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  • Land use ; Landscape ; Norway ; Perception ; Plant canopy ; Protected area
  • This article uses an activity-based understanding of landscape to explore values related to perceived land cover diversity. Perceptions within two user groups in a mountain area in western Norway are related to a simultaneous land cover survey
  • , and compared to experts’ evaluations of land cover and to the aims of landscape protection in the area.
  • 2010
  • Stratified vegetation cover index : a new way to assess vegetation impact on soil erosion
  • China ; Concept ; Loess ; Plant cover ; Plateau ; Shaanxi ; Soil erosion ; Vegetation ; Vegetation index
  • This paper proposes a method to separately measure the cover of different vegetation strata, estimate their contribution to reducing soil loss, and then to integrate this into a single vegetation index called the stratified vegetation cover index
  • (Cs). The results in the Loess Plateau region of Shaanxi province show that Cs is more effective than projected vegetation cover for the assessment of soil erosion and also can overcome the disadvantages of vegetation indices such as NDVI. This means
  • that Cs is a good substitute for vegetation cover or cover-related vegetation indices in studies on the relationship between vegetation and soil erosion. The concept of Cs may help the local governors or forest department understand the importance
  • 2010
  • Impacts of grassland vegetation cover on the active-layer thermal regime, Northeast Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China
  • China ; Climatic change ; Grassland ; Impact ; Mountain ; Periglacial features ; Permafrost ; Plant cover ; Plateau ; Qinghai ; Thermal regime ; Tibet
  • The study was conducted in the watershed of the Zuomaokong River in an alpine meadow over a three-year period. A high vegetation cover (93%) delayed thawing and freezing at a given depth relative to sites with lower covers (65%, 30% and 5%). Low
  • vegetation covers exhibited greater annual variability in soil temperatures, and may be more sensitive to changes in air temperature. Low vegetation covers are also linked to higher thermal diffusivity and thermal conductivity in the soils. The maintenance
  • of a high vegetation cover on alpine meadows reduces the impact of heat cycling on the permafrost, may minimise the impact of climate change and helps preserve the microenvironment of the soil.
  • 2010
  • Cracow ; Geochemistry ; Human impact ; Industrial complex ; Poland ; Pollution ; Snow cover ; Spatial variation ; Steel industry
  • The research presented assesses the spatial variability to the physical and chemical properties of snow cover near the ArcelorMittal Poland steel plant in Kraków. Analysis of snow samples collected at 40 different sampling sites. Revealed
  • that dissolved solids were present at six times the concentration in snow 2 km as opposed to 8 km from the steel plant (0.98 v 0.16 meq•dm-3). Reaction ranged from moderately alkaline (8.54 pH max) in snow 2 km from the plant to moderately acidic (4.87 pHmin
  • ) at a distance of 8 km. Overall, the spatial variability to snow characteristics (e.g. Ca2+, Mg2+) exhibited a concentric pattern around the steel plant, albeit with a tendency towards elongation in an easterly direction (pH, F-). Ca2+, Mg2+, and SO42
  • 2010
  • Monitoring the effects of land use and cover type changes on soil moisture using remote-sensing data : a case study in China's Yongding River basin
  • China ; Cultivated land ; Eastern China ; Forest ; Grassland ; LANDSAT ; Land use ; Model ; Plant cover ; Remote sensing ; Soil moisture ; Surface temperature ; Thematic Mapper ; Vegetation index ; Watershed
  • a land use and cover type map by classification of the Landsat images, and used the map to study the influence of land use and cover type changes on soil moisture : farmland converted into grassland; grassland converted into farmland; and forest converted
  • 2010
  • Land cover change in Europe between 1950 and 2000 determined employing aerial photography
  • Aerial photography ; Biodiversity ; Biogeography ; Cultivated land ; Drainage ; Europe ; Forest ; Habitat ; Humid environment ; Photointerpretation ; Plant cover ; Spatial variation ; Urbanization
  • BIOPRESS (‘Linking Pan-European Land Cover Change to Pressures on Biodiversity’), a European Commission funded ‘Global Monitoring for Environment and Security’ project, produced land cover change information (1950—2000) for Europe from aerial
  • photographs and tested the suitability of this for monitoring habitats and biodiversity. The methods and results related to the land cover change work are summarized. Changes in land cover were established through 73 window and 59 transect samples distributed
  • 2010
  • The impact of vegetative cover type on runoff and soil erosion under different land uses
  • Arid area ; Deforestation ; Land use ; Palestinian Territories ; Plant cover ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties ; Water erosion
  • The study was conducted at the Southern part of West Bank, near Hebron city, during 2005, 2006 and 2007. Five treatments were implemented; forests planted with P. halepensis (F), natural vegetation dominated by S. spinosum (W.S), natural vegetation
  • 2010
  • Beijing ; China ; Geographical information system ; Land use ; Multi-criteria analysis ; Plant cover ; Remote sensing ; Slope gradient ; Soil conservation ; Soil erosion ; Water erosion ; Watershed
  • The aim of this paper is to identify conservation priorities by a specific multicriteria evaluation method in the Yongding river basin. In this paper, vegetation cover, land-use, and slope gradient are used to assess erosion risk and trends
  • in erosion risk are obtained by comparing the results of erosion risk between 2000 and 2006. Using this information, the priority conservation areas are graded into 6 levels. The 2 highest priority levels cover the regions with severe erosion or a substantial
  • recent increase in erosion risk (11.82% of the study area), and are recommended as erosion control regions with appropriate conservation strategies. The middle 2 levels cover the regions with stable erosion status or slight change, needing only minor
  • 2010
  • Canada ; Dune ; Geographical information system ; LANDSAT ; Plant cover ; Remote sensing ; Saskatchewan ; Topography ; Wind erosion
  • During the interval (2003–2009) sparse vegetation cover (Psoralea lanceolata) increased despite drier than normal moisture conditions and steady wind power during the growing season. Whereas these climatic conditions are typically ascribed
  • 2010
  • European part of Russia ; Forest ; Interannual variability ; Kursk ; Phytogeography ; Pine ; Plant cover ; Rostov-on-Don ; Tver
  • 2010
  • European part of Russia ; Forest ; Komi ; Plant cover ; Protected area ; Tundra ; Vegetation dynamics
  • Indicateurs biométriques des espèces de bois dans les zones étudiées protégées par la neige. Structure et composition des communautés de plantes formées entre des séries d'espèces de bois transplantés et en forme d'arbrisseaux dans les zones
  • 2010
  • Arid area ; Mexico ; Plant cover ; Querétaro ; Runoff ; Semi-arid area ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties ; Water erosion
  • imbricata), to evaluate soil erosion and runoff, in semiarid Central Mexico. A comparative bare surface condition (Control) was also evaluated. Vegetative canopy and ground cover were computed using digital images. Selected soil parameters were determined
  • . Soil erosion was different for the studied vegetation conditions, decreasing as canopy and ground cover increased. A close relationship was found between soil properties and the surface hydrological processes of soil erosion and runoff, enhancing
  • 2010
  • Built up area ; Data processing ; Geostatistics ; Land utilisation ; Model ; Plant cover ; Remote sensing ; Satellite imagery ; Spatial variation ; Thematic mapping
  • This study aims to increase the accuracy with which remotely sensed data can be used to generate thematic maps of land cover classes. It explores the use of geostatisical models to characterize the inherent spatial variation between different land
  • covers (woodland, rough grassland, managed grassland, and built land) and integrates these into a supervised, nonparametric, k-nearest neighbor (k-NN) per-pixel classifier. The increase in accuracy obtained by incorporating the geographical weighting
  • 2010
  • areas and in new afforestation areas, in order to prove that the different plant covers enhance soil aggregate stability. Soil samples were collected from the hilly-gully area on the Loess Plateau : results and discussion.
  • The AA. presumed that the aggregate stability and the distribution of organic carbon and nitrogen in different aggregate fractions were different and would be affected by different plant communities in comparison to cropland and bare fallow land
  • . Therefore, the aims of this study were to elucidate the effects of different plant communities on soil aggregate stability and the distribution of organic carbon and nitrogen in different aggregate fractions by using ultrasonic method, both in old forest
  • 2010
  • Algeria ; Cartography ; Forest ; LANDSAT ; Landscape ; Plant cover ; Remote sensing ; Satellite imagery ; Scrub ; Semi-arid area ; Vegetation
  • 2010
  • industry? and to what extent do the existing Polish geographical concentrations resemble Porter’s clusters? The evidence is based on the AA’ database covering 955 plants involved in production for the automotive industry. Three ideal types of agglomeration
  • 2010
  • Erosion rate ; Grain size distribution ; Land use ; Plant cover ; Precipitation ; Puerto Rico ; Semi-arid area ; Slope gradient ; Soil erosion ; Water erosion ; Watershed
  • objectives of this study were to: (1) measure sediment production rates from unpaved roads; (2) evaluate the effect of precipitation, rainfall erosivity, slope, plot length, and vegetation cover on sediment production rates; and (3) compare measured sediment
  • 2010
  • Erosion control ; Experiment plot ; Forest fire ; Idaho ; Plant cover ; Rainfall simulation ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties ; United States of America
  • of three wood shred blends and the impact of those differences on the required mass application rates to achieve a desired ground cover, (2) determine the statistical significance of each wood shred blend in reducing runoff, sediment concentration, and rill
  • 2010
  • Arctic Region ; Canada ; Carbon ; Cold area ; Cryoturbation ; Geochemistry ; Northwest Territories ; Peat bog ; Periglacial features ; Plant cover ; Quaternary ; Soil properties ; Tundra
  • permafrost terrain are estimated from transect vegetation inventories and a land cover classification based on a Landsat satellite image and with soil chemical analyses of pedons. Results and discussion about the properties of soils and cryoturbation
  • 2010
  • Australia ; Gully erosion ; New South Wales ; Plant cover ; Semi-arid area ; Slope gradient ; Soil erosion ; Topography ; Water erosion ; Watershed
  • , topography, vegetation cover and road infrastructure were explored. Secondly, site characteristics of 32 sub-catchments with and without gullies were compared. Finally, the topographic thresholds for unstable and stable sub-catchments with and without gullies
  • 2010