities. The strategies pursued to improve New Zealand's trading position are considered with special reference to the Uruguay
  • Round (GATT), Closer Economic Relations (CER) with Australia, and the promotion of trade liberalisation.
  • The foreign trade of China. Policy, law and pratice
  • New Zealand's trading policy in an age of globalisation: GATT, APEC and CER
  • Deregulation ; Economic cooperation ; International trade ; Liberalisation ; New Zealand ; Trade agreement ; Trade policy
  • The changes in New Zealand's international trading relationships are discussed against the backdrop of evolving international agreements. In considering the nature of these globalising processes, emphasis is placed upon the growing alliance between
  • the interests of trans-national corporations and government policy. Growing inter-penetration of Australian and New Zealand markets is highlighted.
  • European Community: its trade policies
  • Unified US approach to EC trade policies| EC agricultural surpluses| EC expansion: what it implies for US fresh fruits and vegetables| West Germany: corn production and processing| exchange rates and the EC Farm Trade| US loftwood exports to Spain
  • Observations on state trading in the Russian economy
  • Economic policy ; Enterprise ; Export ; Importation ; Market regulation ; Regulation ; Russia ; State control ; Trade
  • The AA. present an overview of state trading activities in Russia in light of that country's prospective accession to the World Trade Organization. They cover the origins of Russian state trading, developments after the collapse of the USSR, state
  • involvement in barter trade, and its control of the organizational structure and remaining monopolies. A discussion of implications embraces issues relating to the inefficiencies of state trading and Russia's designation as a nonmarket economy by the United
  • Trade and trade policy on the world markets in coffee, cocoa and tea
  • Global openness and trade regionalism of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development
  • Africa ; Development ; International trade ; Partnership ; Regional economy ; Regionalism ; Trade policy
  • Post-independence Africa is riddled with failed skeletons of development initiatives. Trade regionalism offered the potential for Africa’s economic renewal on the presumption that it would consolidate intra-African and extra-continental exports
  • . However, the NEPAD trade regionalism has tended to perpetuate the importation colonial production structure and external trade relations. - (AJC)
  • Spatial perspectives of increasing freeness of trade in Lebanon
  • Equilibrium model ; Lebanon ; Regional integration ; Regional policy ; Territorial planning ; Trade
  • In this paper, we use an interregional computable general equilibrium model for Lebanon—the ARZ model—for the analysis of place-based policies in the country, in an attempt to bring additional insights to some of the proposals presented
  • in the National Physical Master Plan of the Lebanese Territory. We apply the model to look at the ex ante potential regional implications of an increase in domestic and international integration of Lebanese regions through reductions in trade costs. The link
  • between freeness of trade and the equilibrium distribution of activities is explore.
  • Trade liberalization and the geography of production : agglomeration, concentration, and dispersal in Indonesia's manufacturing industry
  • Agglomeration ; Indonesia ; Industrial concentration ; International trade ; Liberalisation ; Production ; Settlement system ; Spatial distribution ; Trade policy
  • A multicommodity analysis of trade policy effects: the case of Nicaraguan agriculture
  • A poor harvest. The clash of policies and interests in the grain trade.
  • Is Demonstration of need necessary in retail planning policy ?
  • Impact ; Planning ; Retail trade ; Trade policy
  • The geography of trade policy : trade regimes and location decisions in the textile and apparel complex
  • Abruzzi ; Italy ; Marketing channel ; Retail trade ; Service ; Shopping centre ; Trade ; Wholesale trade
  • Trade in Abruzzo is biased by the social and economic differences existing all over the territory, by a widespread type of settlement and by the population aging. The food retail is excessively atomized. It is necessary to start a trade policy which
  • The geography of trade union responses to local government privatization
  • Commercial policy ; Economic policy ; Great Britain ; Local policy ; Market regulation ; Post-Fordism ; Privatisation ; Social conflict ; Theory of regulation ; Trade dispute ; United Kingdom
  • Landscapes of Intersecting Trade and Environmental Policies : Intensive Canadian and American Farmlands
  • Pathways towards Local Scale Policy Integration in Agricultural Landscapes
  • Agricultural landscape ; Agriculture ; Canada ; Environment ; Environmental change ; Farm ; Great Lakes ; Iowa ; Management ; Ontario ; Trade policy ; United States of America
  • , this paper provides a retrospective review of the landscape effects of policies and practices related to environmental stewardship and agricultural trade. Conservation policies and typical farm practices are described and compared for the two regions
  • with an emphasis on lasting beneficial environmental outcomes. Connections among land cover changes, environmental consequences, and changes in environmental and trade policies and programs are considered along with future changes in farm management, trade
  • liberalisation, and farm revenue sources. The paper concludes with prospective ideas of how policies and practices can maintain or enhance environmental benefits within intensively farmed landscapes as best approaches for agriculture.
  • Is Politics Behind Trade? The Impact of International Trends and Diplomatic Action on Brazil's Exports during Globalisation
  • Brazil ; Diplomacy ; Economy ; Export ; Foreign policy ; Global South ; Globalization ; International relations ; Political geography ; Political party ; Trade ; Trade agreement ; exports ; foreign policy ; globalisation ; trade
  • became more integrated into the world economy. It was only under Cardoso's presidency that trade had an impact on bilateral diplomacy. The findings contradict conventional wisdom, which emphasises the state's role in driving Brazilian integration
  • Retail planning policy in Portugal
  • Retail planning policies in Western Europe
  • Distribution network ; Economic policy ; Marketing channel ; Modernization ; Portugal ; Retail trade ; Trade policy
  • Russia's accession to the World Trade Organization
  • Economy ; Impact ; Industrial policy ; International organization ; International trade ; Protectionism ; Russia