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  • Transport investment and disadvantaged regions : UK and European policies since the 1950s
  • Europe ; Industrial region ; Investment ; Regional policy ; Road ; Transport ; Transport network ; Transport policy ; United Kingdom
  • This paper outlines transport investment policies for older industrial regions with higher unemployment. It examines the motivation behind such policies and compares them with transport policies for other regions. The growth of political
  • 1993
  • Rural poverty in Peninsular Malaysia and the Malaysian national agricultural policy
  • Agricultural policy ; Agricultural product ; Agriculture ; Countryside ; Living standard ; Malaysia ; Modernization ; Poverty ; Regional disparities ; Rice cultivation ; Rural development
  • The national agricultural policy aims to modernise and revitalise Malaysian agriculture and alleviate rural poverty while retaining labour in agriculture. The A. argues that this policy will not alleviate poverty in the padi sub-sector for three
  • 1993
  • Allocation ; Economic policy ; Fiscal system;Fiscal policy ; Local development ; Production cost
  • Recent literature has argued that a policy of invariant tax abatement awards is more costly than necessary, and has suggested several ways of improving tax abatement policy by allowing officials discretion in granting abatements. Analysis suggests
  • tax abatements should be abandoned as a development policy. More generally, rent-seeking should be recognised as an important concept in the analysis and evaluation of development programmes.
  • 1993
  • Social policy in poor countries
  • Decentralization ; Developing countries ; Planning ; Social policy ; Social service ; Welfare state
  • The topics coveres include privatization, decentralization, debt and development, natural and civil disasters, and social insurance. This selective approach aims to highlight how governments have responded to the pressures of social policy
  • formulation. This policy is defined as public actions that protect the vulnerable and poor from adverse changes in the quality of life, especially in the provision of health, education, and housing.
  • 1993
  • Job duration and the macro-evaluation of employment policy : the example of UK regional policy
  • Employment ; Employment policy ; Induced effect ; Investment ; Regional policy ; United Kingdom
  • 1993
  • Strangled in structures. An institutional analysis of innovative policy by Dutch municipalities
  • Economic strategy ; Local finance ; Local government ; Local policy ; Netherlands (The)
  • and meaning of the institutional arrangements as a condition for innovative policy under fiscal austerity in the 1980s. - (AGD)
  • 1993
  • Australia ; Environmental management ; Nature conservation ; Nature park ; Tourism ; Tourism policy
  • To date, at least seven organisations have produced at least ten formal policy statements and submissions. An analysis of these policy statements is presented. The policies reviewed use a narrow definition of tourism, based on the presence
  • 1993
  • The regional structure and regional policy of Japan
  • Industry ; Japan ; Population ; Regional policy ; Spatial organization ; Urban system
  • The purpose of this book aims to analyze the regional structure of population and industry of Japan, and the regional policies of Japan historically. The AA. analyzed them historically and showed the results plainly. - (KA)
  • 1993
  • Tourism policy in rural New South Wales―Policy and research priorities
  • Australia ; Countryside ; Decision ; Local government ; New South Wales ; Tourism ; Tourism policy
  • 1993
  • Airline services and airport provision in Northern Ireland, 1983-93: network patterns, policies and trends
  • The aim of this paper is to trace the effects of the Civil Aviation Authority policies of air transport liberalisation on Northern Ireland's air services.
  • 1993
  • Trading blocs or trading blows? The macroeconomic geography of US and Japanese trade policies
  • Comparative study ; Economic environment ; Economic theory ; International trade ; Japan ; State control ; Trade policy ; United States
  • Us and Japanese trade policies are examined from an institutional perspective. An attempt is made to bridge international and domestic politics by positioning state institutions at the center of analysis. The institutional framework is situated
  • 1993
  • Demographic situation ; Fertility ; Former Czechoslovakia ; Housing ; Population policy
  • Report on the research of the Charles University in Prague carried out in the European project Population Policy Acceptance. The main factor of the declining level of fertility are the social economic problems and the housing shortage for the young
  • 1993
  • Flood control failures in a Third World city : Benin City, Nigeria - Some environmental factors and policy issues
  • Applied hydrology ; Catastrophe ; Developing countries ; Environment ; Flood ; Flood control ; Land use ; Natural hazards ; Nigeria ; Urban environment ; Urban policy
  • The aim of this study is to examine some of the environmental factors and policy issues responsible for flood control failures in Benin city, a typical Third World city. First, it highlights some of the obvious errors of omission and/or commission
  • as well as identifies those critical environmental factors and the direction for policy reorientation in the mitigation of the flooding problems. Second, it provides a new framework that includes conservation principles in flood control packages for Third
  • 1993
  • China ; Economic policy ; Economic structure ; Industrial firm ; Optimization ; Shanghai ; Urban density ; Urban development ; Urban economy ; Urban policy ; Urban population ; Urban structure
  • of the structure of urban area is determined. Various restrictive factors must be considered and corresponding policies and measures must be drawn up.
  • 1993
  • Government housing policy in Indonesia 1900-1940
  • Colonial period ; Historical geography ; Housing ; Housing policy ; Indonesia ; Living conditions ; Twentieth Century ; Urban construction
  • 1993
  • Economic policy ; Investment ; Land market ; Land value ; Land;Real estate ; Mexico ; Real estate market ; Real estate speculation ; State control
  • The structure of the land market in Mexico for the period 1988-94 is studied. The immediate policies of Salinas, especially the control of inflation, brought about a return to the favourable conditions of real-estate investment that had existed
  • throughout most of the 1970s. But more recent policies and particularly those of economic liberalization may not bode quite so well for those wishing to place a large part of their investment portfolios in real estate.
  • 1993
  • Small town growth and development policy in Pakistan
  • This study examines the process of small town development and growth in Pakistan. The towns located in the agriculturally developed areas have better opportunities for development than the others. Although government economic development policies
  • 1993
  • Bristol ; Consumption ; Cultural studies ; Local policy ; Social change ; Social class ; United Kingdom ; Urban policy
  • The A. looks at the broader context within which urban cultural strategies have emerged, looking at changes in national state policies towards the arts, changes in patterns of cultural consumption, local opposition to central government
  • 1993
  • Environmental policy : the quest for sustainable development
  • of transboundary and global environmental impacts. Then, the A. examines the challenge posed by sustainable development to sovereignty and the market and the importance of equity in the development of policy.
  • 1993
  • Central policies and local autonomy : the case of Wales
  • Administration ; Autonomy ; Decentralization ; Local finance ; Local government ; Local policy ; United Kingdom ; Wales
  • 1993