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  • Antitrust regulation and the restructuring of grocery retailing in Britain and the USA
  • Competition ; Economic environment ; Investment ; Labour productivity ; Legislation ; Profit ; Regulation theory ; Retail trade ; Trade;Commerce ; United Kingdom ; United States ; Wholesale trade
  • It is demonstrated how disparities which emerged between British and US grocery retailing in the 1980s (corporate concentration, power relations, profitability, return of capital employed, geographical structure) owe a considerable amount
  • 1992
  • Retail and urban conservation
  • Retailing, public policy and urban retail planning. Proceedings of the international symposium
  • Inner city ; Lisbon ; Portugal ; Retail trade ; Urban life
  • Recently there has been a growing concern about urban environment and the quality of urban way of life. Usually, the revitalisation of urban activities is considered as one of the most important urban activities. The A. argues that retail can play
  • 1992
  • Choice and constraint in the location of urban retail activities
  • Decision ; Location choice ; Practical work ; Research technique ; Retail trade ; Teaching of geography
  • Elaborates philosophical and methodological questions of locational decision-making : « extensive » vs. « intensive » research; and voluntarism and determinism in social activity. Includes a students exercise on retail outlets to explore the meaning
  • 1992
  • An analysis of the equilibrium locational pattern of retail and its dynamics in Tokyo
  • Commercial attraction ; Honshu ; Japan ; Location ; Model ; Retail trade ; Shopping behaviour ; Tokyo
  • The purpose of this paper is to analyze the spatiality and dynamics of equilibrium values of attractiveness terms of a shopping behaviour model and to explain present retail locational patterns in Tokyo's 23-ward area. The A. indicates 4 points
  • 1992
  • Retailing, public policy and urban retail planning. Proceedings of the international symposium
  • Government policy ; Outer conurbation area ; Retail trade ; Shopping behaviour ; United Kingdom
  • Using the results of a major study into the impact of major out-of-town retail activity, this paper considers the ways in which these development have changed shopping behaviour and the implications for UK retail planning policy in the years ahead.
  • 1992
  • Periodic markets and trade in Zichang county, Shaanxi
  • China ; Countryside ; Local market ; Periodic market ; Retail trade ; Shaanxi ; Village
  • 1992
  • The change of urban retail structures and the new urban planning: the case of Barcelona
  • Retailing, public policy and urban retail planning. Proceedings of the international symposium
  • Barcelona ; Catalonia ; Internationalization ; Large city ; Retail trade ; Spain ; Urban planning
  • This paper looks at retailing from an urban analysis tradition. Located at the cross-roads between different approaches, this line of thought allows new insights in old urban questions and, at the same time, proposes new theoretical perspectives
  • 1992
  • Retailing, public policy and urban retail planning. Proceedings of the international symposium
  • Commercial infrastructure ; Inner city ; Madrid ; Retail trade ; Spain
  • In this paper recent transformation in retailing structure in the city center of Madrid is analyzed. Besides this transformation, the typical retailing city center, with big stores and a lot of modern and specialized shops, still subsists
  • deterioration of the city center, have been the main causes of the evolution of city center retailing.
  • 1992
  • Canada ; Frontier ; Geography of trade ; Germany ; International trade ; Internationalization ; Ireland ; Japan ; Latin America ; Location ; Protectionism ; Retail trade ; Seoul ; Shopping centre ; South Korea ; Southern Asia ; Trade ; United States
  • of America ; Wholesale trade ; World
  • 1992
  • Trading places. Fashion, retailers and the changing geography of clothing production
  • . Therefore the structural changes in international trade are described and also the changes in the relations between retailers and manufacturers. Besides the A. discusses and analyses the firm strategies in the Netherlands (the Northern Part and Groningen
  • 1992
  • Retailing, public policy and urban retail planning. Proceedings of the international symposium
  • Food trade ; Large city ; Lisbon ; Portugal ; Retail trade
  • 1992
  • Retailing, public policy and urban retail planning. Proceedings of the international symposium
  • Food trade ; France ; Retail trade ; Shopping behaviour ; Social class
  • 1992
  • The attraction of retail locations
  • Congress ; Consumer behaviour ; Dublin ; France ; Geography of trade ; Germany ; India ; Inner city ; Ireland ; Japan ; Latin America ; Madrid ; Munich ; Osaka ; Pedestrian area ; Retail trade ; Rouen ; Service ; Shopping centre ; Spain ; United
  • 1992
  • The hidden dimension : European mobile trade. Statistical estimates and an attempt to classify various forms of market halls, markets, fairs and mobile trade
  • European Union ; Fair ; Itinerant trade ; Periodic market ; Retail trade ; Sweden
  • 1992
  • Retailing, public policy and urban retail planning. Proceedings of the international symposium
  • France ; Inner city ; Midi-Pyrénées ; Retail trade ; Shopping area planning ; Toulouse
  • 1992
  • Retailing, public policy and urban retail planning. Proceedings of the international symposium
  • Enquiry ; Location ; Retail trade ; Tunis ; Tunisia
  • 1992
  • Retailing, public policy and urban retail planning. Proceedings of the international symposium
  • Andorra ; Europe ; Internationalization ; Liechtenstein ; Microstate ; Retail trade ; San Marino ; Urban economy
  • 1992
  • Retailing, public policy and urban retail planning. Proceedings of the international symposium
  • Brazil ; Large city ; Retail trade ; Shopping centre ; São Paulo
  • 1992
  • Retailing, public policy and urban retail planning. Proceedings of the international symposium
  • Ethnic community ; Large city ; Lisbon ; Portugal ; Retail trade
  • 1992
  • Retailing, public policy and urban retail planning. Proceedings of the international symposium
  • Core-periphery ; Large city ; Lisbon ; Location ; Portugal ; Retail trade
  • 1992