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  • The lignite industry and the reclamation of land - developments in the Rhenish, Central German and Lusatian mining areas since 1989
  • Allemagne ; Dégradation de l'environnement ; Industrie ; Lignite ; Mine ; Paysage ; Reconversion ; Restructuration économique ; Utilisation du sol
  • Economic restructuring ; Environmental degradation ; Germany ; Industry ; Land use ; Landscape ; Lignite ; Mine ; Restructuring process
  • The GDR was the world biggest lignite producing country, but attendant symptoms were uneconomic management and environmental destruction. The development in two eastern mining areas is characterised by a dramatic decrease of lignite benefication
  • from 300 Mt in 1989 to 64 Mt in 1998. The former mining areas were introduced a recultivation programme, financed by the federal government and the Länder. Until 1999 more than 10 milliard DM had been expended for the land restoration ; new post-mining
  • landscapes with lakes, recreational facilities, forests and agricultural areas are developing. - (HPB)
  • 2000
  • Allemagne ; Besoin en eau ; Eau ; Eau potable ; Industrie ; Mine ; Pollution de l'eau ; Qualité de l'eau ; Sachsen-Anhalt
  • Drinking water ; Germany ; Industry ; Mine ; Saxony-Anhalt ; Water ; Water needs ; Water pollution ; Water quality
  • Excessive mining and mining industry in GDR times resulted in a considerable lowering of the ground water table and contamination of the ground and flowing waters with the effect of undersupply of potable water for the inhabitants in the area. So
  • finally feeding of external water via a system of long distance pipelines became necessary. After decline and discontinuance of mining and industries as results of transformation process, drinking water supply is again ensured. - (HPB)
  • 2000
  • Interaction of Laurentide and Cordilleran ice in the Beaver Mines area, southwestern Alberta
  • La cartographie des dépôts superficiels dans la région de Beaver Mines, la répartition des blocs erratiques du bouclier canadien, la stratigraphie des sédiments du Quaternaire, et leur corrélation avec la géochronologie du sud-ouest de l'Alberta
  • 2000
  • Marginality and environment in Papua New Guinea : the Strickland River area
  • Communauté ; Environnement ; Gestion des ressources ; Marginalité ; Mine ; Or ; Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée ; Post-colonialisme ; Stratégie d'entreprise
  • Community ; Environment ; Firm strategy ; Gold ; Marginality ; Mine ; Papua New Guinea ; Resource management
  • L'accent est mis sur le débat concernant les impacts environnementaux de l'exploitation de la mine d'or de Porgera en Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée. Ce débat se focalise sur une zone présentant un risque mineur. Il s'explique par la marginalité des
  • 2000
  • Agriculture ; Allemagne ; Amélioration des terres ; Brandenburg ; Eau souterraine ; Ecosystème ; Equilibre écologique ; Mine ; Sol ; Utilisation du sol
  • Agriculture ; Brandenburg ; Ecological equilibrium ; Ecosystem ; Germany ; Groundwater ; Land improvement ; Land use ; Mine ; Soil
  • Hydrologic amelioration for agricultural purposes and the influence of browncoal mining in the region of Lower Lusatia have resulted in lasting damage to the Unterspreewald ecosystem, which is part of the young moraine area (Weichselian). The study
  • 2000
  • La surveillance spatiale et temporelle des structures de paysage dans la région des mines ouvertes au sud de Leipzig, à l'aide de la télédétection et de la géoinformation
  • Geographical information system ; Germany ; Land use ; Landscape ; Landscape evaluation ; Landscape structure ; Lignite ; Mine ; Mining area ; Remote sensing ; Saxony
  • Allemagne ; Bassin minier ; Evaluation du paysage ; Lignite ; Mine ; Paysage ; Sachsen ; Structure du paysage ; Système d'information géographique ; Télédétection ; Utilisation du sol
  • Le paysage au sud de Leipzig a connu de grands changements dus à l'exploitation de lignite en mines ouvertes. La combinaison d'informations issues de la télédétection et de données à long terme permet de mettre en avant certaines évolutions dans le
  • 2000
  • Applied geology ; Hydrothermal alteration ; Italy ; Mineralogy ; Mining exploration ; Sardegna
  • in order to recognize the economic potential of this area. The results suggest that Punta Allò and Salamura areas represent the shallower part of an epithermal system and they could overlie a precious metal mineralization. - (NF)
  • 2000
  • Lauca National Park is a unique area of puna and prepuna ecosystems in the high Altiplano of northeastern Chile. It was designated as a UNESCO International Biosphere Reserve in 1983 because of the rich diversity of its fauna (vicuña, guacano
  • , huemul, many rodents, and many birds) and flora (over 400 species of vascular plants). Although mining and agricultural interests are trying to decertify parts of the Park, the AA. recommend extending the Park's boundaries westward to include ecologically
  • 2000
  • Houses and residential neighbourhoods as work places in urban areas : the case of selected low income residential areas in Greater Accra Metropolitan Area (GAMA), Ghana
  • Enquiry ; Enterprise ; Environmental degradation ; Ghana ; Health ; Land use ; Residential area ; Urban area ; Urban economy ; Urban settlement
  • 2000
  • Differentiation of Europe's mammal fauna against a background of biogeographical units, the area of units and mammalian taxonomic richness
  • fauna in the north-south direction, which resulted from the overall zonal distribution of cool, temperate and hot areas. The correlation between the number of species and the area of a unit was not statistically significant in every case considered
  • . Besides area, the regional variability of environmental conditions also has a decisive influence on the distribution of mammals in Europe.
  • 2000
  • Quantification of thermo-erosion in pro-glacial areas - examples from Svalbard
  • Arctic Region ; Cold area ; Moraine ; Periglacial features ; Permafrost ; Sediment budget ; Svalbard ; Thermokarst
  • In this paper surface changes are quantified by comparing air-photo derived digital elevation models (DEMs) from 4 selected pro-glacial areas on Svalbard. The main objectives of this study are to quantify the amount of material mobilised due
  • to thermo-karst processes, and to relate the amount of material to a general conceptual sediment budget in a proglacial area.
  • 2000
  • Geomorphic agents versus vegetation spreading as causes of badland occurrence in a Mediterranean subhumid mountainous area
  • Badland ; Freezing ; Mediterranean area ; Mountain ; Pyrénées ; Slope dynamics ; Spain ; Vegetation ; Weathering
  • The aim of this study is to discuss the mechanisms that determine the occurrence of badland forms in a subhumid mountain area in the Vallcebre area, southeastern Pyrenees, that has been subjected to detailed studies on physical weathering
  • 2000
  • Downstream effects of reservoirs in areas suffering from water deficiency - the case of Hutuo River, China
  • Arid area ; Carrying capacity ; Channel geometry ; China ; Flood ; Hebei ; Hydraulic works ; Hydrological regime ; Roughness ; Semi-arid area ; Stream ; Water deficit
  • The Hutuo River is located in the semi-arid areas in China. Due to lack of water resources in these areas, changes in flow regime, mainly reduction in runoff downstream from the reservoirs, have been tremendous. As a result of decrease in flow power
  • 2000
  • Studying ethnic patterns in local areas
  • California ; Ethnic community ; Hispanics ; Los Angeles ; Residential location ; United States of America ; Urban area
  • A. discusses how his publications on ethnic areas of Metropolitan Los Angeles have served local audiences, which have been most interested in the maps. He pleads for more emphasis on interpreting the spatial patterns of ethnic maps, and he gives
  • 2000
  • Industrial linkages in the electrical machinery industry in the Hitachi Industry Area, Japan
  • 2000
  • Agricultural region ; Agriculture ; Farm ; Poland ; Polarization ; Regional disparities ; Rural area ; Rural development
  • In the 1990s it became clear that there was an intensification of the processes of polarisation in agriculture. The greatest destruction of agriculture was that observed in the problem areas. The field research carried out has pointed to many
  • unfavourable phenomena that are present in agricultural problem areas. In general, farmers are very critical of the present state of agriculture, and of its prospects in the next few years. Agricultural problem areas should take a special place in the process
  • by which agriculture is restructured. Without an external policy, they have no chance of proper development. The most difficult challenge is that facing agriculture in the areas backward in development or of low-quality productive agricultural space. - (BJ)
  • 2000
  • Decision making process ; Europe ; Flanders ; Globalization ; Ireland ; Locality ; Netherlands (The) ; Rural area ; Rural geography ; Rural planning ; Sweden ; Territorial identity ; United Kingdom
  • Traditionally policies for the development of rural areas have focussed on the catching up with core areas. More recently however identity has become a focal point in rural planning. The increasing attention for local identity conflicts
  • with the overwhelming power of globalisation and standardisation. In this context, the book examines the identity of rural areas. It makes clear that a rural identity is not a natural or objective fact, but is ascribed by actors who have different interests
  • in the development of an area. This implies an existence of multiple identities. The different contributions refer to regions in the Netherlands, Flanders, Sweden, Ireland and the UK. - (AGD)
  • 2000
  • Arid area ; Desertification ; Greece ; Island ; Land use ; Lithology ; Mediterranean area ; Soil erosion ; Soil properties ; Vegetation ; Wasteland
  • The effect of land use change, from arable to abandoned pasture, on soil properties and vegetation establishment was studied in hilly areas of the island of Lesvos. The main purpose of this study was to establish key indicators or land parameters
  • that can be used for defining environmentally sensitive areas to desertification. This study showed that soil depth is the most important parameter which has to be considered in planning land use change from arable to unmanaged pasture under the soil
  • and climatic conditions of the study area.
  • 2000
  • Eolian transport and deposition in a partially vegetated linear sand dune area (northwestern Negev, Israel)
  • Aeolian features ; Aeolian transport ; Arid area ; Desert ; Dune ; Impact ; Israel ; Negev ; Vegetation ; Wind erosion
  • 2000
  • Usable science : an assessment of long-term seasonal forecasts amongst farmers in the rural areas of South Africa
  • Agriculture ; Agroclimatology ; Climate ; Forecast ; Rural area ; Seasonal variation ; South Africa
  • 2000