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  • Modification of the effects of global climate change by plant cover structure in an agricultural landscape
  • Ecosystem ; Global change ; Heat balance ; Meteorology ; Model ; Plant cover ; Poland ; Rural landscape ; Vegetation ; Water balance
  • To grasp the impact of plant cover structure on heat balance structure the components of heat balance of six ecosystems and two landscapes were calculated by using a mathematical model. Three types of various meteorological conditions during
  • the growing season were taken into consideration. This analysis has shown that plant cover has mitigating capacities in relation to the presumed effects of global climate change. Thus, in attempts to predict global changes at local level, the mitigating
  • effects of plant cover must be taken into consideration.
  • 1995
  • Dune mobility and vegetation cover in the southwest Kalahari Desert
  • Aeolian features ; Aeolian transport ; Arid area ; Botswana ; Desert ; Dune ; Plant cover ; Wind erosion
  • 1995
  • Himalayan foret-cover changes in historical perspective: a case study in the Kaghan Valley, northern Pakistan
  • Biogeography ; Deforestation ; Forest ; Himalaya ; Historical geography ; Nineteenth Century ; Pakistan ; Plant cover ; Twentieth Century
  • 1995
  • An experimental study of infiltration and erosion under slope gradients and vegetal covers
  • China ; Experimentation ; Infiltration ; Plant cover ; Raindrop erosion ; Rill wash ; Slope ; Slope gradient ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties ; Splash
  • The effect of slope gradient and vegetal cover on soil infiltration and erosion were studied with field simulator, at the suburbs of Zhanjiakou city, Hebei Province, North China, on a loess hill. Discussion of the results.
  • 1995
  • Estimation of land coverage from a land cover classification derived from remotely sensed data
  • Classification ; Data processing ; Discriminant analysis ; LANDSAT ; Land use ; Plant canopy ; Remote sensing ; Thematic Mapper ; United Kingdom ; Wales
  • This paper aims to illustrate the estimation of land cover class coverage from an image classification. It focuses on a case study which aimed to derive accurate estimates of the coverage of industrially despoiled land in administratively defined
  • 1995
  • Seasonal land-cover regions of the United States. Map supplement
  • AVHRR ; Biogeography ; Cultivated land ; Data base ; Forest ; Global change ; NOAA ; Plant cover ; Remote sensing ; Seasonal variation ; Thematic mapping ; United States of America
  • This paper presents a new classification of U.S. land cover based on AVHRR data. One hundred fifty-nine seasonal land-cover regions are described and mapped according to their vegetative composition, phenology (onset, peak, and length of green
  • 1995
  • Albedo ; Climatology ; Conifer ; Cultivated plants ; Energy balance ; Local climate ; Minnesota ; Model ; Plant cover ; Regional climate ; Soil properties ; Spatial variation ; Surface temperature ; United States of America ; Vegetation
  • Albédo ; Bilan énergétique ; Climat local ; Climat régional ; Climatologie ; Conifère ; Couverture végétale ; Etats-Unis ; Minnesota ; Modèle ; Plante cultivée ; Propriétés du sol ; Température de surface ; Variation spatiale ; Végétation
  • 1995
  • Erosion budget ; Kenya ; Land use ; Plant cover ; Precipitation ; Rainfall simulation ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties ; Splash ; Vegetation
  • This study examines the relationship between cover density and soil loss and determines the minimum level of ground cover restoration necessary for effective erosion control. In addition, the presence of a critical threshold below which changes
  • in vegetation cover resulted in significant increases in runoff and soil loss was investigated.
  • 1995
  • Aeolian features ; China ; Climate ; Geomorphology ; Gully erosion ; Loess ; Plant cover ; Precipitation ; Shaanxi ; Soil erosion ; Tectonics ; Temperature ; Zonation
  • and of water-heat conditions in the region cause obvious regional differentiations of the landscape. from south to the north, the types of landforms, degree of dissection, vegetation cover-degree and intensity of soil and water loesses show clearly latitudinal
  • 1995
  • Alps (The) ; Austria ; Climatic variation ; Fluvial processes ; Global change ; Model ; Mountain ; Palaeogeography ; Periglacial features ; Plant cover ; Sediment budget
  • Monitoring of sediment transfer and reconstructions of palaeovegetation cover and palaeoclimate in the periglacial belt of the Central Alps have been the main aims of this study. These data allow the calibration of a model that estimates sediment
  • 1995
  • Earth surface processes ; Freeze-thaw cycle ; Lithology ; Mountain ; Nivation hollow ; Plant cover ; Poland ; Quantitative analysis ; Slope dynamics ; Snow ; Tatra Mountains
  • This paper discusses nivation and its effects, based on quantitative studies. These are related to local environmental conditions including slope type, aspect and weathering cover. It illustrates the role of snow patches in the High Tatras.
  • 1995
  • Climatic variation ; Erosion rate ; Evapotranspiration ; Global change ; Mediterranean area ; Microrelief ; Model ; Plant cover ; Rill wash ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties ; Vegetation
  • sharing a common basis in hydrology. In all cases, the model leads to a unique stable vegetation cover, irrespective of the initial conditions, but it is recognised that there may be better model parameterisations.
  • 1995
  • Arid area ; Deforestation ; Environment ; Environmental degradation ; Environmental management ; Ethiopia ; Photointerpretation ; Plant cover ; Soil erosion
  • photo interpretation. It compares 1957 and 1986 aerial photos showing woody plant cover around the town of Debre Sina in North Shäwa. From this information the study will suggest a trend in vegetation change in that particular area during that particular
  • 1995
  • China ; Gansu ; Land use ; Loess ; Mass movement ; Model ; Plant cover ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties ; Watershed
  • This paper presents new equations expressing variations in erosional susceptibility, Es, using a data base for over 200 landslides in the loess-covered mountainous terrain (relative relief up to 1500 m) of the Lanzhou region. These equations express
  • time, between the characteristics of vegetation cover including land use, hydrology, geomechanical behaviour and mass movement.
  • 1995
  • Africa ; Arid area ; Botswana ; Infiltration ; Land use ; Plant cover ; Rill wash ; Semi-arid area ; Slope gradient ; Soil ; Soil properties ; Tanzania
  • In this study, conducted in semi-arid Botswana and Tanzania, soil surface and subsoil characteristics were studied along transects. Factors such as surface seals, soil texture, vegetation cover, slope gradient and land use were observed
  • . The infiltration capacity was measured by means of the double-ring method and the dropper method. It was shown that the occurence of surface seals was related to soil conditions, vegetation cover and microtopography. Therefore, aerial photographs can give easy
  • 1995
  • Ecosystem ; England ; Forest ; Heath ; Hydrology ; Land use ; Plant cover ; Resource management ; Soil conservation ; United Kingdom ; Vegetation ; Watershed
  • This paper reports on hydrogeomorphological research undertaken within a drainage basin, in the New Forest, which contains two types of semi-natural vegetation cover which are a diminishing resource within the UK: lowland heath and floodplain forest
  • . This research investigates interactions between vegetation and hydrogeomorphological processes, but also focuses more specfically on developing a fuller understanding of the hydrogeomorphological functioning of drainage basins under these two diminishing cover
  • 1995
  • Climatic variability ; England ; Global change ; Human impact ; Land use ; Model ; Plant cover ; Precipitation ; Soil ; Soil erosion ; United Kingdom
  • This paper considers only the indirectly anthropogenic influences of changed rainfall, temperature and CO2 content upon erosion. However changes in land use, and hence vegetation cover, are likely to be equally, if not more, important in determining
  • 1995
  • Alluvial cone ; Arid area ; Fire ; Glacier mass balance ; Impact ; Nevada ; Plant cover ; Soil erosion ; United States of America ; Vegetation degradation ; Watershed
  • On August 28, 1981, the Crow Canyon drainage basin in central Nevada was burned by a lightning-generated wildfire that destroyed the vegetation cover consisting primarily of juniper trees, sagebrush, and desert grasses. The geomorphic impact
  • 1995
  • Erosion rate ; Impact ; Land development ; Methodology ; Model ; Ohio ; Plant cover ; Pollution ; Rill wash ; Soil erosion ; United States of America ; Urban construction ; Water quality
  • sites in North Royalton, Ohio, as well as computer modeling based on site condition maps, the AA. found that rapid application of surface cover dramatically reduced both the amount of sedimment generated by surface erosion and the concentration and total
  • 1995
  • Biogeochemical cycle ; Biosphere ; Cenozoic ; Climatic variation ; Concept ; Earth's globe ; Geology ; Global tectonics ; Mesozoic ; Palaeoclimate ; Palaeomagnetism ; Palaeozoic ; Plant cover ; Solar radiation
  • of this phenomenon should exist in the planet's interior. This conclusion is fully confirmed by the vast amount of information contained in the Earth's sedimentary cover. Cyclic and trended changes of the climate, that were consequences of slow and accelerating
  • 1995