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  • Sea level
  • Bog ; Coastal dynamics ; Coastal environment ; Foraminifera ; Global change ; Indicator ; Quaternary ; Sea level
  • This report examines recent developments in relation to present (and anticipated future) sea level, Quaternary sea-level fluctuations, the response of coastal landforms to sea-level change and the use of biological indicators of sea-level change.
  • Relationship between the decrease of sea ice and early summer atmospheric circulation in and around the Sea of Okhotsk
  • Anticyclone ; Atmospheric circulation ; Ocean atmosphere interaction ; Pacific Region ; Sea ice ; Time series ; Years 1970-79 ; Years 1980-89 ; Years 1990-99
  • The aim of this study is to clarify the relationships between the variability in sea ice area in the Sea of Okhotsk during the sea ice disappearance period, and the variability in the atmospheric circulation around the sea of Okhotsk during
  • the early summer, focused on the effects of the sea ice on the atmosphere. A strengthening of the Okhotsk anticyclone is presumed to be related to variability in the decrease in sea ice in the Sea of Okhotsk.
  • Sea level
  • Bibliography ; Coastal environment ; Eustatism ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; Impact ; Quaternary ; Sea level ; Shoreline
  • This report will concentrate on aspects of Quaternary sea-level change, summaries of trends in sea-level over recent decades from tide gauges, and predictions of future sea-level change and the anticipated responses of the coast.
  • Distribution, morphology and structure of sea ice pressure ridges in the Baltic Sea
  • Arctic Region ; Atlantic Ocean ; Baltic Sea ; Geophysics ; Glacier mass balance ; Glaciology ; Oceanology ; Remote sensing ; Sea ice ; Spatial variation ; Statistics
  • This is a pioneer work to carry out a detailed study of sea ice pressure ridges in the Baltic Sea. The results are based on field measurements. They include measurements of such as the inside structure of ridges and the orientation of ice blocks
  • in the ridges sails. The aim of this paper is to serve as a basic information about the structure, morphology and distribution of the pressure ridges in the Baltic Sea. The results are compared with the information about the ridges in the Arctic Seas.
  • Introduction to the geomorphology of the Wadden Sea area in Geomorphology of the Wadden Sea area, final report of the section Geomorphology of the Wadden Sea Working Group.
  • Main features of the development of the Wadden Sea area are described: limitation of the area, the rise of the sea level since the Weichselian Glaciation, the sediment balance, the coastal development and the international position of the Wadden Sea
  • Rekreation i det danske vadehav Recreation in the Danish Wadden Sea
  • Danemark ; Géographie de l'Europe ; Loisir ; Wadden Sea
  • Ecological and geographical characteristics of the coastal zone of the Black Sea
  • Black Sea environment
  • Black Sea ; Coastal environment ; Ecology ; Geosystem ; Land use ; Rill wash;Runoff
  • The coastal zone of the Black Sea is viewed as marine terrestrial geosystem. This article largely treats the terrestrial part of the coastal zone of the Black Sea and provides information on the landscapes, the structure of land use
  • The impact of recreation in the Black Sea region on surface and sea water quality―Sochi case study
  • Black Sea environment
  • Black Sea ; Coastal environment ; Human impact ; Pollution ; Recreation area ; Water quality
  • Sochi, the largest health resort in the country, is taken as an example to analyze a negative anthropogenic impact on the Black Sea coast environment, in particular on surface and sea waters. The paper gives the results of an integrated pollution
  • The sea level in the last interglacial
  • Changes in the water regime of the Caspian Sea
  • Caspienne Sea ; Climatic variation ; Climatic warming ; Eurasia ; Forecast;Prediction ; Ground survey ; Salt lake ; Sea ; Sea level ; Water balance
  • The article deals with issues of structure and dynamics of the Caspian Sea water balance. An attempt has been undertaken to present a scenario of possible sea-level position of the Caspian Sea with the versions of climatic changes at the end
  • Late- and Postglacial sea-level change and paleoenvironments in the Oder estuary, southern Baltic Sea
  • Atlantic Ocean ; Baltic Sea ; Deglaciation ; Estuary ; Geochemistry ; Lateglacial ; Palaeo-environment ; Postglacial ; Sea level ; Tracer
  • This study provides new observational data of coastal development and sea-level change for the Baltic Sea region, and aims to test the applicability of geochemical tracers. Specific attention is given to 1) compositional variations within the Oder
  • Sea level, surface salinity of the Japan Sea, and the Younger Dryas event in the northwestern Pacific Ocean
  • Climatic variation ; Geochronology ; Marine quaternary ; Oceanology ; Oxygen 18 ; Pacific Ocean;Pacific Region ; Paleo-environment ; Salinity ; Sea level ; Sea of Japan ; Surface water
  • The AA. review some of the latest Quaternary paleoenvironmental changes in the Japan Sea, and discuss possible mechanisms linking sea level change driven primarily by North Atlantic events and a Younger Dryas-type oscillation in the northwest
  • Form elements of the Wadden Sea area in Geomorphology of the Wadden Sea area, final report of the section Geomorphology of the Wadden Sea Working Group.
  • The landscapes and form elements of the Wadden Sea region are predominantly of marine origin, but as they have developed along with a general rise in sea level and a transgression of the coastal region, the landscape details are of a very complex
  • The salt balance of the Aral Sea
  • The Aral Sea basin. A Man-made environmental catastrophe
  • Aral Region ; Former USSR ; Hydrochemistry ; Hydrology ; Precipitation ; Salinity ; Sea level ; Sea water ; Soviet Central Asia ; Stream flow
  • The estimate of the salt balance of the Aral Sea is of general importance when considering the problem of the necessity and possibility to keep the Aral Sea in definite borders. The A. considers in detail every point of the salt balance before
  • the sea level dropped: surface (river and irrigation) drainage; underground discharge of dissolved salts to the Aral Sea; salts income with liquid and solid precipitation; deflation of salts to the atmosphere, from the sea surface; accumulation in the bays
  • ; alteration of the principal components of the sea salt budget during the last 30 years.
  • Sea level rise
  • Forecast ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; New Zealand ; Sea level
  • This paper concerns a few of many important aspects of the treatment given to sea-level rise postulated to attend global warming under the greenhouse warming group of hypotheses. Particular atteention is paid to the last 5 years of this debate.
  • Can better environmental inputs improve sea clutter estimation? A numerical experiment
  • Examines the effects of better environmental inputs to a sea clutter model. Outlines and discuss the way of improving the existing sea clutter models. - (CB)
  • Climatic change, ice sheets and sea level in Sea level ice and climatic change.
  • Biohydrochemical causes of the changes of Black Sea ecosystem and its present condition
  • Black Sea environment
  • Biogeochemistry ; Black Sea ; Ecosystem ; Human impact ; Marine environment ; Nitrate ; Phosphate ; Pollution
  • The permanent growth of phosphate, nitrogen and silicon results from the construction of numerous hydroelectric power-stations on all the great rivers flowing to the Black Sea. Most of silicon is accumulated in the reservoirs where phytoplankton
  • is rapidly developed, and instead of phosphates and nitrates, organic compounds of these elements flow out to the sea. This has caused the essential transformation of the whole Black Sea ecosystem.
  • Early Holocene marine flooding of the Black Sea
  • Bathymetry ; Black Sea ; Current ; Echosounding ; Flood ; Holocene ; Marine quaternary ; Palaeo-environment
  • Echo-sounding data recorded in the Black Sea in 1969 imaged a chain of hills 5- to 150-m high at a depth of 2000-2200 m that resemble hills on the lower continental rise. Like those hills, the features in the western Black Sea may have been created
  • by bottom currents. The easterly flowing currents inferred to have formed the hills may be related to a catastrophic flood of the Black Sea from the Sea of Marmara 7150 yr ago.
  • Geomorphological response of the East Frisian barrier islands to sea-level rise: an investigation of past and future evolution
  • Climatic warming ; Deglaciation ; Germany ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; Holocene ; Island ; Lagoon ; Model ; Nature conservation ; North Sea ; Quaternary ; Sea level
  • Post-glacial sea-level rise has resulted in shoreline erosion in many places. Sandy barrier islands migrate in a landward direction in order to compensate for the rise in sea-level. Several models for the possible response of the East Frisian
  • barrier islands and tidal flats to the Holocene sea-level rise are summarized.