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  • A note on income distribution in the Philippines, 1956-88
  • Family income ; Philippines ; Regional disparities ; Standard of living
  • The cap rate , 1966-1984 : a test of the impact of income tax changes on income property
  • Agriculture ; Belgium ; Family income ; Farm income ; Living standard ; Poverty ; Regional disparities
  • The A. uses various databases and approaches. A distinction is made between income per worker, family agricultural income from the agricultural holding and total family income, including non-agricultural earnings. A quarter of full-time agricultural
  • holdings have an overall family income of less than 10 000 euros, or less than the guaranteed minimum wage. Other aspects discussed include the investment burden, the patrimony of farmers, the outlook for the future and the regional differences
  • in the problem of low income.
  • Structure of the rural population incomes in Poland before and after the accession to the European Union
  • Common agricultural policy ; European integration ; Income ; Poland ; Rural population
  • In the period of transformation significant changes in the structure of income sources of population in Poland have been observed. The most important ones are a fall in the share of salaries and an increased role of social transfers as a main source
  • of incomes, especially visible in rural areas. Accession of Poland to the EU creates through Common Agricultural Policy and regional new possibilities for overcoming income problems troubling rural population, but authors argue that during the first years
  • of membership there will be no significant changes in the rural population's income structure. - (BJ)
  • Regional convergence of income and education : investigation of distribution dynamics
  • Convergence ; Education ; Educational level ; Employment ; Norway ; Per capita income ; Probability ; Regional analysis ; Statistical analysis ; Statistical distribution
  • This paper examines regional convergence of income and education in Norway. Results show that education levels converge and are equalised across the country, and this process coincides with income convergence. However, the test indicates
  • that transitions in the income and education distributions are basically unrelated. The education level increases in large cities with limited income growth and the income growth is strong in regions with continued low education level.
  • The interruption of income convergence and income growth in large cities in the 1980s
  • Data ; Economic growth ; Family income ; Living standard ; Regional disparities ; Town ; United States of America ; Urban economy ; Wage
  • This paper establishes a pattern of divergence for median family income in the 1980s and argues that regional specialisation in producer services contributed to upward divergence of regions with above average income. Because producer services
  • are concentrated in cities, the growth of median household income in the 51 largest US cities over the 1980s is analysed, for all households and for black households. Cities more specialised in producer services at the beginning of the decade had much better growth
  • Canadian farm and non-farm family incomes
  • Traversing the social pyramid. A comparative review of income distribution in Latin America
  • Employment and income distribution in the African economy.
  • Income elasticities of demand for rental housing: additional evidence
  • Income distribution, city size and urban growth: a final re-examination
  • The Food Stamp Program and low-income household's food purchases
  • Shortcut formulas for output, income and employment multipliers
  • Credit unions and low-income communities
  • These unions are financial co-operatives based on low-income neighbourhoods, owned and controlled by local residents. Although located in economically disadvantaged communities, they are not exclusively used by the poor, and are making useful
  • but marginal contributions to the credit and debt problems of low-income families in Great Britain.
  • Regional income and employment effects of the 1972 Munich Summer Olympic Games
  • Bavaria ; Employment ; Germany ; Impact ; Income ; Munich ; Regional economy ; Sports
  • A note on income taxes and degree one production homogeneity
  • In this case, the imposition of a fixed-rate income tax should not affect the firm's optimal plant location. The tax can be considered spatially and technologically neutral.
  • The Granger-causality between income and educational inequality : a spatial cross-regressive VAR framework
  • This paper tests the causal processes between income and educational inequality within regions of the European Union, using a spatial cross-regressive VAR framework. The results show that there is a heterogeneous causality from income inequality
  • to educational inequality and vice versa, and interregional income and educational externalities are relevant to this causality. This finding raises potentially interesting economic policy implications.
  • Income, industrialization and food consumption
  • This article investigates the relationship between total national calorie consumption per capita per day and income, the proportion of all calories derived from livestock products and income, and the proportion of all calories derived from cereals
  • , roots and income. Data are from selected West European countries (1800 to the present), and from a comparison over 120 nations in 1986-88.
  • Housing Benefit and income redistribution
  • Household consumption ; Housing ; Housing policy ; Income redistribution ; Social assistance ; Standard of living ; United Kingdom ; Wage inequality
  • The paper examines the effect of Housing Benefit on income distribution in the United Kingdom on the basis of data contained in the 1988 Family Expenditure Survey. The results indicate that, though Housing Benefit makes a relatively small impact
  • overall, it has a significant role in reducing income inequality among renters.
  • The income elasticity of demand in a sub-Saharan African housing market: evidence from Ibadan, Nigeria
  • The empirical analysis, in which housing is viewed as a composite product, reveals that the demabnd for housing is income inelastic. Specifically, income-elasticity estimates for renters and owners are 0,88 and 0,56, respectively. Furthermore
  • , these income-elasticity estimates were found to be higher than those reported for other African cities.