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  • Welfare-maximising location versus profit-maximising location
  • The development of an enterprise and the location of corporate headquarters - with special reference to an enterprise on the location and transfer of its headquarters
  • Enterprise ; Head office ; Japan ; Location
  • This paper aims to elucidate the mechanisms of the location and transfer of the headquarters of an enterprise. Snow Brand Milk Products Co., Ltd., Japan's largest dairy products company, is selected as a case study.
  • The location theory of firm revisited impacts of rising energy prices in Energy problems and regional development.
  • The impact of rising energy prices on the locational pattern of industries is analyzed by a simple two-firm straight line location model. The concavity of average cost function of final consumer's good with respect to locational variables is proved
  • for the case of linear homogeneous Cobb-Douglas production functions and this leads to the possible three cases of end-point location. The rise in energy prices induces double location at the market or double location at the port instead of separate location
  • Hub facility location with fixed costs
  • Facility location modeling
  • Centrality ; Communication ; Location ; Network ; Optimization ; Spatial system ; Transport cost
  • The paper introduces fixed facility costs into a hub location model, making the number of hubs a decision variable. As an initial effort toward solving the model, a two-step procedure is devised.
  • The location and trend of high-rise buildings in Sendai
  • Japan ; Kyushu ; Land value ; Location ; Urbanism
  • The purpose of this paper aims to analyze the locational process of the high-rise buildings in Sendai City, Japan. It indicated the locational trend of these buildings from the urban core to the peripheral area along the main roads. - (KA)
  • The effect on attribute prediction of location uncertainty in spatial data
  • Error ; Information ; Location ; Simulation ; Spatial analysis ; Spatial statistics ; Statistics
  • The AA. propose a statistical model for incorporating location error into spatial data analysis. They investigate the effect of location error on the spatial lag, the covariance function, and optimal spatial linear prediction.
  • An efficient heuristic algorithm for the transportation-location problem
  • Algorithme ; Généralités sur la géographie ; Mathématique ; Modèle ; Problème transport-location
  • Optimum location of hierarchical production units with respect to price-elastic demand
  • Economic cost ; Location ; Market ; Optimal location ; Pricing ; Spatial equilibrium ; Transport cost
  • The main objective of the study is to consider explicitly the ways in which alternative spatial pricing policies will affect location choice. The maximum-profit location is obtained by balancing price, demand, production cost, and transportation
  • Strategies for solving large location-allocation problems by heuristic methods
  • Decision ; Location ; Location-allocation model ; Market area ; Micro computing ; Service ; Spatial structure
  • The AA. show that processing costs for the most accurate, heuristic, location-allocation algorithm can be drastically reduced by exploiting the spatial structure of location-allocation problems.
  • Facilitating location independence with computerized conversation systems
  • Communication ; Economic environment ; Enterprise ; Information ; Location ; Organization
  • An organization's interaction with its environment forms the basis of its daily work and takes the form of information links composed of fundamental invisible blocks called conversations. To achieve location independence it is necessary
  • for organizations to develop and maintain environment interactions independent of their location. Information technology systems are able to reduce location restrictions.
  • Shift and share and the theory of industrial location
  • A continuous location problem with different norms
  • The locational pattern and functions of periodic markets in Zaria Division, Nigeria
  • The schedule of markets and their location are closely related to population density and their locational spacing. Research shows that these schedules fit the needs and objectives of te producer/sellers, but that improvements could be made. (EMS).
  • Office location in transition: observations on research in Britain and North America in Special issue on office location.
  • Towards a process model of office-location decisionmaking in Special issue on office location.
  • The location of producer services and the hierarchy of cities in Japan : a case study of the Tohoku region
  • Honshu ; Japan ; Location ; Service ; Urban development ; Urban structure
  • This paper aims to examine the location of producer services to understand the differences in growth among the Japanese cities. The A. analysed this point in Tohoku Region in Japan. - (KA)
  • Cold war geopolitics: ambassy locations
  • Geopolitics ; Location ; Political geography ; Teaching of geography
  • Diplomatic ties between countries during the Cold War, 1945-1991, are studied for the world, the USA, the Soviet Union, NATO and Warsaw Pact. With the collapse of the geopolitical arrangements of that era, embassy locations are also changing. - (DWG)
  • Locational preferences of Japanese real estate investors in North America
  • Economic behaviour ; Finance ; Foreign investment ; Information flow ; Investment ; Japaneses ; Location ; Location choice ; North America ; Real estate property ; United States of America
  • This research seeks to establish how the locational preferences of Japanese investors were established. It utilizes a survey of 39 investment companies and distinguishes a number of ways in which information concerning overseas real estate
  • investment opportunities was reviewed by decision makers in Japan. The results show that the investors had fairly fixed locational preferences, were tied to a restricted range of centers, and hesitated to expand into a wider range of locations.
  • The socially optimal and equilibrium locations of two stores or libraries with consumer search
  • Equilibrium model ; Library ; Optimal location ; Retail trade ; Shop
  • This paper examines the socially optimal (and also equilibrium) locations of two stores or libraries on a linear market of unit length. If each consumer has probability of finding a desired product at each store, then the socially optimal locations
  • are never completely centralized for full information, but are completely centralized for when costly visit search is necessary. The Nash equilibrium locations of two stores, and various alternative models for the socially optimal locations of two stores
  • Locational conflicts in a small town : a case study of a cooperative sugar mill in Punjab
  • This article studies various components of locational conflicts, selecting one such conflict with regard to a location of cooperative sugar mills at Nawashahr in Punjab. This study traces the history of locational decision for a sugar mill and its
  • Public libraries in Hirakara city, Osaka Prefecture : an analysis based on location-allocation models
  • Honshu ; Japan ; Library ; Location ; Location-allocation model ; Osaka ; Public sector ; Service
  • This paper aims to compare the actual visitor areas of public libraries with the optimal areas obtained by the p-median solution and examine potential sites for new library location in Hirakata city, Osaka Prefecture, Japan. - (KA)
  • Demand and location decision of a monopsonistic firm
  • Demand ; Factor of production ; Firm strategy ; Industrial location ; Location choice ; Market
  • The paper examines the impact of demand on the location decision of a monopsonistic firm in the Weber-Moses triangle with one output and two inputs.
  • Locational characteristics of American resort hotels
  • Florida ; Hawaii ; Hotel trade ; Leisure ; Location ; Nevada ; Tourism ; Touristic resort ; United States
  • One half of the 834 resort hotels in the USA are in Florida, Nevada, and Hawaii. Coastal locations are especially numerous and many are in locations having either warm winters or cool summers. Conventions now form a major part of their business
  • Towards a relational view on industrial location theory
  • Decision ; Flexibility ; Industrial location ; Location choice ; Theory
  • The A. puts forward a relational view on industrial location theory. Such an approach implies that site selection and suitability should be defined and modelled as a matching problem. It involves taking into account the links between the spatial
  • Technological capability, agglomeration economies and firm location choice
  • Firm ; Firm strategy ; Industrial sector ; Location ; South Korea ; Technology
  • This paper examines the technological capability, agglomeration economies and firm location. It founds that for firms with low technological capability knowledge externalities from co-located competitors, or competitive specialization, have
  • a stronger positive effect on their location choice, while for firms with high technological capability knowledge externalities from co-located firms from related and complementary industries, or complementary specialization, more strongly influence
  • their location choice. Furthermore, the differential effect of agglomeration economies between low- and high-capability firms is more pronounced in industries with strong non-legal appropriability, implying that firms can use their location choice as a strategic
  • The formation and the development of central cities based on the theory of the location of industries : with reference to Weber's theory of the location of industries
  • of the historical method. Secondly, he examined the traditional concepts of the locational unit, and he proved evaluations of them. Finally, the orientation of the locational, unit is analyzed in accordance with Weber's method, namely, transport orientation, labor
  • Skoolligging in Kemptonpark - optimale plasing versus werklike ligging (The location of schools in Kempton Park - Optimum location versus actual location)
  • The location of manufactures' head offices in the city of Nagoya
  • Business district ; Head office ; Honshu ; Japan ; Location ; Nagoya ; Offices ; Quaternary sector ; Tertiary sector ; Urban area
  • The purpose of this paper is to clarify the locational pattern and locational process of manufacturers' head offices giving due consideration to the relation between head office and plants. Manufacturer's head offices are divided into two locational
  • The rational locator reexamined : are travel times still stable ?
  • Location ; Minnesota ; Residential location ; Temporality ; Time ; United States of America ; Workplace
  • The Rationl Locator Hypothesis posits that individuals can, if they choose, maintain approximatively steady journey-to-work travel times by adjusting their home and workplace. This hypothesis was coupled with the observation of long-term stability
  • in drive alone journey-to-work times in metropolitan Washington. The Twin Cities of Minneapolis and Saint Paul were observation from 1990 and 2000. The conclusion is that the co-location hypothesis cannot be confirmed. - (IfL)
  • Determinants of residential location choice : how important are local public goods in attracting homeowners to central city location
  • Collective goods ; Inner city ; Location ; Logit model ; Ohio ; Public service ; Residential choice ; Residential location ; Suburbanization ; United States of America
  • Environmental legislation and the locational process
  • Locational movement of lumbering industry in Japan
  • The location of a center-median convex combination on an undirected tree
  • Locational efficiency in a federal system
  • Spatial efficiency of service locations and the regional development process
  • Importance of infrastructure, services and contacts for industrial location decisions
  • A location-allocation model for maximizing supply dispersion of central facilities
  • The use of standard distance as an equity criterion for public facility location
  • Modern problems of industrial location analysis
  • Residential location and the provision of human services: some directions for geographic research
  • Industrial location in Japan since 1945 in Human environment in Japan.
  • Pricing system, distribution of demand and location
  • Telecommunications and office location
  • Residential location and environmental amenities: a review of the evidence
  • Accessibility to services in the Argyll district of Strathclyde: a locational model
  • Industrial location and planning: industries. A bibliography.
  • Industrial location and planning: regions and countries. A bibliography.
  • A unifying framework for location-production interaction modelling
  • Developments in location/allocation modelling
  • The maximal covering location problem with facility placement on the entire place
  • The theory of labour and the theory of location
  • The influence of natural hazards on urban housing location
  • Sampling for vegetation survey: a generalized flexible model for sample location
  • Idustrial location at the intra-metropolitan level : the role of agglomeration economies
  • Decision making process ; Industrial location ; Location choice ; Metropolitan area ; Town
  • FOB mill pricing and plant location when demand is linear but non-uniform
  • The A. shows that the principle of median location and the Rydell principle fail to apply, and some well-established results in plant location theory no longer hold when demand is linear but non-uniform.
  • Az elokészitett ipartelepités példai az Alfoldon. (Examples for prepared locations of industry in the Great Plain)
  • Available area for location of industry is getting fewer and more valuable in the Great Plain, too. Therefore owing to the natural pace of development the problems concerning modern industrial location in this area require a close and detailed study
  • Inter-organisational relations and the location of industry in Organisation and industrial location in the United Kingdom.
  • Constraints upon the location of a retail noxious facility: the case of the sex shop
  • Sex shops are like any specialist outlet subjects to constraints upon their location. However, given that these shops are often retgarded as noxious facilities, additional constraints upon their location and operation are imposed. A case study
  • Optimum firm location under factor-price uncertainty
  • This paper presents a cost-minimizing location model to investigate the theoretical impacts and implication of factor-price uncertainty on the optimum location decision of the firm in linear space. It will be shown that increased input price
  • Facility location modeling
  • Algorithm ; Allocation ; Location ; Location choice ; Location-allocation model ; Matrix analysis ; Spatial economy
  • Possible locations for new universities in Turkey
  • Educational system ; Higher education ; Location ; Model ; Optimal location ; Turkey ; University ; Urban attraction
  • The locational changes of branch offices in Kagoshima City and their territories
  • Branch plant ; City;Town ; Enterprise;Firm ; Japan ; Kyushu ; Location
  • The purpose of this paper is to research the locational changes of branch offices in Kagoshima City, and to re-examine the place of Kagoshima City in the Kyushu regional urban system which has formed under the top-city of Fukuoka, through
  • Location of central managerial function in main cities in Korea after the 1960s
  • Enterprise ; Head office ; Location ; South Korea ; Tertiary sector ; Urban function
  • This article investigates the location of central managerial function in main cities in Korea after the 1960s, taking account of the changes in accumulation and territory of economic and administrative central managerial functions.- (KA)
  • The location of branch offices of manufacturing industries in Japan
  • Branch plant ; Enterprise ; Industrial location ; Industry ; Japan ; Urban system
  • The offices location is examined under the existing hierarchical (Christaller-type) urban system. This is analyzed by mainly comparison between industries. For example, the A. indicates the next point as an important result. From a nationwide
  • Activities of private developers and office location in the central region of Hiroshima city
  • Business district ; Honshu ; Japan ; Location ; Offices ; Real estate development ; Tertiary sector ; Urban area
  • The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relation between the development of office space, the location of office renting floor space and the influences of the activities of private developers on business office districts in Hiroshima City
  • Production location choice and risk aversion
  • Location ; Location choice ; Production ; Spatial economy ; Uncertainty ; Utility fonction
  • On the optimal production and location of a labor-managed firm
  • Enterprise ; Location ; Location choice ; Optimization ; Production ; Social relations ; Spatial economy
  • Probabilistic, maximal covering location-allocation models for congested systems
  • Congestion ; Consumer behaviour ; Location ; Location-allocation model ; Network ; Optimization ; Service
  • The location invariance theorem in Weberian space under uncertainty
  • Decision ; Industrial location ; Location choice ; Market ; Optimization ; Production fonction ; Uncertainty
  • Choice and constraint in the location of urban retail activities
  • Decision ; Location choice ; Practical work ; Research technique ; Retail trade ; Teaching of geography
  • Elaborates philosophical and methodological questions of locational decision-making : « extensive » vs. « intensive » research; and voluntarism and determinism in social activity. Includes a students exercise on retail outlets to explore the meaning
  • Settlement location in the Murge, Apulia, Southern Italy
  • This is a study of the settlement pattern of part of Apulia where the population is concentrated in large rural towns. As the topography is very gentle, other factors determining the location of settlement have been suggested in the past
  • . In this article, the main locational factors are suggested as being related to natural resources. This hypothesis is supported statistically (G-test).
  • The locational patterns of branch offices of enterprises in Fukushima Prefecture, Tohoku Region, Northeast Japan
  • Accessibility ; Branch plant ; Enterprise;Firm ; Japan ; Location ; Urban hierarchy
  • in the location of branch offices. The AA. indicate 3 points as results. - (KA)
  • Formulating Christaller's central place theory by location-allocation
  • Central places ; Location-allocation model ; Model ; Trade;Commerce
  • The purpose of this paper is to reconstruct the marketing principle of Christaller's central place theory using the location-allocation model. According to the marketing principle, the system of central place is constructed in terms of the upper
  • An analysis of the equilibrium locational pattern of retail and its dynamics in Tokyo
  • Commercial attraction ; Honshu ; Japan ; Location ; Model ; Retail trade ; Shopping behaviour ; Tokyo
  • The purpose of this paper is to analyze the spatiality and dynamics of equilibrium values of attractiveness terms of a shopping behaviour model and to explain present retail locational patterns in Tokyo's 23-ward area. The A. indicates 4 points
  • Environmental regulations and new plant location decisions : evidence from a meta-analysis
  • Decision ; Economic flow ; Environment ; Location ; Location choice ; Model ; Regulation ; United States of America
  • Long-run industry equilibrium under demand uncertainty : the locational effect of business taxes
  • Decision ; Enterprise ; Industrial establishment ; Industry ; Location ; Location choice ; Production ; Taxation system ; Uncertainty ; Utility fonction
  • The Moses-Predohl pull and the location decision of the firm
  • Exploiting the two-stage approach and the envelope theorem, the AA. examine the role of Moses-Predohl pull in the cost minimizing location theory of the firm.
  • Location Science. A muti-disciplinary journal
  • Decision ; Location ; Modelling ; Theory
  • Reducing errors in rainfall estimates through rain gauge location
  • Facility location models are examined as a framework for generating rain gauge networks designed to reduce errors in mean areal precipitation.
  • Rationality in industrial location decisions
  • This paper argues the case for widening the perspectives used in the analysis of industrial location decisions to consider both procedural rationality and expressive rationality alongside the standard instrumental view.
  • The economics of rural households in Russia : impact of village location
  • Agriculture ; Household ; Income ; Location ; Rural area ; Russia ; Village
  • Initial and subsequent location choices of immigrants to the Netherlands
  • Choice ; Ethnic segregation ; Immigrants ; Location ; Mobility ; Netherlands (The) ; Residential segregation
  • The combined equilibrium of travel networks and residentiel location markets
  • The combined user equilibrium of travel networks and residential location markets is shown to exist and to be unique in the expected allocation of household to residential locations and to the routes and links of the network, in the vacancies
  • and suits of residential locations and in the congested travel time and cost of each network link. The stability of the unique equilibrium position is briefly discussed, a computational algorithm is proposed and hints for generalized formulations
  • The Moses-Predohl pull and the neoclassical location theory
  • This paper shows that the appearance of the controversial Moses-Predohl pull is due to the two-stage approach (the separation of the production decision and the location decision) wich has been applied in the neoclassical location theory. It also
  • shows the Moses-Predohl pull is zero by using the well-known envelope theorem in the two-stage approach. Furthermore, it provides an alternative approach to show the Moses-Predohl pull is zero by considering the production decision and the location
  • Accessibility and public facility location
  • Through techniques of spatial pattern analysis, different degrees of facility concentration are demonstrated to exist for human service systems in selected urban areas. A method for co-locational analysis is also introduced in order to examine
  • the nature of locational interdependence and its role in describing the structure of public facility concentrations. The criterion of facility accessibility should be considered along with a criterion of facility linkage or agglomeration in any comprehensive
  • locational analysis of public facilities.
  • Locational dynamics of business services. An intrametropolitan study on the Randstad Holland
  • Centrality ; Location ; Location choice ; Netherlands (The) ; Producer services ; Randstad ; Service ; Spain ; Urban area
  • This study is the result of an investigation of the locational behavior of business services in Randstad Holland. It concerns the magnitude, the causes and the effects of the intrametropolitan spatial developments of business services. It discusses
  • The fixed charge maximal covering location problem
  • Facility location modeling
  • Distance ; Economic cost ; Emergency services ; Linear programming ; Location ; Location choice ; Model ; Optimization ; Service ; Spatial economy
  • Location and service mix decisions for a managed health care network
  • Competition ; Consumer behaviour ; Decision ; Economies of scale ; Location choice ; Management ; Market ; Medical services ; Model ; Service
  • The paper presents a nonlinear integer model for determining a facilities design strategy that embodies the economic tradeoffs encompassed in a competitive strategy: minimizing cost and maximizing market share. The integrated location and service
  • mix model determines the number, location and service offerings of facilities that maximize profitability.
  • The zone definition problem in location-allocation modeling
  • Aggregation ; Error ; Facilities ; Location ; Location choice ; Location-allocation model ; Model ; Spatial analysis
  • Optimal timing and location in competitive markets
  • Decision ; Economic environment ; Firm strategy ; Location ; Location-allocation model ; Market ; Optimal location ; Retail trade ; Spatial competition
  • The location of foreign direct investment in finance, insurance and real estate in the United States
  • Direct investment ; Finance ; Foreign investment ; Insurance ; Investment ; Location ; Producer services ; Real estate property ; United States
  • A set of locational determinants is selected from the literature on the location of U.S. service industries to explain the pattern of foreign service firms direct investment activity in the country. The effects of these factors are found to vary
  • Spatial estimation of housing prices and locational rents
  • Andalusia ; Granada ; Hedonistic model ; Housing ; Housing cost ; Housing market ; Location ; Spain ; Spatial structure ; Urban area
  • This work stems from the widely accepted hypothesis that housing price is determined by two types of characteristic: structural and locational. Under this hypothesis, a methodology is presented for the spatial estimation of housing prices
  • and locational rents: the Iterative Residual Kriging (IRK) method. The methodological aspects are complemented by the presentation of an application of this methodology to the case of housing in Granada, Spain.
  • Transport rate uncertainty and the optimal location of the firm : some new conclusions
  • Industrial location ; Location choice ; Optimal location ; Optimization ; Taxation system ; Transport cost ; Uncertainty
  • Weight variations within a set of demand points, and location-allocation issues: a case study of public libraries
  • Accessibility ; Aggregation ; Demand ; Infrastructure;Facilities ; Location ; Location-allocation model ; Public sector ; Spatial analysis ; Spatial behaviour ; Urban area
  • supply site. The case study is the intraurban location of public libraries in the city of Liège, Belgium.
  • Serving regional demand in facility location
  • Demand ; Distance ; Economy ; Facilities ; Geographical information system ; Location ; Regional analysis
  • This paper discusses a single facility location problem that considers demand to be continuously distributed and allows a facility to be located anywhere in space, the continuous Weber problem. An approach for dealing with continuous demand
  • Location, politics, and the production of civil rights memorial landscapes
  • This study examines the relative location of civil rights memorial landscapes in Atlanta, Birmingham and Memphis. Produced over the past two decades, these memorials are the largest and most popular of several dozen associated with the civil rights
  • movement of the 1950s and 1960s. Two instances of relative location are considered. In both cases, heritage tourism and urban redevelopment are shown to exercise a strong influence on the content and location of these sites.
  • Business networks and suppliers' locational choice
  • Car industry ; Enterprise ; Industrial structure ; Industry ; Location ; Location choice ; Network ; Post-Fordism ; South Korea ; Sub-contracting
  • a multifaceted causal analysis of suppliers's spatial patterns. Suppliers who transact with several assemblers are more powerful in their markets and freer in their location decisions than are dedicated suppliers and prefer remaining in the Seoul metropolitan
  • The effect of hedonic migration decisions and region-specific amenities on industrial location : could Silicon Valley be in South Dakota ?
  • California ; Hedonistic model ; Industrial concentration ; Industrial location ; Internal migration ; Optimization ; Preference ; Quality of life ; Regional economy ; Residential location ; United States of America
  • The paper moves occupational mobility, hedonic preferences and induced wage-amenity trade-off into the center of location theory. Regional amenities emerge as important determinants of location patterns in human capital intensive industries. Firms
  • do not follow workers completely to their most preferred locations but engage in a trade-off between following and compensation. Concentration of firms can be induced by regional amenities, independent of their agglomeration effects.
  • A hierarchical flow capturing location problem with demand attraction based on facility size, and its Lagrangian relaxation solution method
  • Commercial attraction ; Economic flow ; Facilities ; Location ; Methodology ; Multiplicator ; Network ; Optimization
  • The original flow capturing location problem aims to locate a given number of facilities on a network to maximize the total flow that can be serviced at facilities along their preplanned routes, such as daily commute to work. A new problem
  • is presented in which the number of facilities of each size and their locations are determined so as to capture as much flow as possible within the total budget available for locating all facilities. A Lagrangian relaxation solution method is devised
  • On the impact of competition on trade and firm location
  • Capital ; Competition ; Competitiveness ; Economic geography ; Export ; Firm ; Firm strategy ; International trade ; Local market ; Location
  • This article studies how the level of trade costs and the intensity of competition interact to explain the nature and intensity of trade within a given industry and the location of firms across countries. By exploring the intensive and extensive
  • margins of exports, it investigates how the intensity of trade reacts to the degree of competitiveness. Furthermore, when firms are free to change location, they flow from the small to the large country, and the larger country is always a net exported
  • on the manufactured good. Firms located in the big country have a bigger size than those located in the small one. Under one-way trade, the relocation of firms changes their attitude toward export.