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  • Soil science reference books
  • Bibliography ; Soil ; Soil classification ; Soil properties ; Soil science ; Textbook
  • This paper focuses on the 7 major soil reference books that were published between 2000 and 2012 : Handbook of Soil Science (2000 and 2012), Encyclopedia of Soil Science (2002 and 2006), Encyclopedia of Soils in the Environment (2005), Encyclopedia
  • of Soil Science (2008), and Soil Science — Reference collection (2009). These soils science reference books contain 1920 articles authored by some 2000 authors. The Handbook of Soil Science covers the basic subdisciplines (physics, chemistry, biology
  • , pedology) most extensively whereas the encyclopedia have more applied entries/articles. Overall, these intradisciplinary reference works show that the soil science discipline is vibrant and has a rapidly expanding knowledge base.
  • [b1] Univ. of Wisconsin, Dep. of Soil Science, Madison, Etats-Unis
  • Introduction: soil horizons
  • Soil horizons
  • Congress ; Soil ; Soil classification ; Soil properties ; Soil science ; Taxonomy
  • The A. presents the meeting and its objective: to discuss the various concepts of soil horizons and the role that soil horizons play in soil characterization, classification and mapping. This number of Catena contains selected papers of this meeting.
  • Some remarks on soil horizon classes
  • Soil horizons
  • Soil ; Soil classification ; Soil properties ; Soil science ; Taxonomy
  • Soil horizons are the results of pedological processes and classes of soil horizon descriptions are seen as fundamental to soil classification. A fuzzy-sets approach to horizon classes is suggested to deal with the intergrading and multivariate
  • nature of soil horizons.
  • Early soil knowledge and the birth and development of soil science
  • Agriculture ; Agropedology ; History of sciences ; Irrigation ; Land use ; Middle Ages ; Modern period ; Nineteenth Century ; Prehistory ; Soil ; Soil classification ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties ; Soil science ; Twentieth Century ; World
  • Agriculture ; Agropédologie ; Classification des sols ; Erosion des sols ; Histoire des sciences ; Irrigation ; Monde ; Moyen Age ; Propriétés du sol ; Préhistoire ; Pédologie ; Siècle 19 ; Siècle 20 ; Sol ; Temps modernes ; Utilisation du sol
  • . Soil science did not become a true science, however, until the 19th century with the development of genetic soil science, led by V. V. Dokuchaev. In the 20th century, soil science moved beyond its agricultural roots and soil information is now used
  • Soils knowledge dates to the earliest known practice of agriculture about 11,000 BP. Civilizations all around the world showed various levels of soil knowledge by the 4th century AD, including irrigation, the use of terraces to control erosion
  • , various ways of improving soil fertility, and ways to create productive artificial soils. Early soils knowledge was largely based on observations of nature; experiments to test theories were not conducted. Many famous scientists worked on soils issues
  • [b1] Dep. of Natural Science and Agriculture and Technical Studies, State Univ., Dickinson, Etats-Unis
  • [b2] ISRIC - World Soil Information, Wageningen, Pays-Bas
  • Soil science as a branch of the natural sciences - Some observations on the occasion of the Fifteenth International Congress of Soil Scientists
  • Methodology ; Soil science ; Soviet school ; Twentieth Century
  • A l'occasion du 25ème congrès international de pédologie (Mexico, juillet 1994), la place de la pédologie dans les sciences et dans la vie est étudiée. L'approche génétique de V.V. Dokučaev en pédologie prend une importance croissante dans cette
  • branche fondamentale des sciences naturelles actuelles. Article traduit du russe, extrait de: Počvovedenie, 1994, n° 4, pp. 5-11.
  • Soil genesis and classification
  • Bibliography ; History of sciences ; Pedogenesis ; Soil ; Soil classification ; Soil science ; Teaching ; Textbook ; United States of America
  • Bibliographie ; Classification des sols ; Enseignement ; Etats-Unis ; Histoire des sciences ; Manuel ; Pédogenèse ; Pédologie ; Sol
  • Some 50 years ago the American soil scientists Stan Buol and Francis Hole hatched idea for the book Soil Genesis and Classification. Now 6 editions of the book have been published and it has become a standard text book in teaching soil science
  • and pedology in the USA. This paper reviews how the book evolved over time, and relates the text to trends and developments in soil formation and soil classification.
  • [b1] Univ. of Wisconsin, Dep. of Soil Science, Madison, Etats-Unis
  • Glossary of terms in soil science.
  • Canadian society of soil science, Canada
  • Soil erosion, T values and sustainability : a review and exercise
  • Erodibility ; Erosion velocity ; Forecast;Prediction ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties ; Soil science ; Teaching
  • Reviews environmental problems of erosion, the essential processes of soil loss, why soil prediction is necessary, tolerance (T) values and land sustainability. An exercise is described in which students estimate soil losses based on included tables
  • Soil horizon designations; Past use and future prospects
  • Soil horizons
  • Concept ; Soil ; Soil classification ; Soil properties ; Soil science ; Taxonomy
  • This paper briefly reviews the history of soil horizon designation use and, in an attempt to promote discussion, presents some possible future developments in the nature and use of these widely used symbols.
  • Soils in an environmental context: an American perspective
  • Agropedology ; Ecosystem ; Environment ; Environmental management ; Global change ; Groundwater ; Landscape ; Nitrate ; Pesticide ; Pollution ; Soil ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties ; Soil science ; Water quality
  • The understanding of fundamental properties of and processes in soils has both agricultural and environmental benefits. On a global basis, soil science will continue to be viewed as primarily an applied agricultural science. Soil science also plays
  • a key role in understanding and modeling the transport of pollutants to ground water and to remediation of polluted urban environments. The AA. provide a few examples of how soil science has contributed to solutions of environmental problems
  • Arctic Ocean;Arctic Region ; Cold area ; Pedogenesis ; Soil classification;Classification of soils ; Soil properties ; Soil science ; Spitsbergen ; Svalbard
  • A review of Polish pedological studies carried out on Spitsbergen since 1957. The first part deals with the important papers going through the sections of soil science. Special attention was focused on arctic soil forming processes, physical
  • properties (changes in soil volume, soil movements, thermal features), chemical properties and soil biology. Another part gives the lines for future pedological studies.
  • The red soils, their origin, properties, use and management in Greece
  • Special Issue. Red Mediterranean soils
  • Agricultural land use ; Clay mineral ; Concept ; Greece ; Irrigation ; Land use ; Mediterranean climate ; Pedogenesis ; Red soil ; Soil ; Soil properties
  • The objectives of this paper are to discuss concepts regarding the geographic distribution and the origin of the Greek red soils, to present basic data on their properties and to discuss their use and management.
  • [b1] Agricultural University of Athens, Dept. of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Athens, Grece
  • [a1] Dept. of Soil Science, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
  • Fire impacts on soil nutrients and soil erosion in a Mediterranean pine forest plantation
  • Ecosystem ; Fire ; Forest ; Israel ; Rill wash;Runoff ; Soil ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties ; Soil science
  • Detailed measurements of soil nutrients, runoff and sediment discharge were made in two plots about 200 m2 each in a plantation of Aleppo and Brutia Pine in the Mediterranean climatic region of Israel. One of the plots was affected by a moderate
  • wildfire at the end of summer 1988. The results suggest that light and moderate forest fires may increase soil fertility without cousing a marked difference in soil runoff and erosion.
  • Soil horizon use by the U.S. soil survey
  • Soil horizons
  • Concept ; Soil ; Soil classification ; Soil properties ; Soil science ; Taxonomy ; United States
  • There are many more possibilities for designating horizons and layers in field descriptions than there are when applying the defined diagnostic horizons that are used in Soil Taxonomy. The first set are based on qualitative judgements, the latter
  • are based on quantitative measurements. The Soil Survey in the United States has found it useful to keep the two kinds of horizon designations separate.
  • Composition of the soil gas phase. Permanent gases and hydrocarbons
  • Belgium ; Geochemistry ; Natural gas ; Soil ; Soil properties ; Soil science
  • The emission of gaseous hydrocarbons (CH4, C2H4, C2H5 and C3H8) and the permanent gases, O2 and CO2 from soils, has been measured during several weeks. Therefore, eighteen soil samples from different regions in Belgium were selected. The gas samples
  • Physical and chemical properties of savanna soils in Northern Bolivia
  • Bolivia ; Floodplain ; Forest soil ; Mineralogy ; Savanna ; Soil ; Soil science ; Taxonomy ; Tropical zone ; Vegetation
  • Soil samples from a savanna in northern Bolivia were examined as part of the first detailed study on the regional vegetation. Soil texture, PH, organic carbon, total nitrogen, exchangeable cations, cation exchange capacity, and base saturation of 29
  • Thermoluminescence dating and chemistry of Quaternary sodic alluvial soils in the Venezuelan savanna
  • Dating ; Geochemistry ; Paleoclimatology ; Quaternary ; Soil ; Soil properties ; Soil science ; Thermoluminescence ; Venezuela
  • Pedological analyses and thermoluminescence dating were carried out on two soil profiles in the alluvial plain of the Orituco River, to determine if the chemical properties of the soil subhorizons are related to the paleoclimatology of the region.
  • A simple method to assess the susceptibility of soils to form surface seals under field conditions
  • Experimentation ; Precipitation ; Rill wash ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties ; Soil science
  • The aim of this study was to develop a simple, inexpensive method to assess the susceptibility of soils to form surface seals under natural tillage and rainfall conditions during a vegetation period, and also, to enable the comparison of sealing
  • susceptibility of different soils.
  • Earth sciences ; Physical geography ; Soil ; Soil science ; Spatial differentiation ; Theory
  • Différenciation spatiale ; Géographie physique ; Pédologie ; Sciences de la Terre ; Sol ; Théorie
  • and to point to the linkages betwenn it and other spheres of knowledge. It is emphasized that soil geography has better chances than ever before to become a progressive geographical sub-discipline that is working towards nomological science status, with a view
  • The article presents soil geography as a developing scientific discipline, and an attempt is made to define it as a branch of knowledge that is a sub-discipline of geography, as well as to determine its objects of study and scientific paradigm
  • to its formulating general theories in regard to the spatial differentiation to soil cover. - (BJ)
  • A procedure for the statistical characterization of the units of the Belgian soil map
  • Belgium ; Soil ; Soil map ; Soil properties ; Soil science ; Statistics ; Taxonomy
  • A procedure for the statistical characterization of the units of the Belgian soil map, published at a scale of 1:20 000, is described and illustrated. It makes use of the information of 8 962 soil profiles described and sampled during the Belgian
  • soil survey campaign and can be considered as an alternative for the use of legend class values and the selection of « reference » profiles. The procedure thereby considers horizons as basic information carriers and accounts for evidence on systematic
  • variation of some properties of a given soil map unit over different regions.