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  • Global warming
  • Changement global ; Effet de serre ; Modèle ; Prévision ; Variation climatique
  • Climatic variation ; Forecast;Prediction ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; Model
  • Le point sur les articles, parus en 1990 et 1991, concernant le réchauffement global et les conséquences de l'effet de serre.―(CL)
  • Greenhouse gas and sulfate aerosol experiments using a simple global-energy-balance model
  • Action anthropique ; Aérosol ; Bilan énergétique ; Changement global ; Effet de serre ; Modèle ; Précipitation ; Température ; Variation climatique
  • Aerosol ; Climatic variation ; Energy balance ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; Human impact ; Model ; Precipitation ; Temperature
  • A one-dimensional global-energy-balance model is used to simulate the climate response of increasing atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations and sulfate aerosol loadings. The results from a simple numerical model provide interesting comparisons
  • with both the results from the much more complex general circulation models and the observed trends in global climate over the past century.
  • Symposium on global modelling, 3, 22-25 sept 1975. MOIRA, food and agriculture model
  • Economie rurale ; Econométrie ; Géographie humaine ; Modèle ; Modèle MOIRA ; Monde ; Offre agricole ; Situation agricole et alimentaire
  • Le modèle MOIRA et les problèmes de modélisation du secteur agro-alimentaire au niveau mondial: Discussions méthodologiques sur plusieurs modèles globaux construits par différents spécialistes. Aspects généraux de la production agricole mondiale et
  • Main features of global climate models and the impact of predicted climate changes for agriculture and forestry
  • Papers in global change IGBP, No.6
  • Agroclimatologie ; Changement global ; Climat ; Flux thermique ; Foresterie ; Gel ; Irrigation ; Modèle ; Pologne ; Risque climatique ; Récolte
  • Agroclimatology ; Climate ; Climatic event ; Crop ; Forestry ; Freezing ; Global change ; Heat flow ; Irrigation ; Model ; Poland
  • The atmosphere exchanges heat, moisture and momentum with other climate subsystems. This paper describes some applications of climate models in agriculture and puts forward the argument, that recent climate models are very close to numerical weather
  • prediction models. The physical parameterization approach implemented first in climate models, is now applied in a useful way to everyday agricultural management.
  • The GCTE Soil Erosion Network and model evaluation studies
  • Ecosystem ; Global change ; Modelling ; Research programme ; Soil erosion
  • Changement global ; Ecosystème ; Erosion des sols ; Modélisation ; Programme de recherche
  • A core research project within the Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems (GCTE) programme is the Soil Erosion Network. It objectives in data collection and modelling are outlined. - (AJC)
  • Global terrestrial vegetation prediction: the use and abuse of climate and applications models
  • Bioclimatologie ; Changement global ; Classification ; Effet de serre ; Forêt ; Modèle ; Prévision ; Variation climatique ; Végétation
  • Bioclimatology ; Classification ; Climatic variation ; Forecast ; Forest ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; Model ; Vegetation
  • The Holdridge life-zone classification scheme is examined as an example of an impacts (or application) model which is already being applied to output from global climate models representing both present-day and greenhouse-warmed environments. Very
  • different conclusions can be drawn about future distributions of continental vegetation, depending upon the version of this application model that is selected, the input used and the subsequent assessment procedure employed.
  • Global warming
  • Bibliographie ; Changement global ; Echelle ; Modèle ; Risque ; Réchauffement ; Variation climatique
  • Bibliography ; Climatic variation ; Global change ; Model ; Risk ; Scale
  • Global warming
  • Action anthropique ; Bibliographie ; Changement global ; Effet de serre ; Impact ; Modèle ; Niveau marin ; Réchauffement climatique ; Température de surface ; Variation climatique
  • Bibliography ; Climatic variation ; Climatic warming ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; Human impact ; Impact ; Model ; Sea level ; Surface temperature
  • This progress report on global warming will focus on : the outcome of the Kyoto conference and its significance for future global climate change, and the current state of the global climate system, in particular the surface air temperature record
  • and its interpretation. The A. will also consider recent work that has a bearing on just how significant current and future global climate warming may be for the planet and for the life which inhabits it.
  • Uproscennaja model' global'nogo vzaimodejstvija atmosfery, okeana i susi (Modèle simplifié de l'interaction globale atmosphère-océan-continent)
  • Analyse de système ; Atmosphère ; Géographie physique ; Interaction océan-atmosphère ; Interface air-terre ; Modèle mathématique ; Système
  • Global warming
  • Action anthropique ; Changement global ; Effet de serre ; Eruption volcanique ; Interaction océan-atmosphère ; Modèle ; Réchauffement climatique ; Variabilité interannuelle ; Variation climatique
  • Climatic variation ; Climatic warming ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; Human impact ; Interannual variability ; Model ; Ocean atmosphere interaction ; Volcanic eruption
  • Le point sur les articles de revues et les livres, parus en 1992 et 1993, concernant le réchauffement global.
  • A critical appraisal of the global warming debate
  • Changement global ; Climatologie ; Concept ; Effet de serre ; Modèle ; Niveau marin ; Prévision ; Réchauffement climatique ; Variation climatique
  • Climatic variation ; Climatic warming ; Climatology ; Concept ; Forecast ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; Model ; Sea level
  • Major changes are occurring in the global warming debate. Popular alarmist views are giving way to more balanced assessments of the situation. There is now greater emphasis on the lack of consensus among climatologists on fundamental scientific
  • Hydrological processes and water resources in the face of global climate change
  • Changement global ; Climat régional ; Modèle ; Pologne ; Simulation ; Variation climatique
  • Climatic variation ; Global change ; Model ; Poland ; Regional climate ; Simulation
  • General Circulation Models (GCMs) are now the tools most widely applied in the generation of scenarios for climatic change on the global scale. One of the methods by which to move down from the global to regional scales is application of the LARS-WG
  • weather model, a stochastic weather generator simulating daily values for elements of the climate. An attempt to verify the model was made on the basis of data for the Zamość weather station. Discussion of the results.
  • Ecological models at regional and global scales, presentation of a cooperative research agenda; Lund - Copenhagen
  • Afrique ; Changement global ; Distribution spatiale ; Dynamique de la végétation ; Echelle ; Ecologie ; Ecosystème ; Modèle ; Sahel ; Télédétection
  • Africa ; Ecology ; Ecosystem ; Global change ; Model ; Remote sensing ; Sahel ; Scale ; Spatial distribution ; Vegetation dynamics
  • The objective of this research is to work on a new approach to the development of ecological models where all input parameters can actually be measured on a relevant scale (from regional to global), primarily by means of remote sensing.
  • Global warming and permafrost in Eurasia: a catastrophic scenario
  • Catastrophe ; Changement global ; Coin de glace ; Eurasie ; Jakutija ; Modèle ; Pergélisol ; Réchauffement climatique ; Variation climatique ; Zone froide
  • Catastrophe ; Climatic variation ; Climatic warming ; Cold area ; Eurasia ; Global change ; Ice wedge ; Model ; Permafrost ; Yakutia
  • Since models of global warming predict that climatic changes will be greatest in the Arctic and might already be in progress, it is prudent to attempt to understand the rapidly changing thermal regime on Eurasian cold regions. In this paper
  • the A. tries to evaluate the probable catastrophic implications of global climatic change in the cold regions of Eurasia. The impact on Man activities in permafrost regions is discussed.
  • Current issues in global warming and mitigation efforts : focus on California
  • California ; Changement global ; Circulation atmosphérique ; Climat ; Effet de serre ; Etats-Unis ; Gestion de l'environnement ; Impact ; Modèle ; Prévision ; Réchauffement climatique
  • Atmospheric circulation ; California ; Climate ; Climatic warming ; Environmental management ; Forecast ; Global change ; Greenhouse effect ; Impact ; Model ; United States of America
  • The A. reviews the scientific basis for global warming, presents outstanding issues in climate modeling, and examines the reasons for the uncertainty in future predictions. Global impacts, those on California in particular, are discussed together
  • Contributing to global change science : the ethics, obligations and opportunities of working with palaeoenvironmental databases
  • Base de données ; Changement global ; Climat ; Ethique ; Holocène ; Modèle ; Paléo-environnement ; Paléoclimat ; Variation climatique
  • Climate ; Climatic variation ; Data base ; Ethics ; Global change ; Holocene ; Model ; Palaeo-environment ; Palaeoclimate
  • Evaluation of the performance of climate models under climates that are radically different from today is an integral and important component of global change research; palaeoenvironmental data are essential to this evaluation. Evaluation data must
  • of global syntheses. Continued discussion is required to ensure that these difficulties are ultimately overcome.
  • The dependence of animal evolution on geotectonic stages and the 2n model
  • Changement global ; Géochronologie ; Modèle ; Paléofaune ; Paléogéographie ; Paléontologie ; Périodicité ; Tectonique
  • Geochronology ; Global change ; Model ; Palaeogeography ; Palaeontology ; Palaeozoology ; Periodicity ; Tectonics
  • Concept ; Dénudation ; Géomorphogenèse ; Isostasie ; Marge continentale passive ; Modèle ; Tectonique globale
  • Concept ; Geomorphogenesis ; Global tectonics ; Isostasy ; Model
  • The aims of this paper are to demonstrate how the concept of isostaxy has been misunderstood in relation to landscape evolution, to outline a model of isostasy that is applicable to large-scale, long-term denudational unloading, and briefly
  • to assess some of the implications of this model for landscape evolution.
  • A CO-climate sensitivity study with a mathematical model of the global climate
  • Climatologie ; Dioxyde de carbone ; Effet de serre ; Géographie physique ; Modèle ; Modèle mathématique ; Réchauffement
  • From GCMs to river flow : a review of downscaling methods and hydrologic modelling approaches
  • Changement global ; Circulation atmosphérique ; Ecoulement fluvial ; Hydrologie ; Impact ; Modèle ; Méthodologie ; Ressource en eau ; Variation climatique
  • Atmospheric circulation ; Climatic variation ; Global change ; Hydrology ; Impact ; Methodology ; Model ; Stream flow ; Water resources
  • This article reviews the current state of methodologies for simulating hydrological responses to global climate change, (global atmospheric general circulation models, GCMs). Emphasis is given to recent advances in climatic downscaling
  • and the problems related to the practical application of appropriate models in impact studies. Following a discussion of the advantages and deficiencies of the various approaches, challenges for the future study of the hydrological impacts of climate change