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  • What determines local governments' cost-efficiency? the case of road maintenance
  • Economic cost ; Economic efficiency ; Economy ; Facilities ; Financing ; Germany ; Public expenditure ; Road system ; Rurality
  • This paper investigates the determinants of local governments' cost-efficiency in road maintenance for a panel of German counties using a broad variety of estimation approaches. More specifically, efficiency indices were calculated using non
  • 2014
  • The costs of disposal and recycling : an application to Italian municipal solid waste services
  • This paper investigates the costs of disposal and recycling through an application to Italian municipal solid waste services. As far as the size of the municipality increases, scope economies rise up to 20%, but they are accompanied by overall
  • increase in total costs.
  • 2014
  • Community ; Competition ; Cost-benefit analysis ; Equilibrium model ; Firm ; Optimal location
  • and costs associated with the location, (2) providing a mechanism for communities to discover their true benefits and costs, and (3) allowing firms, as well as communities, to experience consequences associated with accepting a ‘bad deal’. Modeling
  • 2014
  • The econo-techno-social design of invasive animal management: costs and benefits or beneficiaries and benefactors?
  • The A. examines the econo-techno-social design of invasive animal management in Far North Queensland through the costs and benefits or beneficiaries and benefactors approaches. He shows how the two management techniques (bounty systems of payment
  • 2014
  • Open for business but at what cost? housing issues in ‘boomtown’ Darwin
  • Australia ; Community ; Housing ; Housing cost ; Housing policy ; Northern Territory ; Poverty ; Real estate development ; Social geography ; Vulnerability
  • to ensure the benefits are spread across the population. Unfortunately, the Northern Territory government's dilatory approach to both housing issues and the social costs of the resources boom makes it highly unlikely innovative partnerships will occur.
  • 2014
  • Economic equilibrium ; Finland ; Helsinki ; Housing ; Housing cost ; Housing market ; Land ; Land market ; Land value ; Supply
  • a cointegrating long-run equilibrium between housing prices, land prices and construction costs.
  • 2014
  • Cost-benefit analysis ; Economic cost ; Ghana ; Land use ; Urban construction ; Urban geography ; Urban infrastructure ; Urban planning
  • 2014
  • Criminality ; Externalities ; Impact ; Italy ; Regional analysis ; Social cost ; Social geography ; Tourism
  • on crime. Finally, the social cost of crime associated with tourist arrivals is measured.
  • 2014
  • in the National Physical Master Plan of the Lebanese Territory. We apply the model to look at the ex ante potential regional implications of an increase in domestic and international integration of Lebanese regions through reductions in trade costs. The link
  • 2014
  • Measured hillslope erosion rates in the wet-dry tropics of Cape York, northern Australia Part 1 : A low cost sediment trap for measuring hillslope erosion in remote areas — Trap design and evaluation
  • 2014
  • Cluster ; Firm ; Firm strategy ; Location ; Optimization ; Transport cost
  • products under linear transportation costs. It shows that the two firms will agglomerate at the center of the location line and the optimal attributes of the two basic products will be located at the first and third quartiles of the attribute line
  • 2014
  • Adaptation ; Climate extreme ; Climatic change ; Drought ; Geographic research ; Heavy rain ; Hurricane ; Inter-disciplinary approach ; Inundation ; Physical geography ; Risk management ; Social cost ; Social sciences ; The 2000's ; Tornado ; United
  • of the extreme's economic and human costs; lessons for assessment, policy, and management; and scale. The AA. conclude that most of the works reviewed inadequately address the human basis of vulnerability to climate extremes, and encourage physical geographers
  • 2014
  • is positively related to the share of skilled personnel, the presence abroad and the employment density in neighbouring firms. Concurrent sourcing is affected by firm size, age and labour cost. The insensitivity of concurrent outsourcing to the industry's
  • spatial concentration reflects the lower transaction costs compared with full outsourcing.
  • 2014
  • Search costs decrease prices in a model of spatial competition
  • 2014
  • Economy ; Globalization ; Industry ; Legislation ; Performativity ; Pharmaceutical industry ; Production cost
  • 2014
  • migration costs because benefits received from the local network at the origin disappear. To test this hypothesis, it estimates conditional and mixed logit models for the decision to out-migrate. The results support the hypothesis: members from religious
  • 2014
  • Competition ; Economic sector ; Finance ; Firm ; Honshu ; Japan ; Monopoly ; Production cost ; Tokyo
  • 2014
  • China ; Housing ; Housing cost ; Housing market ; Industry ; Land market ; Local amenities ; Social security ; Urban park ; Urban policy
  • 2014
  • This article studies how the level of trade costs and the intensity of competition interact to explain the nature and intensity of trade within a given industry and the location of firms across countries. By exploring the intensive and extensive
  • 2014
  • Economy ; Household ; Housing ; Housing cost ; Income ; Real estate market ; Regression analysis ; United Kingdom
  • 2014