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  • Local control and financing of education: a perspective from the American state judiciary
  • Cultural studies ; Decision ; Education ; Finance ; Local administration ; School system ; State control ; Teaching ; United States
  • Local control of education in the United States today is more myth than reality. The American judiciary continues to justify its decisions concerning educational governance on the grounds of local control. Most states fund education through
  • a combuination of local, state and Federal taxes. The A. analyzes the state court decisions involving local control in school financing, with the intent of developing a more comprehensive interpretation of how local control arguments are used as justification
  • by the judiciary to uphold state policy.
  • Local and central state control of Black settlement in Munsieville, Krugersdorp in South Africa. Geography in a state of emergency.
  • Afrique du Sud ; Contrôle ; Géographie de l'Afrique ; Logement ; Population noire ; Witwatersrand
  • The end of the territorially-sovereign state ? The case of crime control in the United States
  • Criminality ; Cyberspace ; Internationalization ; Nation-state ; Police ; Political geography ; Security ; Social control ; State control ; Territoriality ; United States of America
  • Contrôle social ; Criminalité ; Cyberespace ; Etat-nation ; Etats-Unis ; Géographie politique ; Internationalisation ; Police ; Rôle de l'Etat ; Sécurité ; Territorialité
  • La prolifération des réseaux de communication internationaux et la mondialisation croissante de la politique suggèrent que les efforts pour contrôler les crimes seront de plus en plus insuffisants, l'Etat transférant ses pouvoirs de contrôle à
  • d'autres organisations. L'A. démontre qu'on n'assiste pas en fait à un affaiblissement manifeste de l'Etat. Tous les éléments sont réunis pour que les institutions publiques de contrôle de la criminalité demeurent vigoureuses dans le futur.
  • Teach the native to play : social control and organized Black sport on the Witwatersrand, 1920-1939 in South Africa. Geography in a state of emergency.
  • Afrique du Sud ; Années 1920-1939 ; Association ; Contrôle social ; Géographie de l'Afrique ; Population noire ; Pratique sportive ; Société ; Witwatersrand
  • Administration ; Colonialisme ; Contrôle territorial ; Etat-nation ; Foncier ; Ile ; Législation ; Pacifique ; Samoa ; Samoa occidentales
  • Administration ; Colonialism ; Island ; Land ; Legislation ; Nation-state ; Pacific Region ; Western Samoa
  • The application of European conceptions of the sovereign state modified the politics of land in ways that changed the expression of social relations on the land. This aspect of human territoriality (control over natural resource access and use
  • ) is commonly overlooked in analyses of state formation. Indirect rule also created the state's dependence on the character of custom and reinforced a basic tension undermining state authority : by protecting the local control of land, it limited state
  • The impact of state land-use controls on residential land values
  • Construction urbaine ; Etats-Unis ; Foncier ; Géographie humaine ; Marché foncier ; Planification urbaine ; Politique de contrôle ; Usage résidentiel ; Utilisation du sol ; Valeur foncière
  • The AA. examine the effects of state land-use controls on the aggregate demand and supply of residential land. They estimate a-three-equation interjuridictional supply-demand model of land-use controls. Land-use regulations have a significant impact
  • Full circle or spiralling out of control ? State violence and the control of urbanisation in Papua New Guinea
  • In Papua New Guinea, colonial control of urban populations has been replicated in contemporary times, often in more draconian form. Eviction of urban settlers have been tied to issues of crime and urban respectability, and lingering perceptions
  • that Melanesians should be rural residents. Strengthening alliances between land-owners and the state have emphasised intraurban inequality and hampered national development.
  • Beach-state controls on aeolian sand delivery to coastal dunes
  • Characteristics of morphodynamically reflective, intermediate, and dissipative beach systems, from the data of Short (1984), are used with an iterative aeolian sediment transport model to predict beach-state controls on transport rates.
  • Observations on state trading in the Russian economy
  • Economic policy ; Enterprise ; Export ; Importation ; Market regulation ; Regulation ; Russia ; State control ; Trade
  • involvement in barter trade, and its control of the organizational structure and remaining monopolies. A discussion of implications embraces issues relating to the inefficiencies of state trading and Russia's designation as a nonmarket economy by the United
  • The AA. present an overview of state trading activities in Russia in light of that country's prospective accession to the World Trade Organization. They cover the origins of Russian state trading, developments after the collapse of the USSR, state
  • States and the countries of the European Union.
  • Control of seawater composition
  • The chemistry of the lanthanides is compared with that of alkali and alkaline earth metals with a similar electronegativity (the lithium group Li, Mg, Ca, Sr) to confirm that solid state chemistry plays a major part in controlling the composition
  • Climatic control of pH buffering in the A and B horizons of United States soils
  • The results of this study support climatic control of pH buffering, and further suggest that differences in the climatic controls on pH buffering account for the difference in the pHA and pHB models. Moreover, soil parent material and soil age may
  • also influence pH buffering, particularly clay mineralogy, but are not accounted for in these models. Future models should include nonclimatic controls on acidity.
  • The political geography of the control of minorities
  • Contrôle social ; Ethnie ; Groupe ethnique ; Géographie politique ; Inégalité des revenus ; Malaisie ; Minorité ; Niveau de vie ; Pouvoir
  • Ethnic group ; Malaysia ; Minority ; Political geography ; Power ; Social control ; Standard of living ; Wage inequality
  • The political geography of plural (or deeply divided) states is elaborated by analysing four key areas of ethnic contrasts : the politicisation of ethnicity, socio-economic gaps, power disparities and competition over land control. This article
  • contributes to the debate between various interpretations of the nature of Malaysian state policy towards its ethnic minorities.
  • The politics of conservation and the complexity of local controls of forests in the Northern Thai Highlands
  • An analysis of recent state conservation policy and the complexities of local control of forest land in northern Thailand. Author holds that government agencies resist allowing ethnic minorities to have a role in conservation. The government
  • maintains that shifting cultivation has only a negative impact on the environment, disregarding the variety of local practices. The state has striven to extend its control over forests, and the implementation of the state's conservation policy has had many
  • Bibliographical control of geological maps in Geoscience information. A state-of-the art review.
  • The management and autonomy of the local state: the role of the judicary in the United States in Special issue on state, the law and the spatial sciences.
  • Contrôle de l'Etat ; Etats-Unis ; Géographie humaine ; Géographie politique ; Pouvoir judiciaire ; Pouvoir local
  • The spatial dimensions of social control. Race, ethnicity, and government housing policy in the United States, 1918-1968 in Modern industrial cities: history, policy and survival.
  • Contrôle social ; Etats-Unis ; Ethnicité ; Géographie humaine ; Logement ; Politique du logement ; Race ; Siècle XX ; Suburbanisation ; Ségrégation urbaine ; Ville
  • Geological and geomorphological controls on the physical landscape of the Free State
  • Afrique du Sud ; Cuvette ; Eolien ; Free State ; Géologie régionale ; Géomorphologie ; Modelé éolien ; Paléo-environnement ; Quaternaire
  • Aeolian features ; Aeolian landform ; Free State ; Geomorphology ; Palaeo-environment ; Quaternary ; Regional geology ; South Africa
  • The paper comprises two parts. The first provides a broad-brush review of the geology and geomorphology of the Free State Province. The second part examines the potential of the Quaternary geomorphology of the Western Free State to contribute
  • Show business: Rangoon’s “war on drugs” in Shan State
  • Birmanie ; Contrôle territorial ; Drogue ; Politique ; Régime politique ; Shan State
  • Burma ; Drug ; Policy ; Political regime ; Territorial control
  • Investigative report exposing as a charade the Burmese military regime’s “War on Drugs” in Shan State. It provides evidence that the drug industry is integral part to the regime’s political strategy to pacify and control Shan State, and concludes
  • in Shan State ; 2 - The SPDC’s “war against drugs” in Shan State ; 3 - The drug trade in Shan State today. - (GL)
  • Local government reform in South Africa: an interpretation of aspects of the State's current proposals
  • Administration ; Afrique du Sud ; Collectivité locale ; Conflit ; Contrôle de l'Etat ; Géographie de l'Afrique ; Population noire ; Représentation électorale ; Réforme administrative ; Structure administrative
  • Local government restructuring to incorporate local level representation of black people is shown to involve strategies for state legitimisation, defusion of conflict at all levels of the administrative hierarchy, and the strenghtening of central
  • control. (AJC).
  • Banking across state lines
  • Deregulation in the American banking industry has led to well established banks moving to cities in other states. One result is an increase in the geographic concentration of banking resources control. - (D. W. Gade).