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  • Buried black soils on the slopes of Mt. Kilimanjaro as a regional carbon storage hotspot
  • Landscapes and soils through time
  • Black soil ; Carbon sequestration ; Ecosystem ; Mountain ; Organic materials ; Palaeosol ; Slope gradient ; Soil properties ; Tanzania ; Tropical rain forest ; Volcano
  • In this study, the AA. investigated in detail the soil organic carbon (SOC) content and SOC stocks in soil profiles (mostly Andosols) along 2 altitudinal transects, situated on both the humid southern slopes and on the drier northern slopes
  • of the Kilimanjaro. These paleosol sequences are characterized by high soil organic carbon contents. SOC stocks per square meter exceed those of typical Andosols and Chernozems. As compared to the SOC storage in the surrounding savannah soils of the Maasai Steppe
  • , the buried black soils constitute a distinctive regional carbon storage hotspot.
  • [b1] Inst. of Soil Science and Soil Geography, Dept. of Soil Physics and Inst. of Geomorphology, Univ., Bayreuth, Allemagne
  • [b2] Inst. of Agronomy and Nutritional Sciences, Soil Biogeochemistry, Martin-Luther Univ. Halle-Wittenberg, Halle, Allemagne
  • [a2] Soil Science and Soil Protection Group, Univ., Halle, Allemagne
  • [a3] Inst. of Soil Science and Land Evaluation, Univ. of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Allemagne
  • Red Mediterranean Soils in Jordan : New insights in their origin, genesis, and role as environmental archives
  • Landscapes and soils through time
  • Aeolian features ; Geochemistry ; Jordan ; Palaeo-environment ; Palaeosol ; Pedogenesis ; Red soil ; Soil properties
  • It is disputed whether Terrae Rossae form mainly out of the bedrock residue, from allochthonous material like aerosols, or by isovolumetric replacement. Furthermore, whether they are mainly relic soils or are still forming is subject to debate
  • . These questions were addressed by comparing the geochemistry of several limestone and basalt based Red Mediterranean Soils with Lithosols on sandstone and limestone in Jordan. It is highlighted that basalt and sandstone bedrocks, and local dust sources contribute
  • to soil development. The Red Mediterranean Soils on limestone are mainly derived from Saharan dust. Growing aridity during the Holocene has apparently increased the share of silt while clay deposition and soil development has been reduced. In conclusion
  • , formation of red soils during the Holocene seems very limited, and the Red Mediterranean Soils may represent remains of a paleolandscape.
  • [a2] Soil Science and Soil Protection Group, Univ., Halle, Allemagne
  • [a3] Inst. of Soil Science and Land Evaluation, Univ. of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Allemagne
  • The development of deep soil processes in ancient kurgans of the North Caucasus
  • Landscapes and soils through time
  • Archeological site ; Bronze Age ; Carbonate ; Caucasus ; Chernozem ; Diagenesis ; European part of Russia ; Geochemistry ; Holocene ; Micromorphology ; Palaeosol ; Pedogenesis ; Soil properties
  • to 10 m) and their homogeneous composition (the kurgans were constructed of Chernozemic soil and are underlain by Chernozem) make it possible to study the direction and rate of pedogenetic and diagenetic processes acting at a considerable depth
  • . In these kurgans, deep soil features are represented by calcite, gypsum, and iron concentrations. These deep soil processes differ from soil processes in longer characteristic times. They represent the first stage of the development of the weathering mantle.
  • [a2] Soil Science and Soil Protection Group, Univ., Halle, Allemagne
  • [a3] Inst. of Soil Science and Land Evaluation, Univ. of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Allemagne
  • [b1] Inst. of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscou, Russie, Federation de
  • Landscapes and soils through time
  • Baleares ; Carbon 13 ; Chronostratigraphy ; Climatic variation ; Isotope analysis ; Mallorca ; Micromorphology ; Oxygen 18 ; Palaeosol ; Pedogenesis ; Quaternary ; Soil properties ; Spain
  • , Pleistocene and Holocene. The sites were analysed in terms of colour, CaCO3, δ13 C and δ18 O isotopes, and micromorphology. The pedostratigraphy reflects more advanced soil developed after polycyclic weathering. The reddening results from polygenesis
  • [b1] Inst. of Crop Science and Resource Conservation (INRES), Soil Science and Soil Ecology, Univ., Bonn, Allemagne
  • [a2] Soil Science and Soil Protection Group, Univ., Halle, Allemagne
  • [a3] Inst. of Soil Science and Land Evaluation, Univ. of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Allemagne
  • The evidence of lateral podzolization in sandy soils of Northern Poland
  • Landscapes and soils through time
  • Catena ; Fluvial terrace ; Fluvioglacial features ; Geochemistry ; Northern Poland ; Pedogenesis ; Podsol ; Podsolisation ; Poland ; Sandy soil ; Soil properties
  • Evidence of slope-scale element translocation (lateral podzolization) has been documented in sandy areas of Northern Poland. Landscape position and features of the studied soils suggest inter-pedon translocation of organic matter, iron and aluminum
  • of more complex morphology, small closed depressions act as geochemical traps, where compounds leached from the upper slope soils can accumulate. Radiocarbon dating carried out on a buried Entic Podzol found in one of the profiles shows that the process
  • [a2] Soil Science and Soil Protection Group, Univ., Halle, Allemagne
  • [a3] Inst. of Soil Science and Land Evaluation, Univ. of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Allemagne
  • Stable isotopic composition of carbonate pedofeatures in soils along a transect in the southern part of European Russia
  • Landscapes and soils through time
  • The aim of this research was to obtain systematic data on stable isotopic compositions of C and O in carbonate pedofeatures in modern soils of the European part of Russia. The 7 key-sites were located in Lipetsk, Kursk, Voronezh, Rostov, Manych
  • [b2] Fac. of Soil Science, State Univ., Moscou, Russie, Federation de
  • [a2] Soil Science and Soil Protection Group, Univ., Halle, Allemagne
  • [a3] Inst. of Soil Science and Land Evaluation, Univ. of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Allemagne
  • [b1] Inst. of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscou, Russie, Federation de
  • [b3] A.N. Severtsov Inst. of Ecology and Evolution, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russie, Federation de
  • Landscapes and soils through time
  • Biogeochemistry ; Ethiopia ; Geochemistry ; Phytolith ; Silicon ; Soil ; Soil properties ; Vertisol ; Volcanic glass
  • [b2] Dep. of Geology and Soil Science, Univ., Ghent, Belgique
  • [a2] Soil Science and Soil Protection Group, Univ., Halle, Allemagne
  • [a3] Inst. of Soil Science and Land Evaluation, Univ. of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Allemagne
  • [b4] Dep. of Earth and Environmental Sciences, K. Univ., Geo-Inst., Heverlee, Belgique
  • Landscapes and soils through time
  • Diagenesis ; Himachal Pradesh ; India ; Micromorphology ; Oligocene ; Palaeo-environment ; Palaeosol ; Sedimentary sequence ; Soil properties
  • -preserved in these fossil soils in the form of microstructures, b-fabrics, pedogenic calcite, bioturbation, and textural pedofeatures. Thin-section analysis helped to distinguish pedogenic and diagenetic features of lithified paleosols and to infer
  • [a2] Soil Science and Soil Protection Group, Univ., Halle, Allemagne
  • [a3] Inst. of Soil Science and Land Evaluation, Univ. of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Allemagne
  • Landscapes and soils through time
  • [a2] Soil Science and Soil Protection Group, Univ., Halle, Allemagne
  • [a3] Inst. of Soil Science and Land Evaluation, Univ. of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Allemagne
  • [b1] Inst. of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscou, Russie, Federation de
  • Landscapes and soils through time
  • in the Sayan-Tuva Upland. Paleo-archives covering about 13 000 yrs were studied : paleosol-sedimentary sequences on a delta-alluvial fan of a small river, lacustrine sediments in bottom cores and on palsa-islands and soils of palsa-islands. Continental
  • started in the region about 6 200 cal yrs BP. In contemporary soils aridization is reflected in widely spread Natric features and progressive salinization.
  • [a2] Soil Science and Soil Protection Group, Univ., Halle, Allemagne
  • [a3] Inst. of Soil Science and Land Evaluation, Univ. of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Allemagne
  • [b1] Inst. of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscou, Russie, Federation de
  • Landscapes and soils through time
  • Baden-Württemberg ; Carbonate ; Concretion ; Geochemistry ; Germany ; Loess ; Organic materials ; Palaeo-environment ; Palaeosol ; Pleistocene ; Quaternary ; Root system ; Sedimentary sequence ; Soil properties
  • [b2] Dept. of Soil Science, Univ. of Kassel, Witzenhausen, Allemagne
  • [a2] Soil Science and Soil Protection Group, Univ., Halle, Allemagne
  • [a3] Inst. of Soil Science and Land Evaluation, Univ. of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Allemagne
  • Landscapes and soils through time
  • Carbon 13 ; Mexico ; Palaeo-ecology ; Palaeo-environment ; Palaeosol ; Palaeozoology ; Phytolith ; Pleistocene ; Puebla ; Sedimentary sequence ; Soil properties
  • [a2] Soil Science and Soil Protection Group, Univ., Halle, Allemagne
  • [a3] Inst. of Soil Science and Land Evaluation, Univ. of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Allemagne
  • Landscapes and soils through time
  • [a2] Soil Science and Soil Protection Group, Univ., Halle, Allemagne
  • [a3] Inst. of Soil Science and Land Evaluation, Univ. of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Allemagne