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Résultats de la recherche (1171 résultats)

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  • A contextual approach to neighbourhood attachment
  • Community ; District ; Identification feeling ; Neighbourhood ; Participation ; Residential environment ; Social interaction ; Urban society
  • Attachment to neighbourhood is complex and the reasons for it are not simply captured by matching the attributes of the individual resident and his attitudes and behaviour, as previous studies have suggested. Characteristics of the neighbourhood
  • Interethnic attitudes in urban neighbourhoods : the impact of neighbourhood disorder and decline
  • Attitude ; Decayed neighbourhood ; Ethnic minority ; Municipality ; Netherlands (The) ; Social geography ; Urban area
  • The AA. examine the influence of neighbourhood disorder and decline (i.e. increasing disorder) on interethnic attitudes, controlling for the ethnic composition of the neighbourhood in The Netherlands. Multilevel analyses show that for both ethnic
  • minority and native Dutch residents neighbourhood decline is associated with negative attitudes towards ethnic minority groups, particularly in neighbourhoods with many ethnic minority residents.
  • Love thy neighbourhood - rethinking the politics of scale and Walsall's struggle for neighbourhood democracy
  • Birmingham ; Concept ; Democracy ; Local policy ; Neighbourhood ; Place ; Production of space ; United Kingdom ; Urban area ; Urban district ; Urban sociology ; West Midlands
  • In light of its contemporary political popularity, the paper presents a critical reanalysis of the concept of neighbourhood. It explores the ideological and political uses of the ideal of neighbourhood, and how these processes relate to a particular
  • politics of scale. It combines theories of scale with Lefebvre's work on the production of space. The A. explores the political narratives and practices through which the neighbourhood scale is produced and contested, and question the ability
  • of neighbourhoods to offer locally empowering scales of political and social organisation.
  • Intergenerational transmission of neighbourhood poverty : an analysis of neighbourhood histories of individuals
  • Children ; Family ; Large city ; Metropolitan area ; Neighbourhood ; Neighbourhood effect ; Poverty ; Social geography ; Stockholm ; Sweden
  • This article examines intergenerational transmission of neighbourhood poverty through an analysis of neighbourhood histories of indi-viduals in Stockholm. Children living with their parents in high poverty concentration neighbourhoods are very
  • likely to end up in similar neighbourhoods much later in life. The parental neighbourhood is also important in predicting the cumulative exposure to poverty concentration neighbourhoods over a long period of early adulthood. Ethnic minorities were found
  • to have the longest cumu-lative exposure to poverty concentration neighbourhoods. These findings imply that for some groups, disadvantage is both inherited and highly persistent.
  • Attachment to the residential neighbourhood : a framework for analysis
  • What is neighbourhood in neighbourhood satisfaction ? Comparing the effects of structural characteristics measured at the micro-neighbourhood and tract levels
  • Enquiry ; Housing ; Neighbourhood ; Neighbourhood effect ; Perception ; Residential environment ; Satisfaction ; Socio-economic system ; United States of America
  • Urban poverty traps : neighbourhoods and violent victimisation and offending in Nairobi, Kenya
  • Family ; Household ; Kenya ; Nairobi ; Neighbourhood ; Neighbourhood effect ; Poverty ; Slum ; Social geography ; Urban area ; Violence
  • This project examines violent victimisation and offending in poor urban neighbourhoods in Nairobi, Kenya. Results demonstrate that there is a positive relationship between residential stability and violent victimization by strangers and it shows
  • support for the negative effects associated with poverty traps in urban Africa. It concludes that neighbourhood characteristics matter for public safety in Nairobi, but frameworks for examining neighbourhood effects must consider the context of chronically
  • poor neighbourhoods in urban Africa.
  • The neighbourhood effect revisited : spatial science or political regionalism ?
  • Eemian deposits in the neighbourhood of Brugge: a paleogeographical and sea level reconstruction
  • Building for a multi-ethnic neighbourhood
  • Higher Grocery Prices in Lower-Income Neighbourhoods
  • Grocery prices in lower-income, urban neighbourhoods of the United States tend to be higher than the metropolitan average. Therefore residents of those neighbourhoods face a disadvantage in creating wealth and upward mobility. - (IfL)
  • The impact of public participation on the effectiveness of, and users’ attachment to, urban neighbourhood parks
  • Citizenship ; Leisure ; Neighbourhood ; Participation ; Taipei ; Taiwan ; Urban park ; Urban planning
  • The Neighbourhood Park Improvement Plan, executed by the Taipei City Government, is aimed at encouraging community involvement in the planning and design of neighbourhood parks. Park users consider the facility suitability and functional benefits
  • What makes people dissatisfied with their neighbourhoods ?
  • A logistic regression model of individual neighbourhood dissatisfaction is developed using data from the 1997/98 survey of English housing. Although sociodemographic factors are much less important than residential perceptions in helping to predict
  • dissatisfaction, the type of neighbourhood remains a significant independent predictor of dissatisfaction. Some factors are more important in different areas. Neighbourhood policies with a broad spectrum of goals are required, that pay careful attention
  • Neighbourhoods and municipalities as contextual opportunities for interethnic contact
  • Behaviour ; Germans ; Germany ; Household ; Municipality ; Neighbourhood ; Neighbourhood effect ; Public space ; Social geography ; Urban area
  • This article investigates consequences of spatial contexts (neighbourhood and municipality levels) on interethnic contact from a native’s perspective using a German nation-wide dataset. Ethnic concentration is the strongest contextual predictor
  • for all kinds of interethnic contact. Physical contact opportunities in the immediate neighbourhood fos-ter interethnic contact in the neighbourhood only, while municipality size mostly diminishes inter-ethnic contact.
  • Neighbourhood change, mobility and incumbent processes : exploring income developments of in-migrants, out-migrants and non-migrants of neighbourhoods
  • Amsterdam ; Household ; Housing ; Income ; Neighbourhood ; Netherlands (The) ; Noord Brabant ; Noord Holland ; Residential mobility ; Urban area ; Zuid Holland
  • This paper explores the relationship between mobility and neighbourhood change by examining incomedevelopments of in-migrants, out-migrants and non-migrants in Amsterdam, The Hague and Tilburg. Within upgrading neighbourhoods, incumbent processes
  • Demographic change ; Germany ; Neighbourhood ; Prospective study ; Urban area ; Urban development ; Urban population
  • In 2007/2008 a Delphi-study was carried out, titled „demographic impact in urban neighbourhoods“. The study includes fundamental questions like: Which neighbourhoods will be specifically affected by demographic impacts in the future ? What
  • are the strengths and weaknesses of certain neighbourhood types ? How will neighbourhoods develop until 2030 ? What metatrends of neighbourhood development are recognizable ? Which neighbourhoods have stronger chances of development and what are the homogeneously
  • Path dependency and the neighbourhood effect : urban poverty in impoverished neighbourhoods in Chinese cities
  • China ; Enquiry ; Living standard ; Neighbourhood ; Neighbourhood effect ; Poverty ; Social deprivation ; Spatial concentration ; Town ; Unemployment
  • Between places and flows : towards a new agenda for neighbourhood research in a age of mobility
  • Deterritorialization ; Flow ; Local population ; Mobility ; Neighbourhood ; Neighbourhood effect ; Paradigm ; Place ; Social capital ; Social geography ; Urban area
  • This article discusses the role of the neighbourhood in an era of increased mobility. It explores the consequences of the “new mobilities paradigm”, which argues that the growing importance of flows – of people, goods and information – results
  • in a deterritorialization of social practices. It argues that the neighbourhood has to be re-imagined as a collection of hybrid nodes connecting a multiplicity of flows that bind actors and objects in order to understand the potential effectiveness of these policies. From
  • What makes firms leave the neighbourhood?
  • Using a panel dataset (1999–2006) of actual firm relocations in the Netherlands, the effect of different neighbourhood conditions on firms’ propensity to relocate is estimated. Results show that the relocation decision of consumer services
  • in particular is affected by neighbourhood conditions, while the choice of manufacturing, wholesale and business services firms is affected more by increases in population density. Nevertheless, a higher number of shops, cafes and restaurants and a more
  • attractive physical environment do lower the probability that business services leave the neighbourhood, while manufacturing and wholesale firms are more inclined to leave neighbourhoods when a higher share of consumer services is not in use.
  • Brother can you spare a ride? Carpooling in immigrant neighbourhoods
  • California ; Distance from city centre ; Ethnic minority ; Multi-purpose trip ; Neighbourhood ; Social geography ; Transport ; United States of America
  • This paper examines whether residents of ethnic neighbourhoods in Southern California are more likely to carpool than other residents. It shows that this relationship is strongest for immigrants who live in immigrant neighbourhoods; immigrants
  • living in non-immigrant neighbourhoods are less likely to carpool. These findings suggest an important role for social networks in travel behaviour and the potential benefits of linking land use to the specific needs of local residents.