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  • The red soils, their origin, properties, use and management in Greece
  • Special Issue. Red Mediterranean soils
  • Agricultural land use ; Clay mineral ; Concept ; Greece ; Irrigation ; Land use ; Mediterranean climate ; Pedogenesis ; Red soil ; Soil ; Soil properties
  • The objectives of this paper are to discuss concepts regarding the geographic distribution and the origin of the Greek red soils, to present basic data on their properties and to discuss their use and management.
  • 1997
  • [b1] Agricultural University of Athens, Dept. of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Athens, Grece
  • [a1] Dept. of Soil Science, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
  • Clay illuviation in Red Mediterranean Soils
  • Special Issue. Red Mediterranean soils
  • Aeolian dust ; Arid area ; Carbonate ; Clay mineral ; Climatic variation ; Concept ; Dating ; Geochemistry ; Lateritic soil ; Mediterranean States ; Mediterranean area ; Red soil ; Soil ; Soil classification ; Soil properties ; Taxonomy
  • This paper shows the reality of clay illuviation in Red Mediterranean soils under present day environmental conditions, and examines the effects of time and climatic fluctuations during Holocene and Pleistocene on this soil forming process. Textural
  • features and fabrics existing in Red Mediterranean soils are inventoried. The problem of age determination is also addressed, through the use of radiometric dates and correlation with archaeological artifacts.
  • 1997
  • [a1] Dept. of Soil Science, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
  • [b1] Science des Sols et Hydrologie, INA, Thiverval-Grignon, France
  • Distribution and nature of Red Mediterranean soils in lebanon along an altitudinal sequence
  • Special Issue. Red Mediterranean soils
  • Altitude ; Clay mineral ; Lebanon ; Mediterranean area ; Micromorphology ; Red soil ; Soil ; Soil classification ; Soil moisture ; Soil properties ; Taxonomy
  • In Lebanon, the Red soils have been described as Terra-Rossa, Red Mediterranean, Red Fersiallitic, Red Partly Brunified, and Xeralfs. The objectives of this study are: to study the distribution of these soils at various altitudes, and their chemical
  • , physical, mineralogical, and micromorphological properties; to identify their common characteristics and individual peculiarities with respect to soil classification.
  • 1997
  • [a1] Dept. of Soil Science, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
  • [b1] Dept of Soils, American University of Beirut, Beyrouth, Liban
  • The soils of the Parque Natural do Arrábida
  • Catena ; Cultural capacity ; Nature park ; Portugal ; Soil ; Soil catena ; Soil classification ; Soil evolution ; Soil properties ; Soil science
  • 1997
  • Selected topics in chemical and physical soil sciences
  • History of soil science. International perspectives
  • Agropedology ; Central Europe ; Clay mineral ; Communism ; Eastern Europe ; Europe ; Geochemistry ; Germany ; Ideology ; Impact ; Micromorphology ; Mineralogy ; Pedogenesis ; Russia ; Soil ; Soil classification ; Soil properties ; Soil science
  • 1997
  • Soils in the Mediterranean region: what makes them different?
  • Special Issue. Red Mediterranean soils
  • Aeolian dust ; Arid area ; Aridity ; Carbonate ; Clay mineral ; Deforestation ; Global change ; Human impact ; Lateritic soil ; Mediterranean area ; Pedogenesis ; Red soil ; Soil ; Soil classification ; Soil properties ; Taxonomy
  • At least 4 attributes make the Mediterranean world indeed different and largely determine the nature of its soils: specific climate, its mountains, dust from the desert, and the long term effects of man. Space limitation allows only a brief
  • 1997
  • [a1] Dept. of Soil Science, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
  • [b1] Institute of Earth Sciences, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
  • The classification, distribution, and extent of soils with a xeric moisture regime in the United States
  • Special Issue. Red Mediterranean soils
  • Evapotranspiration ; Mediterranean climate ; Soil ; Soil classification ; Soil moisture ; Soil properties ; Taxonomy ; United States of America ; Western United States
  • Soils with cool, moist winters and relatively warm, dry summers, a Mediterranean climate, are recognized as having a xeric moisture regime in Soil Taxonomy, and are classified mostly in taxa that use the formative element xer in the name
  • . In the western part of the United States, soil series with either a xeric moisture regime or an aridic regime bordering on a xeric moisture regime make up more than 48,640,000 ha. They are classified in the orders of Mollisols, Aridisols, Alfisols, Inceptisols
  • 1997
  • [a1] Dept. of Soil Science, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
  • [b1] Soil Classification Staff, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Lincoln, NE, Etats-Unis
  • Comparison of international, national and farmers'classification systems, applied to soils of the Western Dagomba District
  • Agropedology ; Crop yield ; Environmental management ; Farmer ; Ghana ; Land use ; Soil ; Soil classification ; Soil properties ; Sustainable development ; Taxonomy
  • Selected soils developed on the Voltaian Shale formation have been studied. Classification of a vertic and a lateritic soil is compared in 4 systems : 1) Soil Taxonomy (Soil Survey Staff 1996), 2) FAO-UNESCO (1990), 3) the Ghanaian soil
  • classification system (Brammer 1962), and 4) the local Farmer's classification system (Mikkelsen 1994). The comparison deals with the quantity and quality of information provided by each classification name. It is recommended that soil surveys should make
  • 1997
  • [b1] Dep. Soil Science, Univ., Gent, Belgique
  • History of soil science. International perspectives
  • Classification and mapping of soils
  • Agropedology ; Concept ; England ; Europe ; Nineteenth Century ; Soil ; Soil catena ; Soil classification ; Soil map ; Soil properties ; Soil science ; Taxonomy ; Twentieth Century ; United Kingdom ; United States of America
  • 1997
  • The iron content of some red Mediterranean soils from northeast Spain and its pedogenic significance
  • Special Issue. Red Mediterranean soils
  • Catalonia ; Iron ; Lateritic soil ; Mediterranean climate ; Pedogenesis ; Red soil ; Rubefaction ; Soil ; Soil classification ; Soil properties ; Spain ; Taxonomy
  • Alfisols cover 18% of the surface of the NE edge of the Garrat massif (SE of Barcelona, Catalonia). Most of these are Mediterranean red soils. Some representative pedons, especially over Mesozoic limestones, are discussed in this paper. Climate
  • 1997
  • [a1] Dept. of Soil Science, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
  • Red Mediterranean soils in some karstic regions of Taurus mountains, Turkey
  • Special Issue. Red Mediterranean soils
  • Carbonate rock ; Cenozoic ; Clay mineral ; Fracture ; Karst ; Limestone ; Mediterranean climate ; Palaeosol ; Pedogenesis ; Red soil ; Soil ; Soil properties ; Turkey
  • The objective of this work is to provide further explanation regarding the pedogenesis of Red Mediterranean soils in the karstic Mediterranean regions of Turkey. Sedimentary petrology and mineralogy of limestones are the factors that control
  • the course of the pedogenesis. Most of the red soils in the studied karstic regions were likely developed during the Tertiary and hot and humid periods of the Quaternary epochs. Large body of soils which are found in deep limestones suggest their formation
  • 1997
  • [a1] Dept. of Soil Science, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
  • History of soil science. International perspectives
  • Introducing soils as an object of study
  • Agropedology ; Concept ; Epistemology ; Geochemistry ; Humus ; Soil ; Soil classification ; Soil properties ; Soil science ; Taxonomy
  • 1997
  • Relationship between the characteristics of Mediterranean red soils and the age of the geomorphological surfaces in central-western Spain
  • Special Issue. Red Mediterranean soils
  • Chronosequence ; Clay mineral ; Glacis ; Mediterranean climate ; Red soil ; Salamanca ; Soil ; Soil properties ; Spain ; Statistics ; Terrace
  • The main macromorphological characteristics of the soils were analyzed, with a statistical study of the analytical data on 70 samples of Mediterranean Red Soils. The soil typology changes with the age of the surfaces, from soils with a sharp
  • textural contrast at the upper limit of the argillaceous horizon, with a dark red very calyey and very thick Bt horizon (on the oldest surface) to not very thick brown soils without a clear clay illuviation and with a lower content in clay (on the youngest
  • surface). The effect of recent erosion on the morphology of the soils located on a single surface has caused new soils to form superimposed on pre-existing soils.
  • 1997
  • [a1] Dept. of Soil Science, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
  • Special Issue. Red Mediterranean soils
  • Clay mineral ; Irrigation ; Israel ; Micromorphology ; Microstructure ; Porosity ; Soil ; Soil properties ; Soil water ; Turkey ; Vertisol
  • 1997
  • [b1] University of Çukurova, Faculty of Agriculture, Dept. of Soil Science, Adana, Turquie
  • [a1] Dept. of Soil Science, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
  • Berlin ; Cultivated land ; Duricrust ; Germany ; Infiltration ; Loess ; Model ; Precipitation ; Saxony ; Soil ; Soil erosion ; Soil moisture ; Soil properties
  • This study attempts to measure the bulk densities of crusts with a high resolution in depth 1) to provide data on crust densities for a wide range of soil types, 2) to test the above models, and 3) to verify whether the crust bulk density can
  • be related to other, more easily determined soil parameters such as texture. The crust samples used in this study were obtained from a broader study aimed at characterising the effect of sealing on infiltration and sediment yield properties of representative
  • arable soils from northern Germany.
  • 1997
  • [b1] Dep. Soil Science, Inst. Ecology, Technical Univ., Berlin, Allemagne
  • History of soil science. International perspectives
  • conservation ; Soil properties ; Soil science
  • Agricultural land use ; Agropedology ; Arid area ; Australia ; Epistemology ; Fertilizer ; Geochemistry ; Germany ; India ; Micromorphology ; New Zealand ; Nineteenth Century ; Palaeosol ; Pedogenesis ; Russia ; Salinity ; Soil classification ; Soil
  • 1997
  • Element partitioning in sediment, soil and vegetation in an alluvial terrace chronosequence, Limagne rift valley, France : a landscape geochemical study
  • Chronosequence ; Clay mineral ; Fluvial terrace ; France ; Geochemistry ; Leaching ; Massif Central ; Quaternary ; Soil ; Weathering
  • The vertical and lateral partitioning of major and minor elements among sediments, soils and vegetation was studied on river terraces of different ages in the Massif Central, France. The aim of this resarch was to investigate whether differences
  • in weathering and soil developmenton terraces of different age are reflected in the chemical composition of specific plants (grasses and oak trees). This tests the Russian landscape geochemical methodology for characterizing the current landscape.
  • 1997
  • [b1] Dep. Soil Science and Geology, Agricultural Univ., Wageningen, Pays-Bas
  • Experimentation ; Freeze-thaw cycle ; Geophysics ; Model ; Periglacial features ; Shear stress ; Slope dynamics ; Slope gradient ; Soil ; Soil moisture ; Soil temperature ; Solifluction
  • Cold room physical modelling of periglacial solifluction processes on an experimental slope of 12° is described, and data on soil temperatures, surface frost heave, thaw consolidation, downslope soil movement and porewater pressures over 7 freeze
  • -thaw cycles are presented. These data are analysed in the context of laboratory determination of the rheometry of the experimental soils at high moisture contents, providing an empirical basis for future predictive analytical techniques. The AA. discuss
  • 1997
  • [b1] Dep. Earth Sciences, Univ. Wales, Cardiff, Royaume-Uni
  • History of soil science. International perspectives
  • ; Romania ; Russia ; Seventeenth Century ; Soil ; Soil classification ; Soil properties ; Soil science ; United States of America
  • Biologie ; Canada ; Catena ; Classification des sols ; Concept ; Danemark ; Epistémologie ; Etats-Unis ; Géomorphologie ; Histoire des sciences ; Humus ; Loess ; Manitoba ; Micro-organisme ; Micromorphologie ; Norvège ; Paléosol ; Paysage
  • Biology ; Canada ; Catena ; Concept ; Denmark ; Eighteenth Century ; Epistemology ; Geomorphology ; History of sciences ; Humus ; Landscape ; Loess ; Manitoba ; Micro-organism ; Micromorphology ; Nineteenth Century ; Norway ; Palaeosol ; Pedogenesis
  • 1997
  • Algae ; Biogenic process ; Carbonate ; Grain size distribution ; Holocene ; Marne ; Maryland ; Micromorphology ; Palaeo-environment ; Pond ; Sedimentology ; Soil ; Travertine ; United States of America
  • Certain calcareous soils occupying alluvial landscape positions in the Hagerstown (Great) limestone valley of western Maryland have developed from highly calcareous marl sediments of Holocene age.
  • 1997
  • [b1] Dep. Crop and Soil Science, Univ. Georgia, Athens, Etats-Unis