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  • Suspended sediment in the river Rhine. The impact of climatic change on erosion, transport, and deposition
  • Climatic variation ; Floodplain ; Fluvial erosion ; Netherlands (The) ; Rhine ; Sediment transport ; Stream ; Suspended load
  • The aim of this study was to assess the impact of climatic change on sediment transport in the river Rhine, and on the deposition of suspended sediment on the embanked floodplains in the Netherlands. - (AGD)
  • 1997
  • Magnitude and variation in the contribution of bank erosion to the suspended sediment load of the River Severn, UK
  • Annual variation ; Bank erosion ; Flood ; Great Britain ; Model ; Sediment budget ; Spatial variation ; Stream ; Suspended load ; Turbulence ; United Kingdom
  • This paper investigates the relatonship between bank erosion and suspended sediment dynamics at the annual, monthly and event timescales within the upper River Severn. Manual erosion pins and photo-electronic erosion pins were used to estimate bank
  • erosion, and turbidity meters were used to determine suspended sediment transport. This research highlighted that for an upland catchment, bank erosion was an important supply of suspended sediment, and that for some flood events bank erosion can supply
  • 1997
  • Anthropogenic changes in the suspended load transportation by and sedimentation rates of the river Vistula, Poland
  • Alluvium ; Carrying capacity ; Dam ; Floodplain ; Human impact ; Hydraulic works ; Poland ; Stream ; Suspended load ; Wisła
  • Evidence is presented that regulation works on the Vistula channel have introduced very significant and rapid changes in the magnitude of river load transportation and sedimentation. It is acknowledged that human interference represents the most
  • significant cause of change in the Vistula catchment within historical times. The alluviation of the Vistula valley floodplain as described here, which was initiated about 150 years ago, may be compared with the equally rapid changes of load transportation
  • 1997
  • Source identification of suspended sediment from grain-size distributions : I. application of nonparametric statistical tests
  • Grain size distribution ; Hokkaido ; Japan ; Sedimentology ; Statistics ; Suspended load ; Tracer ; Watershed
  • In this study, a new technique for identifying the source of suspended sediment is described, based on a comparison of overall grain-size distributions. Suspended sediment flux (SSF) supplied from sediment generated by logging and deposited
  • on hillslopes, and that from unpaved road surface, were obtained in the Hiyamizusawa Brook basin, Hokkaido. The ratio between SSF from deposited sediment fines (DSF) and that from suspended sediment in the road surface flow (SSR), i.e. the ratio DSF:SSR
  • , was estimated from grain-size distributions of the river-suspended sediment based on nonparametric statistical tests.
  • 1997
  • Sediment and suspended particle interactions during low water flow in a small heterogeneous catchment
  • Carrying capacity ; Germany ; Grain size distribution ; Low water ; Rhineland-Palatinate ; Runoff ; Sediment transport ; Summer ; Suspended load ; Tracer ; Watershed
  • The particle transport in a small heterogeneous catchment is investigated during a dry weather period. Suspended particle sources are identified by comparing important hydrological parameters with the colours and particle size distributions
  • of suspended solids, bed sediments and riverbank material samples. Colour is used as a qualitative and quantitative feature, both describing suspended particles and identifying their sources.
  • 1997
  • Suspended sediment discharge in subsurface flow from the head hollow of a small forested watershed, northern Japan
  • Experiment plot ; Forest ; Hokkaido ; Japan ; Rainstorm ; Runoff ; Sediment budget ; Sediment transport ; Subsurface flow ; Suspended load ; Water erosion ; Watershed
  • Surface flow and suspended sediment discharge from the head hollow of the Jozankei Experimental Watershed in Hokkaido were measured to clarify the implications of subsurface hydrology for soil movement. Subsurface discharges during the extremely
  • large storms of 1993 to 1994 were measured in a V-notch weir installed at a natural spring near the bottom of the head hollow, and shallow groundwater levels were observed in the wells excavated in the hollow. The relationship between suspended sediment
  • 1997
  • Nutrient dynamics in southwestern Kattegat, Scandinavia : modelling transport, budget and consequences of reduced terrestrial loads
  • Carrying capacity ; Coastal environment ; Environment ; Europe ; Eutrophication ; Hydrobiology ; Hydrodynamics ; Model ; Nitrogen ; Nutrient ; Phosphate ; Scandinavia ; Sediment transport ; Suspended load ; Water quality
  • The aim of this work is to study to what extent local inputs of N and P affect the nutrient concentrations in a specific study area in the Dannish inner waters. The area chosen is one where the nutrient load is relatively high due to the presence
  • of major cities and industries. An existing hydrodynamical model was applied. 2 scenarios were simulated for 1990, one with the local load of external nutrients and one with a local load reduction according to the national Action Plan for the Aquatic
  • 1997
  • Particle size characteristics of suspended sediment in hillslope runoff and streamflow
  • Agricultural land use ; Carrying capacity ; England ; Grain size distribution ; Oxfordshire ; Precipitation ; Rill wash ; Soil erosion ; Stream ; Stream flow ; Suspended load ; United Kingdom ; Watershed
  • This study examines the particle size characteristics of hillslope soils and fluvial suspended sediments in an agricultural catchment, in north Oxfordshire. The main objective of the study was to provide detailed information on the size
  • 1997
  • Fingerprinting the origin of fluvial suspended sediment in larger river basins : combining assessment of spatial provenance and source type
  • Drainage network ; England ; Grain size distribution ; Land use ; Methodology ; Multivariate analysis ; Spatial analysis ; Suspended load ; Tracer ; United Kingdom ; Watershed
  • and source type information for contemporary suspended sediment fluxes from the upper and middle reaches of the River Exe and River Severn, UK. A nested approach is adopted, whereby sediment origin is initially addressed in terms of the distinct spatial zones
  • 1997
  • Drainage network ; Numerical model ; Sediment budget ; Sediment transport ; Soil erosion ; Suspended load ; Watershed
  • Due to the highly episodic nature of sediment supply and transport in many environments and to the extreme complexity of the processes involved, the evaluation of the sediment load in a river is still highly uncertain. The AA. propose a distributed
  • 1997
  • Source type ascription for fluvial suspended sediment based on a quantitative composite fingerprinting technique
  • Devon ; England ; Forest ; Grain size distribution ; Model ; Multivariate analysis ; Plant cover ; Seasonal variation ; Sedimentology ; Statistics ; Suspended load ; Tracer ; United Kingdom ; Wales ; Watershed
  • 1997
  • Changing contributions of suspended sediment sources in small basins resulting from European settlement on the Canadian Prairies
  • ; Soil erosion ; Suspended load ; Watershed
  • of an increase in Populus pollen associated with the southward advance of the aspen parkland ecotone caused by fire suppression following settlement. This study focuses on sediment characteristics. At present, topsoil is the dominant suspended sediment source
  • 1997
  • England ; Flood ; Floodplain ; Geochemistry ; Grain size distribution ; Sedimentation ; Spatial variation ; Suspended load ; United Kingdom ; Watershed ; Yorkshire
  • the basin, in order to investigate the properties of the deposited sediment and their spatial variability. The particle size composition of the deposited sediment has also been compared with equivalent information for the suspended sediment transported
  • 1997
  • Carrying capacity ; Channel geometry ; Devon ; England ; Flood ; Floodplain ; Numerical model ; Sedimentation ; Stream ; Suspended load ; United Kingdom
  • floodwater flow depths and velocities, and second, a sediment transport element which employs a mass balance relation describing suspended sediment dispersion by convective and diffusive processes and sediment deposition as a function of particle settling
  • 1997
  • Channel geometry ; Devon ; England ; Flood ; Floodplain ; Fluvial processes ; Grain size distribution ; Isotope analysis ; Model ; Numerical model ; Suspended load ; United Kingdom
  • A numerical model of overbank deposition of fine-grained suspended sediment is presented and employed to predict spatial patterns of mean annual floodplain sedimentation within a small reach of the River Culm, Devon, UK. The model incorporates
  • 1997
  • Beijing ; China ; Eutrophication ; Lake ; Pollution ; Principal components analysis ; Seasonal variation ; Spatial variation ; Suspended load ; Water quality
  • 1997
  • Carrying capacity ; Continental shelf ; Delta ; Grain size distribution ; Palaeo-environment ; Sedimentary structure ; Sedimentology ; South Africa ; Suspended load
  • 1997
  • Biodiversity ; Biogeography ; Ecosystem ; Fish ; Flood ; Floodplain ; Hydraulic works ; Soil moisture ; Suspended load ; Vegetation dynamics
  • 1997
  • Coastal dynamics ; Coastal environment ; Denmark ; Estuary ; Grain size distribution ; Sediment transport ; Sedimentology ; Suspended load ; Tidal current ; Tidal marsh
  • 1997
  • China ; Dam ; Experimental catchment ; Guangdong ; Gully erosion ; Humid environment ; Rill wash ; Sediment budget ; Sediment transport ; Soil erosion ; Suspended load ; Watershed
  • sediment load by relating the basin response data to information obtained from the gullies in the basin.
  • 1997