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  • Argentina ; Buenos Aires ; Diversification ; Economic sector ; Land use ; Mining activity ; Quarry ; Restructuring process ; Rural area ; Rural change ; Rural tourism ; Tourism ; Unit of production
  • 2003
  • Decision making process ; France ; Mining area ; Nord-Pas-de-Calais ; Offices ; Public policy ; Real estate market ; Redevelopment ; Tertiary sector ; Urban policy
  • 2003
  • Rural areas in the Netherlands
  • Cognitive space ; Countryside ; Enquiry ; Espace vécu ; Netherlands (The) ; Perception ; Rural area
  • According to the OECD standard, there are no rural areas in the Netherlands. In order to explore how Dutch inhabitants think about rural areas a survey was conducted, focusing on the kind of associations respondents to the survey have with respect
  • to rural areas, and where they think rural areas are located in the Netherlands.
  • 2003
  • The economics of rural areas in the proximity of urban networks : evidence from Flanders
  • Belgium ; Economic environment ; Flanders ; Local development ; Periurban development ; Rural area ; Rural development ; Rural-urban relations ; Spatial choice
  • From a regionally-based economic approach, the AA. argue that these rural areas act as flanking areas for the nearby urban areas. A model representing local economic development can only be relevant if it takes into account this urban-rural
  • 2003
  • Transforming the functional structure of Poland's rural areas
  • Alternatives for European rural areas
  • Classification ; Poland ; Rural area ; Years 1990-99
  • This article is devoted to changes in the functional structure of Poland's rural areas in the years 1988-1999, that is - in the period of transition from the socialist to market economy and the country's preparations for the EU accession
  • . As the result of functional classification of rural areas carried out in 1999, it proved possible to identify ten functional classes, which can be associated into five groups. The functional classification obtained revealed that the ten-year period brought
  • 2003
  • Relations between morphodynamics and fractal dimension of relief in some study areas of Italy
  • Preliminary results of investigations concerning the application of fractal analysis to the study of the main geomorphic features of different Italian areas show several cause-effect relationships between structure, morphogenesis and fractal
  • properties of relief. In particular, the fractal study of contour lines and topographic surfaces clarifies some aspects regarding the recent morphologic evolution of these areas. - (NF)
  • 2003
  • Ecological systems of water management in rural areas
  • Alternatives for European rural areas
  • Agriculture ; Drainage network ; Field experiment ; Poland ; River basin ; Rural area ; Water management ; Water resources
  • management in rural areas can help enlarge water resources and minimize the negative effect of agriculture on natural flora and fauna. Field studies and approximate calculations showed that treatments, consisting in the increase of swampy areas, number
  • 2003
  • Information society and the countryside : can internet-based systems bring income alternatives to rural areas ?
  • Alternatives for European rural areas
  • Countryside ; Europe ; European Union ; Income ; Information ; Internet ; Job creation ; Rural area ; Rural development ; Rural population
  • The paper reviews seven types of Internet-based technologies and services that may be especially suitable for rural areas. Its main focus is to analyse, which of these applications could promote rural development and prevent further economic
  • and socio-demographic decline in peripheral rural areas. In particular, we will analyse whether these technologies have the potential to create income alternatives for the rural populations. The paper also criticizes the current rural development policy
  • 2003
  • Role of tourism in development of rural marginal areas (region of Šumava Mts. in Czech Republic)
  • Alternatives for European rural areas
  • Czech Republic ; Development strategy ; Marginal area ; Marginality ; Mountain ; Rural area ; Rural development ; Tourism
  • area to demonstrate the idea. Documented by empirical findings, the latest history of the region is discussed in terms of assessing the strong and weak points of developmental strategy adopted by the region, which is based on tourism as the main agent
  • 2003
  • Geomorphology of the summit area of the Gran Sasso d'Italia (Abruzzo, Italy)
  • The geomorphological study and cartography of the summit area of the Gran Sasso d'Italia are presented. The area is located between the Corno Grande and the Corno Piccolo. The area also contains a geomorphologic rarity, the Ghiacciaio del Calderone
  • , the southernmost glacier in Europe and the only one in the central-Mediterranean area. The survey data have been collected, georeferenced and analysed in a GIS (Geographic Information System) environment and the principal graphic output is represented
  • 2003
  • Gully initiation and expansion in Lesotho : a case of the Buasono area
  • Arid area ; Gully erosion ; Lesotho ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties
  • 2003
  • Identification, distribution and characteristics of erosion sensitive areas in three different Central Andean ecosystems
  • Andes ; Biomass ; Bolivia ; Ecosystem ; Land use ; Mountain ; Nutrient ; Over-grazing ; Semi-arid area ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties
  • properties were studied in order to characterize Erosion Sensitive Areas (ESAs).
  • 2003
  • Simulation of leaf area index and biomass at landscape scale
  • The method for simulating the temporal and spatial distribution patterns of leaf area index (LAI) and biomass at landscape scale using remote sensing images and surface data is discussed in this paper. The method is based on Landsat Thematic Mapper
  • (TM) images (May 23, 1985; September 2, 1999) and LAI and biomass measurements at patch scale. The study area is Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve in southeastern Jilin province.
  • 2003
  • The social construction of homeless shelters in the Phoenix area
  • This case study documents the response to homelessness in the Phoenix urban area, using newspaper accounts to chronicle the public discourse that accompanied the expansion of services that occurred after 1982. It examines the effect of homeless
  • stigmatization and exclusionary attitudes on the construction of a shelter system that concentrated services in the least desirable areas of the central city.
  • 2003
  • Validation of a dust production model from measurements performed in semi-arid agricultural areas of Spain and Niger
  • Aeolian features ; Aeolian transport ; Aerosol ; Arid area ; Cultivated land ; Experimentation ; Model ; Niger ; Semi-arid area ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties ; Spain ; Wind
  • Models of 2 processes (saltation and sandblasting) that lead to fine dust release in arid areas have recently been combined to form a dust production model (DPM), the physical bases of which are summarized. In order to validate DPM at field scale
  • 2003
  • Main problems of agriculture and rural areas in Poland in the period of transformation and integration with European Union
  • Alternatives for European rural areas
  • Agriculture ; European integration ; Human capital ; Natural resources ; Poland ; Rural area ; Rural development
  • for all the candidate countries and most of them are also observed in the developed economies. Identification of these problems is the main purpose of this article. Special attention is paid to natural, human and capital resources available in rural areas
  • 2003
  • Erosion and recent morphological change in a sample area of the upper Orcia River Basin (Southern Tuscani, Italy)
  • Qualitative and quantitative geomorphological investigation has been carried out in a restricted area of the upper Orcia River basin (about 10 km2) called Landola sample area, near Siena, NE of the Monte Amiata volcano (Tuscany). The pliocene marine
  • claystones outcropping in this area have been uplifted during the quaternary up to several hundreds of meters above sea-level and are now rapidly eroding, resulting in one of the highest values of suspended sediment loads in Italy. - (NF)
  • 2003
  • Countryside ; Cultural studies ; Economic restructuring ; Poland ; Quality of life ; Rural area ; Social change ; Spatial structure ; Years 1990-99
  • The 1990s brought economic, social and cultural change in Poland's rural areas. An analysis of the pluses and minuses to the precesses ongoing in rural areas inclines the observer to conclude that rural areas have paid a much higher price
  • for the transformation than the city. Nevertheless, the last decade of the 20th century did bring many new and favourable elements to socioeconomic life in the rural areas. Certain economic functions have grown in strength, while the quality of life in the countryside
  • 2003
  • Underground Florence : Plio-Quaternary geological evolution of the Florence area
  • 200 new high quality test boreholes, made for the design of the new High Speed Underground Rail connection in Firenze, has allowed a critical review of about 1,500 lithostratigraphic logs available for the Firenze area. This had led to a new
  • and a more accurate definition of the geomotry of the lithological bodies in the Firenze subsurface as well as better understanding of the recent geological evolution of the area. The recent geological history is primarily controlled by both the Apennine
  • were driven by the fault movements and by climatic change. As a result of the combination of these factors three sedimentary phases prevailed in the area. - (NF)
  • 2003
  • Carrying capacity ; Environmental management ; Europe ; European Union ; Nature conservation ; Protected area ; Sustainable development ; Tourism ; Tourism policy
  • In EU tourism has not yet been developed in and around protected areas in a sustainable way. One of the keys to develop a sustainable tourism policy is finding the right balance between the number of tourists for the area and its carrying capacity
  • 2003