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  • Field measurements of splash erosion to validate a splash transport model
  • Erosion des sols ; Erosion pluviale ; Expérimentation de terrain ; Géographie physique ; Géomorphodynamique ; Modèle ; Transport par le splash ; Versant
  • The relative significance of splash, rainwash, and wash as processes of soil erosion
  • Experimentation de terrain. Les processus se classent dans l'ordre d'efficacité suivant : rainwash (splash combiné au ruissellement), splash puis ruissellement ( wash ). - (CM)
  • Effect of organic matter on splash detachment and the processes involved
  • Bedfordshire ; England ; Erosion des sols ; Géographie physique ; Matière organique ; Propriété du sol ; Précipitation ; Royaume-Uni ; Sol ; Splash ; Texture
  • The influence of organic matter on splash detachment is investigated using soils with grass and peat treatments. Because of the different processes involved, both negative and positive relationships between splash detachment and aggregate stability
  • Spatial and temporal variations in splash detachment : a field study
  • Belgique ; Erosion des sols ; Propriété du sol ; Précipitation ; Splash ; Statistique
  • Belgium ; Precipitation ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties ; Splash ; Statistics
  • Data on splash detachment collected on the experimental field site of Huldeberg (15 km 55 W of Leuven in the Loam Belt of Belgium) over 11 months show that soil texture is the dominant control on the spatial variability of splash detachment. Better
  • Beijing ; Chine ; Erosion des sols ; Erosion hydrique ; Pente de versant ; Ruissellement ; Simulation de pluie ; Splash
  • Beijing ; China ; Rainfall simulation ; Rill wash ; Slope gradient ; Soil erosion ; Splash ; Water erosion
  • Beijing ; China ; Chorreo ; Erosión de los suelos ; Erosión hídrica ; Inclinación de la vertiente ; Simulacíon de lluvia ; Splash
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of slope gradient on soil erosion and determine the splash contribution to interrill erosion at short steep slopes. An experimental device was used to make simultaneous measurements of interrill
  • splash and wash at various slopes under a constant rainfall intensity in a laboratory setting. The results indicate that upslope splash loss was a very important component of the total splash loss on gentle slopes and may be neglected on slopes greater
  • than 36%. Splash transport was a significant part of interrill sediment delivery at short steep slopes.
  • Splash transport of organic carbon and associated concentration and mass enrichment ratios for an oxisol, Hawaii
  • Agrégat ; Erodabilité ; Erosion des sols ; Erosion hydrique ; Expérimentation ; Hawaii ; Humidité du sol ; Propriétés du sol ; Précipitation ; Splash
  • Aggregate ; Erodibility ; Experimentation ; Hawaii ; Precipitation ; Soil erosion ; Soil moisture ; Soil properties ; Splash ; Water erosion
  • to quantify variations in splash mass flux, splash SOC (soil organic carbon) concentration and splash SOC flux on an individual aggregate size basis and to examine their relationship with EFD and AMC. These data will be used to determine whether splash
  • Erosion des sols ; Propriétés du sol ; Précipitation ; Simulation de pluie ; Splash ; Versant
  • Precipitation ; Rainfall simulation ; Slope ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties ; Splash
  • Presents the results of laboratory experiments on hydrophobic and wettable soils to investigate the differences in 1) the amounts of soil material detached by simulated rainfall, and 2) the splash detachment mechanisms by comparing splash ejection
  • Influence of the slope gradient and supply area on splash scope of the problem in Erosion budgets and their hydrologic basis.
  • Erosion des sols ; Expérimentation ; Géographie physique ; Pente de versant ; Précipitation ; Splash ; Technique de recherche ; Versant
  • Présentation et discussion des résultats des études réalisées sur des parcelles expérimentales. L'intensité du splash augmente avec un degré de pente de 0 à 15o puis diminue.
  • Erosion des sols ; Modèle ; Ruissellement ; Splash ; Versant
  • Model ; Rill wash;Runoff ; Slope ; Soil erosion ; Splash
  • The effect of slope angle on splash detachment has been a matter of discussion for long because it has not always been clearly observed in experiments. In this paper a model, based on the physics of the drop impact, is developed.
  • Work done by splash: laboratory experiments
  • Dynamique de versant ; Erosion des sols ; Erosion pluviale ; Expérience de laboratoire ; Expérimentation ; Géographie physique ; Géomorphodynamique ; Réseau de drainage ; Sable ; Sol ; Splash ; Technique de recherche
  • Soil splash as an important agent of erosion
  • Autriche ; Eau ; Erosion des sols ; Erosion pluviale ; Propriété du sol ; Ruissellement ; Splash
  • Austria ; Raindrop erosion ; Rill wash;Runoff ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties ; Splash ; Water
  • flow takes place. Since many rains in Central Europe do not generate overland flow (too little intensity, too short duration) but splash sets in already at the first drops impact we must regard it as an important denudational process.
  • An improved splash transport model
  • Dynamique de versant ; Erosion fluviatile ; Géographie physique ; Modèle ; Méthodologie ; Simulateur de pluie ; Splash ; Versant
  • Analyse détaillée des différents facteurs qui influencent le transport net par le splash sur une pente uniforme et nue et proposition d'un modèle amélioré de ce transport attachant surtout de l'importance à l'influence des propriétés des sédiments
  • (taille médiane des particules et état initial) sur le détachement et le transport par le splash.
  • A csepperozio torvényszeruségeinek kvantitativ vizsgalata kisérleti korülmények kozott. (Quantitative analysis of the laws governing splash erosion under experimental conditions)
  • Erosion des sols ; Erosion pluviale ; Expérimentation ; Géographie physique ; Géomorphodynamique ; Splash ; Technique de recherche ; Versant
  • The process of splash erosion has been investigated in laboratory. The relation between drop energy and the mass of displaced matter was graphically presented. Threshold energy changes and more subtle features of splash erosion were also detected
  • Aggregate enrichment ratios for splash and wash transported sediment from an oxisol
  • Argile minéral ; Expérimentation ; Granulométrie ; Géochimie ; Pente de versant ; Propriétés du sol ; Simulation de pluie ; Sol ; Splash
  • Clay mineral ; Experimentation ; Geochemistry ; Grain size distribution ; Rainfall simulation ; Slope gradient ; Soil ; Soil properties ; Splash
  • Laboratory rainfall simulation experiments were conducted on a clay-rich kaolinitic oxisol from Hawai'i. The objectives of this study were: 1) to quantify wet-sieved aggregate ER-values for splash and wash transported sediment from a tropical oxisol
  • ; 2) to assess temporal variations in aggregate ER-values for splash and wash under controlled rainfall conditions; 3) to determine the influence of slope angle on splash and wash ER-values.
  • Soil detachment caused by divided rain power from raindrop parts splashed downward on a sloping surface
  • Erosion des sols ; Erosion hydrique ; Expérimentation ; Modèle ; Pente de versant ; Pologne ; Pologne du Sud-Est ; Simulation de pluie ; Splash
  • Experimentation ; Model ; Poland ; Rainfall simulation ; Slope gradient ; Soil erosion ; South-Eastern Poland ; Splash ; Water erosion
  • Erosión de los suelos ; Erosión hídrica ; Experimentación ; Inclinación de la vertiente ; Modelo ; Polonia ; Simulacíon de lluvia ; Splash
  • In modelling interrill erosion caused by raindrops splashed on the soil surface, the parameters most frequently considered are the kinetic energy of the raindrops, the rain power and the rainfall intensity. This paper presents arguments supporting
  • the inclusion among these parameters of that part of the raindrops' kinetic energy that is expended to splash the soil downslope and introduces a theoretical mathematical equation for a dimensionless function of the kinetic energy distribution fd. This study
  • Modelling raindrop impact and splash erosion processes within a spatial cell : a stochastic approach
  • Erosion des sols ; Erosion hydrique ; Modèle ; Modèle stochastique ; Propriétés du sol ; Simulation de pluie ; Splash
  • Model ; Rainfall simulation ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties ; Splash ; Stochastic model ; Water erosion
  • A new approach is proposed to simulate splash erosion on local soil surfaces. Without the effect of wind and other raindrops, the impact of free-falling raindrops was considered as an independent event from the stochastic viewpoint. An empirical
  • linear function combining the kinetic energy and soil shear strength was used to estimate the impacted amount of soil particles by a single raindrop. The total splash amount was seen as the sum of the impact amount by all raindrops in the rainfall event
  • . The comparison of simulated data with measured data showed that this model could be applied to simulate the soil-splash process successfully.
  • Influence of plant morphology on splash erosion in a Mediterranean matorral
  • Domaine méditerranéen ; Erosion des sols ; Erosion hydrique ; Espagne ; Humidité du sol ; Pluie ; Splash ; Valencia ; Végétation
  • Mediterranean area ; Rainfall ; Soil erosion ; Soil moisture ; Spain ; Splash ; Valencia ; Vegetation ; Water erosion
  • L'influence de la morphologie des plantes sur l'érosion par le splash a été étudiée au sein d'un maquis méditerranéen à distribution spatiale discontinue. L'efficacité relative de certaines composantes végétales (litière et canopée) dans le contrôle
  • de l'érosion par le splash a été comparée entre différents types morphologiques de plantes : une plante herbacée touffue, un arbuste à feuilles caduques en été et un arbuste à feuilles persistantes. Les résultats obtenus mettent en évidence
  • l'importance de la canopée dans le contrôle de l'érosion par le splash à microéchelle.
  • Characterization of rainfall generated by dripper-type rainfall simulator using piezoelectric transducers and its impact on splash soil erosion
  • Erosion des sols ; Erosion hydrique ; Honshū ; Japon ; Méthodologie ; Simulation de pluie ; Splash
  • Honshu ; Japan ; Methodology ; Rainfall simulation ; Soil erosion ; Splash ; Water erosion
  • Erosión de los suelos ; Erosión hídrica ; Japón ; Metodología ; Simulacíon de lluvia ; Splash
  • In this paper, the effect of rainfall characteristics produced by a dripper-type rainfall simulator on splash soil erosion (Ds) has been investigated. The simulated rainfall kinetic energy (KE) and drop size distribution (DSD) were measured using
  • piezoelectric transducers. The soil splash was evaluated under various simulated rainfall intensities using the splash-cup method. The simulated rainfall intensity (I) and kinetic energy relationship (I–KE) was found to be different from natural rainfall
  • . The simulated rainfall intensity and splash soil erosion relationship (I–Ds) also followed this same trend. Results and discussion. Accordingly, to improve the soil splash estimation of simulated rainfall under various rainfall intensities the I–KE
  • Shear strength of compacted soil : effects on splash erosion by single water drops
  • Contrainte de cisaillement ; Erosion des sols ; Erosion hydrique ; Modèle ; Propriétés du sol ; Sol cultivé ; Splash
  • Cultivated land ; Model ; Shear stress ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties ; Splash ; Water erosion
  • Erosión de los suelos ; Erosión hídrica ; Modelo ; Propiedades del suelo ; Splash ; Suelo cultivado ; Tensión de cizallamiento
  • To investigate the effects of soil compaction on splash distribution, a dry clayey agricultural soil was compacted in steel cups with a hydraulic piston, and the shear strength was measured with a fall-cone penetrometer. Two cups were compacted
  • in the same manner, using one to measure the shear strength and the second for splash erosion measurements. The spatial distribution of the splashed particles, for different soil compactions, fitted the fundamental splash distribution function (FSDF) model
  • better than the exponential function. The shapes of the curves of this function demonstrated the importance of the source area size. In addition, variability in soil surface conditions contributes to variation in splash characteristics. Detachment rates
  • Estimation of temporal variation in splash detachment in two japanese cypress plantations of contrasting age
  • Cyprès ; Erosion des sols ; Erosion hydrique ; Honshū ; Japon ; Nagano ; Orage ; Plantation ; Précipitation ; Splash
  • Cypress ; Honshu ; Japan ; Plantation ; Precipitation ; Rainstorm ; Soil erosion ; Splash ; Water erosion
  • Erosión de los suelos ; Erosión hídrica ; Japón ; Plantación ; Precipitación ; Splash ; Tormenta
  • By simultaneously monitoring surface runoff using a runoff plot and splash detachment using piezoelectric saltation sensors, the AA. obtained the temporal variation in flow depth data and splash detachment data from both cypress stands. They discuss
  • the quantitative comparison of splash detachment and raindrop kinetic energy, the effect of antecedent rainfall on the rate of splash detachment, and the effect of flow depth on the temporal variation in splash detachment during a rainstorm event.