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  • The interlocking network model for studying urban networks
  • Producer services ; Research ; Theory ; Urban hierarchy ; Urban network ; World city
  • Dans ce numéro spécial consacré à l'étude des réseaux urbains mondiaux, on trouvera les articles suivants :1-Introduction: The interlocking network model for studying urban networks: out-line, potential, critiques, and ways forward ; 2-A research
  • odyssey: from interlocking network model to extraordinary cities ; 3-Network or hierarchical relations? A plea for redirecting attention to the control functions of global cities4-World city network research at a theoretical impasse: On the need to re
  • -establish qualitative approaches to understanding agency in world city networks , 5-Validity in world city network measurements ; 6- Multiple perspectives on functional coherence: Heterogeneity and multiplexity in the Randstad ; 7-Cities as networks within
  • networks of cities: The evolution of the city/firm-duality in the world city network, 2000–2010.
  • An experimental study of sapped drainage network development
  • Catchment area;Watershed ; Colorado ; Drainage network ; Erosion ; Sediment transport ; United States
  • This paper presents the results of a laboratory investigation of network evolution in a three-dimensional, subsurface flow-generated drainage system. Particular attention was paid to monitoring changes in sediment discharge as the drainage network
  • evolved, in an attempt to couple them to changes in network morphology.
  • Computer network resources for physical geography instruction
  • Cartographic design ; Cartographic technique ; Physical geography ; Teaching of geography ; Transmission network
  • Introduction to the Internet computer network (which allows people to connect to other computers), showing how to access and use current network resources in a physical geography course. Using this network one can get text information, satellite
  • The structure of networks in industrial districts
  • Decision making process ; Economic environment ; Enterprise ; Industrial district ; Industry ; Innovation ; Network ; Organization
  • The survey of a sample of 64 empirical industrial district studies shows that few researchers have measured and analysed network structures, and none have studied performance outcomes of variations in network structure. An evolutionary perspective
  • is used to propose a research agenda for a better understanding of the relationship between network structure and innovation.
  • Specification of the world city network
  • Centrality ; Competition ; International economy ; Network ; Producer services ; Quaternary sector ; Service ; Urban function
  • In this paper, the world city network is identified as an unusual form of network with three levels of structure : cities as the nodes, the world economy as the supranodal network level, and advanced producer service firms operating through cities
  • who are the prime actors in world city network formation. This process is formally specified in terms of four international relational matrices. Through this specification it becomes possible to apply standard techniques of network analysis to world
  • Business networks outside an industrial district
  • Economic environment ; Enterprise ; Innovation ; Network ; New Zealand ; Partnership ; Small firm ; Urban economy
  • This paper reports New Zealand evidence from a survey of small-firm network behaviour and the impact of an intermediary agency in seeking to assist network development. Small businesses engage in various types of networking including information
  • sharing, resource sharing and subcontracting. There is little evidence of deliberate strategy about networking. Network promotion is isentified as a way of assisting small-firm development.
  • Accessibility indices for abstract road networks
  • Topology and dependency tests in spatial and network autoregressive models
  • Matrix analysis ; Network ; Regression analysis ; Simulation ; Social network ; Spatial analysis ; Test ; Topology
  • The objective of the paper is to investigate, within a simulation setting, the ability of spatial dependency tests to identify a spatial/network autoregressive model when two network topology measures, namely degree distribution and clustering
  • , are controlled. Drawing a large data set of controlled social networks, the impact of network topology on dependency tests is investigated under a hierarchy of factors.
  • Link lengths and channel network topology
  • Development of a freight transformation network of regular trucking in Korea
  • Road transport ; South Korea ; Transport ; Transport network
  • This study ewamines the development of service networks by regular trucking, and the spatial change of truck service routes in Korea. The A. indicates 4 points as results. - (KA)
  • The geography of international business telecommunications : the role of leased networks
  • Bank ; Centrality ; Economic integration ; Finance ; Information ; International economy ; Internationalisation ; Network ; Telecommunications ; Transnational corporation
  • Leased networks are a small but important part of international telecommunications, especially for large transnational corporations. Many of these firms, particularly in the banking and finance and electronics industries, view their networks as key
  • elements of their global corporate strategy. The networks use high-speed circuits to link major industrialized countries. There is a competition between countries to become regional hubs for traffic on international networks.
  • Networking the urban policy arena. Local governance and the regionalisation of territorial policy-making in Northrhine-Westphalia
  • Germany ; Local policy ; Network ; North Rhine Westfalia ; Regional development ; Regionalization ; Urban network ; Urban policy
  • The contribution deals with the following subjects : 1)Policy innovation as context management : 1) Regionalisation in Northrhine-Westphalia. 2) Local responses to regionalisation : Duisburg and its region. 3) Networking the urban policy arena : new
  • forms of governance in Duisburg. 4) Local and regional networking : potentials and contradictions for innovative governance. 5) Challenges to networking : bridging the local-regional mismatch. - (MT)
  • Power networks and early Chinese immigrants in Pennsylvania
  • Association ; Chinese ; Historical geography ; Immigration ; International migration ; Pennsylvania ; Social integration ; Social network ; United States of America
  • Early Chinese immigrants in Pennsylvania were influenced by networks ranging from the global economic system to friendship with colleagues working in the same cities. Despite encountering poverty, hostility and institutional bias, Chinese were able
  • to persist in part because their social and cultural networks complemented global and Euro-American economic networks. These networks shielded immigrants from the hostility of Euro-Americans and the penalties of the American government.
  • A bi-level programming model for the land use - network design problem
  • Decision ; Facilities ; Land use ; Model ; Multi-purpose programming ; Network ; Transport network ; Urban planning
  • The sketch layout model was developed in 1999 to improve the efficiency and quality of layout tasks. This model is a nonlinear and multi-objective programming, for analysing the integrated layouts of land uses, transport network and public
  • facilities. The method integrates the combined trip distribution/assignment model to generate a hierarchical network. This model can analyse travel demands, and then decide the link type of the network.
  • Measurement of the world city network
  • Centrality ; Enterprise ; Globalization ; Network ; Producer services ; Tertiary sector ; Urban geography ; World city
  • Building on a specification of the world city network as an interlocking network in which business service firms play the crucial role in network formation, information is gathered from global service firms about the size of their presence in a city
  • and about any extra-territorial functions of their offices. This information is converted into data which are used to measure the global network connectivity of cities.
  • Capital goods ; Germany ; Industry ; Network ; Regional economy
  • Based on a representative study, the paper focuses on how frequent regional networking occurs, which firms cooperate in networks more often than others, and which benefits come with regional networks for participating firms. Extending the approach
  • of earlier studies, the paper measures effects of regional networks by observing specific performance characteristics, immediately depending onto the networking activity. The empirical results show that networks offer synergies. - (IFL)
  • Transport and regional development in Argentina : structural deficiencies and patterns of network evolution
  • Argentina ; Historical geography ; Regional development ; Transport ; Transport network
  • A geohistorical analysis of Argentina's Northwest from the pre-Columbian period to the present shows that its transport network has worked to the disadvantage of regional development. The focus of Argentina's network on Buenos Aires had
  • Role of inter-organizational networks and interpersonal networks in an industrial district
  • Auckland ; Industrial district ; Network ; New Zealand ; Shipbuilding
  • Channel networks developed by ground water sapping in fine-grained sediments : analogs to some Martian valleys in Models in geomorphology.
  • The experiments demonstrate that surface networks can be developed in fine grained sediments by subsurface processes. The morphometric data gathered from this sapping networks show many spatial and geometric similarities to the Valles Mariners slope
  • network.
  • The K-function method on a network and its computational implementation
  • Distance ; Distribution of points ; Methodology ; Network ; Spatial statistics ; Statistics
  • L'A. présente deux méthodes statistiques (network K-function method et network cross K-function method) pour analyser la distribution de points dans un réseau. Exemple de la distribution de commerces le long d'un réseau de rues.