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  • Dynamics and constraints of state-led global city formation in emerging economies : the case of Shanghai
  • China ; Economic transition ; Economy ; Governance ; Large city ; Role of the State ; Shanghai ; World city
  • Chine ; Economie ; Economie émergente ; Gouvernance ; Gouvernement local ; Gouvernement national ; Métropole ; Rôle de l'Etat ; Shanghai ; Transition économique ; Ville mondiale
  • This article seeks to contribute to a better understanding of the role of the state in influencing the formation of global cities in emerging economies. It highlights the complexity of this role due to challenging external environments, divergent
  • interests of state actors and socioeconomic and institutional constraints that these actors are under. At an empirical level, it examines the progress of Shanghai in its state-led development as an emerging global city and the respective roles
  • 2014
  • Political tool or quality experience? Urban livability and the Singaporean state’s global city aspirations
  • Governmentality ; Housing ; Residence ; Residential neighbourhood ; Role of the State ; Singapore ; Urban policy ; Way of life
  • Gouvernementalité ; Identité du lieu ; Logement ; Mode de vie ; Politique urbaine ; Quartier résidentiel ; Résidence ; Rôle de l'Etat ; Singapour
  • In this article, the A. argues that the concept of urban livability is used as a political tool by the Singaporean state to further its pursuit of global city status. He use san embodied approach to analyze state manipulation of two residential
  • landscapes—condominiums and public housing—as an active means of official attempts to create two types of citizen-subjects. By juxtaposing the state’s operationalization of livability against livability as understood in the context of residents’ localized
  • lifeworlds, he shows how indeterminate outcomes arise from the state’s livability project.
  • 2014
  • The hollowing out of Brazilian metropolitan governance as we know it : restructuring and rescaling the developmental state in metropolitan space
  • Brazil ; City-region ; Governance ; Large city ; Role of the State ; Scale ; Sustainable development ; Urban development ; Urban policy
  • Brésil ; Développement durable ; Développement urbain ; Echelle ; Gouvernance ; Métropole ; Politique urbaine ; Région métropolitaine ; Rôle de l'Etat ; Schéma directeur
  • This article examines the hollowing out of Brazilian metropolitan governance through the restructuring and rescaling the developmental state in metropolitan space. Combining the literature on new state spaces and critical Brazilian urban-regional
  • studies, this paper provides an alternative framework to understand the impasse of Brazilian metropolitan areas, which is grounded within a geo-historic reading of the contradictory projects and strategies of the developmental state and the contested
  • 2014
  • Colombia ; Economic policy ; Knowledge ; Role of the State ; Society ; Sociology
  • Colombie ; Connaissance ; Economiste ; Politique économique ; Rationalité ; Rôle de l'Etat ; Sociologie ; Sociologue ; Société
  • This article explains how economic rationality in Colombia came to play a growing role in the management of economic policy and social analysis, as a case study of a process that is observed in various parts of the world. In addition to the rise
  • of a technocratic elite, this involved the positioning of economic rationality in managing strategic state institutions and the creation of knowledge about society. We explain the mechanisms that enabled economists to occupy these positions, displacing other social
  • 2014
  • State response to contemporary urban movements in Turkey : a critical overview of state entrepreneurialism and authoritarian interventions
  • Activism ; Neo liberalism ; Role of the State ; Social control ; Social geography ; Turkey ; Urban policy ; Urban renewal ; Urban social movement
  • Activisme ; Autoritarisme ; Contrôle social ; Entreprenariat ; Géographie sociale ; Mouvement social urbain ; Néolibéralisme ; Politique urbaine ; Rénovation urbaine ; Rôle de l'Etat ; Turquie
  • of authoritarianism and the entrepreneurial roles of the state are drawn from the Turkish experience to show how economic liberalism can be combined with increasing social control,restrictions, penalisation and exclusion. Reviewing Turkish urban policies and practice
  • In light of recent debates on the changing nature of urban movements, it presents an overview of the responses of states in different modes of regulation, ranging from a Keynesian regime to sequential stages of neoliberalisation. Examples
  • , the urban mobilisations against them, and the varying positions of the state will shed light not only on what is happening in Turkey but also on the transformative nature of neoliberalisation.
  • 2014
  • Community ; Cuba ; Discourse ; Ecology ; Fruit ; Garden ; Habana ; José Martí ; Political geography ; Political party ; Role of the State ; Sustainable development ; Urban area ; Vegetables ; environmental discourse ; ideology ; sustainability
  • Communauté ; Cuba ; Discours ; Développement durable ; Ecologie ; Espace urbain ; Fruits ; Géographie politique ; Jardin ; La Habana ; Légumes ; Parti politique ; Rôle de l'Etat
  • This article explores the relationship between sustainability discourse and its local dimensions to reveal the role of sustainability in the reformulation of the Revolution. Urban gardeners engage with international discourses of sustainability
  • and interact with the Cuban state's articulation of these discourses. While this process forces urban gardeners to adapt to the changing meanings of growing food, it also provides a different language through which gardeners define themselves, especially
  • in the context of a changing relationship with the state.
  • 2014
  • China ; Firm ; Head office ; Location ; Role of the State ; Spatial analysis ; Spatial distribution ; Urban system
  • Analyse spatiale ; Chine ; Cotation en bourse ; Distribution spatiale ; Entreprise ; Localisation ; Rôle de l'Etat ; Siège social ; Système urbain
  • in metropolitan areas at the peak of the hierarchy of political power. They also show the relative dominance of state-owned firms, regulation of the public listing process, and important roles of the state in the economy. Regression analyses indicate that a city’s
  • 2014
  • Applied geography ; Biopolitics ; Capital accumulation ; Economic geography ; Ethics ; Liberalism ; Moral geography ; Nineteenth Century ; Role of the State ; War
  • Accumulation du capital ; Biopolitique ; Ethique ; Guerre ; Géographie appliquée ; Géographie morale ; Géographie économique ; Humanitarisme ; Libéralisme ; Rôle de l'Etat ; Siècle 19
  • This article shows how a modern form of ‘humanitarian reason’ developed in concert with the rise of capitalism and the liberal state. In particular, it explores the processes that, during the course of the long 19th century, invoked both a market
  • -driven moral economy and a state-driven political morality within humanitarian endeavour. It then examines its strategic function as a ‘liberal diagnostic’: a recursive moral practice that helps constitute a liberal politics as much as it projects
  • that politics onto other people and places. It concludes by sketching out the implications of this by examining some of the ways that contemporary humanitarianism fulfils this role with respect to issues of global order and capital accumulation.
  • 2014
  • Economic activity ; Economic geography ; Economic recession ; Employment ; Industrial sector ; Labour market ; Regional analysis ; Unemployment ; United States of America
  • This article examines the effect of sectoral change on U.S. state unemployment during the Great Recession. Of the 4.1 percentage point increase in mean state unemployment between 2007 and 2009, increased structural change explains 0.6–1.18
  • percentage points, and increased estimated effects of structural change 0.8–2.7 percentage points. Despite the role of housing in the recession, neither construction nor any other one sector can account for the results. Although the pace and role
  • of structural change had returned to normal levels after the Great Recession, their effects persisted, raising mean state unemployment by 0.9–2.3 percentage points in 2011.
  • 2014
  • Discourse ; Ho Chi Minh City ; Museum ; Nationalism ; Political geography ; Role of the State ; Tourism ; United States of America ; Vietnam ; War
  • Discours ; Etats-Unis ; Guerre ; Géographie politique ; Hô Chí Minh-Ville ; Musée ; Nationalisme ; Rôle de l'Etat ; Tourisme ; Viêt Nam
  • and postimperial context is generated through tourism, specifying how the Communist Party communicates Vietnam to lay international tourist audiences. Tourism's political instrumentality for the party is highlighted here. Second, it shows how the United States
  • is imaginatively constructed to shape Vietnam's identity. Finally, it uses the conclusion to reflect on the implications for the “Asian Century” when considering Vietnam's multifaceted connections to the United States and the West.
  • 2014
  • Shrinking the welfare state : the structure, geography and impact of British government benefit cuts
  • Family ; Household ; Political geography ; Reform ; Role of the State ; Social assistance ; Social geography ; Social policy ; United Kingdom
  • Aide sociale ; Bénéficiaire ; Famille ; Géographie politique ; Géographie sociale ; Ménage ; Parti d'opposition ; Politique sociale ; Royaume-Uni ; Réduction des dépenses ; Réforme ; Rôle de l'Etat
  • impact of the benefit cap. It argues that the cuts point to a re-orientation of the welfare state and pose political problems for the Opposition, given the shift in social attitudes to welfare.
  • 2014
  • China ; Employment ; Family ; Gender ; Germany ; India ; Institution ; International migration ; Labour migration ; Migratory flow ; Mobility ; Professional qualification ; Role of the State ; Sweden
  • Allemagne ; Chine ; Emploi ; Famille ; Flux migratoire ; Genre ; Inde ; Institution ; Migration de travail ; Migration internationale ; Mobilité ; Qualification professionnelle ; Rôle de l'Etat ; Stratégie de carrière ; Suède ; Universitaire
  • Dans cette partie consacrée aux instutions et à la mobilité des personnes qualifiées, on trouvera les articles suivants : 1-Transnational spaces ‘from above’ – The role of institutions in promoting highly skilled labour migration from India
  • to Sweden ; 2-Career strategies and spatial mobility among skilled migrants in Germany: the role of gender in the work-family interaction ; 3-A warm welcome to highly-skilled migrants: how can municipal administrations play their part? ; 4-‘Academic mobility
  • for development’ as a contested notion: an analysis of the reach of the Chinese state in regulating the transnational brains.
  • 2014
  • The role of metropolitan opportunity structures for understanding variation in the rate of Black household affluence
  • Blacks ; Community ; Household ; Internal migration ; Large city ; Metropolitan area ; Social geography ; United States of America
  • This article examines the role of metropolitan opportunity structures for understanding variation in the rate of Black household affluence. Results fail to suggest evidence regarding the role of the ‘new South’ for understanding metropolitan-level
  • 2014
  • [b1] Department of Geography, Geology and Planning, Missouri State Univ., Springfield, Etats-Unis
  • Cambodia ; Civil war ; Genocide ; Landscape ; Political geography ; Role of the State ; Site of memory ; Twentieth Century ; Violence
  • Cambodge ; Guerre civile ; Génocide ; Géographie politique ; Lieu de mémoire ; Paysage ; Rôle de l'Etat ; Siècle 20 ; Victimes ; Violence
  • . It arguesthat from the perspective of the Khmer Rouge, those policies and practices imposed post-1975 were forwarded in the context of state-building following five years of civil war (1970–1975). Consequently, a view of genocide as post-conflict reconstruction
  • 2014
  • [b1] Kent State University, Kent, Etats-Unis
  • Central America ; Drug ; Justice ; Legislation ; Political geography ; Role of the State ; Security ; Social geography ; Territory ; United States of America ; Violence
  • Amérique centrale ; Drogue ; Etats-Unis ; Gang de rue ; Géographie politique ; Géographie sociale ; Justice ; Législation ; Rôle de l'Etat ; Sécurité ; Territoire ; Violence
  • recognize that this strategy does not work. Secondly, that in seeking to implement international antigang programs, the United States has yet to overcome serious bureaucratic barriers and inertia. While these programs might be useful on the margins, in light
  • 2014
  • Balance of payments ; Economic crisis ; Economic policy ; Geopolitics ; India ; International relations ; Neo liberalism ; Political geography ; Political party ; Role of the State
  • Balance des paiements ; Circulation du capital ; Crise économique ; Géographie politique ; Géopolitique ; Inde ; Néolibéralisme ; Parti politique ; Politique économique ; Relations internationales ; Rôle de l'Etat
  • changes occurred in the organization and management of revenues and capital; nature of interventions of the state in the circulation of capital; changes in the physical aspects of circulation of commodities, together with foreign trade and the formation
  • of the ‘world market’; and the rise of the United States as the only global superpower. It concludes that India's economic crisis of 1990–91, and the neoliberal policies that followed, are products of contingent historical and geographical conditions.
  • 2014
  • Architecture ; Geographical imagination ; Kazakhstan ; Modernity ; Modernization ; Power ; Role of the State ; Social class ; Social exclusion ; Social geography ; Urbanism
  • Architecture ; Astana ; Classe sociale ; Exclusion sociale ; Géographie sociale ; Imaginaire géographique ; Kazakhstan ; Modernisation ; Modernité ; Pouvoir ; Rôle de l'Etat ; Urbanisme
  • the exclusionary practices of elites and non-elites alike. Taking the case of Kazakhstan's new capital city, Astana, it examines how the state-led urban modernisation agenda simultaneously draws upon and re-inscribes a set of interlocking popular geographic
  • imaginaries (Soviet/modern, urban/rural, north/south), and demonstrate how ordinary citizens are not just passive spectators, but active participants in the political drama of state- and city-building.
  • 2014
  • Blacks ; Brazil ; Death ; Governance ; Organization ; Police ; Political geography ; Role of the State ; Social geography ; São Paulo ; Violence ; Woman
  • Brésil ; Femme ; Gouvernance ; Géographie politique ; Géographie sociale ; Mort ; Noirs ; Organisation ; Police ; Praxis ; Rôle de l'Etat ; São Paulo ; Violence
  • geographies (here referred to as “the black necropolis”) that the state aims to counteract in its war against the black urban poor. Yet, within the context of necropolitical governance, blackness appears as a spatially grounded praxis that enables victims
  • of state terror to reclaim their placeless location as a political resource for redefining themselves and the polis.
  • 2014
  • Feeling like a state : design guidelines and the legibility of urban experience in Singapore
  • Bureaucracy ; Governance ; Role of the State ; Singapore ; Urban planning ; Urban policy
  • Bureaucratie ; Gouvernance ; Lisibilité ; Planification urbaine ; Politique urbaine ; Rôle de l'Etat ; Singapour
  • 2014
  • Decayed neighbourhood ; Gentrification ; Housing policy ; Marginality ; Poverty ; Role of the State ; Scotland ; Social geography ; Territorial stigma ; United Kingdom ; Urban policy ; Urban renewal
  • Edinburgh ; Embourgeoisement ; Géographie sociale ; Marginalité ; Pauvreté ; Politique du logement ; Politique urbaine ; Quartier dégradé ; Royaume-Uni ; Rénovation urbaine ; Rôle de l'Etat ; Scotland ; Stigmatisation territoriale
  • conceptual and policy coin: the “blemish of place” becomes a target and rationale for ‘fixing’ the area, thus obviating and obstructing policies aimed at attacking deprivation, inequality, or the structural problems of advanced marginality. The state’s role
  • 2014