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  • Local control and financing of education: a perspective from the American state judiciary
  • Administration locale ; Culturel ; Décision ; Education ; Enseignement ; Etats-Unis ; Finance ; Rôle de l'Etat ; Système scolaire
  • Cultural studies ; Decision ; Education ; Finance ; Local administration ; School system ; State control ; Teaching ; United States
  • Local control of education in the United States today is more myth than reality. The American judiciary continues to justify its decisions concerning educational governance on the grounds of local control. Most states fund education through
  • a combuination of local, state and Federal taxes. The A. analyzes the state court decisions involving local control in school financing, with the intent of developing a more comprehensive interpretation of how local control arguments are used as justification
  • by the judiciary to uphold state policy.
  • 1994
  • Education ; Environment ; Geographer's role ; Man-environment relations ; United States of America
  • Education ; Environnement ; Etats-Unis ; Relation homme-environnement ; Rôle du géographe
  • Explains four major ways in which geographers study the environment. Offers comments on the future role of geography in environmental education as it relates to standards. - (DWG)
  • 1994
  • Flood ; Flood control ; Floodplain ; Geographer's role ; Hydraulic works ; Mississippi ; Natural hazards ; United States of America
  • Aménagement hydraulique ; Crue ; Etats-Unis ; Lutte contre les inondations ; Mississippi ; Plaine d'inondation ; Risque naturel ; Rôle du géographe
  • Clear exposition of how floodplain management and construction of levees exacerbated the negative effects of this major inundation in the midwestern United States. - (DWG)
  • 1994
  • A state scholarship: the political geography of French international science during the nineteenth century
  • In France, the state has traditionnaly exerted an extremely important influence on the activities of scientists, scholar and academics. Building on recent innovative research on the hstory of geography and on research into the role of state
  • patronage in the history of other sciences, this essay considers how a powerful, centralized state was able to influence the nature and geographical structure of French international science during the nineteenth century.
  • 1994
  • Urban conservation in Singapore: a survey of state policies and popular attitudes
  • Attitude ; Environnement résidentiel ; Patrimoine architectural ; Protection des sites ; Quartier ancien ; Rénovation urbaine ; Rôle de l'Etat ; Singapour ; Urbanisme
  • Architectural legacy ; Attitude ; Old district ; Residential environment ; Singapore ; Site preservation ; State control ; Urban renewal ; Urbanism
  • The AA. review changing state policies which have shaped the built environment from slum clearance in the 1950s and 1960s to the conservation of the city's historic districts in the 1980s and 1990s. They explore the degree of convergence between
  • the state and the public in terms of the meaning and purposes of conservation, the question of whose heritage to conserve and which strategies are appropriate.
  • 1994
  • Teaching American students about urbanization in developing countries : the rise of role-playing
  • Pedagogy ; Practical work ; Teaching of geography ; Third World ; United States of America ; Urbanization
  • 1994
  • Coût du logement ; Logement ; Nouvelle-Zélande ; Politique du logement ; Privatisation ; Restructuration économique ; Réforme ; Rôle de l'Etat
  • Economic restructuring ; Housing ; Housing cost ; Housing policy ; New Zealand ; Privatisation ; Reform ; State control
  • As part of the process of economic restructuring, and representing a major policy redirection, the state has introduced a process of corporatisation and privatisation into the social service sector. The AA. examine the processes involved
  • in the shift from social rented housing to the emergence of a state-owned, commercially-oriented company. The AA. think that the policy changes are ill-conceived, risking fiscal blowout for the state, and are likely to increase the marginalisation and poverty
  • 1994
  • Migration, benefit spillovers and state support of higher education
  • Allocation ; Calcul économique ; Décision ; Dépenses publiques ; Education ; Enseignement supérieur ; Etats-Unis ; Etudiants ; Finance ; Migration ; Rôle de l'Etat
  • Allocation ; Decision ; Economic cost ; Education ; Finance ; Higher education ; Migration ; Public expenditure ; State control ; Students ; United States
  • 1994
  • Amerindians ; Anthropology ; Cultural landscape ; Cultural studies ; Practice of geography ; United States of America
  • Though primarily a geographer, F. KNIFFEN (1900-1993) was also trained in anthropology. He published monographs of North American Indians and played a major role in creating a close liaison of geography and anthropology at Louisiana State University
  • 1994
  • Applied geography ; Geographer's role ; Practice of geography ; Teaching of geography ; United States of America
  • Enseignement de la géographie ; Etats-Unis ; Géographie appliquée ; Pratique de la géographie ; Rôle du géographe
  • 1994
  • Le rôle de l'assurance maladie dans la régulation du système de santé
  • France ; Health ; Health policy ; Insurance ; Management ; Medical services ; United States
  • Nécessité de comboner des mécanismes incitatifs de marché avec un cadre réglementaire. Apparition dans ce contexte de nouveaux rôles pour l'assurance maladie. L'A. étudie la transformation de l'assurance maladie aux Etats-Unis et en France. Il met
  • 1994
  • Education ; Educational programme ; Environment ; Teaching of geography ; United States of America
  • Warns that geographers must demonstrate the practical relevance of the subject to those outside the discipline because it is non-geographers will be the ones to decide whether or not geography's role expands in the school curriculum. - (DWG)
  • 1994
  • The developmental state and the newly industrialised economies of Asia
  • Asie ; Asie du Sud-Est ; Capitalisme ; Corée du Sud ; Croissance économique ; Efficacité économique ; Entreprise transnationale ; Hong Kong ; Industrialisation ; Industrie exportatrice ; Organisation industrielle ; Rôle de l'Etat ; Singapour
  • Asia ; Capitalism ; Economic efficiency ; Economic growth ; Economic system ; Exporting industry ; Hong Kong ; Industrial organization ; Industrialization ; Labour ; Singapore ; South Korea ; South-Eastern Asia ; State control ; Taiwan
  • Rôle de l'Etat dans la croissance économique de Hong Kong, de la Corée du Sud, de Singapour et de Taïwan. Relations de l'Etat avec le capital, le travail, l'économie extérieure: rapidité plus ou moins grande de la mise en valeur des segments à forte
  • 1994
  • Collectivité locale ; Dublin ; Développement urbain ; Espace bâti ; Irlande ; Joint venture ; Planification urbaine ; Politique urbaine ; Restructuration économique ; Rôle de l'Etat ; Système économique ; Utilisation du sol
  • Built up area ; Dublin ; Economic restructuring ; Economic system ; Ireland ; Joint venture ; Land use ; Local government ; State control ; Urban development ; Urban planning ; Urban policy
  • The paper examines the evolving role of urban planning under conditions of economic restructuring. The increasing mobility and scale of capital has given rise to declining local autonomy and a reorientation of the role and policy directions of urban
  • planning. Using interviews with urban planners and property developers, the impact of these conditions on planning's operation and the outcomes of increased central state intervention in the former territory of planning are examined.
  • 1994
  • The United States-Mexico borderland: Where North meets South or Marriage of convenience
  • Economic integration ; Frontier region ; Industry ; International economy ; International relations ; International trade ; Mexico ; Population ; Population growth ; Regional economy ; Town ; United States of America
  • This article summarizes the demographic characteristics of the United States-Mexico borderlands, outlines the role of the maquila (assembly) industry as the cornerstone of an ongoing regional economic integration, highlights its implications
  • 1994
  • The flow of information in a global economy: the role of the American urban system in 1990
  • Centrality ; Export ; Information ; Information flow ; Internationalization ; Town ; Uncertainty ; United States
  • 1994
  • Entreprise ; Politique économique ; Privatisation ; Rôle de l'Etat ; Slovaquie
  • Economic policy ; Enterprise ; Privatisation ; Slovak Republic ; State control
  • 1994
  • Capital city ; Ethnic composition ; Political geography ; Town ; United States of America ; Urban administration ; Urban economy ; Urban function ; Washington D.C.
  • Presentation of economic and demographic data in this 108 km2 political entity to show the overwhelming role of Washington as a city of administration and with a large Afro-American majority. Argues that statehood is not an economically viable
  • 1994
  • Attendance ; Cultural studies ; Missouri ; Tourism ; United States of America
  • km to the east in this role as an entertainment center for the Southern American working class. - (DWG)
  • 1994
  • Economie ; Histoire économique ; Industrialisation ; Politique économique ; Portugal ; Rôle de l'Etat
  • Economic history ; Economic policy ; Economy ; Industrialization ; Portugal ; State control
  • 1994