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  • A pragmatic assessment of government support for organic agriculture in Ireland
  • Agricultural policy ; Agriculture ; Financing ; Government policy ; Ireland ; Organic farming
  • The paper provides an analysis of government support for organic farming in Ireland. Varying levels of encouragement and programmes are provided to farmers in their conversion from conventional to organic production, and in their maintenance
  • of organic production. It investigates relevant technical, financial, and policy support available to organic farmers. As an exploratory study, it develops an assessment of Ireland within eight key categories of organic agricultural support.
  • Geographies of the illicit : globalization and organized crime
  • There is a growing interest among geographers in the illicit. Within this there has been little interest in organized criminality. The A. argues that the development of a geographical perspective on organized crime is timely and seeks to map out
  • connections with both the extant literatures of organized crime anf those of human geography.
  • Organic remains in Finnish subglacial sediments
  • Diatom ; Esker ; Finland ; Fluvioglacial features ; Glacial features ; Glaciation ; Organic materials ; Palynology ; Pollen diagram ; Quaternary ; Stratigraphy
  • The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the sedimentology of the Harrinkangas formation and the origin of the enclosed organic remains. This esker contains peat layers and is covered by thin silty till. The AA. argue that it is possible to explain
  • this stratigraphy as a result of redeposition of organic matter through subglacial processes during the last glaciation.
  • Spatial distributions of organic carbon and nitrogen and their isotopic compositions in sediments of the Changjiang Estuary and its adjacent sea area
  • Carbon ; China ; Coastal sedimentation ; Estuary ; Geochemistry ; Isotope analysis ; Jiangsu ; Nitrogen ; Organic materials ; Spatial distribution
  • The spatial distribution patterns of total organic carbon and total nitrogen show significant correlations with currents of the East China Sea Shelf. The purposes of this paper are to analyze characteristics of stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes
  • in seabed sediments, and discuss their implications for tracing organic matter source; and calculate contributions of different organic matter sources in seabed sediments.
  • Community unionism in Canada and labor's (re)organization of space
  • Canada ; Capitalism ; Collective bargaining ; Economic restructuring ; Industrial organization ; Industry ; Production ; Trade unionism ; Work organization
  • The paper begins with a brief overview of how researchers have theorized the effects of capital's (re)organization of production on the geographies of trade unionism. Following a conceptual outline of the emergence of community unionism, two
  • that alternative approaches to labor organization can overcome the imposed spatial reorganization of capitalism and allow workers and communities to produce more preferable economic geographies.
  • Self-organization and landscape evolution
  • This article examines the question of geomorphic self-organization in the context of broad-scale, long-term landscape evolution. Geomorphic perspectives on self-organization are first briefly reviewed. Then, the necessary and sufficient conditions
  • for a self-organizing geomorphic system are outlined. Examples are examined. Finally, two broad classes of landscape evolution, the cases of increasing and decreasing relief, are shown to differ fundamentally with respect to self-organization.
  • The political ecology of local party organization : the case of Canada
  • Association ; Canada ; Electoral district ; Organization ; Political geography ; Political party
  • The paper explores the extent to which it is possible to describe and measure a local dimension to party organization. It presents data on nine organizational variables collected from a national survey of the national parties'local organizations
  • . Using constituency level data on position, party and the socio-economic local environment as independent variables, it demonstrates that there is a distinctive local dimension to party organization.
  • Divergence, convergence, and self-organization in landscapes
  • Channel geometry ; Chaos ; Concept ; Divergence ; Estuary ; Geomorphology ; Humid environment ; Landform evolution ; Landscape ; Model ; North Carolina ; Self-organizing behaviour ; United States of America ; Vegetation
  • This paper presents a theory of spatially divergent self-organization related to the latter, showing that autogenic differentiation is directly linked to dynamical instability and chaos. The determination of the self-organization properties
  • of self-organization concepts and methods in physical geography.
  • Soil fauna in arid ecosystems: their role and functions in organic matter cycling
  • Arid area ; Biogenic process ; Ecosystem ; Fauna ; Micro-organism ; Organic materials ; Rainfall simulation ; Soil ; Soil properties
  • This short paper is based in part on the information available on the actual functioning and composition of the soil community. The soil biota activity, which utilizes the organic matter for biosynthesis and maintenance at different levels
  • of organization, has a considerable effect on arid regions. This activity is stongly affected by abiotic factors which are highly unstable especially in a desert ecosystem.
  • Traditional planning of organic settlements in Ghana
  • International organization and agricultural development
  • The Pashtun of Kunar: tribe, class and community organization
  • Organization and channelling of agricultural development aid to the homelands
  • The changing organization, structure, and control of Canadian agriculture
  • Broadcasting organizations and their network in 1983 (with the number of employed persons), radio and television sets, radio and television programmes, international cooperation and broadcasting organizations.
  • Erodibility of soil and organic matter : independence of organic matter resistance to interrill erosion
  • Comparative study ; Devon ; Eifel ; England ; Erodibility ; Germany ; Model ; Organic materials ; Rainfall simulation ; Rill wash ; Soil ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties ; United Kingdom
  • In this paper, initial results from a series of interrill erosion experiments conducted on the enrichment of organic matter are reported. Two intensely farmed silts from Devon, UK, and the Eifel region, Germany, were subjected to artificial rainfall
  • . The texture of the two soils is almost identical, while organic matter content and aggregate stability, and thus aggregate breakdown and interrill erosion differ significantly. The design of the rainfall simulation experiments aimed at measuring organic matter
  • Nongovernmental organizations and tropical agroecological development, with Honduran examples
  • Agricultural practice ; Agriculture ; Crop ; Development ; Farming system ; Honduras ; Non-governmental organization
  • Using case studies from Honduras, the A. shows how nongovernmental organizations have had an impact in fostering more sustainable crop production among small poor farmers in tropical countries. - (DWG)
  • Development, unders development, and national spatial organization
  • Development ; Economic growth ; Economic space ; Economy ; Latin America ; Spatial organization ; Underdevelopment
  • Survey of the growth of interest in development issues and national spatial organization among Latin Americanist geographers. In the U.S., these themes have curiously elicited little interest.―(DWG)
  • Seasonal changes in iron transport and nature of dissolved organic matter in a humic river in northern Finland
  • Finland ; Geochemistry ; Hydrology ; Iron ; Organic materials ; Seasonal variation ; Streams ; Water quality
  • Changes in the concentration of iron and dissolved organic matter (DOM), and in the colour and fluorescence properties in the River Küminkijoki were investigated as functions of the seasonal flow regime over a two-year period. Discussion
  • Microbial oxidation of organic matter coupled to the reduction of Fe(III) and Mn(IV) oxides
  • Biogeochemistry ; Freshwater environment ; Geochemistry ; Iron ; Manganese ; Micro-organism ; Organic materials ; Palaeo-environment ; Sedimentology