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  • Nature and distribution of frozen saline sediment on the Russian Arctic coast
  • Arctique ; Gel ; Littoral ; Pergélisol ; Propriétés du sol ; Périglaciaire ; Russie ; Salinisation ; Sol salin ; Zone froide
  • Arctic Region ; Coastal environment ; Cold area ; Freezing ; Periglacial features ; Permafrost ; Russia ; Saline soil ; Salinisation ; Soil properties
  • This paper examines frozen fine-grained soils, mainly of Pleistocene and Holocene age, that are distributed along the Arctic coast at the surface and which contain soluble salts. Salinization is determined by both the conditions at formation
  • , and subsequent processes at cryogenic temperatures. An increase in salinization with depth is observed. This is most likely caused by moving of salts from the upper permafrost layers as the result of the migration of pore water. Salinization in general increases
  • with an increase in ice content. An important feature of the saline soils of the Russian Arctic coast is their heterogeneity.
  • The temperature/salinity relationships of the south west Indian Ocean
  • Indian Ocean ; Oceanology ; Salinity ; Sea water ; Temperature ; Water mass
  • The south west Indian Ocean may be delimited into a series of distinct water masses based on characteristic temperature and salinity relationships. - (AJC)
  • Anhydromorphic and hydromorphic saline soils
  • Géographie physique ; Israël ; Propriété physico-chimique ; Pédogenèse ; Sol ; Sol salin ; Taxonomie
  • Anhydromorphic and hydromorphic saline soils resemble the surface water and the ground water type of soil formation, thus differ fundamentally in geomorphic position, geochemical accumulations and ecological properties and should be differentiated
  • Fixation des sols salins de la région d'Aral par des adjuvants complexes
  • Agropédologie ; Aral ; Ex-URSS ; Géochimie ; Sol ; Sol salin ; Srednââ Aziâ
  • Agropedology ; Aral Region ; Former USSR ; Geochemistry ; Saline soil ; Soil ; Soviet Central Asia
  • The possibility to develop a water-stable structure in saline soils of the Aral region by applying calcium hydroxide with surfactants is considered. - (L'Ed.).
  • Irrigation with saline water in Water and agriculture.
  • Domaine aride ; Domaine semi-aride ; Eau saline ; Géographie physique ; Irrigation ; Lessivage ; Nutrition minérale ; Ressources en eau ; Salinité ; Sol salin
  • Techniques d'irrigation par aspersion ou par infiltration permettant l'usage d'eaux salines et donc d'accroître la production agricole. Article théorique, se basant sur les méthodes appliquées en Israël.
  • Spatial and seasonal variations of soil salinity following vegetation restoration in coastal saline land in eastern China
  • Chine ; Chine de l'Est ; Chongmind ; Humidité du sol ; Ile ; Propriétés du sol ; Restauration écologique ; Salinité ; Shanghai ; Sol ; Sol salin ; Variation saisonnière ; Végétation
  • China ; Eastern China ; Ecological restoration ; Island ; Saline soil ; Salinity ; Seasonal variation ; Shanghai ; Soil ; Soil moisture ; Soil properties ; Vegetation
  • In Chongmind Island, eastern China, the AA. explored the way vegetation restoration affected the profile distributions of soil moisture and salinity in various seasons in naturally salt-affected coastal saline land. In four types of vegetation, five
  • soil cores were acquired in the 80 cm depth range. Salt profiles showed the higher values in surface soil in control plots, whereas the pattern of soil salinity showed the reverse trend under vegetation. The effect of vegetation restoration
  • on the profile distributions of salt is significant. In control plots, soil moisture and salinity showed a clear seasonal trend. Relative to control plots, the seasonal trend of soil moisture and salinity under vegetation appeared to be complex for no clear trend
  • was observed. It can be concluded that plant communities significantly affect the spatial–temporal distribution of soil salinity. The selection of plant species is important in the reclamation of costal saline land.
  • Salinity problem of groundwater in the Wadi Tharad Basin, Saudi Arabia
  • Aquifer ; Arid area ; Evaporation ; Hydrochemistry ; Hydrogeology ; Irrigation ; Risk ; Salinity ; Saudi Arabia
  • In Wadi Tharad the groundwater has been subjected to hydrochemical study to identify the process (s) that led to the formation of relatively highly saline water in shallow alluvial aquifer. The chemical analyses results show that the groundwater
  • salinity was highly variable and randomly distributed along the wadi course. This variation could be attributed to intensive evaporation on effluent prone surface irrigation water that led to precipitation of evaporates. The intensive irrigation practice
  • through mineral dissolution recharged the groundwater with a marked increase in the salinity.
  • Agroclimatologie ; Blé ; Chine ; Domaine aride ; Evapotranspiration ; Hebei ; Microclimat ; Propriétés du sol ; Salinité ; Sol salin ; Utilisation du sol
  • Agroclimatology ; Arid area ; China ; Evapotranspiration ; Hebei ; Land use ; Microclimate ; Saline soil ; Salinity ; Soil properties ; Wheat
  • Properties of the soil surface layer, the temporal pattern of the microclimate variables as well as crop condition were combined to analyze the characteristics of the evapotranspiration from winter wheat fields in a saline soil area. The objectives
  • of this study are 1) to determine the characteristics of evapotranspiration in saline soils, with especial emphasis on its partition into transpiration and evaporation, and 2) to analyze the effect of soil salinity on the actual evapotranspiration.
  • Land use capability of saline desert soils in Southern Jordan
  • Settling processes in a saline environment. Discussion of paper by Bengt Calles
  • The Aral Sea: a saline lake in transition
  • Aral Region ; Brackish environment ; Ecosystem ; Fauna ; Flora ; Former USSR ; Impact ; Lake ; Salinity ; Soviet Central Asia
  • This paper deals with a pragmatic aspect of the Aral Sea problem. The question is how does salt (or salinity) per se effect the demise of a lake's ecosystem?
  • Vegetation and land use inventory of an Indian rural ecosystem with saline edaphic zones
  • Action anthropique ; Agrosystème ; Chokari, région ; Ecosystème ; Ecosystème rural ; Facteur édaphique ; Flore ; Géographie de l'Asie ; Inde ; Inventaire écologique ; Paysage naturel ; Sol ; Sol salin ; Utilisation du sol ; Végétation ; Zone
  • Inventaire floristique et utilisation agricole des régions à sols plus ou moins salins dans la région de Chokari (Gujarat, Inde) en 1977. (OC).
  • Landsat imagery for mapping saline soils and wet lands in north-west India
  • Cartographie thématique ; Géographie de l'Asie ; Image Landsat ; Inde ; Milieu humide ; Sol salin ; Télédétection
  • L'image Landsat est un outil pour cartographier les sols salins et les terres humides du NW de l'Inde. - (CB)
  • Settling processes in a saline environment
  • Argile ; Diffractométrie ; Evaporite ; Géographie physique ; Milieu salin ; Mode de dépôt ; Sédimentation ; Sédimentologie ; Technique de recherche
  • Etude expérimentale du comportement des fines en suspension lors de leur dépôt dans un milieu salin. L'effet de floculation est illustré par les courbes de fréquence de répartition des différents diamètres. Les analyses ont été réalisées à l'aide
  • Research on possible changes in the distribution of saline seepage in the Netherlands.
  • Analyse hydrogéologique des relations entre les eaux douces et les eaux salines dans les nappes phréatiques des Pays-Bas. Techniques de recherche et résultats. (CG).
  • Kustarnikovye pastbisca zasolennyh pocv Central'noj zony Livii. (Les pâturages arbustifs sur sols salins dans la région centrale de la Libye)
  • Domaine aride ; Formation arbustive ; Fourrage ; Géographie de l'Afrique ; Libye ; Pastoral ; Productivité végétale ; Pâturage ; Sol salin
  • Kategorizacia zasolenych pôd pre ich zurodnenie v oblasti Podunajskej niziny Categorization of salinized soils with a view to their reclamation within the Danube lowland area
  • Carte ; Classification ; Danube vallée ; Géographie de l'Europe ; Sol ; Sol salin ; Taxonomie ; Tchécoslovaquie
  • Out of the numerous available factological materials of the Complex Pedological Survey as well as some experience all the salinized soils of the Danube lowland are classified according to both intensity and predisposition to secondary salinization
  • Saline maritime soils of Estonia
  • Eau de mer ; Estonskaja SSR ; Littoral ; Mer Baltique ; Sol ; Sol salin ; URSS d'Europe
  • Coastal environment ; European part of USSR ; Saline soil ; Sea water ; Soil
  • Les sols salins maritimes sont très répandus sur le littoral estonien. La formation de ces sols est fortement déterminée par l'eau de mer lors d'une inondation temporaire, comme par les eaux du sol caractérisées par une forte minéralisation, une
  • Salinity of marshes along the James Bay coast, Ontario, Canada
  • The salinities of tide water and sediments from the northern and the southern sectors of the coastal marshes are compared. In the north, Bay water of relatively high salinity is introduced to the marsh by tides, as is generally found in coastal
  • marshes elsewhere. The tidewater in southern James Bay has low salinity and the salt in the marsh is released by molecular diffusion from relict salt deposited with the post-glacial Tyrrell sea sediments. This study demonstrates that the salt in coastal
  • Vodnyj i solevoj balans Baltijskogo morja (Bilan hydrologique et salin de la mer Baltique)
  • Atlantique ; Baltique ; Bilan hydrologique ; Bilan salin ; Eau de mer ; Géographie de l'Europe ; Hydrochimie ; Mer ; Salinité
  • Pour la première fois étude d'un bilan salin relativement complet de la mer Baltique sur la base du bilan hydrologique. Essai d'estimation de l'erreur dans le calcul des résultats obtenus. Composition saline de quelques cours d'eau du bassin de la