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  • Spatial modelling of vegetation change in dynamic landscapes : a review of methods and applications
  • Bibliography ; Forest ; Geographical information system ; Landscape ; Landscape ecology ; Model ; Simulation ; Spatial analysis ; Vegetation ; Vegetation dynamics ; Years 1990-99 ; Years 2000-2009
  • This review considers the development and application of landscape-level spatially explicit ecological models, with an emphasis on vegetation dynamics and disturbance, and the management applications of these models. Mechanistic and stochastic
  • models are compared and contrasted and the development, over the last 15 years, of spatial landscape models of ecological change is discussed.
  • Landscape ; Landscape analysis ; Landscape dynamics ; Methodology
  • analysis; 2) delimitation and characteristtion of the landscape units; 3) explanatory landscape factors; 4) diagnosis about the landscape dynamic. - (AAG)
  • A methodology to the study of the integrated landscape is shown, based on a geographical and systematic conception of the landscape. The study is thought at half scale (1/25,000-1/50,000) and is composed of four big stages: 1) the landscape elements
  • Learning to love the landscapes of carbon-neutrality
  • Landscapes of Energies. Special Issue
  • Carbon economy ; Cultural landscape ; Landscape ; Landscape dynamics ; Landscape esthetics ; Sustainable development
  • This paper proposes that society’s pursuit of sustainable development will involve landscape changes that attract protest and opposition. It considers the role of drivers of change. Energy is likely to be a major driver of new landscapes. Reference
  • is made to the notion of the acquired aesthetic. The paper therefore raises the possibility that we can learn to see beauty and attractiveness in emerging landscapes of carbon neutrality.
  • [b1] University of Sheffield, Department of Landscape, Sheffield, Royaume-Uni
  • Exploring local rural landscape changes in Denmark : a human-environmental timeline perspective
  • Agricultural land use ; Agriculture ; Denmark ; Farm ; Landscape dynamics ; Man-environment relations ; Rural landscape
  • and observed changes during this period as well as to document the spatial variability of landscape changes. The environmental history of rural landscape is examined in order to highlight the co-evolution of the land use dynamics and major socio-economic
  • The paper investigates land use changes in a rural landscape with contrasting biophysical potential for agricultural production in western Denmark in a 136 year period (1870-2006). The purpose is to explore links between drivers of landscape change
  • Landscape typology and evaluation of the Balaton Riviera in Environmental and dynamic geomorphology.
  • A complex landscape typological description of the north shore region of the largest lake in Central Europe is attempted. The natural potentials are also evaluated. (DLO).
  • Quantifying landscape structure: a review of landscape indices and their application to forested landscapes
  • Applied ecology ; Biodiversity ; Forest ; Forestry ; Habitat ; Landscape ; Methodology ; Scale ; Topography ; United Kingdom ; Vegetation dynamics ; Vegetation index
  • This study reviews some of the tools available to those who need to describe and understand the spatial structure of landscapes. In particular, it examines the way in which quantitative measures, or indices, can be used and what contribution
  • they might make to the management of forested landscapes in the UK. It is concluded that there is a pressing need for further research into the relationship between landscape pattern and ecological process.
  • The progress and perspectives of landscape ecology in China
  • China ; Concept ; Ecology ; Environmental management ; History of sciences ; Land use ; Landscape dynamics ; Landscape ecology ; Methodology ; Model
  • The major progress of landscape ecology in China was in the fields of land-use structure and ecological processes, landscape pattern and dynamics analysis, theoretical and methodological development, and landscape ecological applications. After
  • A 80 éves N. A. Szolncev szovjet tajkutato munkassaga. (Activity of 80-year old N. A. Solntsev, Soviet landscape researcher)
  • Scientific achievements based on expeditions cover the theory of landscape, landscape analyses on plains, landscape structure and dynamics. He emphasized the cyclic nature of landscape processes. (DLO).
  • Geography as landscape ecology
  • Special issue. Agriculture - systems - landscapes - resources
  • Concept ; Denmark ; Ecology ; Geographic school ; Geography ; Human ecology ; Land use ; Landscape ; Landscape structure ; Sustainable development
  • adaptation to landscape structure and dynamics is stressed. The challenge for geography in the development of a transdisciplinary landscape ecology as foundation for the planning and management of landscape ecological aspects of local and regional
  • The tradition of geography as human ecology introduced to Danish geography by Sofus Christiansen is taken as a departure for an evaluation of present endeavour to promote geography as landscape ecology. The modest role in human ecology of human
  • Spatial-domain chaos in landscapes
  • Chaos ; Fractal geometry ; Geosystem ; Landscape dynamics ; Natural landscape ; Space time ; System dynamics
  • Same land cover, same land use at the large scale, different landscapes at the small scale : landscape change in olive plantations on Lesvos Island, Greece : Special section : Landscape change and regional identity
  • Farm ; Greece ; Landscape dynamics ; Lesvos ; Plantation ; Rural landscape
  • Agricultural landscape change at the small scale is studied to conceptualize the processes that change these landscapes according to the decisions that farmers make. The five-year differences in land cover, land use and landscape at the small scale
  • are studied in three dimensions: symbolic, productive and ecological. Understanding the dynamic diversity requires studying human interventions at the right scale, the one that corresponds to the scale of the changes at the farm.
  • Landscape ecology and biogeography
  • Biogeography ; Concept ; Ecology ; Ecosystem ; Forest ; Habitat ; Landscape ; Nature park ; Nature reserve ; Population dynamics ; Soil conservation
  • The A. discusses the application of landscape ecological principles to a specific and pressing issue: nature reserve design and functioning. He reviews 5 landscape ecological themes with relevance to reserve design and management. He studies
  • : the role that landscape ecological theories may have in integrating existing principles from applied biogeography and population biology; the unique insights provided by a landscape ecological approach. Finally, he argues that biogeographers need to be more
  • active in the development and advancement of landscape ecological theory.
  • Landscape as a driver for well-being : The ELC in the globalist arena
  • Conflict ; Impact ; Landscape ; Landscape dynamics ; New Zealand ; Palestinian Territories ; Well-being
  • Two cases of dramatic landscape change, in the contrastinggeographies and political contexts of New Zealand and Palestine, are presented. The first example is located within a benign context and the other in an area of extreme conflict. Nonetheless
  • in both cases the changes described have striking visible impact on the landscape and significant flow-on effects, some of them intangible and unquantifiable, on the well-being of the people who inhabit these landscapes. These cases present the two ends
  • of a spectrum in which the hypothesis of a world landscape convention inspired by the ELC is relevant.
  • The application of computer-based procedures for the visual landscape sensivity assessment
  • Concept ; Geomorphology ; Human impact ; Landscape ; Landscape dynamics ; Methodology ; Spain
  • The concept of visual landscape sensivity is related to both the degree of visibility of new structures and the quality (intrinsic merit) of surrounding landscape. For a given landscape, modification, visual impact is directly related to visual
  • of their visual sensivity to given landscape modification. - (NF)
  • Influence of land use changes on landscape factors and characteristics of a Pliocene basin
  • Earth surface processes ; Human impact ; Italy ; Land use ; Landscape ; Landscape dynamics ; Model ; Scenario
  • The impact of human activities on the landscape and its factors : soil, water, vegetation, geomorphology, etc... reaches nowadays unprecedented levels. A quali/quantitative knowledge of landscape changes is needed to understand the anthropogenic
  • influence and to create models in order to generate scenarios to assess the future trends of the landscape system. The effects of land use changes on the landscape are explained both qualitatively and quantitatively. - (NF)
  • Landscape sensitivity : from theory to practice
  • Landscape sensitivity : principles and applications in northern cool temperate environments
  • Biodiversity ; Concept ; Environmental management ; Geosystem ; Land use ; Landscape ; Landscape dynamics ; Sensitivity analysis
  • Landscape sensitivity is expressed as the ratio of the change in a system to the change in a landscape component. The larger the ratio, the greater the sensitivity. An array of drivers of landscape change is reviewed, but there is seen to be little
  • Stories about real and imagined landscapes: the case of Slovenian Istria
  • Concept ; Cultural landscape ; Landscape ; Landscape dynamics ; Slovenia
  • This paper presents the cultural landscape as an abstract concept and the result of a complex relationship between the natural environment and human society, and at the same time as a result of comprehension and personal views. A landscape
  • is a story about the people that created it. The theoretical part establishes parallels between a landscape and the stories that this landscape has generated as well as their connection with geographical knowledge. This is followed by stories about real
  • and imagined landscapes from Slovenian Istria, as ascertained through an analysis of extensive material using the ATLAS.ti software and taking into account the principles of grounded theory. This approaches a holistic view of the landscape, or understanding
  • the landscape as a system of material and non-material elements and processes that direct them. - (IKR)
  • From Soviet to Post-Soviet with transformation of the fragmented urban landscape : the case of garage areas in Estonia
  • Estonia ; Garage area ; Landscape ; Landscape dynamics ; Post-communism ; Town ; Urban landscape
  • not been demolished and are still in use. The A. analyzes the dynamics of urban landscape. Garage areas are used as a case study in the transformation of Estonian society.
  • In addition to the elements that have been formed under the forces of the current era, the landscape also contains elements from previous eras. Functions of some of these landscapes have changed. With the fall of the Soviet system, garage areas have
  • [b1] Center for Landscape and Culture, Tallinn University, Tallinn, Estonie
  • Landscape sensitivity : an ecological view
  • Landscape sensitivity : principles and applications in northern cool temperate environments
  • Concept ; Ecology ; Human impact ; Landscape ; Landscape dynamics ; Scotland ; Sensitivity analysis ; Soil ; United Kingdom ; Vegetation ; Vegetation dynamics
  • This paper briefly explores the concept of landscape sensitivity from an ecological perspective by addressing the questions : what is landscape sensitivity, what are the mechanisms of change, and what can landscape change mean for the species living
  • there ? In discussing the first question, the AA. note the difficulty of achieving a precise definition, though it is vegetation that largely gives landscapes their colour and texture. They explore the other three questions using examples and data from Scotland, mainly
  • Hodnotenie prirodnych predpokladov dynamického cestovného ruchu v Slovenskej socialistickej republike Evaluation of natural assumptions of dynamic tourism in the Slovak Socialist Republic
  • Relief, clima, hydrology, caves, zoological, botanical gardens and other attractivities of landscape provoking emotions in tourism's participants are evaluated. The potential of landscape for dynamic tourism of Slovakia was estimated. - (MS)