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  • Linking Local Plants with Small Handicraft Enterprises among Indigenous Mapuche Communities: Towards a Combined Approach of Local Development and Enhancement of Ethnobotanical Knowledge?
  • Artisanat ; Auracaria ; Chili ; Communauté ; Connaissance ; Développement rural ; Ethno-botanique ; Femme ; Géographie sociale ; Mapuche ; Plante cultivée ; Tissage
  • Chile ; Community ; Cultivated plants ; Handicrafts ; Knowledge ; Mapuche communities ; Rural development ; Social geography ; Woman ; dyeing plants ; handicraft ; local biodiversity ; local traditions
  • from this experience, this study analyses the fac-tors that can promote synergies between handicraft and conservation of local plants from which resources are derived for handicraft.
  • 2014
  • This article examines the symbolism and realism of naturalistically depicted flowering plants in Late Gothic art from Southern Central Europe. A large number of fifteenth- to sixteenth-century pre-Reformation panel paintings with a landscape context
  • were studied in order to learn about their plant species, the contexts the plants were shown in, and their symbolism in connection to religious subjects. Paintings were studied in groups of 1) roadsides and execution sites and 2) fenced meadows, gardens
  • and courtyards. In addition, the seasonality of depicted plants was observed in the scenes of the Passion cycle and in the scene of the Visitation. The realism of these landscapes was manifested in these pictures by showing plants growing in places they belonged
  • to naturally or culturally, and in seasons of religious feasts that the paintings were connected with. However, this realism was not consistent, but combined with plant metaphors and symbols, neatly associated to the subject, and recognised by plants’ overall
  • frequency, placement, properties and naming. Plant names in late medieval and early modern herbals appeared to be a particularly good tool for understanding their possible meanings in paintings, assuming that the first question the late medieval viewer could
  • 2014
  • Skew productivity distributions and agglomeration : evidence from plant-level Data
  • This paper empirically examines how the shapes of plant productivity distributions vary across regions based on Japan's manufacturing census. It focuses on the skewness to examine the asymmetry by estimating the gamma distribution at the plant level
  • potential and in agglomerated industries. These findings suggest that agglomeration economies are likely to accommodate heterogeneous plants with wide ranges of productivities.
  • 2014
  • Ornamental plants and the production of nature(s) in the Spanish real estate boom and bust : the case of Alicante
  • Alicante ; Comunidad Valenciana ; Crise immobilière ; Ecologie appliquée ; Espagne ; Logement ; Palmier à huile ; Plante cultivée ; Production de la nature ; Promotion immobilière ; Urbanisation
  • Alicante ; Applied ecology ; Cultivated plants ; Housing ; Oil palm ; Production of nature ; Real estate development ; Spain ; Urbanization ; Valencian Community
  • of ornamental plants like the palm tree to urbanization and real estate trends in Alicante. The results indicate that, in Alicante, economic recession and environmental crises (manifested in the pests affecting palm trees) have mutually reinforced one other
  • 2014
  • Assessment of the effects of biophysical and anthropogenic factors on woody plant encroachment in dense and sparse mountain grasslands based on remote sensing data
  • This study assessed woody plant encroachment below potential tree line in the Central Pyrenees of Spain and the association of this encroachment with changes in land use. Remote sensing data from Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper (TM) from the mid-1980s
  • and mid-2000s were analyzed by supervised classification for identification of land cover types. The transition matrix indicated that shrublands were the most dynamic plant communities. Generalized additive mixed models (GAMMs) were used to identify
  • biophysical and anthropogenic factors that were significantly correlated with woody plant encroachment of dense and sparse grasslands. Distance to the nearest woody plant habitat (shrub or forest) was the most strongly correlated factor with woody plant
  • 2014
  • Regional selective assistance in Scotland : Does it make a difference to plant productivity?
  • This paper examines whether receipt of a Regional Selective Assistance (RSA) grant in Scotland, has a causal impact on plant total factor productivity (TFP). To tackle the problem of self-selection into the treatment group, propensity score matching
  • 2014
  • Plants as river system engineers
  • years of the twenty-first century, complementary field, flume and theoretical/modelling investigations have contributed to major advances in understanding the influence of plants on fluvial systems. Flume experiments have demonstrated the fundamental
  • role of vegetation in determining river planform. At the same time, modellers have incorporated factors such as moisture-dependent plant growth, canopy and root architecture and their influence on flow resistance and sediment/bank reinforcement
  • 2014
  • Cyclones influence native plant diversity on 22 remote high islands of French Polynesia and Pitcairn (eastern Polynesia)
  • The A. examined the relative influence of 8 spatial characteristics on native plant diversity in 22 volcanic high islands of eastern Polynesia : island area, highest elevation, distance to the nearest continent, distance to the nearest archipelago
  • , distance to the nearest similar island, index of isolation, distance to the largest and highest island of Tahiti, and distance to the cyclonic alley. Among characteristics studied, native plant diversity (indigenous and endemic species) was primarily linked
  • with the island area and highest elevation of the islands. Contemporary cyclones were an important predictor of indigenous plant diversity in the remote islands surveyed. In the high islands surveyed, isolation did not appear as a significant predictor of native
  • plant diversity, possibly due to a stepping-stone-island effect and the proximity of the cyclonic alley. These findings suggest that isolation could be tempered by a cyclonic-transport-flow effect in the study area.
  • 2014
  • Politicising plants : dwelling and invasive alien species in domestic gardens in Norway
  • On se demande comment les populations entretenant des jardins dans le Comté Oppland en Norvège se comportent vis-à-vis des plantes et avec les espèces étrangères invasives. Leur diffusion depuis les jardins domestiques peut représenter une menace
  • sur la biodiversité et les autorités environnementales font actuellement face à un défi en évoquant ce risque aux jardiniers qui opèrent dans leurs espaces domestiques. On montre comment la politique de biodiversité et les relations hommes-plantes se
  • réalisent en harmonie. La notion de résidence, combinée à une géographie plus-qu'humaine, permet d'analyser comment ces jardiniers se comportent à l'égard des plantes. Les jardiniers ne se sentent pas concernés par l'origine géographique de leurs plantes de
  • 2014
  • Gradients of soil salinity and moisture, and plant distribution, in a Mediterranean semiarid saline watershed : a model of soil–plant relationships for contributing to the management
  • and halonitrophilus shrubs were the driest and least saline. The results support the role of vegetation as bioindicator of disturbances and the use of soil–plant relationships models to improve the environmental management of saline ecosystems.
  • 2014
  • Genes are not information: rendering plant genetic resources untradeable through genetic restoration practices
  • In this paper, the A. argues that a Midwestern plant conservation science institution (MPCSI) challenges genetic commodification through distinct knowledge-making and social practices. He analyzes the socionatural implications of this institution’s
  • 2014
  • Espace partagé ; Espace urbain ; Etats-Unis ; Famille ; Géographie sociale ; Informalité ; Jardin ; Jardinage ; Minneapolis ; Minnesota ; Plante cultivée ; Potager ; Quartier
  • Cultivated plants ; Family ; Garden ; Gardening ; Informality ; Minnesota ; Neighbourhood ; Social geography ; United States of America ; Urban area
  • neighborhoods of Minneapolis, Minnesota, the article shows how these commons are made in two key registers: through yards as shared territories and through everyday practices of sharing plants across individual yards. The article’s central claim is that yards
  • 2014
  • Soil properties in natural grassland, Caragana korshinskii planted shrubland, and Robinia pseudoacacia planted forest in gullies on the hilly Loess Plateau, China
  • 2014
  • Ecosystem ; Forest fire ; Grassland ; Model ; Plant species ; Precipitation ; Recovery time ; Scrub ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties ; Spain ; Spatial distribution ; Vegetation ; Vegetation index
  • The methodology is based on map algebra and a geographical information system, which enabled calculation of the approximate time required to restore vegetation to conditions similar to pre-fire regarding plant height and canopy cover. The AA
  • . considered, first, the vegetation in the territory, characterized by the structure of the dominant plant community (tree, shrub, or grassland) and its regeneration strategy (resprouter or seeder); and, second, two of the main factors determining recovery time
  • – water availability and soil loss. They also considered the influence of observed rainfall trends over the past 50 years on these latter two factors. The methodology, applied to Spain, highlighted significant differences in plant communities between
  • 2014
  • This article re-examines the mechanisms underlying Alfred Marshall's agglomeration economies in the Sheffield metals cluster wherein he discovered them. First, it shows that highly skilled employees can often be found within plants that have evolved
  • to become specialists in related metals technology. Second, it is found that plants using related metals technology source a greater proportion of their materials and components, by value, from local suppliers within the city-region. The results highlight
  • 2014
  • Cannabis ; Commercialisation ; Dossier pédagogique ; Exportation ; Illégalité ; Maroc ; Plante cultivée ; Rif
  • Cultivated plants ; Export ; Illegality ; Marketing ; Morocco ; Rif
  • 2014
  • reveals that both facilities utilize water reuse technologies and support reforestation programs. While the smaller-scale, alternative plant makes important contributions to reforestation, slope stabilization, and community education programs, it lacks
  • the capacity and treatment standards of the large-scale, centralized plant to meet the current and future needs of Tijuana. However, it argues that if the final water quality produced by smaller-scale, alternative technologies can be improved, these types
  • of facilities have the potential to augment larger-scale treatment plants and provide important, localized sustainability benefits in a transborder context.
  • 2014
  • Agro-écologie ; Changement environnemental ; Institution ; Organisation non gouvernementale ; Organisme génétiquement modifié ; Pays en développement ; Plante cultivée ; Récolte ; Société civile
  • Agro-ecology ; Civil society ; Crop ; Cultivated plants ; Developing countries ; Environmental change ; Genetically modified organism ; Institution ; Non-governmental organization
  • Burkina (B. Dowd-Uribe). 3. Les organisations non-gouvernementales et les récoltes génétiquement modifiées au Kenya : comprendre leur influence dans une société techno-civile (M. Harsh). 4. Arriver à faire pousser certaines plantes dans des endroits bien
  • 2014
  • Effect of type and quality of two contrasting plant residues on CO2 emission potential of Ultisol soil : Implications for indirect influence of temperature and moisture
  • or incorporation of plant residues are in fact major factors which control the CO2 emission potential of soils by converting soils from CO2–C sources to sinks. On the other hand, other abiotic factors like temperature and moisture are indirect regulator of CO2
  • 2014
  • Action anthropique ; Analyse isotopique ; Bassin-versant ; Carbone 13 ; Chine ; Chine du Sud ; Cycle du carbone ; Dégradation de la végétation ; Estuaire ; Géochimie ; Mangrove ; Phytoplancton ; Plante cultivée ; Transport sédimentaire ; Variation
  • Carbon 13 ; Carbon cycle ; China ; Cultivated plants ; Estuary ; Geochemistry ; Human impact ; Isotope analysis ; Mangrove ; Phytoplankton ; Seasonal variation ; Sediment transport ; Southern China ; Vegetation degradation ; Watershed ; Zhu Jiang
  • organic carbon (DOC)and (POC) were observed in the urban deltaic region in summer flood flow. Results suggest that POC in the 3 zones of upstream-delta-outlet dominantly came from riverbank soil, phytoplankton and agricultural C3 plants in winter, whereas
  • 2014