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  • Changes in the rural landscape of the Polish Sudety Mountains in the post-war period
  • Cultural landscape ; Land use ; Mountain ; Nature conservation ; Poland ; Rural community ; Rural landscape ; Sudety
  • Communauté rurale ; Montagne ; Paysage culturel ; Paysage rural ; Pologne ; Protection de la nature ; Sudety ; Utilisation du sol
  • Aprovechamiento del suelo ; Comunidad rural ; Montaña ; Paisaje cultural ; Paisaje rural ; Polonia ; Protección de la naturaleza ; Sudetes
  • In the post-war period, the area of the Sudety Mountains has been subject to two main trends regarding the transformation of the landscape in rural areas. In a first phase, it was possible to observe an abrupt depopulation process
  • areas, and the result has been disruption of the spatial order. Various actions are today underway with a view to the typical cultural landscape being reinstated and protected, with the rural aspect of the mountain landscape being promoted
  • 2012
  • Landscape Degradation Modelling: An Environmental Impact Assessment for Rural Landscape Prioritisation
  • EIA ; Environment ; Environmental degradation ; Environmental management ; Haizuka Dam ; Impact study ; Japan ; Landscape ; Landscape Degradation Model ; Methodology ; Modelling ; landscape compartments ; rural landscape
  • Landscape Degradation Assessment (LDA) of rural areas can play a crucial role in landscape planning. Japan lacks quantitative and cumulative Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) methodologies, especially in the area of LDA. Although a decision
  • for rural landscape planning, increase the scale of the assessment of project size to a more strategic local level, and enhance effective communication with decision-makers, a new EIA procedure is proposed with the development of a Landscape Degradation
  • Model (LDM) for rural areas in Japan. The procedure is based on the equation, LD=Σ kI/V, where LD represents the degradation coefficient of the landscape compartments, Σ kI represents the cumulative impact of human activities, and V quantifies
  • the vulnerability of a habitat. The value of LD provides a means for supporting decisions aimed at the quantitative prioritisation of working units and developing respective conservation plans. This methodology is a holistic approach to rural landscape reclamation
  • 2012
  • Understanding farmers’ aesthetic preference for tidy agricultural landscapes: A Bourdieusian perspective
  • Agricultural landscape ; Agricultural practice ; Bourdieu ; Farmer ; Farmers ; Germany ; Landscape esthetics ; Preference ; Rural landscape ; Scotland ; cultural capital ; habitus ; landscape aesthetic
  • Agriculteur ; Allemagne ; Esthétique du paysage ; Paysage agricole ; Paysage rural ; Pratique culturale ; Préférence ; Scotland
  • Agricultor ; Alemaña ; Escocia ; Estética del paisaje ; Paisaje rural ; Preferencia ; Práctica de cultivo
  • Studies of landscape aesthetics indicate that farmers have a unique perspective (seeing beauty) in the same landscapes that other publics find monotonous and boring. The paper uses Bourdieu’s theory of capital to explore why farmers hold
  • this perspective. Interpretations farmers place on tidy features such as straight lines and evenly coloured fields are explored through a cross-cultural study between Germany and Scotland. Results show how farmers read agricultural landscapes for signs of skilled
  • 2012
  • [b1] Centre for Rural Research, Trondheim, Norvege
  • An Inventory Approach to the Assessment of Main Traditional Landscapes in Sicily (Central Mediterranean Basin)
  • Agricultural landscape ; Cultural landscape ; Farming system ; Italy ; Mediterranean area ; Plots of land ; Rural landscape ; Sicilia ; Traditional agriculture ; agro-forestry systems ; cultural landscape ; ecological-cultural diversity ; land use
  • Agriculture traditionnelle ; Domaine méditerranéen ; Italie ; Parcellaire ; Paysage agricole ; Paysage culturel ; Paysage rural ; Sicilia ; Système de culture
  • change ; landscape character
  • Agricultura tradicional ; Campo mediterráneo ; Italia ; Paisaje cultural ; Paisaje rural ; Parcelario ; Sicilia ; Sistema de cultivos
  • EU policy for the conservation of cultural landscapes is of particular importance for a region such as Sicily (Italy) which is the site of many Mediterranean traditional cultural landscapes as well as new landscapes created by contemporary
  • agriculture. Such variety of landscape, however, is not supported or confirmed by specialised inventories that identify and classify the typical Main Traditional Landscape (MTL). On the basis of these considerations, the objective of the present paper
  • to identify Sicilian MTLs was modified by experiences developed on the mainland, with entries such as: bocage/semi-bocage, coltura promiscua, Mediterranean open field, mountain landscape, huerta and terrace landscape. Using different spatialised data layers
  • is highlighted as one of the most relevant traditional elements in the rural scenario.
  • 2012
  • Are There Counter-Landscapes? On Milk Trestles and Invisible Power Lines
  • Estonia ; Ideology ; Landscape polities ; Peasantry ; Power ; Resistance to change ; Rural landscape ; Social geography ; Social practice ; Soviet collective farming ; contested landscapes ; ethnographic field work
  • Bidon de lait ; Estonie ; Géographie sociale ; Idéologie ; Paysage rural ; Paysannerie ; Pouvoir ; Pratique sociale ; Résistance au changement ; Tréteau
  • Campesinado ; Estonia ; Geografía social ; Ideología ; Paisaje rural ; Poder ; Práctica social ; Resistencia al cambio
  • The paper takes its starting point from the duality in the Estonian rural landscape shaped by social practices. On the one hand, the changes and management of landscapes follow a political decision. At the same time, the old patterns of semi-legal
  • —their functions, meanings and the values behind this symbol. The article is based on ethnographic field work carried out between the years of 2001 and 2002 and traces the phenomenon of how living landscape transforms into deserted landscape; in other words, how
  • story becomes history. The paper shows how the milk trestle landscape functioned as a prolongation of the former landscape behind the ideological layers of the Soviet landscapes.
  • 2012
  • [b1] Centre for Landscape and Culture, Estonian Institute of Humanities, Tallinn University
  • Governance in rural landscapes
  • Coastal environment ; Germany ; Governance ; Integrated planning ; Mecklenburg-West Pomerania ; Network ; Rural landscape
  • Allemagne ; Aménagement intégré ; Gouvernance ; Littoral ; Mecklenburg-Vorpommern ; Paysage rural ; Réseau
  • Alemaña ; Gobernancía ; Litoral ; Mecklemburgo ; Ordenamiento integrado ; Paisaje rural ; Red
  • Dans cette approche basée sur la notion de gouvernance, l'A. explique pourquoi les systèmes qui se réfèrent au paysage comme ceux de la gestion intégrée des zones littorales tendent à ignorer le caractère multiple des paysages ruraux. Evaluation
  • 2012
  • Farming and the Nature of Landscape : Stasis and Movement in a Regional Landscape Tradition
  • Routing Landscape : Ethnographic Studies of Movement and Journey
  • Agriculture ; Farmer ; Governance ; Land tenure ; Landscape ; Leisure ; Orkney Islands ; Rural landscape ; Scotland ; United Kingdom
  • Agriculteur ; Agriculture ; Gouvernance ; Loisir ; Orkney Islands ; Paysage ; Paysage rural ; Royaume-Uni ; Régime foncier ; Scotland ; Valorisation
  • Agricultor ; Agricultura ; Escocia ; Gobernancía ; Islas Orcadas ; Ocio ; Paisaje ; Paisaje rural ; Reino Unido ; Régimen fundario
  • This paper explores farming landscapes in Orkney, Scotland, focusing particularly on local responses to the rise of the environmental movement and agri-environmental schemes. It argues that where institutional designations of nature tended to invoke
  • a generalised temporal stasis, local and regional understandings of landscape emphasise specific histories, transience, and movement. Seeking these regional senses of landscape through an ethnographic approach, the paper presents some personal histories
  • of responses to nature conservation that have a context in local cultural understandings of landscape. The continuing importance of the udal land tenure heritage in Orkney in relation to this is described. Finally, the ways that farmers and recreational walkers
  • move around farm land are presented as further evidence for the importance of localised concepts of landscape in contrast to institutional designations of nature, while recognising that environmentalists themselves have come to take on aspects
  • of such concepts. Agri-environment schemes seeking to be relevant in particular landscapes should propose the kind of active, participative management that the farmers engage in with the rest of their land.
  • 2012
  • Post-industrial landscape – return to rural affairs ?
  • Cartographic display ; Cultural landscape ; Geographical information system ; Industrialization ; Land use ; Landscape ; Post-industrialization ; Scenario ; Typology
  • The post-industrial landscape is the legacy of the period of industrialization. Industry has changed the landscape through active relief shapes, production, transport and residential facilities through changes in water regime, air quality and other
  • impacts of industrial activities. This paper aims to demonstrate the methods of identification, classification and post-industrial landscape typology on a topical level. A specifically constructed land use map, a regular square grid and GIS technology were
  • landscape type. The most possibly varied areas are ideal for modelling scenarios of future development. – (BJ)
  • 2012
  • Conflict ; Countryside ; Cultural landscape ; Discourse ; Ireland ; Irish Rural Dwellers Association (IRDA) ; National identity ; Post-colonialism ; Private property ; Rural settlement ; Rurality ; contested landscapes ; postcolonial ; rural housing
  • Campagne ; Conflit ; Discours ; Habitat rural ; Identité nationale ; Irlande ; Paysage culturel ; Post-colonialisme ; Propriété privée ; Ruralité
  • Campo ; Conflicto ; Discurso ; Identidad nacional ; Irlanda ; Paisaje cultural ; Poscolonialismo ; Propiedad privada ; Ruralidad ; Vivienda rural
  • the authenticity of this policy narrative and addresses the validity of self-acclaimed knowledge within the landscape and rural policy arena.
  • The paper explores how collective memories of place have framed contemporary planning conflicts in a rural arena. It charts the emergence of the Irish Rural Dwellers Association (IRDA) as a vocal campaigner for private property rights and a laissez
  • 2012
  • Using Place Names for Mapping the Distribution of Vanishing Historical Landscape Features: The Agras Field System in Northwest Spain
  • Field systems ; Galicia ; Land use ; Landscape dynamics ; Place names ; Rural landscape ; Spain ; Spatial distribution ; Thematic mapping ; cultural landscapes ; geographic information systems, Galicia ; place names ; spatio-temporal distribution
  • Cartographie thématique ; Champ enclos ; Distribution spatiale ; Dynamique du paysage ; Espagne ; Galicia ; Paysage rural ; Toponymie ; Utilisation du sol
  • Aprovechamiento del suelo ; Cartografía temática ; Dinámica del paisaje ; Distribución espacial ; España ; Paisaje rural ; Toponimia
  • This paper explores the potential for using place names for the identification of historical landscape features characteristic of the agras field system in Northwest Spain. We first evaluated statistically the significance of a set of targeted place
  • names as predictors of agras presence. We then analysed the spatio-temporal distribution of agras using place names from historical records and rural cadastre cartography. Results indicated that there was a significant correspondence between selected
  • the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Our findings suggest that identification of historical landscape features by means of place names could be of interest for further landscape research, with application in landscape inventory, monitoring and landscape
  • 2012
  • L'aménagement foncier rural comme fondement du paysage
  • Planification du développement territorial dans les espaces ruraux
  • Agricultural landscape ; Arable land ; Environment ; Land management ; Landscape ; Perception ; Poland ; Rural area ; Rural planning ; Spatial organization
  • Aménagement foncier ; Aménagement rural ; Environnement ; Espace rural ; Organisation de l'espace ; Paysage ; Paysage agricole ; Perception ; Pologne ; Terre arable
  • Espacio rural ; Medio ambiente ; Mejora de bienes raíces ; Ordenamiento rural ; Organización del espacio ; Paisaje ; Percepción ; Polonia ; Tierra arable
  • The notion of a land layout (field pattern) has geodetic, agricultural, biological, economic and geographical connotations. The farm lands constitute rural environment and considerably influence the shape and quality of the landscape. Landscape
  • is understood in the work as the image and a state of the human life environment. The rural land patterns express the organization of the space and determine the appearance of country areas. Historically formed layouts are cultural heritage and it is necessary
  • to protect their most valuable part as a material monument. The paper considers problem of meaning and function of the field pattern in the agricultural landscape. Also it points sources of contemporary regional diversities of land patterns
  • and the distribution of their leading types in Poland. Moreover, the author indicates the ways of perception of the landscape depending on the type of the land layout. – (BJ)
  • 2012
  • Countryside Preferences: Exploring Individuals' Willingness to Pay for the Conservation of the Traditional Farm Landscape
  • Agricultural landscape ; Attitude ; Behaviour ; Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) ; Consumer behaviour ; Countryside ; Nature conservation ; Preference ; Rural landscape ; factor analysis ; farm landscape ; multifunctional agriculture ; willingness
  • Attitude ; Campagne ; Comportement ; Comportement des consommateurs ; Paysage agricole ; Paysage rural ; Protection de la nature ; Préférence
  • Actitud ; Campo ; Comportamiento ; Comportamiento de los consumidores ; Paisaje rural ; Preferencia ; Protección de la naturaleza
  • towards the countryside can provide information from which policy-makers can ascertain if policy measures aimed at enhancing and protecting the rural landscape are in line with citizens' views and expectations. Results from a Generalized Tobit Interval
  • This paper explored individuals' attitudes towards the traditional farm landscape and using the contingent valuation method (CVM) their willingness to pay (WTP) for agricultural activities aimed at its protection. Analysis of consumer attitudes
  • model suggest that attitudes regarding the importance of particular landscape attributes have a differential impact on WTP. A variety of background variables and whether individuals live in the countryside were also found to strongly influence WTP. More
  • generally, the results would indicate broad public support for second pillar objectives under the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) such as the protection of the traditional farm landscape.
  • 2012
  • [b1] Rural Economy Development Programme (REDP)
  • L'analyse du paysage rural de la voïvodie de Lublin fondée sur les statistiques de construction d'exploitations agricoles
  • Planification du développement territorial dans les espaces ruraux
  • Farm ; Lublin ; Poland ; Regional analysis ; Rural landscape ; Specialization ; Statistics
  • Analyse régionale ; Exploitation agricole ; Lublin ; Paysage rural ; Pologne ; Spécialisation ; Statistique
  • Análisis regional ; Especialización ; Estadística ; Explotación agrícola ; Lublin ; Paisaje rural ; Polonia
  • structure (71.1%). In consequence, farm buildings make up a vast portion of the region’s rural landscape. Their type and appearance vary subject to farm size and specialization. This paper discusses the diversification of the rural landscape in Lublin
  • The Lublin voivodeship is an example of a typical rural region. In comparison with the remaining Polish regions, it has the highest percentage of population employed in agriculture (35.8%) and one of the highest fractions of farmland in its land use
  • 2012
  • Ten tenets and six questions for landscape urbanism
  • Discourse ; Environmental conservation ; Heritage-scape ; Landscape ; Landscape Urbanism ; Participation ; Urban landscape ; Urban planning ; Urbanism ; ecological urbanism ; landscape architecture theory
  • of these tenets, asking whether L U’s attack on the urban–rural binary is well conceived and whether it is a helpful contribution to the problems raised by worldwide urbanisation. It concludes that there are a number of inconsistencies and lacunae which landscape
  • The paper offers an interpretation of Landscape Urbanism. It attempts to decode the prolix language in which L U is presented and to identify a number of ‘tenets’ which most of its adherents would hold. The second part of the paper questions some
  • 2012
  • Engineering the Rural Idyll: Road Construction and the Peri-urban Landscape in Belgium, 1925–1940
  • Belgium ; Landscape ; Periurban development ; Project ; Road ; Road network ; Twentieth Century ; Urban planning ; history ; interbellum ; landscape ; technology ; urbanism
  • of landscape—a rural idyll—became interwoven with the narrative of the modern road. We will first position this Belgian project vis-à-vis other road projects abroad, and describe why landscape was a non-issue for the Belgian government and its engineers
  • As in many other Western countries, the road network in Belgium was subject to an extensive modernisation project during the interbellum period. This paper analyses how this project affected the relationship between the road and landscape
  • . In the absence of a comprehensive landscape project for road construction from the government, other parties played an important role in defining the road's relation to the landscape. Through their publications, images and discourses, an idealised image
  • . Subsequently, we will examine how other parties—the road association, the construction industry, urban planners and architects—appropriated fragments of landscape to frame or support their own projects.
  • 2012
  • Community discourse and the emerging amenity landscapes of the rural American West
  • Colorado ; Community ; Esthetics ; Identity ; Local amenities ; Rural area ; Rural landscape ; Social geography ; Social interaction ; Societal relations ; United States of America
  • Aménités locales ; Colorado ; Communauté ; Espace rural ; Esthétique ; Etats-Unis ; Fremont ; Géographie sociale ; Identité ; Interaction sociale ; Paysage rural ; Relations sociales
  • Colorado ; Comunidad ; Espacio rural ; Estados Unidos ; Estética ; Geografía social ; Identidad ; Interaccíon social ; Paisaje rural ; Relaciones sociales
  • Les AA.analysent la construction du sens communautaire au travers de l’approche des aménités locales dans le comté rural de Fremont dans le Colorado. Ils étudient particulièrement les différentes significations de la maison, de l’interaction sociale
  • concluent que la communauté rurale se constitue au travers de la négociation des formes et des fonctions du paysage des aménités.
  • 2012
  • L'utilisation des méthodes d'interpolation pour la régionalisation et la détermination des limites du paysage dans les zones rurales et les espaces de transition
  • Planification du développement territorial dans les espaces ruraux
  • Cartography ; Distance ; Interpolation ; Krigeage ; Landscape ; Olsztyn ; Planning ; Poland ; Regionalization ; Rural area ; Space
  • Cartographie ; Distance ; Espace ; Espace rural ; Interpolation ; Krigeage ; Olsztyn ; Paysage ; Planification ; Pologne ; Régionalisation
  • Cartografía ; Distancia ; Espacio ; Espacio rural ; Interpolación ; Krigeage ; Paisaje ; Planificación ; Polonia ; Regionalización
  • The variations in geographic space and landscape have to be analyzed for the purpose of determining boundaries between the elements and components of space or landscapes with different scenic value. The objective of this study was to analyze the use
  • of two interpolation methods in landscape regionalization, and to investigate the effect of the number of measurement points on the produced results. The first method was inverse distance weighted (IDW) interpolation, and the other method involved kriging
  • . The analyzed space were rural areas in the transitional zone of Olsztyn. Interpolation was performed using classification values determined with the involvement of the impression curve method proposed by Wejchert. The results can be used to model planning space
  • 2012
  • Patrimoine et culture industriels en milieu rural : quelles spécificités ?
  • Identités, territoires et paysages ruraux en mutations
  • Cultural landscape ; France ; Industrial archaeology ; Industrial heritage ; Industry ; Restructuring process ; Rural area
  • Archéologie industrielle ; Espace rural ; France ; Industrie ; Patrimoine industriel ; Paysage culturel ; Reconversion
  • Arqueología industrial ; Espacio rural ; Francia ; Industria ; Paisaje cultural ; Reconversión
  • On perçoit peu le milieu rural comme un espace industrialisé. Or, le développement industriel des 19e et 20e siècles a souvent pris racine en milieu rural. Ces implantations ont engendré des villages-usines ou des villes-usines. Avec la
  • 2012
  • The Urban West and the Rural Rest: Framing in Dutch Regional Planning in the 1950s
  • Agriculture ; Core-periphery ; Historical geography ; Industry ; Netherlands (The) ; Regional planning ; Regional planning authority ; Rural area ; Twentieth Century ; Urban area ; Urban-rural dichotomy ; northern Netherlands ; peri-urban landscape
  • Agriculture ; Aménagement régional ; Centre-périphérie ; Espace rural ; Espace urbain ; Géographie historique ; Industrie ; Pays-Bas ; Planification régionale ; Siècle 20
  • Agricultura ; Centro-periferia ; Espacio rural ; Espacio urbano ; Geografía histórica ; Industria ; Ordenamiento regional ; Países Bajos ; Planificación regional ; Siglo 20
  • This paper draws on the case of Dutch regional planning in the 1950s to investigate how ‘urban space’ and ‘rural space’ have traditionally been perceived as opposing concepts. During this decade, politicians, planners and policy-makers constructed
  • an image of an overdeveloped, urban, industrial centre on the one hand, and an underdeveloped, rural, agricultural periphery on the other. Rooted in a debate about the ‘harmonious’ development of the Netherlands, this image made a substantial contribution
  • to the schematic understanding of urban and rural space. Examining this frame as an historical construct helps to reveal the anachronistic character of many of the urban-rural differentiations that are made today.
  • 2012
  • [b1] Department of Landscape Architecture, Wageningen University
  • Agricultural land use ; Agriculture ; Farm ; Fragmented landscape ; Regional development ; Romania ; Rural landscape
  • Agriculture ; Développement régional ; Exploitation agricole ; Olt ; Paysage fragmenté ; Paysage rural ; Roumanie ; Utilisation agricole du sol
  • Agricultura ; Aprovechamiento agrícola del suelo ; Desarrollo regional ; Explotación agrícola ; Paisaje rural ; Rumanía
  • 2012