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  • The impact of agriculture on solute and suspended sediment load on a Mediterranean watershed after intense rainstorms
  • Agricultural practice ; Catalonia ; Erosion rate ; Forest ; Land use ; Mediterranean area ; Rainstorm ; Solution load ; Spain ; Suspended load ; Water erosion ; Watershed
  • The solute and suspended-sediment load following 5 rainstorms (2005–2007) with varied intensities were studied at the Vernegà experimental watershed, north-western Spain. This study investigates the capacity of each land-use (forest and agricultural
  • area) to yield water, suspended sediment concentration (SSC) and dissolved solid concentration (DSC). Results showed that the agriculture area produced significantly greater mean DSC than in the forest area. Geographic information system (GIS) spatial
  • 2010
  • Agricultural practice ; Cultivated land ; Galicia ; Gully erosion ; Precipitation ; Sediment budget ; Soil erosion ; Spain ; Suspended load ; Temperate zone ; Water erosion ; Watershed
  • variations in sediment load were detected at event scale. To study the variables controlling suspended sediment yield during the events in the catchment, several event and pre-event variables were calculated for all events. The sediment load is strongly
  • The AA. examine the sediment yield from a rural catchment, located in Galicia, by measuring suspended sediments during rainfall events. Within the catchment regular surveys were conducted to obtain data on the suspended sediment sources. Important
  • influenced by discharge variables. During the events discharge–suspended sediments were also analysed. When the soil surface was unprotected, the formation of rills and ephemeral gullies on agricultural land at the catchment head was an important source
  • of suspended sediments in the catchment.
  • 2010
  • Dynamics of suspended sediment transport and yield in a large agricultural catchment, southwest France
  • Agricultural land use ; Flood ; France ; Gers ; Interannual variability ; Midi-Pyrénées ; Seasonal variability ; Sediment transport ; Suspended load ; Watershed
  • The dynamics of suspended sediment transport were monitored continuously in a large agricultural catchment in southwest France from January 2007 to March 2009. The aim of this paper is to analyse the temporal variability in suspended sediment
  • transport and yield in that catchment. Analyses were also undertaken to assess the relationships between precipitation, discharge and suspended sediment transport, and to interpret sediment delivery processes using suspended sediment-discharge hysteresis
  • patterns. During the study period, the AA. analysed 17 flood events, with high resolution suspended sediment data derived from continuous turbidity and automatic sampling. The results revealed strong seasonal, annual and inter-annual variability
  • in suspended sediment transport.
  • 2010
  • Measurements of suspended sediment for model experiments using general-purpose optical sensors
  • Experimentation ; Geophysics ; Honshu ; Instrumentation ; Japan ; Measurement ; Methodology ; Suspended load ; Turbidity
  • In order to investigate the sediment transportation in rivers, lakes, and oceans, it is important to measure the turbidity and the amount of suspended sediment in a particular body of water. Therefore, in this study, the AA. attempted to develop
  • 2010
  • Effect of reservoir construction on suspended sediment load in a large river system : thresholds and complex response
  • Carrying capacity ; China ; Dam ; Hydraulic works ; Sediment transport ; Stream ; Stream flow ; Suspended load ; Watershed ; Yangtze
  • construction can be divided into several stages, including road construction, dam building and closure, water storage and sediment trapping. During these stages, some complex response was identified. At the station below the dam, the suspended sediment
  • 2010
  • Changes in suspended sediment to solute yield ratios from an alpine basin during the transition to winter, Southern Alps, New Zealand
  • Mountain ; New Zealand ; Seasonal variation ; Sediment transport ; Solution load ; South Island ; Suspended load ; Watershed
  • The AA. monitored suspended sediments and solute flux during the transition from late summer to winter in an catchment in the Southern Alps that contained a high elevation upper catchment and a smaller, low elevation subcatchment. Three phases
  • of sediment transport were identified. Overall, the results from this study suggest that suspended sediment to solute yield ratios are : 1) sensitive to seasonal changes in meteorological conditions, and 2) more significant during the transition to winter than
  • 2010
  • Diagnostic experiments for transport mechanisms of suspended sediment discharged from the Yellow River in the Bohai Sea
  • China ; Delta ; Huang He ; Hydrodynamics ; Model ; Sediment transport ; Spatial distribution ; Stream ; Suspended load ; Tidal current ; Wind
  • Five diagnostic experiments with a 3D baroclinic hydrodynamic and sediment transport model ECOMSED in couple with the third generation wave model SWAN and the Grant-Madsen bottom boundary layer model driven by the monthly sediment load of the Yellow
  • River, were conducted to separately diagnose effects of different hydrodynamic factors on transport of suspended sediment discharged from the Yellow River in the Bohai Sea.It could be concluded that suspended sediment discharged from the Yellow River
  • 2010
  • Experimental field assessment of suspended sediment pathways for characterizing hydraulic habitat
  • Biotope ; Ecosystem ; England ; Experimentation ; Habitat ; Shropshire ; Stream ; Suspended load ; Turbidity ; United Kingdom
  • 2010
  • Cultivated land ; Galicia ; Model ; Precipitation ; Runoff ; Sediment transport ; Soil erosion ; Spain ; Suspended load ; Water erosion ; Watershed
  • . Discharge characteristics and rainfall depth showed good correlations with SS concentration and load. Suspended sediment and discharge relationships were also examined. In most of the events, the SS peak preceded peak discharge (clockwise hysteresis
  • Using a dataset comprising 3 hydrological years (2004/05–2006/07) in the Corbeira catchment (Galicia), the relationships between rainfall, runoff and suspended sediment (SS) are analysed at event scale. The catchment was instrumented to measure
  • rainfall, water level and SS in the stream. Several event (rainfall, discharge and SS concentration and load) and pre-event (rainfall and discharge) variables were calculated for all the events analysed. Correlation matrices were developed using these data
  • 2010
  • The distribution and residence time of suspended sediment stored within the channel margins of a gravel-bed bedrock river
  • Cultivated land ; Isotope dating ; Mercury ; Pollution ; Sediment transport ; Stream ; Suspended load ; United States of America ; Virginia ; Watershed
  • Previously undocumented deposits are described that store suspended sediment in gravel-bedded rivers, termed ‘fine-grained channel margin’ (FGCM) deposits. They consist of sand, silt, clay, and organic matter that accumulate behind large woody
  • variety of transit times. The presence of FGCM deposits indicates that suspended sediment is not simply transported downstream in gravel-bed rivers in agricultural watersheds: significant storage can occur over decadal timescales. South River has a history
  • 2010
  • Assessment of a time-integrated fluvial suspended sediment sampler in a High Arctic setting
  • Arctic Region ; Canada ; Carrying capacity ; Cold area ; Grain size distribution ; Nunavut ; Polar region ; Research technique ; Sampling ; Sediment transport ; Stream ; Suspended load
  • The aim of this study is to examine the effectiveness of a simple, time-integrated suspended sediment sampler based on the design of Phillips et al.(2000) for the collection of representative samples of the daily suspended sediment yield and median
  • 2010
  • Monitoring and analysis of suspended sediment transport dynamics in the Carapelle torrent (Southern Italy)
  • Fluvial dynamics ; Italy ; Puglia ; Sediment transport ; Semi-arid area ; Stream ; Suspended load ; Torrent ; Turbidity
  • The sediment transport that affects rivers in the semi-arid environment of Northern Puglia is mainly characterised by suspended materials. In order to monitor this phenomenon an automated station, equipped with a turbidity probe, has been set up
  • in the Carapelle torrent. A laboratory testing stage of the turbidity probe was preliminary designed to evaluate the dual functionality of the instrument (turbidity and suspended solids) in relation with the sediment concentration and the grain size distribution
  • 2010
  • Discharge ; Hydrology ; Mediterranean area ; Mountain ; Pyrénées ; Sediment load ; Sediment transport ; Spain ; Stream ; Suspended load ; Watershed
  • Sediment transport in the Ribera Salada stream was estimated from continuous suspended and bedload monitoring between 2005 and 2008. The Ribera Salada basin is a mountainous perennial river in the Southern Pyrenees and is representative
  • of the extensive forestry land use in this upland region. Water and sediment fluxes have been analysed with the aim of determining the thresholds, duration, ranges and relative contributions of the 2 sediment transport modes (suspended and bedload
  • 2010
  • Geomorphological dynamics of subhumid mountain badland areas - weathering, hydrological and suspended sediment transport processes : A case study in the Araguás catchment (Central Pyrenees) and implications for altered hydroclimatic regimes
  • Badland ; Central Pyrenees ; Climatic change ; Mediterranean area ; Mountain ; Regolith ; Sediment transport ; Spain ; Suspended load ; Water erosion ; Watershed ; Weathering
  • 2010
  • England ; Estuary ; Hydrodynamics ; Model ; Numerical model ; Sediment transport ; Statistics ; Suffolk ; Suspended load ; Time series ; United Kingdom
  • 2010
  • China ; Colombia ; Fluvial erosion ; Fluvial processes ; India ; Methodology ; Pakistan ; River basin ; Suspended load ; Taiwan ; Ukraine
  • 2010
  • China ; Coastal dynamics ; Coastal environment ; Coastal sedimentation ; Delta ; Flood ; Huang He ; Hyperpycnal flow ; Salinity ; Sediment transport ; Suspended load ; Tide
  • suspended sediment concentration (SSC) increased rapidly and salinity decreased drastically. The hyperpycnal flows have an important impact on both sediment dispersal and coastal morphology at the mouth of the Huanghe.
  • 2010
  • Bank erosion ; British Columbia ; Canada ; Channel geometry ; Forest fire ; Meltwater ; Rill wash ; Stream ; Suspended load ; Watershed ; Woody debris
  • In August 2003, the McLure forest fire burned 62% of the drainage basin of Fishtrap Creek. The AA. explore the linkages between changes in streamflow, suspended sediment concentration and changes in channel morphology since this fire. Although
  • 2010
  • Cold area ; Floodplain ; Fluvial processes ; Glacial features ; Mass movement ; Periglacial features ; Sediment budget ; Sediment transport ; Solution load ; Suspended load ; Watershed
  • 2010
  • Andhra Pradesh ; Coastal erosion ; Dam ; Delta ; Hydraulic works ; Impact ; India ; Sediment transport ; Suspended load
  • A comparison of data on annual sediment loads recorded along the Krishna and Godavari Rivers showed consistently lower sediment quantities at the locations downstream of dams than at their upstream counterparts. Reports based on bathymetric surveys
  • 2010