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  • Bijouterie ; Birmanie ; Exploitation minière ; Géologie ; Jade ; Kachin State ; Mine ; Minéralogie
  • Burma ; Geology ; Mine ; Mineralogy ; Mining activity
  • The World Largest Massive Jadeite block is a boulder which is part of a dyke, located in the Kachin State, in the area of Phakant, and estimated to be over 3000 tons. The aim of the A., a former lecturer in geology, is to propagate the geological
  • knowledge and expertise on the jade mining and industry. The book consists of 16 chapters :1- Myanma Jade: The pride of Myanmar, 2- The three main properties of Jade, 3- Mineralogical characteristics of Myanma Jade, 4- Differentiation of genuine jade from
  • sketch of Myanma jade, 11- Jade producing regions in Myanmar, 12- The geological characteristics of Myanma jade deposits, 13- Mining of jade, 14- Administration of jade mines, 15- The Myanmar jade trade, 16- Useful tips for jade buyers. - (GL)
  • 2002
  • Coal ; Czech Republic ; Flood ; Land improvement ; Mining activity ; Mountain ; Pit ; Pond ; Water ; Water management
  • The reclamation and revitalisation in the brown-coal field area in the Ore Mountains area has three basic modes (agricultural, forest, hydro). The most convenient alternative is the decision to flood residual pit mines. The example
  • of the Chabarovice pit mine shows that the utilisation of new ponds can be multifunctional. - (MS)
  • 2002
  • Czech Republic ; Frontier region ; Industrialization ; Mining area ; Settlement ; Urbanization
  • . The process is shown in the synthetic part of the article, even to the exclusion of settlements that were demolished as a result of the open cast brown-coal mining. - (MS)
  • 2002
  • Analyse statistique ; Carte ; Image satellite ; Industrialisation ; Infrastructure ; Mine ; Pologne ; Tarnobrzeg ; Utilisation du sol
  • Industrialization ; Infrastructure ; Land use ; Map ; Mine ; Poland ; Satellite imagery ; Statistical analysis ; Tarnobrzeg
  • to the 1930-ies was the main factor causing land use changes. Sulphur mines and industrial infrastructure have replaced agricultural land, forests and even settlements. The results of detailed analysis of the most endangered areas were presented on the maps
  • extent of different land use categories at particular dates. Crosstabulation has shown the main trends of changes of land use, as well as areas, where changes were negligible and most dramatic, respectively. The development of industry, dating back
  • 2002
  • Arid area ; Copper ; Desert ; Floodplain ; Heavy metals ; Mining activity ; Namibia ; Nickel ; Pollution ; Spatial variation ; Zinc
  • The dispersal of metalliferous pollution from several spoil heaps produced during 20th century copper mining in the Gruben River valley,in the Namib Desert is examined. More specifically, this study examines the spatial and temporal patterns
  • 2002
  • Bank erosion ; Carrying capacity ; Channel ; Comparative study ; Drôme ; France ; Idaho ; Land use ; Mining activity ; Rhône-Alpes ; River management ; Sediment load ; Sediment transport ; Stream ; United States of America ; Watershed
  • The catchments of Pine Creek, Idaho, USA, and the Drôme River in the Drôme Department, France, illustrate contrasting changes in land use, bedload sediment production, and channel response. After a brief presentation of the study areas
  • 2002
  • Development and administration of capital cities and metropolitan areas : an introduction
  • Administration ; Capital city ; Czech Republic ; Development ; Metropolitan area ; Town
  • The paper provides an introduction to the collection of papers addressing issues of development and administration of capital cities and metropolitan areas. The problems are studied in Canada, Great Britain, Russia, Slovakia and Czechia. - (MS)
  • 2002
  • Transformations of the rural areas in Poland. The spatial processes and the regional differentiation
  • Transformations of rural areas in Poland and Bulgaria. A case study
  • Agriculture ; Poland ; Regional disparities ; Rural area ; Spatial differentiation
  • The changes in the political-economic system which have taken place since 1989 in Poland released the processes of economic transformation, which encompassed also rural areas. The paper presents the characterisation of the selected processes taking
  • place on these areas in Poland in the period of transformation. The characteristics given are illustrated by the results of studies conducted in the framework of the Polish-Bulgarian research project concerning the transformations in agriculture
  • and rural areas. - (BJ)
  • 2002
  • Rural areas transformation in West-Pomeranian Voivodships
  • Transformations of rural areas in Poland and Bulgaria. A case study
  • Coastal environment ; Economic development ; Poland ; Pomerania ; Rural area ; Spatial differentiation ; Tourism ; Trade ; Urban area
  • Till now the economical development of the rural areas of West Pomeranian Voivodship indicates one function - the agricultural one - to be dominant. However, because explicit criteria, methodology and full statistic information are not available
  • , it is difficult to specify the functionality of the rural areas and their development. Till present day non-agricultural activity developing during transformation period are services, especially trade. Great spatial differentiation exists in regards non
  • -agricultural business activation - urbanized areas around cities (close to agglomerations), coastal zone of tourist function and frontier areas (with well developed trade function) are conspicuous by high dynamism. Lowest activation can be observed over former
  • state farms areas, in the middle, eastern and southern parts of the region. - (BJ)
  • 2002
  • Transformations in the functional structure of the rural areas in Poland. Selected problems
  • Transformations of rural areas in Poland and Bulgaria. A case study
  • Classification ; Comparative study ; Methodology ; Poland ; Rural area ; Spatial structure
  • The paper characterises the most essential methodological issues pertaining to the comparative study of the changes in the spatial structure and the fonctional classification of the rural areas of Poland. Some of the cognitive results are also
  • 2002
  • Asia ; Enclave ; Marginal area ; Peripheral region ; Regionalization ; South-Eastern Asia ; Space
  • Taking Southeast Asia as an example, the A. explores how areas are imagined and how area knowledge is structured to construct area heartlands as well as area borderlands. This is illustrated by considering a large region of Asia named Zomia
  • . As Zomia was quartered and rendered peripheral by the emergence of strong communities of area, the production of knowledge about it slowed down.
  • 2002
  • Population-related problem areas are among the most important types of such problem areas in Poland, requiring a greater interest from scientists and practitioners than has so far been the case. It is possible to propose their division
  • into the following categories : areas with a skewed age structure to the population, areas with an unfavourable sex structure to the population, areas with sustained excessive outflows of population, areas of occupational inactivity. - (BJ)
  • 2002
  • Transformation of the rural areas in Bulgaria (processes, territorial disparities)
  • Transformations of rural areas in Poland and Bulgaria. A case study
  • Agriculture ; Bulgaria ; Regional disparities ; Rural area ; Spatial differentiation ; Years 1990-99
  • The transformation of the rural areas in Bulgaria during the transition to market economy is considered to be a research problem of present interest. This paper emphasizes the characteristic features of some current development processes
  • in the rural regions. The spatial differences are illustrated on the basis of study areas where investigations have been carried out for two joint bulgarian-polish projects - the first deals with the spatial consequences, resulting from the changes
  • in agriculture, and the second one centers on the rural areas' transformation in the 1990s. The selected study areas belong to different in size municipalities, which are located in various agricultural zones. - (BJ)
  • 2002
  • Metropolitan areas in transformation of regional organisation in the Czech Republic
  • Czech Republic ; Metropolitan area ; Prague ; Regional development ; Settlement system ; Spatial differentiation ; Town
  • First basic factors of the geographical differentiation are indicated in the role of metropolitan area. Main tendencies in the hierarchy of relative importance of the leading units of the national settlement system are indicated. - (MS)
  • 2002
  • Preservation of the natural and cultural inheritance in rural areas in Bulgaria in the period of the transition
  • Transformations of rural areas in Poland and Bulgaria. A case study
  • Bulgaria ; Cultural patrimony ; Natural environment ; Nature conservation ; Preventive measure ; Rural area ; Sustainable development
  • preservation of the rural heritage, have been outlined which are in compliance with the idea of sustainable development of the rural areas. - (BJ)
  • 2002
  • Relations between interrill erosion processes and sediment particle size distribution in a semiarid Mediterranean area of SE of Spain
  • Andalusia ; Grain size distribution ; Mediterranean area ; Model ; Rainfall simulation ; Rill wash ; Semi-arid area ; Slope ; Soil erosion ; Spain ; Water erosion
  • The specific objectives were to determine the dominant interrill erosion processes associated with different soils and rainfall intensities and to relate those processes with soil properties and sediment size distribution in semiarid areas.
  • 2002
  • The definition of housing market areas and strategic planning
  • Definition ; Delimitation ; Housing ; Housing market ; Market area ; Price ; Research technique ; Residential location ; Residential mobility ; Scotland ; United Kingdom
  • The paper offers a concept of a housing market area (HMA), in order to shed a light on sub-regional structures of the housing system and hence provide a methodological framework for strategic research in the housing market. Based on the principal
  • of spatial arbitrage, a local housing market area is defined by reference to criteria linked to migration self-containment, similar to the travel-to-work areas used to define spatial labour market systems. This definition is tested empirically by developing
  • 2002
  • Agro-tourism in rural areas on the basis of the Kielecczyzna
  • Transformations of rural areas in Poland and Bulgaria. A case study
  • Agriculture ; Income ; Leisure ; Poland ; Rural area ; Sustainable development ; Tourism
  • 2002
  • Researching crusting soils : themes, trends, recent developments and implications for managing soil and water resources in dry areas
  • Arid area ; Bibliography ; Concept ; Duricrust ; Infiltration ; Land use ; Model ; Semi-arid area ; Soil ; Soil erosion ; Typology
  • 2002
  • Concept ; Geographic research ; Poland ; Rural area
  • The article considers the geography of rural areas - in the opinion of the author a new research discipline where Polish geography is concerned. Successive parts therefore discuss the subject itself, its development in other countries
  • , and the research on rural areas now being carried out by geographers in Poland. An attempt is also made to define the concept of the rural area. - (BJ)
  • 2002