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Résultats de la recherche (206 résultats)

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  • Planning Rural-Urban Landscapes: Railways and Countryside Urbanisation in South-West Flanders, Belgium (1830–1930)
  • Belgium ; Flanders ; Land use ; Landscape ; Nineteenth Century ; Planning ; Public works ; Railway network ; Rural landscape ; Transport network ; Twentieth Century ; Urban landscape ; Urbanization ; infrastructure planning ; landscape history
  • ; mobility ; rural-urban landscapes ; urbanisation
  • Belgique ; Paysage ; Paysage rural ; Paysage urbain ; Planification ; Réseau de transports ; Réseau ferroviaire ; Siècle 19 ; Siècle 20 ; Travaux publics ; Urbanisation ; Utilisation du sol ; Vlaanderen
  • Aprovechamiento del suelo ; Bélgica ; Flandes ; Obras públicas ; Paisaje ; Paisaje rural ; Paisaje urbano ; Planificación ; Red de transportes ; Red ferroviaria ; Siglo 19 ; Siglo 20 ; Urbanización
  • the development of rural-urban landscapes reaches back far beyond the welfare state, fuelled by railways prior to highways, but also shows that the supposedly chaotic hybrid landscape has its roots in drawn-out landscape ideologies inscribed in public works policy
  • . The analysis—which crosses the divides between disciplines (landscape and infrastructure planning), concepts (rural-urban, modern-traditional), and geographical scales (national, regional, local)—reveals consistently planned mechanisms of public works policy
  • In the international literature on today’s urban condition, Flanders is presented as prime example of urban sprawl, generally described as unplanned incremental development induced by the quantum leap of private car ownership. The research on rural
  • -urban landscapes in south-west Flanders qualifies and substantiates this assertion by analysing pre-war keystone processes of infrastructure planning in relation to land-use patterns and landscape transformations. The research reveals that not only
  • and landscape change underlying both the diffuse regional urbanisation patterns and local landscape transformations, which are generally perceived as spontaneous or vernacular developments. Infrastructure planning facilitated a spatial organisation
  • within the landscape.
  • 2014
  • Perceiving the ordinary : a study of everyday landscapes in Belgium
  • Agricultural landscape ; Attractiveness ; Belgium ; Educational level ; Flanders ; Gender ; Landscape ; Perception ; Rural landscape ; Subjectivity ; Typology ; Wallonie
  • Attractivité ; Belges ; Belgique ; Genre ; Niveau d'instruction ; Paysage ; Paysage agricole ; Paysage ordinaire ; Paysage rural ; Perception ; Subjectivité ; Typologie ; Vlaanderen ; Wallonie
  • Bélgica ; Flandes ; Género ; Nivel de instrucción ; Paisaje ; Paisaje rural ; Percepción ; Tipología ; Valonía
  • This paper investigates differences in opinion about the attractiveness of these landscapes between groups of people according to their linguistic area and other socio-demographic characteristics in Belgium. Dutch speakers found chessboard agrarian
  • landscapes more attractive. Less educated par-ticipants felt more positive towards anthropogenic landscapes. Women were more attracted by farmed fields. Qualitative data added depth to the analysis, permitting to explore different ways in which people related
  • to the landscape pictures.
  • 2014
  • Farmer identity in multifunctional landscapes : using a collective identity construct to explore the nature and impact of occupational identity
  • Agricultural landscape ; Agriculture ; Australia ; Farmer ; Identity ; Landscape ; Multifunctionality ; Profession ; Rural landscape ; Rural property ; Victoria
  • Agriculteur ; Agriculture ; Australie ; Identité ; Multifonctionnalité ; Paysage ; Paysage agricole ; Paysage rural ; Profession ; Propriété rurale ; Victoria
  • Agricultor ; Agricultura ; Australia ; Identidad ; Paisaje ; Paisaje rural ; Profesión ; Propiedad rural ; Victoria
  • This paper examines the efficacy of relying on self-declared occupational identity through the analysis of rural landholder survey data in Victoria state, Australia. First, it distinguishes self-declared identity of farmer/non-farmer and social
  • and farming variables expected to be correlated with occupation. It seems that this approach is a valid and cost-effective way to explore occupational identity amongst rural landholders. The paper concludes with a discussion of the potential benefits of moving
  • 2014
  • Agricultural Landscape Sustainability under Pressure : Policy Developments and Landscape Change
  • Pathways towards Local Scale Policy Integration in Agricultural Landscapes
  • Agricultural landscape ; Agricultural policy ; Agriculture ; Counterurbanization ; Denmark ; Farmer ; Planning ; Sustainable development ; Urbanization
  • . Most of these farmers are hobby farmers with an urban income who have moved from an urban setting to the rural landscape. As such, these hobby farmers represent a form of urbanisation, usually termed ‘counter-urbanisation’, and they manage the landscape
  • Agricultural landscape sustainability is affected by combinations of agricultural developments and various forms of urbanisation. This paper analyses how public policy, including spatial planning, has responded over time and affected these two
  • differently to full-time farmers, while they also affect demand for land and thus price levels. Furthermore, long-term and recent developments in public policy as responses to changing agricultural landscapes are analysed and discussed. With a focus on counter
  • . The paper proposes a collaborative landscape planning approach to ensure policy integration and to promote agricultural landscape sustainability.
  • 2014
  • [b1] Forest and Landscape, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Danemark
  • Preservation and Development : The Cultural Landscape and Heritage Paradox in the Netherlands
  • Pathways towards Local Scale Policy Integration in Agricultural Landscapes
  • Cultural identity ; Cultural landscape ; Cultural patrimony ; Development ; Landscape ; Netherlands (The) ; Site preservation
  • Heritage managers and spatial planners have traditionally developed conservation-oriented (that is, defensive) strategies to protect archaeological–historical values in rural landscapes. However, despite increasing government policy conservation
  • efforts, rural landscapes face continuous encroachment. In the Netherlands, an interdisciplinary research programme entitled ‘Protecting and Developing the Archaeological-Historical Landscape’ has explored an alternative approach that focuses on non
  • -destructive change with the help of the concept of landscape biography. This paper presents an overview of the underlying philosophy and the lessons learned from two specific cases. The maintenance-by-way-of-development concept can help resolve the apparent
  • paradox between landscape heritage preservation and development. The development strategy combines storytelling and scientific analysis in order to assist in the building of territorial identity. However, the fact that the policy concept and the underlying
  • 2014
  • Local place names as a part of landscape memory (Case study from Haná region, Czech Republic)
  • of questionnaire survey that the majority of pupils in rural schools in Haná do not currently know the specific local names in the landscape. At present, a large share in maintaining the knowledge of landscape local names can be attributed to local and regional
  • This paper presents the research results regarding the level of knowledge of the landscape place names in the Haná region (Czech Republic) in children belonging to the age group of primary school pupils. It was revealed by the method
  • social activities aimed at conservation of the traditions of folk culture and at maintaining the relationship of the young generation to the landscape. - (EN)
  • 2014
  • Poverty, place, and rurality : material and sociocultural disconnections
  • Aide sociale ; Communauté ; Géographie sociale ; Pauvreté ; Population rurale ; Royaume-Uni ; Sentiment d'appartenance ; Wales
  • Community ; Poverty ; Rural population ; Sense of belonging ; Social assistance ; Social geography ; United Kingdom ; Wales
  • Ayuda social ; Comunidad ; Gales ; Geografía social ; Población rural ; Pobreza ; Reino Unido ; Sentimiento de pertenencia
  • material and sociocultural aspects of rural poverty, with community belonging and attachment to landscape appearing more significant than material hardship and social exclusion within poor people’s narratives of their everyday lives. Community belonging
  • This paper examines how people on low income construct their lives more in relation to their social and cultural worlds than to issues of low income and material deprivation in rural Wales. The findings reveal important disconnections between
  • is also bound up with particular moral discourses of welfare and rurality that act to perpetuate situations of material poverty within rural places.
  • 2014
  • The challenge of enhancing accessibility to recreational landscapes
  • Accessibility ; Landscape ; Leisure ; Outdoor recreation ; Perception ; Rural planning
  • Accessibilité ; Aménagement rural ; Loisir ; Loisirs de plein air ; Paysage ; Perception
  • Accesibilidad ; Ocio ; Ocio al aire libre ; Ordenamiento rural ; Paisaje ; Percepción
  • 2014
  • The Landscape as an Asset in Southern European Fragile Agricultural Systems : Contrasts and Contradictions in Land Managers Attitudes and Practices
  • Pathways towards Local Scale Policy Integration in Agricultural Landscapes
  • Agricultural landscape ; Attitude ; Europe ; Farmer ; Landscape ; Management ; Post-productivism ; Southern Europe
  • Transition theories suggest that there is a spatial, temporal and structural co-existence of several processes of transition from productivism to post-productivism going on in rural areas in multiple combinations resulting in a more complex
  • , contested, variable mix of production, consumption and protection goals. This is particularly true for South European landscapes dominated by extensive agro-silvo-pastoral systems. The fragile agricultural sector is in some cases just entering
  • the productivist phase, let alone moving towards post-productivism both in terms of discourse and management practices. At the same time, these are landscapes increasingly valued by society, and this demand should encourage new strategies for farm survival and new
  • is produced, aiming to grasp the combination between their management practices in the farm and their expressed attitudes towards farm management and the role of their farm in the landscape. Results reveal some inconsistencies between land managers’ intentions
  • and their landscape outcomes, in an opposite sense to what has been earlier identified in Northwestern Europe. Even if they manage a multifunctional system, their self-concept is dominantly productivist and not affected by the public expectations of multifunctionality
  • 2014
  • Recomposition territoriale d'un espace rural flou : l'exemple du Pays des Etangs en Moselle
  • France ; Heritage-scape ; Lorraine ; Moselle ; Pond ; Rural area ; Rural landscape ; Territorial identity ; Tourism
  • Espace rural ; Etang ; France ; Identité territoriale ; Lorraine ; Moselle ; Paysage patrimonial ; Paysage rural ; Tourisme
  • Espacio rural ; Estanque ; Francia ; Identidad territorial ; Paisaje rural ; Turismo
  • Le Pays des Étangs en Moselle est un espace flou, né d’une marge frontalière inscrite entre le Saulnois et le pays de Sarrebourg. Espace rural fragilisé, il disposait d’atouts, notamment son identité paysagère. Cette dernière est à l’origine d’une
  • renaissance rurale fondée sur un développement touristique spontané, appuyé sur les pôles des étangs. Depuis, les dynamiques touristiques ont été relayées par différents acteurs publics ou privés. Aujourd’hui cette revivification de l’espace rural donne
  • 2014
  • Changement climatique ; Climat ; Communauté rurale ; Déboisement ; Ghana ; Géographie sociale ; Participation ; Processus d'apprentissage ; Précipitation ; Scénario ; Tanzanie ; Visualisation
  • Climate ; Climatic change ; Deforestation ; Ghana ; Learning process ; Participation ; Precipitation ; Rural community ; Scenario ; Social geography ; Tanzania
  • Cambio climático ; Clima ; Comunidad rural ; Desmonte ; Escenario ; Geografía social ; Ghana ; Participación ; Precipitación ; Tanzania
  • 2014
  • [b3] Dept. of Landscape Architecture and Graduate Ecology Program, Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, Etats-Unis
  • Agricultural land use ; Australia ; Environmental change ; Extensive livestock farming ; Land ; Livestock farming ; Pastoral ; Pastureland ; Rural landscape ; Stewardship
  • Australie ; Australie centrale ; Changement environnemental ; Elevage ; Elevage extensif ; Foncier ; Intendance ; Pastoral ; Paysage rural ; Pâturage ; Utilisation agricole du sol
  • Aprovechamiento agrícola del suelo ; Australia ; Bienes raíces ; Ganadería ; Ganadería extensiva ; Paisaje rural ; Pasto ; Pastoral
  • 2014
  • autonomous small-area rural collectives, which creates a fragmented urbanising landscape. Second, that fragmentation and excessive conversion of farmland for industrial uses are brought about by the new institutions of village-based land share-holding co
  • 2014
  • Landscape Character Assessment as an Approach to Understanding Public Interests within the European Landscape Convention
  • England ; Landscape ; Perception ; Scotland ; United Kingdom
  • The European Landscape Convention's (ELC) definition of landscape, “an area, as perceived by people…”, places the public central to any understanding of landscape. This paper argues for ‘just’ involvement of the public and looks at how the focus
  • of landscape as a perceived entity has been taken up within Landscape Character Assessment (LCA), an approach applied in England and Scotland for implementing the ELC. Based on a conceptual framework grounded in perception as a phenomenological experience
  • of landscape and informed by principles of participation, LCAs from 2007 to 2011 have been assessed as to how public involvement has been considered. The results show that only a quarter of all assessments accessed involved the public, and that among
  • 2014
  • Eye-tracking Analysis in Landscape Perception Research : Influence of Photograph Properties and Landscape Characteristics
  • Fresh approaches to visual methods in landscape studies
  • Belgium ; Flanders ; Image analysis ; Landscape ; Perception ; Photography ; Research
  • The European Landscape Convention emphasises the need for public participation in landscape planning and management. This demands understanding of how people perceive and observe landscapes. This can objectively be measured using eye tracking
  • , a system recording eye movements and fixations while observing images. In this study, 23 participants were asked to observe 90 landscape photographs, representing 18 landscape character types in Flanders (Belgium) differing in degree of openness
  • and heterogeneity. For each landscape, five types of photographs were shown, varying in view angle. This experiment design allowed testing the effect of the landscape characteristics and photograph types on the observation pattern, measured by Eye-tracking Metrics
  • (ETM). The results show that panoramic and detail photographs are observed differently than the other types. The degree of openness and heterogeneity also seems to exert a significant influence on the observation of the landscape.
  • 2014
  • Commemorative Landscapes to the Missing: The HMAS Sydney II Memorial
  • Army ; Australia ; Commemorative landscape ; Death ; Heritage-scape ; Landscape ; War ; Western Australia ; postmemory ; the missing ; trauma
  • in Geraldton, a highly symbolic and emotive memory landscape, was built. This paper explores this memorial as a memorial landscape to ‘the missing’—a special category of military death—and examines how this landscape offers closure to the trauma of survivors
  • and subsequent generations by providing a narrative landscape that attempts to heal distress caused by an absent body.
  • 2014
  • Space, pressures and the management of the Greek landscape
  • Coastal environment ; Geomorphology ; Greece ; Island ; Landscape ; Urban density ; Urban planning ; Urban sprawl ; Urbanization
  • This article examines landscape policies and the inclusion of the landscape level (geomorphology, land cover and coasts/island) in the spatial planning national framework in Greece (Attica, Thessaly, Epirus and the Cyclades). It investigates
  • the most important processes of change for each type and links these processes with spatial planning policy. The identification of these dynamics sheds light on current and future trajectories of the changes of Greek landscapes, thus providing challenges
  • for its management in the context of the European Landscape Convention.
  • 2014
  • Local Visions of the Landscape: Participatory Photographic Survey of the World Heritage Site, the Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras
  • Fresh approaches to visual methods in landscape studies
  • Landscape ; Participation ; Philippines ; Photography ; World heritage
  • Inscription as a World Heritage Site increases tourism and the area is depicted in a variety of media. Many stereotypical landscapes have been formed in this way. A lot of research has focused on landscapes as formed by outsiders ; however
  • , the landscape of the local residents has not been well analysed. Here, we used a participatory photographic survey to examine the landscape of the local residents of the World Heritage Site, the Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras in Ifugao Province
  • of the landscape taken by the local residents.
  • 2014
  • [b1] Cultural Landscape Section, Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties, Japon
  • Integrating Archaeology and Landscape Analysis for the Cultural Heritage Management of a World War I Militarised Landscape: The German Field Defences in Antwerp
  • Aerial photography ; Antwerpen ; Belgium ; Flanders ; Heritage-scape ; Landscape ; SWOT analysis ; Spatial analysis ; Twentieth Century ; Twenty-first century ; WWI aerial photography ; War ; World War I conflict archaeology ; landscape change
  • effective and sustainable heritage management. In addition, there is need for interdisciplinary research on how war and socio-natural landscapes reciprocally reproduce each other in time and space. The focus of this paper is a WWI defence system
  • in the Province of Antwerp (Belgium), some 100 km to the east of the actual Western frontline. Research included the inventory and evaluation of the remaining above-ground relics of military features in a landscape archaeological perspective, based on WWI aerial
  • photographs, historical maps and fieldwork. Landscape types and dynamics were identified from 1918 to 2011, based on a time series of aerial photos and maps, complemented with fieldwork. Second, an overall vision was formulated for sustainable heritage
  • management of the militarised landscape. Both vision and practical recommendations are immediately useful for policy makers and stakeholders.
  • 2014
  • Strategies for Enhancing Landscape Architecture Research
  • ECLAS ; Education ; Higher education ; Knowledge ; Landscape ; Landscape architecture ; Research ; Research technique ; doctoral programmes ; research strategies
  • universitaire, comme l'évaluation de la recherche.#Landscape architects have always felt that they benefit, in practice and education, from fundamental and applied research. The results of recent surveys among landscape architecture educators now make
  • it possible to conduct a substantive discussion about the connections between research on the one hand and teaching and practice on the other. Such connections, it seems, are still weak. To develop these connections and be able to define landscape architecture
  • these objectives into practice include organising conferences, colloquia and seminars on research and research methodologies, and developing network activities for academic exchange, including links with research communities outside landscape architecture.
  • 2014
  • [b1] Landscape Architecture, Wageningen University
  • [b2] Landscape Planning, Kassel University