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  • Landscape in America
  • Cultural landscape ; Cultural studies ; Historical geography ; Landscape ; Landscape analysis ; Landscape esthetics ; United States of America
  • Nineteen essays that describe landscape meanings from different perspectives: landscape interpretation, landscape as a historic experience, landscape as myth and meaning, and landscape as artifice and art. - (DWG)
  • The allotment, landscape and locality : ways of seeing landscape and culture
  • Geographical terminology of the rural cultural landscape (report on the progress of the international working group for the terminology of the agricultural landscape)
  • Lighthouse symbolism in the American landscape
  • Landscape ; Landscape esthetics ; Lighthouse ; United States of America
  • Geosystem as an object of Landscape study in Landscape synthesis.
  • Subject of study in complex physical geography (landscape geography) in Landscape synthesis.
  • A quantitative method for analysing landscape structure
  • Biogeography ; Denmark ; Ecology ; Environmental management ; Geographical information system ; Jylland ; Landscape ; Landscape structure ; Quantitative analysis
  • This paper sketches out a method for a quantitative description of landscape structure, which can be used for biologically optimal landscape management. The approach suggested is based on a landscape ecological framework and emphasis is laid
  • on spatial characterisation of the landscape. It aims at supplementing conventional landscape descriptive parameters of biological importance, which are derived from a range of empirical data, with a spatial characterization. The method is implemented
  • in a vector-based GIS (ArcView) and allows quantification of landscape structure in different landscape types. Suggestions to further development of the method are discussed.
  • Learning to love the landscapes of carbon-neutrality
  • Landscapes of Energies. Special Issue
  • Carbon economy ; Cultural landscape ; Landscape ; Landscape dynamics ; Landscape esthetics ; Sustainable development
  • This paper proposes that society’s pursuit of sustainable development will involve landscape changes that attract protest and opposition. It considers the role of drivers of change. Energy is likely to be a major driver of new landscapes. Reference
  • is made to the notion of the acquired aesthetic. The paper therefore raises the possibility that we can learn to see beauty and attractiveness in emerging landscapes of carbon neutrality.
  • [b1] University of Sheffield, Department of Landscape, Sheffield, Royaume-Uni
  • The dimensional landscape model : exploring differences in expressing and locating landscape qualities
  • Aborigines ; Landscape ; Landscape evaluation ; Methodology ; Model ; New Zealand
  • Using a New Zealand example to illustrate the problem, and examining a range of approaches across landscape disciplines and indigenous groups, underlying differences are identified in how landscape qualities are expressed and located.
  • Landscape diagnosis as a geographical contribution to landscape management in Landscape synthesis.
  • Quantifying landscape structure: a review of landscape indices and their application to forested landscapes
  • Applied ecology ; Biodiversity ; Forest ; Forestry ; Habitat ; Landscape ; Methodology ; Scale ; Topography ; United Kingdom ; Vegetation dynamics ; Vegetation index
  • This study reviews some of the tools available to those who need to describe and understand the spatial structure of landscapes. In particular, it examines the way in which quantitative measures, or indices, can be used and what contribution
  • they might make to the management of forested landscapes in the UK. It is concluded that there is a pressing need for further research into the relationship between landscape pattern and ecological process.
  • Patterns of correlation among landscape metrics
  • Correlation ; Fractals ; Landscape ; Landscape ecology ; Methodology ; Spatial distribution
  • The aim of this research is to gain a better understanding of the effects of spatial representation in landscape ecology. Nine hundred artificial landscapes were generated with varying spatial patterns created using a fractal landscape generator
  • with 3D fractal dimensions ranging from 2.1 to 2.9. The 3D landscapes were reduced to 2D patterns by putting the cells into 5 classes. Forty-four landscape metrics were used to measure the resulting 2D landscape spatial patterns, and the relations of 9
  • The Algorithmic Complexity of Landscapes
  • Complexity ; Greece ; K-complexity ; Kolmogorov complexity ; Landscape ; Landscape analysis ; Landscape complexity ; Measurement ; Methodology ; spatial complexity
  • A method to evaluate the algorithmic complexity of landscapes is developed here, based on the notion of Kolmogorov complexity (or K-complexity). The K-complexity of a landscape is calculated from a string x of symbols representing the landscape's
  • features (e.g. land use), whereby each symbol belongs to an alphabet L, and can be defined as the size of the shortest string y that fully describes x. K-complexity presents several useful aspects as a measure of landscape complexity: a) it is a direct
  • measure of complexity and not a surrogate measure, well supported by the literature of Informatics; b) it is easy to apply to landscapes of ‘small' size’ c) it can be used to compare the complexity of two or more landscapes; d) it allows calculations
  • of a landscape's changes in complexity with time; e) it can be a descriptor not only of the landscape's structural complexity, but also of its functional complexity; and f) it makes possible to distinguish two landscapes with the same diversity but with different
  • Landscape ecology. Geographical research direction or an interdisciplinary research programme?
  • The landscape ecology existing in geography since the time of A. von HUMBOLDT, was named landscape physiology . Since C. TROLL (1939) obtained the name landscape ecology . From the point of view of geography it is a complex research aiming
  • to the rational space organisation of landscape. As an interdisciplinary applied research programme it is open to biology and other landscape sciences. - (MS)
  • Shaping Cultural Landscapes through Regional Governance
  • Concept ; Cultural landscape ; Germany ; Governance ; Landscape ; Nature conservation ; Region
  • In 2006 the German Standing Conference of Ministers responsible for Spatial Planning (MKRO) decided on the three new concepts. The third concept can be summarised as “Conservation of resources, shaping of cultural landscapes”. The new concept
  • of shaping cultural landscapes at regional levels alters the way in which such landscapes are dealt with in Germany. - (IfL)
  • On the meaning of natural beauty in landscape legislation
  • Landscape ; Landscape esthetics ; Legislation ; Nature conservation ; Nature park
  • Based on an analysis of the antecedents to legislation for the protection of natural beauty, and of subsequent efforts to analyse and describe fine landscapes, this paper considers the contested use of ‘natural beauty’ in current landscape policy.
  • [b1] University of Sheffield, Department of Landscape, Sheffield, Royaume-Uni
  • Tajkutatasi iranyzatok, tajértékelès, tajtipologiai eredmények.. (Trends in landscape study, landscape evaluation and landscape typological achievements)
  • The conceptual, methodological and practical results achieved in landscape studies by author are summed up along with the presentation of his related organizational-managemental and conceptional activities. The Hungarian text is the complete one
  • Landscape ; Landscape analysis ; Landscape dynamics ; Methodology
  • A methodology to the study of the integrated landscape is shown, based on a geographical and systematic conception of the landscape. The study is thought at half scale (1/25,000-1/50,000) and is composed of four big stages: 1) the landscape elements
  • analysis; 2) delimitation and characteristtion of the landscape units; 3) explanatory landscape factors; 4) diagnosis about the landscape dynamic. - (AAG)
  • Geography as landscape ecology
  • Special issue. Agriculture - systems - landscapes - resources
  • Concept ; Denmark ; Ecology ; Geographic school ; Geography ; Human ecology ; Land use ; Landscape ; Landscape structure ; Sustainable development
  • The tradition of geography as human ecology introduced to Danish geography by Sofus Christiansen is taken as a departure for an evaluation of present endeavour to promote geography as landscape ecology. The modest role in human ecology of human
  • adaptation to landscape structure and dynamics is stressed. The challenge for geography in the development of a transdisciplinary landscape ecology as foundation for the planning and management of landscape ecological aspects of local and regional
  • Ecology ; Landscape ecology ; Methodology
  • The growing interest in scientifically based landscape protection and sustainable management strengthens the need for the standardization of landscape ecological approaches necessary to solve practical problems. The main fields
  • of such standardization cconcern are : terminology, the typology of geocomplexes and landscapes units, procedures for identifying fragile places and/or key structures and processes within landscapes, a list of threshold values for chosen landscape attributes for chosen
  • landscape attributes, a system of landscape indicators, and a general approach to landscape monitoring. - (BJ).