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  • Sex offenders, housing and spatial restriction zones
  • Geographical information system ; Housing ; Ohio ; Public policy ; Sex offenders ; Social control ; Spatial analysis ; Spatial restriction ; United States of America
  • The purpose of the restriction zones (SRZ) is to help protect children and minimize their exposure to convicted sex offenders living in the community. If the implementation of SRZ dramatically reduces viable housing options for registered sex
  • offenders, there are concerns that offenders will be forced to reside in socially disorganized areas that may encourage recidivism. The paper explores the demographic and socioeconomic differences between areas inside and outside SRZs. Implications
  • Sex offender residential movement patterns : a Markov chain analysis
  • This article analyzes residential movement patterns of registered sex offenders in Hamilton County, Ohio, over a three-year period (2005–2007). Results indicate a 46 percent reduction in offenders violating spatial restriction zone policy
  • as compared to a counterfactual case where offenders move as a function of housing distributions. Strong legacy effects are also found as offenders previously in violation of restriction policies move into other restricted zones at a higher rate than offenders
  • who were previously in compliance with the policy. Parcels in restricted zones continue to attract offenders at a higher rate than expected, despite the policy restrictions.
  • Spatial is special: a socio-geographic profile of offenders in the city of Tshwane, South Africa
  • The spatial origin and development of criminal offenders in Tshwane indicate that location is an important risk factor for criminal offending. Different patterns emerge for the location of economic, violence and sexual offenders, but particular
  • suburbs stand out with higher rates of offenders from the remainder of the metropolis. - (AJC)
  • Sex offenders and residential location : a predictive-analytical framework
  • Forecast ; Kentucky ; Location ; Neighbourhood ; Public policy ; Residential choice ; Sex offenders ; Social geography ; Sociological integration ; Spatial analysis ; Spatial distribution ; United States of America ; Urban area
  • Criminal neighbourhoods : does the density of prior offenders in an area encourage others to commit crime?
  • This paper explores whether the density of prior offenders in a neighbourhoods has an influence on the propensity of others to (re)commence offending in Glasgow. It shows that the number of ‘newly active’ offenders in a neighbourhood in the current
  • quarter is positively associated with the density of prior offenders for both violent and property crime from the previous two years. In the case of newly active property offenders, the relationship with active prior offenders is apparent only when prior
  • offender counts exceed the median. The paper postulates that intraneighbourhood social mechanisms may be at work to create these effects. The results suggest that policies which concentrate offenders in particular neighbourhoods may increase the number
  • of newly active offenders, and point to evidence of a threshold at which these effects take place.
  • Urban poverty traps : neighbourhoods and violent victimisation and offending in Nairobi, Kenya
  • This project examines violent victimisation and offending in poor urban neighbourhoods in Nairobi, Kenya. Results demonstrate that there is a positive relationship between residential stability and violent victimization by strangers and it shows
  • Carceral Chicago : making the ex-offender employability crisis
  • Modelling high-intensity crime areas : comparing police perceptions with offence/offender data in Sheffield
  • Crossing the racial divide : a spatial-ecological perspective of offenders in the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality, South Africa
  • are vulnerable to high burglary rates, The journey to burgle analysis shows the proximity of offender and victim in cases of residential burglary.